New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions for local government purposes. Eleven are administered by regional councils, five are administered by unitary authorities, which are territorial authorities that perform the functions of regional councils; the Chatham Islands Council is similar to a unitary authority, authorised under its own legislation. The regional councils are listed in Part 1 of Schedule 2 of the Local Government Act 2002, along with reference to the Gazette notices that established them in 1989; the Act requires regional councils to promote sustainable development – the social, economic and cultural well-being of their communities. The current regions and most of their councils came into being through a local government reform in 1989 that took place under the Local Government Act 1974; the regional councils replaced the more than 700 ad hoc bodies, formed in the preceding century – roads boards, catchment boards, drainage boards, pest control boards, harbour boards and reserve boards.
In addition they took over some roles, performed by county councils. Auckland Regional Council, formed in 1989, was replaced by Auckland Council, a unitary authority, in 2010; the boundaries of the regions are based on drainage basins. This anticipated the responsibilities of the Resource Management Act 1991. Most regional boundaries conform with territorial authority boundaries but there are a number of exceptions. An example is Taupo District, split between four regions, although most of its area is in the Waikato region. Regional authorities are responsible for environmental management, including water, contaminant discharge and coastal management and lake management including flood and drainage control, regional land management. Territorial authorities are responsible for local-level land use management. Property rates are used to fund both territorial government activities. There is a high degree of co-operation between regional and territorial councils as they have complementary roles. Regional councils have these specific functions under the Resource Management Act 1991.
Planning for the integrated management of natural and physical resources Planning for regionally significant land uses Soil conservation, water quality and quantity, water ecosystems, natural hazards, hazardous substances Controlling the coastal marine area Controlling via resource consents the taking, damming or diverting of water Controlling via resource consents the discharge of contaminants Establishing of rules in a regional plan to allocate water Controlling via resource consents the beds of waterbodies Regional councils have responsibility for functions under other statutes. Notes: These regions have unitary authorities; the Gisborne Region is still but unofficially known by its former name or as East Coast. Some outlying islands are not included within regional boundaries; the Chatham Islands is not in a region, although its council has some of the powers of a regional council under the Resource Management Act. The Kermadecs and the subantarctic islands are inhabited only by a small number of Department of Conservation staff, the Conservation Minister is empowered to act as a regional council for these islands.
Regional councils are popularly elected every three years in accordance with the Local Electoral Act 2001, except for the Canterbury regional council, a mixture of elected councilors and government appointed commissioners. Councils may use a first past single transferable vote system; the chairperson is selected by the elected council members. The Auckland Regional Council was preceded by the Auckland Regional Authority, which existed from 1963 to 1989; the Wellington Regional Council was first formed in 1980 from a merger of the Wellington Regional Planning Authority and the Wellington Regional Water Board. In 1978, legislation was passed enabling the formation of regions with united councils. Twenty regions were designated, excluding the Wellington areas. For most of the country this was the first regional level of government since the abolition of provinces in 1876. Councillors were not elected directly – they were appointed from the various territorial local authorities within the region; the only responsibilities mandated by the legislation were coordination of civil defence and development of a regional plan, although the constituent TLAs could agree on additional responsibilities at the point of formation of each united council.
For example, in a number of cases the united council took responsibility for the allocation of revenue from regional petrol taxes. The united councils were based in the facilities of the largest TLA in the region and dependent on the TLAs for resources, they were allowed in most cases had minimal operating budgets. The notable exception was Canterbury, where the
Sulfanilamide is a sulfonamide antibacterial. Chemically, it is an organic compound consisting of an aniline derivatized with a sulfonamide group. Powdered sulfanilamide was used by the Allies in World War II to reduce infection rates and contributed to a dramatic reduction in mortality rates compared to previous wars. Modern antibiotics have supplanted sulfanilamide on the battlefield; the term "sulfanilamides" is used to describe a family of molecules containing these functional groups. Examples include: Furosemide, a loop diuretic Sulfadiazine, an antibiotic Sulfamethoxazole, an antibiotic As a sulfonamide antibiotic, sulfanilamide functions by competitively inhibiting enzymatic reactions involving para-aminobenzoic acid. PABA is needed in enzymatic reactions that produce folic acid, which acts as a coenzyme in the synthesis of purines and pyrimidines. Mammals do not synthesize their own folic acid so are unaffected by PABA inhibitors, which selectively kill bacteria. Sulfanilamide was first prepared in 1908 by the Austrian chemist Paul Josef Jakob Gelmo as part of his dissertation for a doctoral degree from the Technische Hochschule of Vienna.
