Reel Big Fish is an American ska punk band from Orange County, California. The band gained mainstream recognition in the mid-to-late 1990s, during the third wave of ska with the release of the gold certified album Turn the Radio Off. Soon after, the band gained an underground cult following; as of 2006, the band has since been independent. After many line-up changes throughout the years, front man Aaron Barrett is the only remaining founding member in the band; the band formed in 1991. The group started as a cover band. With the departure of Ben Guzman soon after backup vocalist Aaron Barrett took his place as lead singer; the band changed its genre to ska. Reel Big Fish's self-released debut album, Everything Sucks, was successful and became an underground hit spread by word-of-mouth, which led to the band signing a deal with Mojo Records. In August 1996, the band released the album Turn the Radio Off on the new label, which appealed to fans of ska punk style, the band began touring throughout the United States.
After the single "Sell Out" became well known in mainstream venues, including MTV, the album peaked at number 57 on the Billboard charts, staying on the charts for 32 weeks. However, the ska revival was short-lived, the group's 1998 album Why Do They Rock So Hard? failed to match the sales of the band's previous record. In 1998, the band appeared in the movie BASEketball; the band appeared on the film's soundtrack with a cover of a-ha's "Take On Me". Why Do They Rock So Hard? was the last album for two members of the band. Trombonist Grant Barry was fired for his conduct, culminating with him committing battery on a security guard at Mississippi Nights during a concert in St. Louis and drummer Andrew Gonzales left the band to spend more time with his family. Trumpet player Tavis Werts left the band in 2001; the band fared much better on the rock charts in 2002 with the album, Cheer Up! because of the single "Where Have You Been?" which did not include the horn section. Former Suburban Rhythm drummer Carlos de la Garza and former Spring Heeled Jack trumpeter Tyler Jones, who tracked for two songs on Cheer Up!, were brought in.
De la Garza's last concert with Reel Big Fish was on June 20, 2003 at the House of Blues in Anaheim, California. That concert was released as a DVD in The Show Must Go Off! series. Jones appeared in the music videos for "Where Have You Been?" and "Monkey Man", continued to play live with the band until early 2005. Jones was replaced by trumpeter John Christianson, who had played with Barrett in the band, The Forces of Evil. On April 5, 2005, the band released its fourth album on Mojo, We're Not Happy'Til. Justin Ferreira was on drums for the recording, but left before the album's release to join the Orange County band Takota and subsequently is listed as an additional musician on the CD, he was replaced by Ryland Steen. Compared to the previous album, more lighthearted and cheerful, Allmusic describes the songs in We're Not Happy'Til You're Not Happy as "angry" and "embittered", but deemed the album as "super catchy". Common themes expressed throughout the songs include jealousy, short-lasting fame, disappointment toward mainstream record companies.
Aaron Barrett has stated that We're Not Happy'Til You're Not Happy was "the third record in a trilogy" that began with Turn the Radio Off. "The first one was about trying to make it. Why Do They Rock So Hard? was like,'we've made it, we're rock stars'. Cheer Up we made, but We're Not Happy'Til You're Not Happy is about us being old and jaded now." While on tour in early 2006, Reel Big Fish were dropped from the Jive Records label. The band formed its own label and released a 3-disc live performance CD/DVD set, Our Live Album Is Better Than Your Live Album; this package became available on July 18, 2006 on the Internet and in retail stores on August 22. Jive released a Reel Big Fish greatest hits album, Greatest Hit... And More. On February 20, 2007, the band released Duet All Night Long, a split EP with Zolof the Rock & Roll Destroyer, it features six cover songs, with the vocalist of each band performing in the other band's songs The band released its first studio album since leaving Jive Records.
On June 26, 2007, shortly before its release, the band announced in a Myspace blog that Matt Wong was leaving the band to spend more time with his wife and newborn child. He was replaced by Derek Gibbs who played bass in Jeffries Fan Club and Aaron Barrett's now defunct side project, The Forces Of Evil. Since Matt Wong was popular with fans, some were skeptical of the new bassist's ability, but the band has stated that Derek is "Matt Wong Approved" and fans have nothing to worry about. Gibbs had been filling in for Wong on various tours since early 2002. On December 19, 2007, the band announced that it would play the entire Warped Tour 2008. Reel Big Fish released a new studio album on January 20, 2009; the name of the album is Fame and Fornication, it consists of 10 cover songs. Another album, A Best of Us for the Rest of Us, featuring a 22-track disc of re-recorded songs and a 14-track disc of
Project VOLAR, or Project Volunteer Army, was an American series of experiments designed to determine how to transition the U. S. Army to total volunteerism, its primary mission was to determine how to increase volunteer retention. It did so by evaluating the values most important to service members; the project took place in response to the imminent abolishment of the draft, so as to maintain the Army's strength without conscription. The project was created and sponsored by the Special Assistant for the Modern Volunteer Army, a program of the United States Army, it was conducted throughout 1971. In 1969, President Richard Nixon established the President's Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force to develop a plan to return to an all-volunteer military where the national civil-political discourse implied the imminent evolution towards a volunteer army; the U. S. Army relied on the Selective Service Act to satisfy enlistment. Additionally, re-enlistment rates were at an all-time low. On October 13, 1970, General William Westmoreland announced his intentions to appoint an officer to oversee an Army program to move towards an all-volunteer force.
