SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Regional-Express

In Germany and Austria, the Regional-Express is a type of regional train. It is similar to a semi-fast train, with average speed at about 70–90 km/h as it calls at fewer stations than Regionalbahn or S-Bahn trains, but stops more than InterCity services; the first Regional-Express services were operated by DB Regio, though since the liberalisation of the German rail market in the 1990s many operators have received franchise rights on lines from the federal states. Some private operators operate trains that are similar to a Regional-Express service, but have decided to use their own names for the sake of brand awareness instead. Regional-Express services are carried out with a variety of vehicles such as DMUs, EMUs or, most electric or diesel locomotives with Silberling or double-deck cars, the latter with new Class 146 engines. Many RE services run in hourly intervals, carrying line numbers and sometimes names, varying from state to state. Since late 2006, Regional-Express services between Munich and Nuremberg that operate on the Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway reach top speeds of 200 km/h.

These services are operated with Class 101 locomotives. In Switzerland, trains are called RegioExpress. In Sweden, several regional trains reach 200 km/h, they are called just regional trains, or named after their respective regional transit administration. The most common train types are Regina. List of regional rail lines in North Rhine-Westphalia Train categories in Europe

Hans Georg Andersen

Hans Georg Andersen was an Icelandic diplomat. From 1946 to 1954 he was legal adviser to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. In 1948 he was admitted to the bar. From 1954 to 1 June 1962 he was permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Council in Brussels with coacredition in Paris. From 1 June 1962 to 1 July 1963 he was Ambassador in Stockholm. On 7 September 1962 he was coaccreditated in Helsinki. From 1 July 1963 to 31 August 1969 he was Ambassador in Oslo with coaccredition in Prague. From 31 August 1969 to 21 July 1976 he was legal adviser in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. From 21 July 1976 to 24 November 1986 he was Ambassador in Washington, D. C.. From 6 October 1976 to 28 April 1987 he was coaccreditated in Ottawa

Lucas de Wael

Lucas de Wael was a Flemish painter, art dealer and merchant. He was worked for some time in Genoa in Italy before returning to Antwerp. Here he continued his commercial activities, he is known for genre scenes. Lucas de Wael was born into an artistic family in Antwerp as the son of the painter Jan de Wael I, his mother Gertrude de Jode came from a family of artists: her father was the cartographer Gerard de Jode and her brother was the engraver Peter de Jode I. Although his date of birth has traditionally been given as 3 March 1591 he was baptized 7 September 1591, which may indicate he was born closer to the latter date, he first studied with his father and was likely a pupil of Jan Brueghel the Elder. Lucas travelled to France and Italy at a young age. During this trip he may have stayed in Paris and in Venice with his uncle Ferdinand van den Eynden, an art collector, art dealer and merchant residing in Venice at the time, his younger brother, Cornelis de Wael, accompanied him when he travelled to Italy around 1619.

They spent time first in Genoa and in Rome where they came into contact with the members of the Bentvueghels, an association of Dutch and Flemish artists working in Rome. The brothers did not become members of the Bentvueghels. In 1627 Cornelis became a member of the Accademia di San Luca, the prestigious association of artists in Rome which had strict admission criteria. Genoa was at the time an attractive destination for artists since the competition between artists there was less intense than in the leading cultural centres Rome and Venice, while Genoa was a thriving port city where a large number of potential customers and collectors lived; the workshop of the brothers de Wael in Genoa became the centre of the colony of Flemish artists who resided in or passed through the city. These Flemish artists could take advantage of the work and artistic activity that their workshop attracted; the brothers provided a home and tools, they assisted their compatriots with their local integration, passed on recommendations to clients and formulated competition rules.

Some Flemish artists visiting Genoa became their collaborators. This is the case of the marine painter Andries van Eertvelt, documented in Genoa from 1628–1630, where he lived with de Wael and became his collaborator; when Anthony van Dyck visited Genoa, he stayed with the brothers. While it was believed that Cornelis was one of van Dyck's closest collaborators in the city, recent scholarship has suggested that it is more that that this role was played by the Flemish painter Jan Roos whom van Dyck got to know through the de Wael workshop. Van Dyck painted a Portrait of the brothers de Wael, engraved by Wenceslas Hollar; the Flemish painter Jan Brueghel the Younger stayed with the brothers de Wael in Genoa from October until December 1622. The brothers were involved in trading activities with their hometown dealing in a wide variety of goods. Lucas returned to Antwerp in 1628, he was registered in the records of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke as a landscape painter in the guild year 1627-1628.

He continued to play a major role in the business activities of his brother Cornelis who resided for the remainder of his life in Italy. In Antwerp he painted and dealt in art, he lived first with his father at the Lombaerdenvest and in the St. Antoniusstraat and Steenhouwersvest. In 1648 he made a trip to Genoa where his brother was still residing. Lucas was the father of Jan Baptist de Wael. Lucas' son Jan Baptist traveled to Genoa to study with his uncle Cornelis. Lucas was a painter of landscapes and genre scenes. Most of his work consists of landscapes and port scenes with ships. Only one signed work of his has been found. In many of Lucas' paintings his brother Cornelis added the figures while, in turn, Lucas painted the landscapes in Cornelis' battle scenes and harbour views; the View of a Roman square and the River landscape with fishermen and travellers have been attributed to the brothers. Lucas collaborated with Jan Brueghel the Younger on paintings of landscapes with figures for which Lucas created the landscape part and Brueghel the figures.

Media related to Lucas de Wael at Wikimedia Commons