Redstone Arsenal is a United States Army post and a census-designated place adjacent to Huntsville in Madison County, United States and is part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. The Arsenal is a garrison for a number of tenants including the United States Army Materiel Command, Army's Aviation and Missile Command, the Missile Defense Agency of the Department of Defense, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. RSA has benefited from decisions by the Defense Base Closure Commission; the Redstone Arsenal CDP had a population of 1,946 as of the 2010 census. The base contains a government and contractor workforce that averages 36,000 to 40,000 personnel daily. A chemical weapons manufacturing facility for World War II, in the immediate post-war era it became home to the German rocket scientists that were brought to the US as part of Operation Paperclip; the team first worked on ballistic missiles, starting with V-2 rocket derivatives before moving on to a series of larger designs.
Many of their tests were carried out at White Sands Missile Range and flights between the two locations were common. In late 1956 the Army was relieved of most of its ballistic missiles in favor of similar weapons operated by the US Air Force; the German design team was spun off to become part of the newly founded NASA. Redstone served as the primary site for space launch vehicle design into the 1960s. Redstone Arsenal is located at 34°41′03″N 86°39′15″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the Redstone CDP has a total area of all land. Redstone Arsenal contains extensive wetland areas associated with the Tennessee River and several local springs, much of, maintained by the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. A total of 651 prehistoric archaeological sites were archived at Redstone Arsenal to date. At least 22 have components dating to the Paleo-Indian period; the Paleo-Indian projectile point called the Redstone Point was named after Redstone Arsenal where it was first identified. Euroamerican settlers began to establish homesteads on the land, now Redstone Arsenal by the first decade of the 19th century.
Prior to the Civil War, the landscape was dominated by several large plantations, the remains of which survive as archaeological sites. The land played a peripheral role during the Civil War with activity limited to the posting of pickets along the Tennessee River bank. Following the war, many of the large plantations were divided into smaller parcels owned by small farmers, who included former slaves and their descendants. By the start of the 20th century, many of the farms were owned by absentee owners, with the land being worked by tenants and sharecroppers; the remains of hundreds of tenant and sharecropper houses still dot the landscape around the installation. At the beginning of the 20th century, the 57-square-mile area of rolling terrain, which contained some of the richest agricultural land in Madison County, included such small farming communities as Spring Hill, Pond Beat, Mullins Flat, Union Hill. Although there was no electricity, indoor plumbing, or telephones, few roads, fewer cars or tractors, the people who lived in the area that one former resident recalled as being "nearly out of the world" prospered enough to support their own stores, shops, gins and schools.
A total of 46 historic cemeteries including slave cemeteries, plantation family cemeteries, late 19th to early 20th century community cemeteries are maintained on the installation as Redstone Arsenal cemeteries. As part of the mobilization leading to U. S. involvement in World War II, Huntsville Arsenal was established in 1941 to create a second chemical weapons plant in addition to one in Edgewood, Maryland. Over 550 families were displaced when the Army acquired the land, including over 300 tenants and sharecroppers. Most of the landowners were allowed to rebuild elsewhere; the remaining buildings were all razed by the War Department. A land-use agreement was arranged with the Tennessee Valley Authority for the Army to use about 1,250 acres of land along the Tennessee River; the military installation was composed of three separate entities: the Huntsville Arsenal and the Huntsville Depot, which were operated under the auspices of the Chemical Warfare Service. The name Redstone drew on the region's red rocks and soil.
In its early years, the arsenal produced and stockpiled chemical weapons such as phosgene and mustard gas. The use of toxic gases in warfare was banned under the Geneva Protocol of 1925, but the U. S. signed with the reservation that it be allowed to use chemical weapons against aggressors who used them. The facility produced carbonyl iron powder, tear gas, smoke and incendiary devices; the arsenal produced small pyrotechnic devices including small solid-fuel rockets during the war. In recognition of its production record, the arsenal received the Army-Navy "E" Award four times, the first on 31 October 1942; the ordnance plant was renamed Redstone Arsenal in 1943. Through the war years, more than 27,000,000 items of chemical munitions were produced and 45,200,000 ammunition shells were loaded. Redstone Army Airfield was established in 1943 for the 6th Army Air Force to test incendiary devices in preparation for the firebombing of Japanese cities. Three days after the announcement of the Japanese surrender, production facilities at the installation were put on standby.
