Regina is the capital city of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The city is the second-largest in the province, after Saskatoon and is a commercial centre for southern Saskatchewan; as of the 2016 census, Regina had a city population of 215,106, a Metropolitan Area population of 236,481. It is governed by Regina City Council; the city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Sherwood No. 159. Regina was the seat of government of the North-West Territories, of which the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta formed part, of the District of Assiniboia; the site was called Wascana, but was renamed to Regina in 1882 in honour of Queen Victoria. This decision was made by Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Louise, the wife of the Governor General of Canada, the Marquess of Lorne. Unlike other planned cities in the Canadian West, on its treeless flat plain Regina has few topographical features other than the small spring run-off, Wascana Creek. Early planners took advantage of such opportunity by damming the creek to create a decorative lake to the south of the central business district with a dam a block and a half west of the elaborate 260-metre long Albert Street Bridge across the new lake.
Regina's importance was further secured when the new province of Saskatchewan designated the city its capital in 1906. Wascana Centre, created around the focal point of Wascana Lake, remains one of Regina's attractions and contains the Provincial Legislative Building, both campuses of the University of Regina, First Nations University of Canada, the provincial museum of natural history, the Regina Conservatory, the Saskatchewan Science Centre, the MacKenzie Art Gallery and the Saskatchewan Centre of the Arts. Residential neighbourhoods include precincts beyond the historic city centre are or noteworthy neighbourhoods – namely Lakeview and The Crescents, both of which lie directly south of downtown. To the north of the central business district is the old warehouse district the focus of shopping and residential development. In 1912, the Regina Cyclone destroyed much of the town; the CCF, formulated its foundation Regina Manifesto of 1933 in Regina. In recent years, Saskatchewan's agricultural and mineral resources have come into new demand, it has entered a new period of strong economic growth.
Regina was established as the territorial seat of government in 1882 when Edgar Dewdney, the lieutenant-governor of the North-West Territories, insisted on the site over the better developed Battleford and Fort Qu'Appelle. These communities were vastly considered better locations for what was anticipated would be a metropole for the Canadian plains; these locations resided on treed rolling parklands. "Pile-of-Bones", as the site for Regina was called, was by contrast located in arid and featureless grassland. Lieutenant-Governor Dewdney had acquired land adjacent to the route of the future CPR line at Pile-of-Bones, distinguished only by collections of bison bones near a small spring run-off creek, some few kilometres downstream from its origin in the midst of what are now wheat fields. There was an "obvious conflict of interest" in Dewdney's choosing the site of Pile-of-Bones as the territorial seat of government and it was a national scandal at the time, but until 1897, when responsible government was accomplished in the Territories, the lieutenant-governor and council governed by fiat and there was little legitimate means of challenging such decisions outside the federal capital of Ottawa.
There, the Territories were remote and of little concern. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, wife of the Governor General of Canada, named the new community Regina, in honour of her mother, Queen Victoria. Commercial considerations prevailed and the town's authentic development soon began as a collection of wooden shanties and tent shacks clustered around the site designated by the CPR for its future station, some two miles to the east of where Dewdney had reserved substantial landholdings for himself and where he sited the Territorial Government House. Regina attained national prominence in 1885 during the North-West Rebellion when troops were able to be transported by train on the CPR from eastern Canada as far as Qu'Appelle Station, before marching to the battlefield in the further Northwest – Qu'Appelle having been the major debarkation and distribution centre until 1890 when the completion of the Qu’Appelle, Long Lake, Saskatchewan Railway linked Regina with Saskatoon and Prince Albert.
Subsequently, the rebellion's leader, Louis Riel, was tried and hanged in Regina – giving the infant community increased and, at the time, not unwelcome national attention in connection with a figure, at the time considered an unalloyed villain in anglophone Canada. The episode, including Riel's imprisonment and execution, brought the new Regina Leader the "Leader-Post," to national prominence. Regina was incorporated as a city on 19 June 1903, with the MLA who introduced the charter bill, James Hawkes, declaring, "Regina has the brightest future before it of any place in the North West T
The Nimbus EosXi is an Italian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle designed for civilian use and manufactured by NIMBUS Srl. EOS XI is a hybrid airship having a large, gas-filled delta wing which provides both aerostatic and aerodynamic lift, referred to by the manufacturer as a "metaplane"; the cabin, tail assembly and propulsion system are suspended below the wing. Although classified as an aerodyne, the additional aerostatic lift allows short take-off and landing distances. Unlike conventional aircraft, which use adjustable control surfaces known as ailerons to maneuver in flight, the EosXi wing is a stiff structure with no moving parts; the craft uses only the suspended tail assembly's moveable planes for course and attitude control, relying on the wing's aerostatic lift to enhance stability. The large wing has a low wing loading; the wing envelope has a multi-layer construction to obtain the required lightness and aerodynamic characteristics. An example of a metaplane is the air vehicle developed by the Italian company Nimbus and displayed at the Paris Air Show at 2007.
