click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Reginald Pole

Reginald Pole was an English cardinal of the Catholic Church and the last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter-Reformation. Pole was born at Stourton Castle, Staffordshire, on 12 March 1500, the third son of Sir Richard Pole and Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, he was named after the now Blessed Reginald of Orleans, O. P, his maternal grandparents were George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, Isabella Neville, Duchess of Clarence. He received his early education nursery at Sheen Priory, he matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1512, at Oxford was taught by William Latimer and Thomas Linacre, graduating with a BA on 27 June 1515. In February 1518, King Henry VIII granted him the deanery of Dorset, he was a canon in York, had several other livings, although he had not been ordained a priest. Assisted by Bishop Edward Foxe, he represented Henry VIII in Paris in 1529, researching general opinions among theologians of the Sorbonne about the annulment of Henry's marriage with Catherine of Aragon.

In 1521, Pole went to the University of Padua, where he met leading Renaissance figures, including Pietro Bembo, Gianmatteo Giberti, Jacopo Sadoleto, Gianpietro Carafa, Rodolfo Pio, Otto Truchsess, Stanislaus Hosius, Cristoforo Madruzzo, Giovanni Morone, Pier Paolo Vergerio the younger, Peter Martyr Vermigli and Vettor Soranzo. The last three were condemned as heretics by the Catholic Church, with Vermigli—as a well-known Protestant theologian—having a significant share in the Reformation in Pole's native England, his studies in Padua were financed by his election as a fellow of Corpus Christi College, with more than half of the cost paid by Henry VIII himself on 14 February 1523, which allowed him to study abroad for three years. Pole returned home in July 1526. Henry VIII offered him the Archbishopric of York or the Diocese of Winchester if he would support his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Pole withheld his support and went into self-imposed exile in France and Italy in 1532, where he continued his studies in Padua and Paris.

After his return he held the benefice of Vicar of Piddletown, between 20 December 1532 and about January 1535/1536. In May 1536, Reginald Pole and decisively broke with the King. In 1531, he had warned of the dangers of the Boleyn marriage. Eustace Chapuys, the Ambassador to England of Emperor Charles V, had suggested to Emperor Charles V that Pole marry Lady Mary and combine their dynastic claims. At this time Pole was not definitively in Holy Orders; the final break between Pole and Henry followed upon Thomas Cromwell, Cuthbert Tunstall, Thomas Starkey and others addressing questions to Pole on behalf of Henry. He answered by sending the king a copy of his published treatise Pro ecclesiasticae unitatis defensione, besides being a theological reply to the questions, was a strong denunciation of the king's policies that denied Henry's position on the marriage of a brother's wife and denied the Royal Supremacy. Henry wrote to the Countess of Salisbury, who in turn sent her son a letter reproving him for his "folly".

On 22 December 1536, Pole a deacon, was created a cardinal over Pole's own objections. He became Papal Legate to England in February 1536/1537. Pope Paul III put him in charge of organising assistance for the Pilgrimage of Grace, an effort to organise a march on London to demand Henry replace his ‘reformist’ advisers with more traditional, Catholic minds. In 1539, Pole was sent to the Emperor to organise an embargo against England – the sort of countermeasure he had himself warned Henry was possible; the king, with Pole himself out of his reach, took revenge on Pole's family for engaging in treason by word against the king. This became known as the Exeter Conspiracy; the leading members were arrested, all their properties seized. The action destroyed the Pole family. Sir Geoffrey Pole was arrested in August 1538. Under interrogation, Sir Geoffrey said that Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, Exeter had all been parties to his correspondence with Reginald. Montagu and Lady Salisbury were arrested in November 1538, together with Henry Pole and other family members, on charges of treason, although Cromwell had written that they had "little offended save that he is of their kin".

