Aristides was an American Thoroughbred racehorse that won the first Kentucky Derby in 1875. In 1875, the Derby was raced at a mile and a half, the distance it would remain until 1896, when it was changed to its present mile and a quarter. Aristides had a relative racing in the first Kentucky Derby in 1875. A chestnut Thoroughbred with a white star and two hind stockings, Aristides was bred by H. Price McGrath and foaled in 1872, he was sired by the great English stud Leamington, which made him a half brother to another great sire, Hall of Famer Longfellow, during his racing career, was called "King of the Turf". McGrath did not consider Aristides first rate, though his dam was by one of the United States' greatest sires, whose bloodline went back to Glencoe and Hall of Famer Boston. Aristides was small, never standing taller than about 15 hands, his stablemate the bay Chesapeake sired by Lexington, was expected to do well at the races. Price McGrath was born to poverty in Jessamine County and had gone west for the great California Gold Rush.
He did well enough to open a gambling house in New York. In a single night, he won $105,000, which allowed him to return to Kentucky and establish a stud farm. Both Aristides and Chesapeake were born and bred on the McGrathiana Farm in Fayette County, Kentucky, a short distance from Lexington. Fifteen horses were entered in the first Kentucky Derby, two of them fillies; the track was fast, the weather was fine, 10,000 people were in attendance. Aristides was one of two horses entered by Price McGrath; the other was Chesapeake. Both horses wore the orange silks of H. P. McGrath. Trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, an African American, Aristides was ridden by Oliver Lewis African American. McGrath expected the smaller speedball Aristides to be the "rabbit", he was to go out front fast and force the pace so that Chesapeake, considered the better McGrath horse, could stalk the front runners, when they and Aristides tired, come from behind to win. Just as McGrath had planned, Aristides broke in front and took the lead, but McCreery overtook him near the end of the first quarter.
Aristides fought back to lead again, followed by McCreery, Ten Broeck and Verdigris. Chesapeake, was the last to break and was not doing much at the back of the pack; as the "rabbit", Aristides kept increasing his lead until there was no chance that Chesapeake could catch up. Aristides's jockey, Oliver Lewis, knowing he was not supposed to win, looked to owner McGrath, who waved him on. Both Volcano and Verdigris challenged Aristides in the stretch, but Aristides won by a length and took the $2850 pool. Ten Broeck finished Chesapeake eighth; the Louisville Courier-Journal wrote: "It is the gallant Aristides, heir to a mighty name, that strides with sweeping gallop toward victory...and the air trembles and vibrates again with the ringing cheers that followed." Aristides, again ridden by Oliver Lewis, came in second in the Belmont Stakes, the race that today is the third race in the Triple Crown of American Thoroughbred horse racing. He took the Jerome Handicap, the Withers Stakes, the Breckinridge, a match race over Ten Broeck.
He came in second in the Thespian Stakes and the Ocean Hotel Stakes and was third in the Travers Stakes. On 10 May 1876, Aristides set the fastest time on record for two and a half miles at 3:14 at Lexington, Kentucky. Ten Broeck finished second in this race for four-year-olds. Aristides raced 21 times with 9 wins, five places, one show. Aristides died on June 21, 1893. In 1988, the Aristides Stakes was inaugurated at Churchill Downs to honor him. A life-sized bronze statue of Aristides by Carl Regutti stands in the Clubhouse Gardens as a memorial. Robertson, William H. P; the History of Thoroughbred Racing in America, New York: Bonanza Books. America's Champion Three-Year-Old Males
Old Rosebud was an American Thoroughbred racehorse whose pedigree traced to the influential sire Eclipse, through Eclipse to the founding stallion, the Darley Arabian. In the list of the top 100 U. S. thoroughbred champions of the 20th Century by Blood-Horse magazine, Old Rosebud ranks 88th. Despite a successful racing career, Old Rosebud was plagued by ailments throughout his life, culminating in a fatal injury at a claiming race when he was 11 years old. Bred by John E. Madden, the bay colt was from the stallion Uncle's first crop of foals. Born in Kentucky, he was purchased as a yearling for $500 by the trainer Frank D. Weir. Weir sold a majority interest in the gelding to Hamilton C. Applegate, the treasurer of Churchill Downs. Frank Weir said, he was the fastest horse I trained or saw. If he had been sound, there's no telling how fast he would have run." Old Rosebud was determined to be the historical two-year-old champion of 1913 and was the top earner for the year. At two, Old Rosebud's most important victories included the Flash Stakes and the United States Hotel Stakes.