It was patented in 1909. Gerhard Domagk, who directed the testing of the prodrug Prontosil in 1935, Jacques and Thérèse Tréfouël, who along with Federico Nitti and Daniel Bovet in the laboratory of Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute, determined sulfanilamide as the active form, are credited with the discovery of sulfanilamide as a chemotherapeutic agent. Domagk was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work. In 1937 Elixir sulfanilamide, a medicine where the sulfanilamide was synthesized using diethylene glycol as a solvent and killed more than 100 people as a result of acute kidney failure, prompting new US regulation for drug testing. In 1938, the Food and Cosmetic Act was passed. Sulfonamide Nazi human experimentation — Sulfonamide experiments Elixir sulfanilamide Sulfanilamides at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings
Millennium is an Indian metal band from Bangalore. The band was formed in 1988 as one of the first Indian metal bands; the band was created during 1988 with a line-up comprising lead vocalist Vehrnon Ibrahim, guitarists Rio and Cecil Soans, bass player Stanley with Roberto on the drums. Roberto left in 1999 and Rio's classmate Nader duly replaced him. 1991 brought about further line up changes as Malcolm superseded Stanley on the bass and Blake took over second guitars from Cecil. In 1997 Blake left for the U. K. Benjamin Yates filled in for two concerts on Rhythm guitars, he was leaving for the U. S. and Sharmon, Vehrnon's brother took over as the permanent rhythm guitarist. After starting off with Iron Maiden covers at the Spirit of Iron Maiden Concert, the band released a 1992 single'Peace Just In Heaven', the promotional video for which claimed the'Skull Krusher of the week' award on India MTV's'HeadBanger's Ball' show, their limited edition EP,'Born to Reign', sold out within a week of its release.
Millennium landed the honor of opening for Deep Purple. They opened for No Doubt and released two albums; the first of, from the Crescendo label and the second one was independently released. After a long hiatus, Millennium were back performing live in March 2008, opening for Megadeth in Bangalore, India. Millennium have released three albums including the self-titled One Concept To Live. Indian rock Pin Drop Violence Kryptos Bhayanak Maut Nicotine Inner Sanctum Scribe Demonic Resurrection Interview with Millennium at IndianMusicMug
Béla Kéler was a Hungarian composer of romantic music period and orchestral conductor. Béla Kéler was born as Albert Paul Keler, he is known in Hungarian as Kéler Béla. He was born on 13 February 1820 in City of Bártfa, Sáros County, Kingdom of Hungary, Imperial-Royal Austria, died on 20 November 1882 in Wiesbaden, Germany, he was active in Hungary and Germany. Béla Kéler was born in 1820 in the City of Bártfa, Sáros County, Royal Hungary as Albert Paul Keler, but German and Austrian sources tell Adalbert Paul von Keler, he descended from an ethnic German family on his father's side, but was ethnic Magyar on his mother's side. His father Stefan Keler was a principal magistrate of the Bártfa city, he comes from the old Bártfa burgher's family. His mother Anna Bóth was from the old Hungarian Both de Botfalva noble family, they raised 13 children, Albert's siblings were Frederika, Emilia, Matilda, Apollonia, Viktor, Amalia. The household was German speaking, because the majority of residents of Bártfa that time were Carpathian Germans.