They were committed to the Tower of London and, with the exception of Geoffrey Pole, they were all executed. In January 1539, Sir Geoffrey was pardoned, Montagu and Exeter were tried and executed for treason, while Reginald Pole was attainted in absentia. In May 1539, Exeter, Lady Salisbury, others were attainted, as her father had been.

Vopak

Royal Vopak N. V. is a Dutch multinational company that stores and handles various oil, edible oils and natural gas-related products. The company was created by the merger of Van Ommeren and Pakhoed in 1999. In 2002, the distribution of oil and natural gas related products was split off; the head office is located in Rotterdam. Vopak is listed on the AEX index of Euronext Amsterdam. In 1998 the companies Royal Pakhoed nv and Royal van Ommeren nv decided to merge. Both companies were offering petrochemical products, vegetable oils etc.. Both companies were active on the market of shipping and other logistical services. Besides their overlapping activities Van Ommeren offered heavy-goods transport via Dockwise and Pakhoed offered distribution services for chemical products via the company Univar; the European Commission ruled that the merger would give the combined company too much market power in storage services in the Antwerp-Rotterdam-Amsterdam -area, on which made the offer to sell parts of their storage-tank capacity.

The EC ruled this as insufficient and the merger was canceled. Renewed negotiations resulted in the combination selling the Pakhoed terminals in Pernis and Botlek as well as van Ommeren selling their stake in Gamatext in the Port of Antwerp; this new offer convinced the EC to approve the merger and in 1999 it was publicly announcedOn 15 April 2000 Vopak announced that they sold their 1,5 million m³ Botlek terminal to Norwegian competitor Odfjell. Odfjell had terminals in Houston and South America; the entire workforce of 260 people moved to Odfjell. Earlier that year Vopak had sold its stake in the Gamatex terminal in Antwerp to the American partner GATXEarly in 2002 the CEO Ton Spoor left with immediate effect because of'personal reasons', but it was rumoured that the break of trust between him and the company was caused by the €150 million write-off in 2001 caused by a failed attempt to introduce a pan-European IT system. Spoor was succeeded by Gary Pruitt; the new combined company Vopak has a difficult start: there is only limited synergy to be found in the storage services and the chemical distribution services and the company lacks the funds to realize her growth strategy.

Because of that Vopak decides to split off and sell the distribution services as Univar. This results in Vopak losing approx. 80% of her turnover. CEO Pruitt moves to Univar and former van Ommeren CEO Carel van der Driest returns, now as CEO of Vopak. Vopak has a global network of terminals; the terminal services Vopak offers can be grouped in 4 markets: 1) Import / export / distribution terminals 2) Hub-terminals at airports and 3) Industrial terminals 4) Gas terminalsDepending on the industry, Vopak is active in Europe, Middle-East and Asia, North-America, South-America and currently. Below an overview of the key financial figures over 2005-2012; the numbers include income from joint-ventures Together with Dutch company N. V. Nederlandse Gasunie Vopak is building the first LNG terminal in Rotterdam. Building commenced in 2008 and on 23 September 2011 the terminal was opened by the Queen and since it is in full production; the LNG terminal consists of 3 tanks with a combined storage capacity of 540.000 m³ liquefied gas, equivalent to a throughput of 12 billion m³ gas per year.

The total investment was approx. 800 million Euro. The joint-venture has several multi-year contracts with energy producers like E. ON and Essent, since 2009 owned by German RWE. Gasunie and Vopak own 80% of the terminal and both customers each 5%. There were plans to develop a LNG terminal in the Eemshaven in the North of the country. Vopak and Gasunie would own each 25% and Essent 50%, but in 2012 it became clear that the project was not viable and the plans were scrapped. Since May 2011 Vopak and the Chinese State Development & Investment Company have decided to build an oil-terminal in Yangpu for both crude oil as well as oil products; the terminal will have a storage capacity of 1,35 million m³. Vopak is active on the Chinese market and before this new project had a storage capacity of 1,2 million m³ - the majority for chemical products; when all expansion plans will be realized the total storage capacity in China where Vopak has some share in will be 5,2 million m³ August 2019. September 2019.