Before his first injury took him out of training, he set four track records. Old Rosebud came back in his third year to take the 1914 Kentucky Derby by eight lengths in a time of 2:03 2/5, setting a time record that would not be broken for 16 years and a margin record, tied but never broken. In the Derby, he had begun the race as the favorite because of his previous record. Three weeks after the Derby, Old Rosebud sustained a bowed tendon during the May 1914 running of the Withers Stakes at Belmont Park; the race was run clockwise around the track instead of the more customary, in the U. S. counter-clockwise direction. Running the wrong way confused Old Rosebud, who did not change leads coming into the stretch, he was taken out of competition for two seasons as a result of the injury. At age 6, after nearly three years on the prairies of Texas, Old Rosebud won the Queen's County, the Carter Handicap, the Red Cross, the Delaware Handicap; these victories led to his being named historical Champion Handicap Male of 1917.
An injury took him out of competition for a half. Old Rosebud returned to racing at the age of 8. Overall, he won the Yucatán Stakes, the Spring Trial Stakes, the Harold Stakes, the Cincinnati Trophy Stakes, the Flash Stakes, the United States Hotel Stakes, the Kentucky Derby, he went on to win the Clark Handicap, the Latonia Inaugural Handicap, the Queens County Handicap, the Carter Handicap, the Frontier Handicap, the Delaware Handicap, the Bayview Handicap, the Mt. Vernon Cap, the Sir Archy Highweight Cap, the Latonia Grand Hotel Purse, he came in second in the Idle Hour Stakes, the Bashford Manor Stakes, the Paumonok Handicap, the Mount Vernon Handicap, the Burnett Woods Cap. He was third in the Brooklyn Handicap, the Thanksgiving Handicap, the Eden Park Cap. Old Rosebud competed for a total of 10 years before suffering his final injury in a claiming race at Jamaica Racetrack, he had to be euthanized. Out of 80 starts, Old Rosebud won 40, placed in 13, showed in 8, his career earnings were $74,729.
In 1968, Old Rosebud was elected to the National Museum of Hall of Fame. Old Rosebud's pedigree, with photo Old Rosebud's page in the Hall of Fame Old Rosebud's Kentucky Derby page
Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States)
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875; these races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner; the first winner of all three Triple Crown races was Sir Barton in 1919. Some journalists began using the term Triple Crown to refer to the three races as early as 1923, but it was not until Gallant Fox won the three events in 1930 that Charles Hatton of the Daily Racing Form put the term into common use. In the history of the Triple Crown, 13 horses have won all three races: Sir Barton, Gallant Fox, War Admiral, Count Fleet, Citation, Seattle Slew, American Pharoah, Justify; as of 2018, American Pharoah and Justify are the only living Triple Crown winners.
James E. "Sunny Jim" Fitzsimmons was the first trainer to win the Triple Crown more than once. Gallant Fox and Omaha are the only father-son duo to win the Triple Crown. Bob Baffert became the second trainer to win the Triple Crown twice, training American Pharoah and Justify. Belair Stud and Calumet Farm are tied as the owners with the most Triple Crown victories with two apiece. Calumet Farms won with Citation. Eddie Arcaro rode both of Calumet Farms' Triple Crown champions and is the only jockey to win more than one Triple Crown. Secretariat holds the stakes record time for each of the three races, his time of 2:24 for 1 1⁄2 miles in the 1973 Belmont Stakes set a world record that still stands. The three Triple Crown races had been run for decades; the term was in use at least by 1923, although Daily Racing Form writer Charles Hatton is credited with originating the term in 1930. Their order has varied. Before 1931, the Preakness was run before the Kentucky Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, May 13, 1922, the Kentucky Derby and Preakness were run on the same day.
Since 1931, the Kentucky Derby has been run first, followed by the Preakness, the Belmont. Each Triple Crown race is open to both fillies. Although fillies have won each of the individual Triple Crown races, none has won the Triple Crown itself. Despite attempts to develop a "Filly Triple Crown" or a "Triple Tiara" for fillies only, no set series of three races has remained in the public eye, at least four different configurations of races have been used. Two fillies won the series of the Kentucky Oaks, the Pimlico Oaks, the Coaching Club American Oaks, in 1949 and 1952, but the racing press did not designate either accomplishment as a "Triple Crown". In 1961, the New York Racing Association created a filly Triple Crown of in-state races only, but the races changed over the years. Eight fillies won the NYRA Triple Tiara between 1968 and 1993. Gelded colts may run in any of the three races today, but they were prohibited from entering the Belmont between 1919 and 1957. Geldings have won each of the individual races, but like fillies, no gelding has won the Triple Crown.
