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Elisabeth Svendsen

Elisabeth Doreen Svendsen MBE was a British animal welfare advocate and former hotelier. Svendsen founded The Donkey Sanctuary, an animal sanctuary headquartered in Sidmouth, England, in 1969 to help abused or homeless donkeys, she founded a related charity, the Elisabeth Svendsen Trust for Children and Donkeys, located in Ivybridge, during the 1970s. Svendsen was born Elisabeth Doreen Knowles in Yorkshire on 23 January 1930, she spent her early career as a secretary. She married Niels Svendson and had four children - Clive, Lise and Paul. Together, the couple invented a dryer to dry cloth baby diapers, they sold the rights to their invention to a manufacturer and used their payment to purchase a hotel in Devon in 1966. Elisabeth and Niels divorced. In 1969, Svendsen, a lifelong donkey enthusiast, bought her first donkey, named. Soon afterwards, Svendsen noticed seven neglected donkeys housed in a small livestock pen in a market in Exeter, she tried unsuccessfully to purchase the donkey in the worst condition of the group.

The experience of the neglected donkeys in Exeter led Svendsen to establish The Donkey Sanctuary in 1969. She began taking in disabled donkeys, she became responsible for the care of thirty-eight donkeys by an expensive undertaking. She was contacted in June 1974 by a lawyer for a late elderly woman named Violet Philpin, who had bequeathed Svendsen 204 donkeys. Svendsen gave up her hotel to work with The Donkey Sanctuary full-time; the Donkey Sanctuary, founded by Svendsen and headquartered in Sidmouth, has cared for more than 14,500 donkeys as of 2011. The sanctuary, which now has a veterinary hospital and overnight accommodations, employs 500 people worldwide, including sixty in the United Kingdom who investigate reports of abused donkeys. Svendsen expanded the sanctuary to Latin America and Africa, she founded a donkey hospital with emergency room in Ethiopia, where the lifespan of a donkey is just nine years. Mobile donkey clinics have been dispatched in Mexico and India. Svendsen established a sister charity to the Donkey Sanctuary, called the Elisabeth Svendsen Trust for Children and Donkeys, during the mid-1970s.

The trust provides riding therapy between children with special needs. During her career, Svendsen authored more than twelve books, including two autobiographies, Down Among the Donkeys in 1981 and For the Love of Donkeys in 1993, as well as a series of children's books. Svendsen became a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1980. In 2001, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals awarded her with the Lord Erskine Award. Svendsen retired from full-time work in 2007. In April 2011, Elisabeth Svendsen named an orphaned donkey foal after Prince William in honor of the Prince's upcoming wedding to Catherine Middleton; the foal had arrived at the Donkey Sanctuary on 9 April. Svendsen said at the time, "It's a real honour to have Prince William with us and I can't think of a better name for him, thus to mark the occasion of the royal wedding."Elisabeth Svendsen died at her home on 11 May 2011, after suffering a stroke at the age of 81. She was survived by her four children—Clive, Lise and Paul.

Her son, Paul Svendsen, is the head of The Donkey Sanctuary's European operations. The Donkey Sanctuary

Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010

The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, Title I of Pub. L. 111–139, H. J. Res. 45 is a public law passed by the 111th United States Congress and signed by US President Barack Obama on February 12, 2010. The act reinstated pay-as-you-go budgeting rules used in Congress from 1990 until 2002, ensuring that most new spending is offset by spending cuts or added revenue elsewhere; the Act was introduced in the House of Representatives on June 17, 2009, by Majority Leader Steny Hoyer and has been cosponsored by 169 of the 257 House Democrats. The Act had passed the House of Representatives 265–166 as a standalone bill in July 2009 was attached in the Senate to legislation raising the debt limit to $14.3 trillion. A majority of 241 Democrats supported the bill. In the Senate, the amendment attaching pay-as-you-go language to the debt-limit increase passed on a party-line vote of 60–40, the debt-limit bill subsequently passed 60–39. After the House passed the bill by a vote of 233–187 on February 4, 2010, the bill was sent to Obama's desk.