After the war, Huntsville Arsenal was used as the primary storage facility for the Chemical Warfare Service, for manufactu
Oliver M. Hazen High School is a public secondary school located in the Renton Highlands of Renton, Washington, in the greater Seattle area. Hazen offers a full range of academic subjects, with extensive advanced courses in the mathematics and science departments. Notable classes include the Leadership course, which promotes leadership in the student body and serves as a medium to allow increased student participation in school activities. Hazen offers several Advanced Placement courses; these Advance Placement courses include subjects ranging from Mathematics, the Sciences, English, to subjects such as the Humanities and the three languages offered at the school. Hazen is part of the Cascade Division of the North Puget Sound League since the 2016-17 school year. Hazen was part of the Seamount League, in that period its three main rivals were the Lindbergh High School Eagles, the Renton High School Indians and the nearby Liberty High School Patriots from the Issaquah School District. Hazen has won a total of 10 state championships..
Hazen offers numerous opportunities for after school extracurriculars. Among these is the TEENCert program, an emergency response training program offered as an after school activity. TEENCert is a national Homeland Security Initiative directed at making schools and communities safer by having educated / trained youth capable of preparing for and responding to disasters and emergencies. Hazen has a strong FBLA chapter. Hazen has a DECA chapter; each year, Hazen DECA members compete at the Area and National Level. A few Hazen DECA members serve on Area and State Officer Teams. Hazen had Area and State Officers back to back from the 2006-2007 to the 2009-2010 school year with the highest office being held two years in a row by Kelly Lank and Isabella Garcia. During the 2011-2012 school year, "The Edge", the Hazen DECA Student Store received Gold Level Certification, being one of only 37 schools in the nation to receive this high honor; the team that helped make this possible were assistant managers Patrick Hoeper, Daymontray Brown, Austin Clark and head manager Dylan Gale.
Hazen has a thriving music department. It offers 4 choirs, 3 bands, 2 orchestras; the choir program, in particular, has had major success winning 14 regional championships since 2004. Divina Voce, Chamber Singers, Man Choir are among the few groups that have won superior ratings at the WMEA state ensemble contest; the band program has a well known jazz band, is building a first class marching program. The orchestras enjoy great success and large numbers as well. Hazen is one of only a handful of public high schools able to offer more than 1 orchestra class; the department, as a whole, has a little over 300 students participating. The department is dominant in the Soundview Region and are among the highest rated groups in the region. Hazen has a strong cross country program sending runners to state competitions; the school is home to the Hazen High School Table Tennis Club. Official website
The Federal Correctional Institution, Estill is a medium-security United States federal prison for male inmates in South Carolina. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice, it has an adjacent satellite camp for minimum-security male offenders. FCI Estill is located 50 miles north of Savannah, Georgia, 96 miles west of Charleston, South Carolina, 95 miles south of the state capital, South Carolina. In 2005, a former correction officer assigned to FCI Estill was sentenced to 10 years in prison pursuant to his guilty plea of attempting to possess heroin with the intent to distribute. A joint investigation by the Department of Justice Office of Inspector General and the FBI revealed that the officer had agreed to provide an inmate with 5 pounds of heroin in exchange for $100,000. In November 2009, inmate Ernesto A. Martin, age 41, another inmate, whom the Bureau of Prisons did not identify, became involved in an altercation over a card game, during which Martin stabbed the unidentified inmate numerous times.
Martin was indicted by a federal grand jury in March 2010 for assault with intent to commit murder. Martin was subsequently convicted and transferred to the United States Penitentiary, Coleman, a high-security facility in Florida. On May 26, 2011, a large scale fight broke out on the recreation yard of FCI Estill. At about 8:00 PM, Hampton County 911 was alerted to "a fight with multiple injured" and advised to expect heavy casualties. Nine inmates were transported to two with severe injuries. Paramedics set up a triage on site to treat about 50 patients. According to ambulance reports from the scene, prisoners had been beaten with shovels and hoes, had wounds ranging from deep lacerations to possible broken bones; the FBI was called in to investigate how many inmates were involved. On March 15, 2016, former corrections officer Jermaine Creech, of Blackville, South Carolina, pleaded guilty to providing inmates with marijuana. List of U. S. federal prisons Federal Bureau of Prisons Incarceration in the United States