October 2019. Official website

Franco Franchi

Franco Franchi was an Italian actor and singer. He was born in Palermo and began his career in the 1950s, although his career only took off in the 1960s, he starred in many comedies appearing together with Ciccio Ingrassia as the comedy duo Franco and Ciccio, but in more dramatic material such as Luigi Comencini's'Adventures of Pinocchio, in which they paired memorably as the Fox and the Cat. In the film Due Marines e un Generale, he worked with Ciccio Ingrassia. In 1959, Franco Franchi settled a contract with his friend Ciccio Ingrassia which started up a brilliant theater career. From 1961 to Franco's death in 1992, they will be one of Italy's most famous comedy duo, their success is based on a format similar to that of Totò and Peppino De Filippo, or Laurel and Hardy. They play two Sicilian buffoon characters and messy, were Franco Franchi is the funny "Franco", a young man out of his mind who expresses himself through bodily and facial expressions. Ciccio Ingrassia is the skinny and mustachioed bully who believes to be his best of friend, but is during difficult situations proves to be the most stupid of the two.

A feature of their commercial success and popularity is the use of the body as a means of communication and simple lines and not at all vulgar. With these tricks up its sleeve, as both actors will be challenged in youth theater and Ciccio thanks to their friend Domenico Modugno began to pursue a film career as extras, they are noticed by directors of small comedy and so their film career begins. In all years, the two actors churn out at least ten films, working at a pace unimaginable today. In fact, because these days fast film products are among the best, and the criticism he cut down every film of Franco and Ciccio coming out to the movies, calling it useless and meaningless pecoreccio comedian. However, the popular success of films of Franco and Ciccio was huge and always has been until now in Italy and in foreign countries; the specialty of the many films of Franco and Ciccio is improvisation during the scenes, as did Toto and De Filippo, but the use of parody. In fact there are many foreign films chosen by the two above you to pluck a fun comedy, as the saga of James Bond and that of the great adventure films.

Franco Franchi on IMDb

Dorothy Kilgallen

Dorothy Mae Kilgallen was an American journalist and television game show panelist. After spending two semesters at the College of New Rochelle, she started her career shortly before her 18th birthday as a reporter for the Hearst Corporation's New York Evening Journal. In 1938, she began her newspaper column "The Voice of Broadway", syndicated to more than 140 papers. In 1950, she became a regular panelist on the television game show What's My Line?, continuing in the role until her death. Kilgallen's columns featured show business news and gossip, but ventured into other topics, such as politics and organized crime, she wrote front-page articles on the Sam Sheppard trial and the John F. Kennedy assassination. Kilgallen was born in Chicago, the daughter of newspaper reporter James Lawrence Kilgallen and his wife, Mae Ahern, she was of Irish descent, was a Catholic. Dorothy had a sister, six years her junior; the family moved to various regions of the United States until 1920, when the International News Service hired James Kilgallen as a roving correspondent based in New York City.

The family settled in New York. Dorothy Kilgallen was a student at Erasmus Hall High School. After completing two semesters at The College of New Rochelle, she dropped out to take a job as a reporter for the New York Evening Journal; the newspaper was owned and operated by the Hearst Corporation, which owned International News Service, her father's employer. In 1936 Kilgallen competed with two other New York newspaper reporters in a race around the world using only means of transportation available to the general public, she came in second. She described the event in her book Girl Around The World, credited as the story idea for the 1937 movie Fly-Away Baby starring Glenda Farrell as a character inspired by Kilgallen. In November 1938, Kilgallen began writing a daily column, the "Voice of Broadway," for Hearst's New York Journal-American, which the corporation created by merging the Evening Journal with the American; the column, which she wrote until her death in 1965, featured New York show business news and gossip, but ventured into other topics such as politics and organized crime.