He signed it into law on February 12, 2010. The Act under section 11 lists out activities exempt from PAYGO rules. Outlays not subject to offsetting revenues include Social Security payments, all programs administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, net interest on the debt, income tax credits. Over 150 additional programs and activities are listed under section 11 as exempt from the law including outlays to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, the FDIC, Health Care Trust Funds, the Postal Service Fund, low-rent public housing loans and expenses, the Special Inspector General for the TARP program. A recent example of Congress passing legislation exempt from the PAYGO rules is for emergency disaster relief for Hurricane Sandy; these exemptions allow money to move more through the legislative process without having to find an offset

1987 All-SEC football team

The 1987 All-SEC football team consists of American football players selected to the All-Southeastern Conference chosen by various selectors for the 1987 college football season. Lawyer Tillman, Auburn Wendell Davis, LSU J. R. Ambrose, Ole Miss Carl Parker, Vanderbilt Walter Reeves, Auburn Brian Kinchen, LSU Stacy Searels, Auburn David Williams, Florida Eric Andolsek, LSU Harry Galbreath, Tennessee Kim Stephens, Georgia Greg Kunkel, Kentucky Bill Condon, Alabama Dermontti Dawson, Kentucky Nacho Albergamo, LSU Daryl Holt, Vanderbilt Tommy Hodson, LSU Jeff Burger, Auburn Bobby Humphrey, Alabama Emmitt Smith, Florida Mark Higgs, Kentucky Lars Tate, Georgia Reggie Cobb, Tennessee Aundray Bruce, Auburn Clifford Charlton, Florida Ron Sancho, LSU Randy Rockwell, Alabama Tracy Rocker, Auburn Rhondy Weston, Florida Nate Hill, Auburn Jerry Reese, Kentucky Willie Wyatt, Alabama Kurt Crain, Auburn John Brantley, Georgia Chris Gaines, Vanderbilt Derrick Thomas, Alabama Jeff Harrod, Ole Miss Kelly Ziegler, Tennessee Keith DeLong, Tennessee Kevin Porter, Auburn Louis Oliver, Florida Terry McDaniel, Tennessee Chris Carrier, LSU Jarvis Williams, Florida John Mangum, Alabama Todd Sandroni, Ole Miss Win Lyle, Auburn David Browndyke, LSU Matt DeFrank, LSU Bob Garmon, Tennessee AP = Associated PressUPI = United Press International Bold = Consensus first-team selection by both AP and UPI 1987 College Football All-America Team

Schema for horizontal dials

A schema for horizontal dials is a set of instructions used to construct horizontal sundials using compass and straightedge construction techniques, which were used in Europe from the late fifteenth century to the late nineteenth century. The common horizontal sundial is a geometric projection of an equatorial sundial onto a horizontal plane; the special properties of the polar-pointing gnomon were first known to the Moorish astronomer Abdul Hassan Ali in the early thirteenth century and this led the way to the dial-plates, with which we are familiar, dial plates where the style and hour lines have a common root. Through the centuries artisans have used different methods to markup the hour lines sundials using the methods that were familiar to them, in addition the topic has fascinated mathematicians and become a topic of study. Graphical projection was once taught, though this has been superseded by trigonometry, logarithms and computers which made arithmetical calculations trivial/ Graphical projection was once the mainstream method for laying out a sundial but has been sidelined and is now only of academic interest.