The closest was Funny Cide, who won the Derby and the Preakness in 2003. All the races are held on dirt tracks, rather than the turf used for important races in Europe. At completion of the 2016 season, the three Triple Crown races have attracted 4,224 entrants. Of these, 292 horses have won a single leg of the Triple Crown, 52 horses have won two of the races, 13 horses have won all three races. Pillory won both the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes in 1922, a year when it was impossible to win the Triple Crown because the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes were run on the same day. 10 of the 13 winners have owned at the time of their win by their breeders. Jim Fitzsimmons and Bob Baffert are the only two trainers to have two horses win the Triple Crown, with Fitzsimmons training the sire/son combination of 1930 winner Gallant Fox and 1935 winner Omaha and Baffert training 2015 winner American Pharoah and 2018 winner Justify; the wins by Fitzsimmons were the first time that an owner and the first time that a breeder, Belair Stud holding both duties, had a repeat win of the Triple Crown.
Calumet Farm is the only other owner with two Triple Crown horses, 1941 winner Whirlaway and 1948 winner Citation. Eddie Arcaro is the only jockey to ride two horses to the Triple Crown, both for Calumet and Citation; those two horses' trainers, Ben Jones and Jimmy Jones, were son. All 13 horses, most owners and jockeys were born in the United States; the exceptions were jockey Johnny Longden, raised in Canada. Secretariat's trainer, Lucien Laurin and jockey, Ron Turcotte were both Canadians. Owner Fannie Hertz was married to John D. Hertz, born in Slovakia. Jockey Willie Saunders is considered a Canadian jockey because he grew up and established his career there, but was born in Montana; the horse Sir Barton was foaled in the United States but had a Canadian
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility and spirit; the Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th- and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century and to a larger number of foundation mares of English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, around 100,000 foals are registered each year worldwide. Thoroughbreds are used for racing, but are bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage and fox hunting.
They are commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Anglo-Arabian, various warmblood breeds. Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs. Other health concerns include low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, research is ongoing; the typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high. They are most bay, dark bay or brown, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include palomino. White is rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray; the face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries.
Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, long legs. Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are considered a year older on the first of January each year; these artificial dates have been set to enable the standardization of races and other competitions for horses in certain age groups. The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred; the term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed.
Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though not capitalized in non-specialist publications, outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, the BBC do not capitalize the word. Flat racing existed in England by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the Middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England, it was that handicapping, a system of adding weight to attempt to equalize a horse's chances of winning as well as improved training procedures, began to be used. During the reigns of Charles II, William III, George I, the foundation of the Thoroughbred was laid; the term "thro-bred" to describe horses was first used in 1713. Under Charles II, a keen racegoer and owner, Anne, royal support was given to racing and the breeding of race horses.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the Racing Calendar, was founded. Devoted to the sport, it recorded race results and advertised upcoming meets. All modern Thoroughbreds trace back to three stallions imported into England from the Middle East in the late 17th and early 18th centuries: the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian. Other stallions of oriental breeding were less influential, but still made noteworthy contributions to the breed; these included the Alcock's Arabian, D'Arcy's White Turk, Leedes Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb. Another was the Brownlow Turk, among other attributes, is thought to be responsible for the gray coat color in Thoroughbreds. In all, about 160 stallions of Oriental breeding have been traced in the historical record as contributing to the creation of the Thoroughbred; the addition of horses of Eastern bloodlines, whether Arabian, Barb, or Turk, to the native English mares led to the creation of the General Stud Book in 1791 and the practice of official registration of horses.
According to Peter Willett, about 50% of the foundation stallions appear to have been of Arabian bloodlines, wit
Harry Payne Whitney
Harry Payne Whitney was an American businessman, thoroughbred horse breeder, member of the prominent Whitney family. Harry Payne Whitney was born on April 29, 1872 in New York City, he was the eldest son of Flora Payne and William C. Whitney, the wealthy businessman and United States Secretary of the Navy. Harry was the older brother of William Payne Whitney, his sister, Pauline Payne Whitney, was married to Almeric Hugh Paget, 1st Baron Queenborough, his youngest sister, Dorothy Payne Whitney, was married Willard Dickerman Straight and Leonard Knight Elmhirst, after Straight's death. Harry Payne Whitney studied at Groton School in Groton, Massachusetts attended Yale University, graduating with a law degree in 1894, he was a member of the Bones. In 1904, after the death of his father, he inherited $24,000,000, in 1917, he inherited $12,000,000 from his uncle, Oliver Hazard Payne. An avid sportsman, he was a ten-goal polo player, his love of the sport was inherited from his father, involved with polo when it was first organized in the United States in 1876 by James Gordon Bennett, Jr. H. P. Whitney organized the U. S. polo team that beat England in 1909.