The column was syndicated to 146 newspapers via King Features Syndicate. Its success motivated Kilgallen to move her parents and Eleanor from Brooklyn to Manhattan, where she continued to live with them until she got married. On April 6, 1940, Kilgallen married Richard Kollmar, a musical comedy actor and singer who had starred in the Broadway show Knickerbocker Holiday and was performing, at the time of their wedding, in the Broadway cast of Too Many Girls, they had three children, Richard "Dickie", Kerry Kollmar, remained married until Kilgallen's death. Early in their marriage and Kollmar both launched careers in network radio. Kilgallen ran her radio program Voice of Broadway, broadcast on CBS during World War II, Kollmar worked a long stint in the nationally syndicated crime drama in which he played Boston Blackie. Beginning in April 1945, Kilgallen and Kollmar co-hosted a WOR-AM radio talk show, Breakfast With Dorothy and Dick, from their 16-room apartment at 640 Park Avenue; the show followed them when they bought a neo-Georgian townhouse at 45 East 68th Street in 1952.

The radio program, like Kilgallen's newspaper column, mixed entertainment with serious issues. Kilgallen and Kollmar continued doing the show from their home until 1963, long after the terminations of other radio shows on which each had worked without the other. Kilgallen was among the notables on the guest list of those who attended the coronation of Elizabeth II in 1953. Kilgallen became a panelist on the American television game show What's My Line? during its first broadcast, which aired live on February 2, 1950. The series was telecast from New York City on the CBS television network until 1967, she remained on the show for 15 years. Beginning in 1959, the series was not always telecast live. Goodson Todman Productions used a recent invention. In 1961, producers were able to stockpile enough videotaped episodes so that Kilgallen, Arlene Francis, Bennett Cerf and John Charles Daly could take their first long summer vacation. In 1965, they returned from another long summer vacation to do a live telecast on September 12.

This was followed by eight consecutive Sunday nights when Kilgallen appeared live, the last of them being November 7, just before her death. Though Kilgallen and Frank Sinatra were good friends for several years and were photographed rehearsing in a radio studio for a 1948 broadcast, they had a falling out after she wrote a multipart 1956 front-page feature story titled "The Frank Sinatra Story." In addition to the New York Journal-American, Hearst-owned newspapers across the United States ran the story. Thereafter Sinatra made derogatory comments about Kilgallen's physical appearance to his audiences at nightclubs in New York and Las Vegas, though he stopped short of mentioning her name on television or during interviews for magazines and newspapers. Kilgallen covered the 1954 murder trial of Sam Sheppard, a doctor convicted of killing his wife at their home in the Cleveland suburb of Bay Village; the New York Journal-American carried the banner front-page headline that Kilgallen was "astounded" by the guilty verdict because of what she argued were serious flaws in the prosecution's case.

At the time of the Cleveland jury's guilty verdict in December 1954, Kilgallen's sharp criticism of it was controversial and a Cleveland newspaper dropped her column in response. Her articles and columns in 1954 did not reveal

LGBT rights in Kuwait

Lesbian, bisexual, transgender persons in Kuwait face challenges not experienced by non-LGBT Kuwaitis. Homosexuality is not outlawed but gay people can be prosecuted under the "debauchery" law. LGBT persons are prosecuted by the government and additionally face stigmatization among the broader population; the penal code contains some general provisions against debauchery and immorality that can be used to punish LGBT people. Article 193 of the Penal Code punishes debauchery with up to six years' imprisonment. Article 198 prohibits public immorality. In 2008, the law was expanded to outlaw "imitating the appearance of a member of the opposite sex" with fines and or imprisonment. In September 2013, it was announced that all Gulf Cooperative Countries had agreed to discuss a proposal to establish some form of, yet unknown, testing in order to ban gay foreigners from entering any of the countries. However, it has been suggested that concern for hosting 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar, fears for controversy in a case that football fans would have been screened, made officials backtrack the plans and insist that it was a mere proposal.

