Wonogiri is a regency in the southeastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,822.37 km2, its population according to the latest estimate is 940,297, the 5th largest district in Central Java, as well as the largest regency in the former Surakarta Residency, the largest regency that does not have the railway line in Central Java, the 15th most populated district in Central Java, the second largest in the former Surakarta Residency after Boyolali. On the southern coast of Wonogiri Regency there are many islands in the Indian Ocean, namely the island of Gosong owned by the Gunung Kidul Regency Government of the Republic of Indonesia, Bervet island owned by the Kingdom of Norway, islands and other islands owned by Australia, United States, New Zealand and Great Britain, the islands and these islands enters Southeast Asia; this capital is Wonogiri and Selogiri, largest city is Wonogiri, around 36 km from Surakarta. Wonogiri Regency is divided into 25 administrative districts, listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census: Wonogiri Regency is an area of agriculture and plantation, so most of people in Wonogiri work as farmers.
All areas of the regency produce much agriculture and plantation output. Casava, kacang mede are examples of the plantation output that are good. Wonogiri has many special foods, they include nasi tiwul, bakso, mie ayam, etc. Most of Wonogiri's area is hilly due to its location on the Sewu highlands. Since these highlands are of the karst type, many caves can be found in Wonogiri Regency and at least 41 caves have been discovered so far starting with the famous Song Gilap cave, Song Putri cave at Pracimantoro, Ngantap cave, Putri Kencana cave at Giritontro and including many unnamed caves all over the regency. Wonogiri has a dam called Gajah Mungkur Dam which has three main functions. Items of tourist interest include: Gajah Mungkur Dam Sembukan beach at Paranggupito district Nampu beach at Paranggupito district Kahyangan waterfall at Tirtomoyo district Kethu forest at Wonogiri district Putri Kencana cave at Pracimantoro district Girimanik waterfall at Slogohimo district Nggaguk Tirta Lestari swimming pool, restaurant at Jatisrono district Seper forest at Jatipurno Paragliding sport nearby Gajah Mungkur dam Off-Roading nearby Gajah Mungkur dam Plinteng Semar Miracle Stone at Wonogiri district Gunung Kembar Gandul a small mountain at Wonogiri district Gunung Pegat Small Mountain at Ngadirojo, Nguntoronadi district Gunung Kencur Small Mountain at Ngadirojo, Nguntoronadi district Wonogiri railway station Giri Adipura bus terminal
Karanganyar is a regency in the Indonesian province of Central Java. Its capital is Karanganyar. Karanganyar Regency is located in the south east of Indonesia, it is near Magetan Regency in the east, Sragen Regency in the north, Wonogiri Regency and Sukoharjo Regency in the south, Surakarta and Boyolali Regency in the west. The exclave of Colomadu is bound by Surakarta to the east, Boyolali Regency to the north and west, Sukoharjo Regency to the south. Karanganyar is located between 110°40′E and 110°70′E and between 7°28′S and 7°46′S. Karanganyar Regency covers 77,378.6374 Ha, which consists of: dry ground. The rice field consists of irrigated area, divided into technical irrigation system area, simple irrigation area, rain fall rice field. Meanwhile, areas provided. Areas for gardening is 17,937.0211 hectares, plantation is 3,251.5006 hectares. The Regency had a population on 813,159 at the 2010 Census, an increase of 51,171 since the previous census in 2000. Based on data from the Culture and Education Department of the Karanganyar Regency, in 2005 there were: 489 primary schools.
The number of students of primary schools were 81,057 students with 4,483 teachers, which made the student-teacher ratio 1: 18.08. The numbers of junior high-schools were 37,558 students with 2,818 teachers, with a student-teacher ratio of 1: 13.33. There were 20,507 high-school students, with 1,639 teachers, which made the student-teacher ratio 1: 12.51. Based on data from the Karanganyar Regency Health Bureau in 2005, the number of health facilities consisted of: 3 hospitals, 21 Public Health Centres, 60 Secondary Public Health Centres, 28 nursing-midwiferies, 30 Clinics. Figures for health-workers: there were 80 physicians, 24 dentists, 275 midwives, 241 nurses. There are 679 small mosques, 127 Churches, 12 Temples and 1 Vihara. Karanganyar is home of the Mangadeg hill Mangkunegaran royal burial complex built upon a small mountain. In the immediate vicinity are the Pablengan ruins of ritual bathing pools, fed by seven natural springs. Several hundred metres away is the mausoleum complex of former President Suharto Astana Giribangun as well as the alleged final resting place of legendary Javanese leader Raden Mas Samboernowo at the peak of this same hill, titled Argosari.