The first known document in English describing a schema for graphical projection was published in Scotland in 1440, leading to a series of distinct schema for horizontal dials each with characteristics that suited the target latitude and construction method of the time. The art of sundial design is to produce a dial that displays local time. Sundial designers have been fascinated by the mathematics of the dial and possible new ways of displaying the information. Modern dialling started in the tenth century when Arab astronomers made the great discovery that a gnomon parallel to the Earth's axis will produce sundials whose hour lines show equal hours or legal hours on any day of the year: the dial of Ibn al-Shatir in the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus is the oldest dial of this type. Dials of this type appeared in Germany in the 1440s. A dial plate can be laid out, by a pragmatic approach and marking a shadow at regular intervals throughout the day on each day of the year. If the latitude is known the dial plate can be laid out using geometrical construction techniques which rely on projection geometry, or by calculation using the known formulas and trigonometric tables using logarithms, or slide rules or more computers or mobile phones.

Linear algebra has provided a useful language to describe the transformations. A sundial schema uses a compass and a straight edge to firstly to derive the essential angles for that latitude to use this to draw the hourlines on the dial plate. In modern terminology this would mean that graphical techniques were used to derive sin ⁡ x and m tan ⁡ y and from it sin ⁡ x. tan ⁡ y. Using a large sheet of paper. Starting at the bottom a horizontal line is drawn, a vertical one up the centre. Where they cross is becomes the origin O, the foot of the Gnomon. A horizontal line draw a line. Where it crosses the centre line is an important construction point F A construction line is drawn upwards from O at the angle of latitude. Using a square, a line from F through the construction line is drawn; that point E, is an important construction point. To be precise it is the line FE, important as it is length sin ⁡ ϕ. Using compasses, or dividers the length FE was copied upwards in the centre line from F; the new construction point is called G The construction lines and FE are erased.

Such geometric constructions were well known and remained part of the high school curriculum until the New Maths revolution in the 1970s. The schema shown above was used in 1525 by Dürer is still used today; the simpler schema were more suitable for dials designed for the lower latitudes, requiring a narrow sheet of paper for the construction, than those intended for the higher latitudes. This prompted the quest for other constructions; the first part of the process is common to many methods. It establishes a point on the north south line, sin φ from the meridian line. Start with the basic method shown above From G a series of lines, 15° apart are drawn, long enough so they cross the line through F; these mark the hour points 1, 2, 3 4, 5 and 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. The centre of the dial is at the bottom, point O; the line drawn from each of these hour point to O will be the hour line on the finished dial. The significant problem is the width of the paper needed in the higher latitudes. Benedetti, an impoverished nobleman worked as a mathematician at the court of Savola.

His book which describes this method was De gnomonum umbrarumque solarium usu published in 1574. It describes a method for displaying the legal hours, equal hours as we use today, while most people still used unequal hours which divided the hours of daylight into 12 equal hours- but they would change as the year progressed. Benedettis method divides the quadrant into 15° segments. Two construction are made: a parallel horizontal line that defines the tan h distances, a gnomonic polar line GT which represents sin φ. Draw a quadrant GRB, with 15° segments. GR is horizontal. A parallel horizontal line is drawn from PE, ticks made where it bisects the 15° rays. GX is the latitude. T is the crossing point with PE. GTE is the gnomonic triangle; the length GT is copied to the bottom of E giving the point F. The hour lines are drawn from F, the dial is complete. Benedetti included

Arik Ascherman

Arik Ascherman is an American-born Israeli Reform rabbi, co- founder of the interfaith human rights organization "Haqel-Jews and Arabs in Defense of Human Rights." For 21 years, starting in 1995, he served as Co-Director, Executive Director, Director of Special Projects and President and Senior Rabbi for Rabbis for Human Rights, an Israeli organization. As a human rights activist, he has spearheaded protests to defend Palestinians against Israeli settler violence, worked for socioeconomic justice for Israelis, advocated on behalf of Israel's Bedouin citizens, he has put himself at physical risk, several times stood trial for acts of civil disobedience. He appears in the 2010 documentary Israel vs Israel. Ascherman grew up in Erie and attended Harvard University. Though he planned to attend rabbinical seminary after graduation, he was not accepted, encouraged to reapply after gaining some real life experience, he joined Interns for Peace, a coexistence project which sent him to the Israeli Arab city of Tamra and the Israeli Jewish city of Kiryat Ata to work from 1981 to 1983.

