A "Red Scare" is the promotion of a widespread fear of a potential rise of communism or anarchism by a society or state. The name refers to the red flags; the term is most used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States which are referred to by this name. The First Red Scare, which occurred after World War I, revolved around a perceived threat from the American labor movement, anarchist revolution and political radicalism; the Second Red Scare, which occurred after World War II, was preoccupied with the perception that national or foreign communists were infiltrating or subverting U. S. society and the federal government. The first Red Scare began following the Bolshevik Russian Revolution of 1917 and the intensely patriotic years of World War I as anarchist and left-wing social agitation aggravated national and political tensions. Political scientist, former member of the Communist Party Murray B. Levin wrote that the Red Scare was "a nationwide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety that a Bolshevik revolution in America was imminent—a revolution that would change Church, marriage and the American way of Life".
Newspapers exacerbated those political fears into anti-foreign sentiment because varieties of radical anarchism were becoming popular as possible solutions to poverty by recent European immigrants. The Industrial Workers of the World known as the Wobblies, backed several labor strikes in 1916 and 1917; these wartime strikes covered a wide gambit of industries including steel working, coal mining, copper mining, as well as other industries necessary to make wartime necessities. After World War I ended the number of strikes increased to record levels in 1919 with more than 3,600 separate strikes that spanned from steel workers, to railroad shop workers, to the Boston police department; the press portrayed them as "radical threats to American society" inspired by "left-wing, foreign agents provocateurs". Those on the side of the IWW claim that the press "misrepresented legitimate labor strikes" as "crimes against society", "conspiracies against the government", "plots to establish communism". Opponents, on the other hand, saw these as an extension of the radical, anarchist foundations of the IWW, which contends that all workers should be united as a social class and that capitalism and the wage system should be abolished.
In 1917 as a response to World War 1 Congress passed the espionage act of 1917 to prevent any information that relating to national defense to be used to harm the United States or aid her enemies. The Wilson administration used this act to make anything "urging treason" a "nonmailable matter". Due to the espionage act and the Postmaster General Albert S. Burleson, 74 separate newspapers were not being mailed. In April 1919, authorities discovered a plot for mailing 36 bombs to prominent members of the U. S. political and economic establishment: J. P. Morgan Jr. John D. Rockefeller, Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, U. S. Attorney General Alexander Mitchell Palmer, immigration officials. On June 2, 1919, in eight cities, eight bombs exploded. One target was the Washington, D. C. house of U. S. Attorney General Palmer, where the explosion killed the bomber, who evidence indicated was an Italian-American radical from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Afterwards, Palmer ordered the U. S. Justice Department to launch the Palmer Raids.
He deported 249 Russian immigrants on the "Soviet Ark", helped create the Federal Bureau of Investigation, used federal agents to jail more than 5,000 citizens and search homes without respecting their constitutional rights. Yet, in 1918, before the bombings, President Woodrow Wilson had pressured the Congress to legislate the anti-anarchist Sedition Act of 1918 to protect wartime morale by deporting putatively undesirable political people. Law professor David D. Cole reports that President Wilson's "federal government targeted alien radicals, deporting them... for their speech or associations, making little effort to distinguish terrorists from ideological dissidents." President Wilson used the Sedition Act of 1918 in order to limit the exercise of free speech by criminalizing language deemed disloyal to the United States government. The press praised the raids. In the event, the Palmer Raids were criticized as unconstitutional by twelve publicly prominent lawyers, including Felix Frankfurter, who published A Report on the Illegal Practices of The United States Department of Justice, documenting systematic violations of the Fourth, Fifth and Eighth Amendments to the U.