The EosXi is claimed to have exceptional stability, due to its low centre of gravity, while the moveable tail surfaces are claimed to give high maneuverability. The delta wing is claimed to allow stable flight when stalled, which in turn allows steep flight slope angles and low velocity flight with STOL capability. Data from ManufacturerGeneral characteristics Wingspan: 6.5 m Performance Maximum speed: 50 km/h Cruise speed: 30 km/h Endurance: 3 hr Aerostat Aerodyne M. Morrison, Italy special: beyond Turin, November 13, 2007 NIMBUS EOS XI, TURIN MARATHON, Tutta Dritta, December 18, 2009 SkyMedia and Nimbus at PROTEC 2011, SkyMedia, July 19, 2011 R. Taurino, Simulazione numerica del Campo Aerodinamico prossimo ad un metaplano. Progetto D-Fly, Politecnico di Torino, 2007 A. Nassisi, "Progetto di un sistema di georeferenziazione e visualizzazione di flussi video", Politecnico di Torino, 2009 D. Trèves, "Progetto di una Ground Control Station di un Unmanned Aerial System", Politecnico di Torino, 2009 J. Pellissier, corsa ai fondi Ue, ItaliaOggi, March 1, 2007 A. Lo Campo, Torino capofila dei distretti aerospaziali, LA STAMPA, March 1, 2007 O. Giustetti, Piccole e medie imprese alleate Ecco la carta per l'innovazione, la Repubblica, March 3, 2007 A. Settefonti, Le aziende di Torino guardano tutti dall'alto Con il velivolo D-fly, FINANZA MERCATI, March 8, 2007 K. Plucinski, Simulatore di volo light UAV: la missione progetto SMAT_F1, Technologie e Servizi per la Protezione Civile e Ambientale, PROTEC, June 30, 2011 M. Traverso, Un ultraleggero senza pilota targato Pmi, il Giornale del Piemonte, March 8, 2007 J. Pellissier, Piemonte via al d-fly, velivolo Uas, ItaliaOggi, March 8, 2007 Decolla "D-fly" velivolo leggero ideato dalle Pmi, la Repubblica, March 8, 2007 L'aereo "spia" sarà costruito in canavese, TORINOCRONACA, March 9, 2007 Vola senza pilota ma vede e sente tutto, LA STAMPA, March 12, 2007 R. Chiaramonti, Aerospazio al decollo pur senza riconoscimenti, 24 ORE NordOvest, March 14, 2007 A. Previati, Volo sperimentale del <<D-Fly>> della Nimbus, IL CANAVESE, March 16, 2007 A. Pascale, Processi di certificazione di un UAV secondo la normativa CS-VLA, Politecnico di Torino, 2011 Il drone ultraleggero, January 13, 2012 NIMBUS Srl Website
SnoRNA U82 is a non-coding RNA molecule which functions in the modification of other small nuclear RNAs. This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell, a major site of snRNA biogenesis, it is known as a small nucleolar RNA and often referred to as a guide RNA. snoRNA U82/Z25 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box and the D box. Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs.snoRNA U82 has been identified in both humans and mice: it is located in the fifth intron of the nucleolin gene in both species. Two additional snoRNAs are encoded within the introns of the nucleolin gene. U82 is predicted to guide the 2'O-ribose methylation of 18S ribosomal RNA residue A1678. Another, different snoRNA, named U82 has been predicted in the introns of L3 ribosomal protein gene in humans and cows. However, the expression of this snoRNA could not be confirmed by northern blotting or Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and it should not be confused with this snoRNA located in the nucleolin gene.
Page for Small nucleolar RNA SNORD82 at Rfam Entry for SNORD82 at snoRNABase