There are a substantial number of Javanese tourists who visit the Mangadeg and Argosari cemeteries to pray to Samboernowo for assistance in life business or political affairs, in line with the Kejawen or Kebatinan ancestor-worship/shamanic belief system. Karanganyar have one of great waterfall call "Grojogan Sewu" Grojogan Sewu waterfall, that mean thousand water fall. April 2011: The research and technology ministry is sponsoring the formation of a bio-pharmaceutical center in Karanganyar Regency to improve the cultivation and post-harvest products of local farmer such as ginger, black wild ginger, kencur. Statistics for Kranganyar Regency, various Indonesian governmental Departments including Departemen Budaya dan Edukasi and Departamen Pertanian, 2005 figures. Indonesia. Vaisulis, Justine. Lonely Planet, 2007. ISBN 1-74104-435-9. Indonesia. Backshall, Robert. Rough Guides, 2nd edition, 2003, pp251. ISBN 1-85828-991-2
Pekalongan Regency is a regency on the north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its administrative centre was at Pekalongan city, but since that city was administratively separated, the regency's capital is now Kajen. Pekalongan residents are well known for their pursuit of perfection regarding the Indonesian traditional clothing called Batik; the Dutch name of the regency is'Pacalongan'. The word Pekalongan is believed to be derived from the Javanese word, Topo Ngalong, which means "bat-like meditation"; the northern part of the Pekalongan Regency is lowland, while the southern part of the regency is highland. Pekalongan regency consists of 19 districts. Kajen, the regency capital, is located in the middle of the regency, about 25 km south of Pekalongan City. In the southern part of regency there is a mountainous tourist area named Linggo Asri, which includes bathing area, relics of lingga and yoni and pine forest. There are Pekalongan Hindu communities here. Pekalongan offers several traditional foods, such as: Sego Megono is rice with sliced young jackfruit and grated coconut.
It is savory and spicy, it's served while still hot with an additional menu of fresh vegetables and fried fish. Sego megono is wrapped in teak leaves or banana leaves; some people call it "Sego Gori". Soto tauto is a kind of meat soup with thick sauce made with buffalo meat and bowel. A kind of soup, where the seasoning sauce are processed with ripe pucung fruit; this food is made of fish, processed by smoking the fish, the fish will change its color and aroma. This food can be found in Pekalongan traditional markets. Wajik Kletik is some kind of cake with diamond shape made from glutinous rice plus brown sugar and grated coconut mixed together. Kopi tahlil is made from a blend of pure coffee with spices like ginger, cloves, pandanus leaves and nutmeg. Apem kesesi is made from rice flour and palm/red sugar, the food was famous in pekalongan surrounding areas in the western part up to the Comal, because it markets to Comal traditional markets. Many people recognize this food as Apem Comal. There are several academies in Pekalongan Regency.
The State Institute for Islamic Study Pekalongan Muhammadiyah Polytechnic Pekalongan, Kajen College of Health Sciences Muhammadiyah Pekajangan Academy of Health Analysis Pekalongan STIKAP YMI Wonopringgo Pekalongan Indonesia Open University There are several health facilities in Pekalongan Regency. Pekajangan Islamic Hospital in Ambokembang, Kedungwuni District Kajen General Hospital in Karanganyar District Kraton General Hospital in Pekalongan Adi Kurdi, Indonesian actor Dharsono Hartono Rekso, 1st ASEAN Secretary General Abdul Hakim Garuda Nusantara, human rights defender Zainal Abidin Domba, Indonesian actor Rudy Hadisuwarno, professional hairdresser Beb Bakhuys, Dutch footballer Joe Hin Tjio, scientist Asip Kholbihi, Regent of Pekalongan Regency Pekalongan people have their own dialect; the dialects ending an order sentence with the word "ra". For example: "ojo koyo kui ra". On the southern regency the dialect differs a little, where most possibility sentence is followed by the word "ndean", other typical southern pekalongan dialect is the use of word Cok-e which means "maybe".
Some example are: "wis mangan, ndean!? wis mangan, cok-e!?". There are other typical dialect like the use of the word "pak ora si" which means "It doesn't matter". Kedungwuni Official website
Magelang is one of six cities in Central Java, each of, governed by a mayor rather than a bupati. It is located in the middle of the Magelang Regency, between Mount Merbabu and Mount Sumbing in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Magelang is located 43 km north of Yogyakarta, 15 km north of Mungkid and 75 km south of Semarang, the capital of Central Java. Magelang City is a city, located in a fertile agricultural area and one of the most densely populated regions on Central Java. Magelang City has two borders; the western border is the Eastern Boones Elo River. The city is divided into several sub-districts. Magelang Utara: Kramat Utara Kramat Selatan Kedungsari Wates PotrobangsanMagelang Tengah: Magelang Cacaban Kemirirejo Gelangan Panjang Rejowinangun UtaraMagelang Selatan: Tidar Utara Tidar Selatan Rejowinangun Selatan Magersari Jurangombo Utara Jurangombo Selatan Magelang was established on 11 April 907. Magelang was known as a village called Mantyasih, now known as Meteseh. There are three stele of historical importance in Magelang, namely Poh and Mantyasih, all of which are written on a plate of copper.