General George I. Forsythe was appointed as the Special Assistant for the Modern Volunteer Army; the Army staff and the Office of the Secretary of Defense subsequently established their goals to increase recruiting efforts and to secure the retention of enlistees. On January 1, 1971, Project VOLAR was launched; the Army began to financially emphasize its desire to move towards an all-volunteer force. The experiments of improving military quality of life were conducted at several forts, but the three most central were Fort Benning, Fort Carson, Fort Ord. In November 1970, General Westmoreland wrote a message to Army commanders, in which he provided detailed guidance on transitioning to a volunteer army. Westmoreland wrote that “unnecessary elements and unattractive features of Army life” must be eliminated, that they must “leave no stone unturned”. Additionally, Westmoreland articulated his wishes that the recruitment and retention system should deal with people as individuals, on more personal levels.
Army leaders desired not only basic improvements in the quality of Army life, but in the standards of Army professionalism. The project needed to create substantive policies to do so; the project needed to focus on the shifting cultural patterns of American youth, determine how their values intersected with the potential for their military enlistment. Project VOLAR entailed three field experiments, each with its own attempts to improve soldiers’ living conditions. Besides Forts Benning and Ord, the project was expanded to include Fort Bragg and assorted troop centers in Europe. At Fort Carson, Major General Bernard Rogers had developed a program to increase retention, successful and had retention rates up by 45% in ten months; this program included nicer living conditions - barracks with more privacy – and replaced soldiers with civilians to do menial tasks, such as kitchen duty. Based off this program, the VOLAR program manifested with seven goals for the forts: Higher standards of professionalism Higher job satisfaction Higher job appeal Elimination of “makework” Elimination of the veneration of statistics Less emphasis on inspections Better working conditionsAdditionally, numerous slogans were created as part of Project VOLAR.
Among the most notable were: “The Army is Changing – For the Better” and “Today’s Army Wants to Join You”. Project VOLAR was concluded on June 30, 1972. At Fort Benning, the study found that the most significant “impact items” for enlistees included kitchen duty, dining hours, policies concerning beer and hats. Among the most significant impact items for officers included kitchen duty, policies of hats, dining hours; the top impact item for officers was the availability of sewing supplies available to them. The result of Project VOLAR’s implementations was an increased perception of actions being taken to improve Army life. At Fort Bragg, soldiers had the most improved satisfaction with Project VOLAR’s revised policies concerning the five-day work week, kitchen duty, less strict pass policies. At Fort Carson, a questionnaire distributed throughout 1971 to officers had several findings. Yet, there was general acceptance of the Project VOLAR’s concept and presence; the questionnaire found that the most important items considered necessary to achieve the project’s goals were satisfaction with job position, promotions based on merit, adequate equipment, less emphasis on tedious work.
The program there resulted in an upward trend of reenlistment among men with less than two years in the army. The project tracked fort morale at Fort Ord. Throughout the entirety of the project, several nine-week measurements were taken; the results were compiled and found that morale increased over the course of nine weeks. The combined results from the forts which were a part of Project VOLAR were compiled into classes of conditions, or values which were ranked, by their influence on an individual’s decision to serve or continue serving in the army. Factors that were of major influence for retention in the army were: consideration for the individual, personal security and satisfying work, the conditions of reenlistment. Factors of major influence for leaving the army were: red tape, overtime work, the risk of physical danger, the reaction of the general public to the military, the state of the then-present Vietnam War; the findings of Project VOLAR were valuable to the U. S. Army when conscription w
Associazione Calcio Monza is an Italian professional association football club based in Monza, Lombardy. Re-founded in 2015 as S. S. D. Monza 1912, it is the successor to the club founded on 1 September 1912 as Monza Foot Ball Club; the team went through various re-foundations and mergers, the last of which being Associazione Calcio Monza Brianza 1912, declared bankrupt and expelled from professional football at the end of the 2014–15 season. Monza is among the Italian teams with the most appearances in Serie B, taking part in 38 editions, with the last time being during the 2000–01 season. In its history, the club has never reached the Serie A, making it the team that has participated in the most Italian second division seasons without achieving promotion to the first division. Monza holds the record of victories in the Coppa Italia Serie C, winning it four times, they won six Serie C championships, an Anglo-Italian Cup and a Coppa delle Alpi. Known as i Bagai, Monza's kit colours have traditionally been white.