After that, he returned to the United States to complete his rabbinical training. He immigrated to Israel in 1994, he attributes his interest in activism on behalf of universal human rights to the rabbinic concept of tikkun olam, referring to universal human rights and social justice. Ascherman takes the side of Palestinian citizens and farmers against Israeli police and settlers. In an incident in 2002, for example, he intervened in the questioning of two Muslim women representatives of the International Women's Peace Service in the Palestinian village of Haris, accompanied them when they were taken to an Israeli police station and accused of obstructing police activities and incitement to riot after they questioned Israeli soldiers who had fired live ammunition into the village. Ascherman translated documents for them and drove them back to Jerusalem after their release eight hours later. Ascherman and Rabbis for Human Rights were known for dispatching volunteers to act as human shields to protect the Palestinian olive harvest from vandalism and assault by settlers living on nearby land.

In 2008, the volunteer effort encompassed 40 villages. The effort was launched in 2002 when a Palestinian peace activist solicited RHR's help to protect olive pickers against attacks by settlers living near the village of Yassuf. According to Nicholas Kristof, writing in The New York Times, Ascherman's car has been stoned by Palestinian youths and he has been arrested and beaten up by Israeli security forces and settlers. In 2004 to 2005 he was tried for civil disobedience after obstructing a bulldozer as it was demolishing houses in East Jerusalem. In March 2005, he was sentenced to 120 hours of community service, he was arrested again in March 2008 after witnessing an attack on Palestinians in Silwan. When he went to give testimony, he found himself accused of "inciting Palestinians to oppose the police" near the ongoing archaeological dig in the City of David. In 2006, Rabbis For Human Rights, the Association For Civil Rights In Israel and five Palestinian local councils won a landmark Israeli High Court case requiring Israeli security forces to allow and protect the access of Palestinian farmers to all of their agricultural lands.

As a result, many Palestinian farmers today work lands that settlers and/or the army had prevented them from working for many years. Rabbi Ascherman casts his position as a moral and religious one rather than a political one, as he stated at his 2005 trial: That moral inheritance tells us that the policy of home demolition is immoral, it may be technically legal according to Israeli law narrowly interpreted. However, not everything, legal is just; the policy is illegal according to international law and tramples on the Torah, which I as a rabbi am sworn to uphold. The Torah commands us to love those different to us, not to have double standards and to have one law for all. During his tenure at Rabbis For Human Rights, the organization expanded into the field of socioeconomic justice for all Israelis. RHR led efforts that ended of the "Israeli Wisconsin Plan" in 2010, was active in the social protest movement of 2011, was instrumental in creating the "Public Housing Forum." RHR began to teach in pre-army academies and created "human rights yeshivas" at Israeli universities and colleges.

RHR began to advocate for African asylum seekers in Israel. In August 2016, Rabbi Ascherman and two additional RHR senior staff people left Rabbis For Human Rights to found an interfaith human rights organization, "Haqel - Jews and Arabs in Defense of Human Rights. Haqel is working to defend endangered Palestinian communities such as Susya, attempting to prevent or reverse the takeover of Palestinian land, ensuring the safe access of Palestinian farmers to their lands, advocating for Israel's Negev Bedouin citizens. Rabbi Ascherman continues to be active in "HaMaabarah," a public housing advocacy collective he helped found in 2011. 2002 Torch Lighter in the Yesh Gvul Alternative Israeli Independence Day Ceremony 2005 Abraham Joshua Heschel Award of the "Jewish Peace Fellowship" 2006 Humanitarian Achievement Prize by the " Wholistic Peace Institute" 2009 Keter Shem Tov Prize awarded by the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College In 2009, he was co-recipient of the Leibowitz Prize, presented by the Yesh Gvul.

In 2011, he was co-recipient of the Gandhi Peace Award, "for their nonviolent methods of resolving human rights abuse