"Whitney Field" polo field near Saratoga Springs, New York is named for him. He was a board member of the Montauk Yacht Club and competed with his yacht Vanitie in the America's Cup. Whitney served on the board of directors of the Long Island Motor Parkway, built by his wife's cousin, William Kissam Vanderbilt II. Whitney enjoyed quail hunting and purchased the 14,000-acre Foshalee Plantation in northern Leon County, Florida from Sydney E. Hutchinson of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Whitney was a major figure in thoroughbred horse racing and in 2018 he was voted one of the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame's most prestigious honors as an Exemplar of Racing. Harry Whitney inherited a large stable from his father (including the great filly Artful and her sire Hamburg, in 1915 established a horse breeding farm in Lexington, Kentucky where he developed the American polo pony by breeding American Quarter Horse stallions with his thoroughbred mares, he was thoroughbred racing's leading owner of the year in the United States on eight occasions and the breeder of two hundred stakes race winners.
His leading sire was first Hamburg and the great sire Broomstick, by Ben Brush. His Kentucky-bred horse Whisk Broom II raced in England at age six came back to the U. S. where he won the New York Handicap Triple. He owned Upset, who gave Man o' War the only loss of his career. Whitney had nineteen horses who ran in the Kentucky Derby, winning it the first time in 1915 with another Broomstick foal, the first filly to capture the race. Regret went on to earn Horse of the Year honors and was named to the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. Whitney won the Kentucky Derby for the second time in 1927 with the colt Whiskery, his record of six wins in the Preakness Stakes stood as the most by any breeder until 1968 when Calumet Farm broke the record. Whitney's colt Burgomaster won the 1906 Belmont Stakes and received Horse of the Year honors. Amongst many, Whitney's breeding operation produced Johren. Whitney's stable won the following prestigious U. S. Triple Crown races: Kentucky Derby: 1915: Regret 1927: Whiskery Preakness Stakes: 1908: Royal Tourist 1913: Buskin 1914: Holiday 1921: Broomspun 1927: Bostonian 1928: Victorian Belmont Stakes: 1905: Tanya 1906: Burgomaster 1913: Prince Eugene 1918: JohrenHis Lexington, Kentucky stud farm was passed on to his son, C.
V. Whitney, who owned it until 1989 when it became part of Gainesway Farm. On August 25, 1896 he married a member of the wealthy Vanderbilt family. In New York, the couple lived in town houses belonging to William Whitney, first at 2 East 57th St. across the street from Gertrude's parents, after William Whitney's death, at 871 Fifth Avenue. They had a country estate in Westbury, Long Island. Together, they had three children: Flora Payne Whitney Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney Barbara Whitney. Harry Whitney died in 1930 at age fifty-eight, he and his wife are interred in The Bronx. TIME magazine reported that at the time of his death, Harry Payne Whitney's estate was appraised by New York State for tax collection purposes at $62,808,000 net; the benefactor to many organizations, in 1920 H. P. Whitney financed the Whitney South Seas Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, Rollo Beck's major zoological expedition that sent teams of scientists and naturalists to undertake botanical research and to study the bird population of several thousand islands in the Pacific Ocean.
The Whitney Collection of Sporting Art was donated in his memory to the Yale University Art Gallery. "Gentleman's Estate". Time Magazine. 1934-07-30. Retrieved 2008-08-09. June 5, 1904 New York Times article on Harry Payne Whitney Harry Payne Whitney obituary
Churchill Downs, located on Central Avenue in south Louisville, United States, is a Thoroughbred racetrack most famous for annually hosting the Kentucky Derby. It opened in 1875, held the first Kentucky Derby and the first Kentucky Oaks in the same year. Churchill Downs has hosted the renowned Breeders' Cup on nine occasions, most on November 2 and 3, 2018. Churchill Downs Incorporated operates the racetrack. With the infield open for the Kentucky Derby, the capacity of Churchill Downs is 170,000. In 2009, the Horseplayers Association of North America introduced a rating system for 65 Thoroughbred racetracks in North America. Churchill Downs was ranked number 5 on this list. In 2014, prior to the start of their spring meet, Churchill Downs announced an increase in parimutuel takeout rates; as a result of the takeout increase, Churchill Downs was ranked number 22 in the 2014 Horseplayers Association of North America Track Ratings. The track is named for John and Henry Churchill, who leased 80 acres of land to their nephew, Colonel Meriwether Lewis Clark Jr..