In 2017 Saudi Instagram star King Luxy was arrested in Kuwait for looking too feminine. He spent 2 weeks in custody before he was released. In 1988, the Kuwaiti Ministry of Public Health published a report on HIV infections in Kuwait the person's nationality, marital status and sexual orientation. In 2004 a United Nations report on HIV in Kuwait found that about six percent of known transmission cases were the result of unprotected sexual contact between men. In 1992, the National Assembly outlawed the knowing transmission of HIV to another person. Foreigners found to be infected with AIDS/HIV are deported, but Kuwaiti citizens who are infected are entitled to outpatient medical care, organized by a specialized infectious disease hospital. No known association or charity exists in Kuwait to campaign for LGBT rights or organize educational and social events for the LGBT community. In 2007, the Al Arabiya news service reported that a group of Kuwaitis had applied for a permit to form a new association that would stand up for the rights of LGBT Kuwaitis.

All such interest groups or clubs have to be approved by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, which never formally replied. In July 2019 the group announced that they would again apply for a permit from the ministry in response to a crackdown by the Ministry of commerce on symbols representing homosexuality such as rainbows in shops. Human rights in Kuwait GCC homosexuality test LGBT in the Middle East LGBT rights in Asia

Slap Her... She's French

Slap Her… She's French, is a 2002 teen comedy film directed by Melanie Mayron and starring Piper Perabo. High school student Starla Grady is the popular head cheerleader and pageant queen of the small town of Splendora, who aspires to be a news anchorwoman, she hosts an orphan named Genevieve Le Plouff. After winning the affections of Starla's parents and boyfriend, Genevieve soon begins to take over Starla's life; when Starla is forced to quit the cheerleading squad after receiving a failing grade in French, Genevieve moves in to take her place, the roles are reversed. Soon, Genevieve is the popular head cheerleader, Starla is the unpopular student. Genevieve takes Starla's place in the News Anchor Competition, framed by Genevieve, Starla is arrested for possessing a knife and getting high on mushrooms, she is bailed out of jail by her brother Randolph and her classmate Ed Mitchell. Starla learns that Genevieve was, in fact, a former elementary school classmate named Clarissa Fogelsey, whom Starla had embarrassed so much that she felt compelled to move to France and has come back in disguise to get revenge on Starla.

With her charade exposed, Genevieve leaves town in disgrace and Starla reclaims her status in school and town. Although Starla never achieved her ambition of becoming a reporter nor getting a college scholarship, she now feels that she is a changed person. Meanwhile, posing as Starla, is welcomed by her new adoptive French family upon her arrival in Paris. Jane McGregor as Starla Grady Piper Perabo as Genevieve LePlouff/Clarissa Fogelsey Trent Ford as Ed Mitchell Alexandra Adi as Ashley Lopez Nicki Aycox as Tanner Jennings Jesse James as Randolph Grady Julie White as Bootsie Grady Brandon Smith as Arnie Grady Matt Czuchry as Kyle Fuller Christen Coppen as Doreen Gilmore Haley Ramm as young Starla Grady Amy Bradford as French airplane passenger Ashley Blake as Megan Laura Halvorson as Beef Band fiddle player The film was written by Lamar Damon and Robert Lee King, with a rewrite by Alan Ball. Melanie Mayron replaced director Evan Dunsky 10 days into shooting. On Rotten Tomatoes, Slap Her... She's French has an approval rating of 36%, based on 25 reviews, with an average rating of 4.8/10.

On Metacritic, the film has a score of 44 out of 100, based on 4 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Derek Elley of Variety wrote: "Scripters Robert Lee King and Lamar Damon leave no national cliche or double entendre unturned in this good-looking but relentlessly lowbrow outing which plays like "Clueless Does South Fork" with a side order of garlic." Slap Her… She's French on IMDb Slap Her… She's French at Rotten Tomatoes Slap Her… She's French at Metacritic