S. Constitution via Palmer-authorized "illegal acts" and "wanton violence". Defensively, Palmer warned that a government-deposing left-wing revolution would begin on 1 May 1920—May Day, the International Workers' Day; when it failed to happen, he was lost much credibility. Strengthening the legal criticism of Palmer was that fewer than 600 deportations were substantiated with evidence, out of the thousands of resident aliens arrested and deported. In July 1920, Palmer's once-promising Democratic Party bid for the U. S. presidency failed. Wall Street was bombed on September 2, 1920, near Federal Hall National Memorial and the JP Morgan Bank. Although both anarchists and communists were suspected as being responsible for the bombing no individuals wer
Lectionary 110, designated by siglum ℓ 110 is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th-century; the codex contains lessons from the Gospels of John, Luke lectionary with lacunae at the end. It is written in Greek minuscule letters, on 279 parchment leaves, in 2 columns per page, 22 lines per page. Scrivener described it as "a glorious codex"; the last few leaves were supplied in the 16th-century on paper. The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz, it was examined by Burgon. The manuscript is not cited in the critical editions of the Greek New Testament; the codex is located in the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice. List of New Testament lectionaries Biblical manuscript Textual criticism
"There's Always a Woman" is the 93rd episode of the ABC television series, Desperate Housewives. It is the sixth episode of the show's fifth season and aired on November 2, 2008. While giving Mrs. Virginia Hildebrand a massage, Carlos accidentally gives her an orgasm; when Virginia wants to hire Carlos as her personal masseur to Europe for two months and pay him a hundred thousand, Gabrielle agrees, but she doesn't understand Carlos's reluctance. But when she talks to a friend of Carlos's, she learns of the problem. Gaby tracks Carlos down at Virginia's house, she suggested to take Gabrielle as her personal shopper in Europe and asked to bring the kids as well. At first Gaby declines, but when Virginia promises Gabrielle dresses, she agrees. Lynette's suspicious of Tom talking to a woman until she learns Anne Schilling, a real estate agent, has arranged for Tom and his band to practice in a warehouse, but when she learns that Anne has been at the warehouse with Tom again, she's fearful he's having an affair.
She goes to the warehouse. He hides a condom before his wife can see it. Anne meets at the warehouse with her lover, Porter, she has to flee. However, Lynette believes she's Tom's lover. Susan's new painter thinks, she goes to Jackson's apartment to make up with him. In her panic, Susan accidentally knocks out the woman; when Jackson arrives, Susan storms out, not wanting to talk to Jackson after he hooked up with another woman so soon after the break-up. But still when he talks to her, he tells her that he's never had a girlfriend til now, she wonders if they could start over, to do so, he walks out of her house calls and pretends to be someone she's only just met. The two arrange their "first" date. Orson's arranged for Bree to cater something for his old friend Peter, she confides in Bree that she's thinking about moving to be with Dylan as she's not needed in Fairview any longer, she hasn't had sex in two years. When Orson's friend Peter arrives at Bree's office, she begins making plans for his event, but makes plans to set him up with Katherine.
Katherine balks at the idea of a blind date til. But when Orson tells his wife's done, she freaks out, as Peter's not a friend from college, but from prison. Bree calls Katherine to tell her the truth about Peter having trafficked organs, but it's too late, as Katherine's slept with him! When Bree tells Katherine the truth, Katherine decides to move to be with family, leading Bree to say she thinks of Katherine as her sister. Katherine's grateful for this; as she heads home, she runs into Mike. They decide to have some lemonade together. At the hospital, Mrs. McCluskey tells Edie that she had a bad reaction to her new medication and now she'll be staying with her sister for a while. McCluskey tells her to come over, she talks to Roberta about investigating Dave, as Roberta works for the phone company, they can begin their investigations there. Roberta informs her sister she found out that Dave's hiding something about who he's been calling. Dave talks to Mike about the band doing more practices, but he won't explain why he wants to be so involved in the band.
At home, when Dave casually mentions his brother Steve, Edie asks her husband about him. Dave talks about how Steve was caught up in drugs, went to prison, was killed by another inmate who claimed self-defense. French: Prédatrices German: Die List Der Frauen Hebrew: תמיד יש אישה Hungary: Keresd a nőt! Italian: Donne pericolose Greek: Πάντα υπάρχει μια γυναίκα The title comes from the name of a Stephen Sondheim song, cut from the musical Anyone Can Whistle. Although credited, Andrew Van de Kamp, Preston Scavo, Parker Scavo and Penny Scavo do not appear in this episode; this episode averaged share of 15 which means 15.93 million viewers. Both Kathryn Joosten and Lily Tomlin played President Bartlet's executive secretaries Dolores Landingham and Deborah Fiderer in NBC's The West Wing; the episode showcases both actresses together for the first time