Clark was president of the Louisville Jockey Club and Driving Park Association, which formed in 1875. His father-in-law, Richard Ten Broeck, was an accomplished horse breeder and trainer, introduced Clark to horse racing, attending the English Derby at Epsom Downs outside London. Churchill Downs filled a void in Louisville left by the closing of Oakland and Woodlawn, two earlier race courses; the then-rural location was along Louisville and Nashville Railroad tracks, allowing for easy transport of horses. Clark, who preferred longer races to the short ones that had become popular by the 1890s, was running short of funds, in 1894 sold the track to a syndicate led by William E. Applegate; the new ownership would soon institute many changes, such as commissioning the famous twin spire grandstand in 1895, shortening the length of the signature race to its modern 1 1⁄4 miles in 1896, adorning the winner of the Derby with a garland of roses, a tradition that began in 1896. In early 1902, who had made his fortune as a bookmaker, turned over the day-to-day operation of the track to Charles F. Grainger the mayor of Louisville, in an effort to move Churchill Downs away from being known for gambling.
Among the new people Applegate brought on board to help him run the rack was Col. Matt Winn of Louisville. Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America. During that early period, a new clubhouse was built in order to promote social interaction, new events such as steeplechases, automobile races, band concerts were held at the track; the State Fair was held on the grounds, featuring the odd spectacle of two locomotives being intentionally crashed head-on in the infield. On June 5, 1907, African American jockey James Lee set a record that has never been beaten when he won the entire six-race card at Churchill Downs. In 1908, parimutuel betting machines were introduced as gambling began to be less controversial again, the wagering portion of the track's business became more profitable. Churchill Downs was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. On Friday, June 19, 2009, Churchill Downs hosted its first-ever night race with an attendance of over 27,000.
Churchill Downs ventured into the music business, organizing the inaugural HullabaLOU Music Festival, held on the weekend of July 23–25, 2010. The track had planned to make this an annual event to compete with other summer music festivals. HullabaLOU attracted 78,000 people but that fell short of the more than 100,000 expected by the company; the company attributed this to the brutal heat, but others cited high ticket prices in a poor economy. The entertainment division was discontinued. On Wednesday, June 22, 2011, an EF2 tornado hit the Louisville area, striking the stables and chapel at Churchill Downs, though only at EF1 intensity at the time. Several stables were badly damaged. Over 200 horses had to be evacuated from the damaged stables and be relocated to other stables that were not damaged by the tornado; the tornado did not cause any damage to the clubhouse. Thurby is a portmanteau for Thursday plus Derby, this name for the Thursday racing in Derby week has been recognized by Churchill Downs since 2014.
The twin spires atop the grandstands are the most recognizable architectural feature of Churchill Downs and are used as a symbol of the track and the Derby. They were designed by architect Joseph Dominic Baldez and built in 1895. Today, Churchill Downs covers 147 acres; the usual number of people seated at the derby is 50,000 people, though crowds can reach over 150,000 on Derby day. The dirt oval main track, on which the Derby is run, is one mile in circumference and is 79–80 feet wide, with a 120-foot-wide section for the starting gate. A turf track, inside the main track, is 7⁄8 mile in 80-foot wide. From 2001 to 2005, Churchill Downs underwent $121 million renovation; the clubhouse was replaced, 79 luxury suites were added, the historic twin spires were refurbished. One of the additions in the clubhouse was a 36-foot mural by Pierre Bellocq depicting all 96 jockeys to win the Kentucky Derby from 1875 to 2004. In summer 2008 the same artist added another mural depicting all of the trainers and updating the Jockey's painting, adding Calvin Borel and Edgar Prado to it.
These updates are done yearly to accommodate new winning jockeys. The new design has been somewhat controversial since the new suites block fu
Chestnut is a colour, a medium reddish shade of brown, is named after the nut of the chestnut tree. An alternate name for the colour is badious. Indian red is a similar but distinct colour from chestnut. Chestnut is a dark tan that appears brown; the name chestnut derives from the color of the nut of the chestnut tree. The first recorded use of chestnut as a color term in English was in 1555; the color maroon is named after the chestnut. Deep chestnut is the color called chestnut in Crayola crayons; this colour was produced in a special limited edition in which it was called Vermont maple syrup. At the request of educators worried that children believed the name represented the skin colour of Native Americans, Crayola changed the name of their crayon colour "Indian Red" formulated in 1958, to "Chestnut" in 1999. In reality, the colour Indian red has nothing to do with American Indians but is an iron oxide pigment the use of, popular in India; the chestnut-coloured woodpecker The chestnut-backed chickadee The coat of the bongo Animal husbandryChestnut is a coat colour of horses.
CosmetologyBrown chestnut hair is a human hair colour. List of colours Chestnut —chestnut-coated horses