As a little boy he studied violin with Franz Schiffer in Bártfa. He began his school education in 1834 in the Evangelical Lyceum of Lőcse. After that he studied in Evangelical College of Eperjes briefly studied law and philosophy in Debrecen. Soon he picked up studies again in Eperjes. After dropping out of law school, he worked on a farm where he read a textbook by Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, famous Austrian baroque composer. Than he started practicing the violin. By the time he moved to Vienna, he was good enough to play in the orchestra of the Theater an der Wien. While holding this position, he studied with Simon Sechter, he became leader of the Gungl Band in Berlin in 1854, the next year succeeded Augustin Lanner in Vienna. From 1856 to 1863, he was Kapellmeister of an infantry regiment in the Vienna garrison. In 1867, he joined the Kur Orchestra in Wiesbaden, where he remained until 1873. In the 1870s, he toured all over Europe, he lived and worked in Eperjes (Slovak: Prešov, where he led a students' orchestra.
In 1845, he moved to Vienna, Austria and in 1863 to Wiesbaden, where he lies buried. In his testament he donated all of his works to the city of Bártfa, his best known piece Erinnerung an Bartfeld is written on the melodies of typical local folk songs of Sáros country. This piece was mistakenly rewritten by Johannes Brahms as Hungarian Dance No. 5 because Brahms thought it was a folk song, not an original work. This was caused because Anton Bruckner copied the instrumentation and form of Kéler's Mazzuchelli-Marsch for his own March in E-flat major.. He was popular as a composer of orchestral and dance music, was looked upon as one of the best of writers of violin solos, his overtures and compositions for small orchestra were long popular in the United States and England. After his death Béla Kéler donated all of his works to the city of Bártfa. After the founding of Sáros Museum in Bártfa in 1903 this collection became part of the stable exhibition of the museum. Today, Béla Kéler has his own exhibition screen near the entrance in the City Hall Museum in Bártfa, a part of Šariš Museum in Bártfa.
It is available to see there his personal correspondence and printed works and his memorial tablet. Works by or about Béla Kéler at Internet Archive Free scores by Béla Kéler at the International Music Score Library Project Kéler Béla
The 20 Polish Złotych note is a denomination of the Polish złoty. In 1794, treasury notes were issued in denominations of 5 and 10 groszy, 1, 4, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 złotych; the Duchy of Warsaw issued notes for 2 and 5 talarów. In 1824, the Bank Kassowy Królestwa Polskiego issued notes for 50 and 100 złotych; the Bank Polski issued notes dated 1830 and 1831 in denominations of 1, 5, 50 and 100 złotych, whilst assignats for 200 and 500 złotych were issued during the insurrection of 1831. From 1841, the Bank Polski issued notes denominated in rubel. In 1924, along with provisional notes for 1 and 5 groszy, the Ministry of Finance issued notes for 10, 20 and 50 groszy, whilst the Bank Polski introduced 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 złotych. From 1925, the Ministry of Finance issued 2 and 5 złotych notes, before they were replaced by silver coins, the Bank Polski issued 5, 10, 20 and 50 złotych notes, with 100 złotych only reintroduced in 1932. In 1936, the Bank Polski issued 2 złote notes, followed in 1938 by Ministry of Finance notes for 1 złoty.
In 1939, the General Government overprinted 100 złotych notes for use before, in 1940, the Bank Emisyjny w Polsce was set up and issued notes for 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złotych. After liberation, notes were introduced by the Narodowy Bank Polski for 50 grosz, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złotych, with 1000 złotych notes added in 1945. In 1950, new notes, which were dated 1948, were introduced for 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złotych, but 1000 złotych notes were added in 1962. 200 and 2000 złotych notes were added in 1976 and 1977, followed by 5000 złotych notes in 1982. The late 1980s and early 1990s saw high inflation in Poland and led to the introduction of notes in denominations of 10,000 in 1987, 20,000 in 1989, 50,000 in 1989, 100,000 in 1990, 200,000 in 1989, 500,000 in 1990, 1,000,000 in 1991 and 2,000,000 złotych in 1992; these notes were valid, but with the exception of the 200,000 złotych note, until the end of 1996. They could be exchanged at the National Bank of Poland and some banks obligated to it by the NBP until 31 December 2010, they are no longer legal tender.