They have played at the Stadio Brianteo since 1988. The club's history began in 1912, when the fusion of various city societies gave life to Monza Foot Ball Club. Starting from the Terza Categoria, the club climbed the divisional ladders Italian football during the 1920s and 1930s. In 1939, although still playing in Terza Divisione, the club reached the Coppa Italia quarter-finals. In 1951 Monza gained promotion to the Serie B and stayed in the division for fifteen years, before going back to Serie C. Returning to the second division, Monza opened its first success cycle in the mid-seventies, when it was noted for its performance in the Coppa Italia Serie C: they played three consecutive finals, winning the first two over Lecce and Sorrento, but losing in 1976 in a second confrontation with the Apulians. At the end of the season, the team won the Anglo-Italian Cup in the final against Wimbledon FC. At the end of the seventies the Lombard club came close to gaining promotion to the Serie A, but lost the chance two matches from the end of the season.
Between the eighties and nineties, Monza saw an era of success between the second and third division: in 1988 and 1991 they won the Coppa Italia Serie C, both times against Palermo. In 1996, the club lost in the Coppa Italia Serie C final against Empoli. At the beginning of the 2000s, the club returned to Serie C1 again and in the mid-2000s, after losing the Coppa Italia Serie C final against Salernitana, Monza entered administration and started again from Serie D. In 2017 the club won the Serie D and returned to the Serie C, before losing their fourth Coppa Italia Serie C final in 2019, against Viterbese. Monza's first known logo had the appearance of a blue shield with a red border, containing the design of the Iron Crown colored red. On top there was a white band containing the epigraph "A. C. MONZA" in black letters. When, in 1933, the club changed its colors, replacing blue with white, the emblem was redesigned; the shield became circular, with while halves. The Iron Crown was made golden.
Monza's official badge underwent various changes throughout its history, with the epigraphs changing as the club changed its name. The re-foundation of the club in 2004 involved a redesign of the logo: it had the shape of a shield, rounded on the edges, its main colour was red, with white being used for details and text. Stylized versions of the Visconteo sword and the Iron Crown were present in the center of the badge, with the text "AC MONZA BRIANZA" above, the year of foundation below. In 2013, the badge was changed once again: the Iron Crown was moved to the top of the badge, while inside are present the name of the club, the double crossed sword. Between 2015 and 2019, the badge remained the same, with a single sword being preferred to the double crossed version, the text on the badge changing as the name of the club changed. Since 2006, the club's official anthem has been the song Monza Alè, written and composed ad hoc by the footballer Michele Magrin, who at the time played for Monza, in collaboration with the singer-songwriter Giò Fattoruso.
The musical part was performed by the band Amusia with Alessandro Fè on the piano, Carlo Cassera on the bass, Fabrizio Zambuto on the guitar, Fabio Ariano on the drums and percussion. Other players who played for the club at the time took part in the recording: Vinicio Espinal, Valerio Capocchiano, Alberto Bertolini and Marco Guidone. Starting from the official presentation, Monza Alè is used to accompany all the official occasions involving Monza, including home matches: it is broadcast by the speakers of the Stadio Brianteo as the teams enter the pitch; the organized support in the city has its roots since the early seventies: the first purely ultras group were the Commandos. In 1977, the Brigate Biancorosse were born, alongside smaller groups such as Prima Linea and Fossa Arditi. In the early eighties the various components of the ultras movement in Monza decided to gather behind a single banner, that of the Legione d'Assalto, joined shortly after by the Eagles Monza, the most representative group, in terms of longevity and numbers, of tifo in Monza.
In those years, nearing the retirement of the Stadio Sada in favor of the new Stadio Brianteo, several minor groups, in addition to the Eagles, were born: Vedano Erotika, Wild Kaos, Libertà Korps, Gruppo Avvinazzato, Inferno Biancorosso, Indians. Those groups decided to abandon