A regiment is a military unit. Their role and size varies markedly, depending on the arm of service. In Medieval Europe, the term "regiment" denoted any large body of front-line soldiers, recruited or conscripted in one geographical area, by a leader, also the feudal lord of the soldiers. By the end of the 17th century, regiments in most European armies were permanent units, numbering about 1,000 men and under the command of a colonel. During the modern era, the word "regiment" – much like "corps" – may have two somewhat divergent meanings, which refer to two distinct roles: a front-line military formation. In many armies, the first role has been assumed by independent battalions, task forces and other, similarly-sized operational units. However, these non-regimental units tend to be short-lived. A regiment may be a variety of sizes: smaller than a standard battalion, e.g. Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment. S. Infantry Regiment and Royal Regiment of Scotland; the French term régiment is considered to have entered military usage in Europe at the end of the 16th century, when armies evolved from collections of retinues who followed knights, to formally organised, permanent military forces.
At that time, regiments were named after their commanding colonels, disbanded at the end of the campaign or war. It was customary to name the regiment by its precedence in the line of battle, to recruit from specific places, called cantons; the oldest regiments which still exist, their dates of establishment, include the Spanish 9th Infantry Regiment “Soria”, Swedish Life Guards, the British Honourable Artillery Company and the King's Own Immemorial Regiment of Spain, first established in 1248 during the conquest of Seville by King Ferdinand the Saint. In the 17th century, brigades were formed as units combining infantry and artillery that were more effective than the older, single-arms regiments. By the beginning of the 18th century, regiments in most European continental armies had evolved into permanent units with distinctive titles and uniforms, each under the command of a colonel; when at full strength, an infantry regiment comprised two field battalions of about 800 men each or 8–10 companies.
In some armies, an independent regiment with fewer companies was labelled a demi-regiment. A cavalry regiment numbered 600 to 900 troopers. On campaign, these numbers were soon reduced by casualties and detachments and it was sometimes necessary to amalgamate regiments or to withdraw them to a depot while recruits were obtained and trained. With the widespread adoption of conscription in European armies during the nineteenth century, the regimental system underwent modification. Prior to World War I, an infantry regiment in the French, German and other smaller armies would comprise four battalions, each with a full strength on mobilization of about 1,000 men; as far as possible, the separate battalions would be garrisoned in the same military district, so that the regiment could be mobilized and campaign as a 4,000 strong linked group of sub-units. A cavalry regiment by contrast made up a single entity of up to 1,000 troopers. A notable exception to this practice was the British line infantry system where the two regular battalions constituting a regiment alternated between "home" and "foreign" service and came together as a single unit.
In the regimental system, each regiment is responsible for recruiting and administration. The regiment is responsible for recruiting and administering all of a soldier's military career. Depending upon the country, regiments can be administrative units or both; this is contrasted to the "continental system" adopted by many armies. In the continental system, the division is the functional army unit, its commander is the administrator of every aspect of the formation: his staff train and administer the soldiers and commanders of the division's subordinate units. Divisions are garrisoned together and share the same installations: thus, in divisional administration, a battalion commanding officer is just another officer in a chain of command. Soldiers and officers are transferred out of divisions as required; some regiments recruited from specific geographical areas, incorporated the place name into the regimental name. In other cases, regiments would recruit from a given age group within a nation, an ethnic group, or foreigners.
In other cases, new regiments were raised for new functions within an army.
Free Yourself Up is the sixth studio album by Lake Street Dive. It was released through Nonesuch Records on May 4, 2018 both as a CD and on vinyl and various electronic formats; the album was produced by Lake Street Dive with Dan Knobler. Free Yourself Up was met with favorable reviews from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, this release received an average score of 66, based on 7 reviews. Mike Calabrese – drums and vocals Bridget Kearney – bass and vocals Mike "McDuck" Olson – guitar and maybe vocals Rachael Price – lead vocals Akie Bermiss – keyboards and vocalsJamie Dick – additional drums on DudeTechnical personnelDan Knobler - engineering at Goosehead Palace, Nashville TN Joe Visciano – mixing at Studio II2 in Brooklyn NY Randy Merrilln – mastering at Sterling Sound, New York NYDesignBen Tousley – art direction and design Shervin Lainezh – photography
Manolescu is a 1929 German silent film directed by Viktor Tourjansky and starring Ivan Mozzhukhin, Brigitte Helm and Heinrich George. The film's sets were designed by the art director Robert Walter Röhrig, it was shot at the Babelsberg Studios on location in St. Moritz and Monte Carlo. Ivan Mozzhukhin as Manolescu Brigitte Helm as Cleo Heinrich George as Jack Dita Parlo as Jeanette Harry Hardt Max Wogritsch Valy Arnheim Elsa Wagner Fritz Alberti Boris de Fast Lya Christy Fred Goebel Franz Verdier Michael von Newlinsky Manolescu's Memoirs Goble, Alan; the Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film. Walter de Gruyter, 1999. Manolescu on IMDb