In 1995, which were dated 1994, were introduced in denominations of 10 złotych, 20 złotych, 50 złotych, 100 złotych and 200 złotych. The National Bank of Poland has issued three 20 złotych collector's banknotes, the first in 2009, the third in 2011; the 200th birthday anniversary of Juliusz Słowacki, a Polish poet and playwright, one of the most eminent authors of the Romanticism in Poland, has been commemorated by the National Bank of Poland by issuance of a collector banknote worth 20 złotych. The banknote was put into circulation on 23 September 2009. On the obverse of the note, on the right-hand side, Juliusz Słowacki’s bust is placed; the centre has a stylised image of the manor house in Krzemieniec, for the past years, has served as the Juliusz Słowacki Museum. The state emblem of the Republic of Poland is placed on this side. On the reverse of the note, on the left-hand side, there is a fragment of King Sigismund III Vasa Column at the Castle Square in Warsaw. At the top, there are images of flying cranes.
In the centre, there is a reproduction of an excerpt from the poem "Uspokojenie" and, at the bottom, a fragment of St. John the Baptist's Cathedral in Warsaw; the author of the designs is Maciej Kopecki, chief graphic designer at the Polish Security Printing Works. The security features of this commemorative banknote are: A watermark, a portrait of Juliusz Słowacki in profile. A security thread and microprinting, with a recurring sign composed of the denomination and its mirror image. Intaglio printing on the obverse and the reverse of the banknote which are identifiable by touch. Microprinting, consisting of offset and steel engraving; the inscriptions are "JULIUSZSŁOWACKI20ZŁ", "NARODOWYBANKPOLSKI20ZŁ", “NBP" and the titles of Słowacki’s works. A serial number printed horizontally on the reverse of the note, at the bottom on the left-hand side and at the top on the right-hand side of the note. Optically variable ink on the reverse of the note, at the bottom right-hand corner, the marking of the denomination and at the top on the left-hand side, at the image of the crane, changing colour from golden into green, depending on the angle the banknote is viewed at.
Opalescent ink on the reverse of the note, at the top, in the middle and in the image of a crane. Recto-verso, which consists of fragments of an image of an inkwell and a quill pen printed on both sides of the note, combining to form a complete image. Single latent image, on the obverse of the note, on the right side of the portrait, a sign, "2009", printed vertically, visible depending on the angle the note is viewed at. Raised image on the obverse of the note, in the top left-hand part, an image of a crane, identifiable by touch. Ultraviolet ink, on the serial number printed on the reverse of the note, at the bottom on the left-hand side, images of ten flying cranes in the centre. “XX” feature for the visually impaired on the obverse of the note, at the bottom left-hand corner, identifiable by touch. The National Bank of Poland commemorated the 200th anniversary of the birth of an eminent Polish composer and pianist Frédéric Chopin by issuing a collector note with the face value of 20 złoty.
The note was issued at the turn of February and March 2010. The obverse of the note depicts a portrait of Frédéric Chopin in profile; this element has been produced with the steel engraving technique. The engraving of the portrait was done by Przemysław Krajewski, a hand engraving artist at the Polish Security Printing Works. On the left-hand side, there is an image of the manor house in Żelazowa Wola where the co
Warwick Students' Union known as Warwick SU, is the students' union for the University of Warwick, in Coventry, England. The Students' Union developed in tandem with the University and has existed since 1965. In its first few decades, it was involved with the protests, rent strikes, occupations which earned the University the nickname of'Red Warwick.' In 1974 one Warwick student Kevin Gately was killed during the Red Lion Square disorders. More in 2009, many Students' Union officers were active in the occupation of a lecture theatre in the Social Studies building to express solidarity with Gaza. One of its on-campus successes was its campaign for its own building, which succeeded in 1975 after lengthy opposition from large parts of the University establishment; some of its early activism was carried out in partnership with sympathetic elements of the academic staff of the university, with one incident being chronicled in the book Warwick University Ltd. edited by the eminent historian E. P. Thompson.
The Union is a shareholder in the NUS Services Ltd. On Tuesday 19 November 2019, an anti-racist collective of predominantly Black and Brown students known as Warwick Occupy led a student occupation of three rooms in Warwick SUHQ for 30 days to protest institutional racism as it exists within Warwick SU; the collective were made up of several liberation groups and societies on campus including Warwick Anti -Racism Society, Warwick Anti-Sexism society, Warwick Pride and Warwick Labour. Months earlier, A letter sent from the Unison Warwick branch secretary on behalf of ten staff members claimed that the SU "has racism flourishing at its heart"; the initial protests that sparked the occupation began when retired Israeli Defense Force Colonel Eyal Dror was invited by the Warwick Jewish Israeli Society and Stand With Us UK to speak on campus. The event took place on 19 November, less than a week after at least 32 Palestinians were killed in Israeli air raids in Gaza led by the Israel defence force.
Both the university and the students’ union ignored a statement with more than 250 signatures calling for the cancellation of the event. During the colonel’s talk, protestors linked arms and the protest culminated in the occupation of three rooms in the SU headquarters. Within a few days of occupying the collective released a statement and two lists of demands to both the Students' Union and the University. On day 19 of the occupation a further statement was released against Ben Newsham, President of the Students' Union as he had continuously frustrated negotiations and, at that point, was not taking the matters raised seriously. On Thursday 19 December 2019, Day 30 of the occupation, Warwick Students' Union released a statement in which they acknowledged and apologised for their failings to battle institutional racism, a further document titled On Warwick Occupy and Reconciliation' was released in which they replied and conceded to all of Warwick Occupys' demands; the collective thus de-occupied the student union that day.
As of 10 January 2020 Warwick University is yet to formally acknowledge the occupation or the demands Warwick Occupy made pertaining them. In the Autumn of 2011, Warwick Students' Union passed policy against tuition fees which stated its position in defence of free education. In October 2014, a campaign group emerged, called Warwick for Free Education; the group rose to prominence after a sit-in at the University's Senate House was broken up by the police, called in to deal with an assault of a university staff member. The police were accused of using excessive force, video footage appears to a show a police officer using CS spray on students; this led to an investigation by the Independent Police Complaints Commission. In July 2015, one protester was found guilty of common assault, while another was found guilty of causing fear and provoking violence. In response to his handling of the situation and other issues, Warwick Students' Union passed a Vote of No Confidence against Nigel Thrift, Vice-Chancellor of the University.
A two-hour panel debate was held on the student protests, at which Thrift faced further criticism for calling students yobs. University Registrar, Ken Sloan, said that Thrift's response was "very human" claiming that Thrift had been victim to a student campaign of targeted intimidation, had been verbally abused and spat at near his home; the Warwick for Free Education Campaign group denied any association with such attacks but claimed they "further highlight the widespread dissatisfaction and anger towards Nigel Thrift and his behaviour as VC". On 8 July 2015, the university committed to divesting from fossil fuels, placing its investments elsewhere when an opportunity becomes available; this came in the wake of a successful student campaign, union referendum at which 65% of voters supported divestment. At the time of the decision, the university held no direct investments in any of the 200 largest fossil fuel companies, but did hold indirect investments, which it pledged to eliminate; the Union consists of Union North.
The Students' Union got its first building, Union South, in 1975, after a long struggle with the University under Vice-Chancellor Jack Butterworth, who said to Will Fitzgerald: "the Students' Union will never have its own building." Union North was added in the 1990s and, until was linked to Union South by the'link corridor.' The Union South building underwent a £11 million refurbishment in spring 2008, completed in January 2010. The new facilities included a club and gig venue, The Copper Rooms, a pub, The Dirty Duck, a sandwich bar, The Bread Oven, a drin