Poh and Mantyasih were written under the rule of King Balitung of Mataram Kingdom. In those stele, the villages of Mantyasih and Glanggang were mentioned, they became Magelang respectively. In Mantyasih stele, it mentioned the name of King Watukura Dyah Balitung, as well as 829 Çaka bulan Çaitra tanggal 11 Paro-Gelap Paringkelan Tungle, Pasaran Umanis hari Senais Sçara atau Sabtu, which means Saturday Legi, 11 April 907; the village Mantyasih was made by the king as tax-free village, led by a patih. Mentioned are Mount Susundara and Mount Wukir Sumbing, now known as Mount Sindoro and Mount Sumbing; when Britain colonised Magelang in the eighteenth century, Magelang became the seat of the government and was made to the same level as a regency with Mas Ngabehi Danukromo as its first leader. Mas Ngabehi Danukromo built bupati residence and a mosque. Magelang became the capital of Karesidenan Kedu in 1818. After the Dutch defeated the British, Magelang was made as the central of economy because its strategic location.
The Dutch government built drinking water tower in 1918. Electricity became available in 1927; the roads were remade using asphalt. The city has been a military post, dating back to the Dutch East Indies colonial era, it subsequently acted as an army stronghold for Indonesian pro-independence movements against the Dutch government during the resistance period. It is a host of two military landmarks: The National Military Academy, the only military-associated school, Taruna Nusantara. Journalist Taichiro Kaijimura announced on 12 May 2007 the discovery of 30 Netherlands government documents submitted to the Tokyo tribunal as an evidence of a forced massed prostitution incident by the Japanese army in 1944 in Magelang. After the independence of Indonesia, Magelang became kotapraja and kotamadya; the composition of demography based on its religion and belief, Magelang people has varied and different belief and religion. Majority of Magelang citizen are Muslim, but there are minority groups such as Christianity, Hinduism and there are spiritualism and traditional Javanese belief.
As of February 2010, Magelang has a total population of 118,227. Magelang's population was 59,916 women. Magelang is the closest major town to Borobudur, a ninth-century Buddhist monument located about 40 km north-west of Yogyakarta; the Canggal Temple located in the Magelang regency, has a Sanskrit transcription bearing the name of the first Mataram Kingdom ruler, Sanjaya. There is white water rafting on the Elo River, located in the district of Magelang. Elo river disgorges from Mount Merbabu, Mount Telomoyo and Mount Ungaran, so it is not affected by the flow of volcanic material from Mount Merapi; the river is ideal for white water rafting because the characters of flow and flooding are stable, so it is safe to be forded in both the dry and rainy seasons. Running rafting chosen difficulty level maximum III + and suitable for families; the track reached in 2.5 -- 3 hours rafting. A number of the town's buildings from the Dutch East Indies era have become heritage landmarks; the Karesidenan Kedu building, is now known as Museum Pangeran Diponegoro, where Prince Diponegoro was arrested by the Dutch colonial government during the Java War.
The chair on which the Prince sat remains in the museum. A fingernail, believed to be Diponegoro’s, remains on the arm of the chair. A statue in his honour stands in Magelang’s town square. Jalan Pemuda is Magelang's Pecinan; the one-way 1.5-kilometre-long road is the centre of business and includes shops, a minimarket, restaurants. The road, running along a former railroad, is divided with a narrow section reserved for rickshawss; the Alun-alun or town square is located in the city centre. The area has the Matahari and Gardena department stores, Magelang’s only cinema, to the north the Trio Plaza and the BCA tower. In the west, is city’s largest mosque, locally known as Kauman. Within the vicinity of the town square is a 15-metre-high watertower, a statue of Diponegoro riding a horse. There are a number of sport venues in Magelang
Jepara is a regency in the northeast of the Indonesian province of Central Java. Its capital is Jepara. People believed to have come from South Yunnan region migrated into the northern tip of Java during a time when Jepara was still separated by the Juwana Strait. In the 16th century, Jepara was an important port, his force is said to have been made up of one hundred ships and 5000 men from Jepara and Palembang but was defeated. Between 1518 and 1521 he ruled over Demak; the rule of Ratu Kalinyamat in the latter 16th century was, Jepara's most influential. Jepara again attacked Malacca in 1551 this time with Johor but was defeated, in 1574 besieged Malacca for three months, it was the site of an English Fort in the 17th century. It is the birthplace of Indonesian national heroine Kartini. Jepara Regency is located in the northeastern coastal region of Central Java, bordering Java Sea in the north and west, Kudus Regency and Pati Regency in the east, Demak Regency in the south; the eastern border is a mountainous region, with the most notable peak being Mount Muria.
The regency include the Karimun Java archipelago, itself recognized as a subdistrict, located in Java Sea 80 kilometers northwest from Jepara Regency. Jepara Regency is divided into 16 subdistricts: Bangsri Batealit Donorojo Jepara Kalinyamatan Karimun Java Kedung Keling Kembang Mayong Mlonggo Nalumsari Pakisaji Pecangaan Tahunan Welahan The population is entirely Javanese and over 95% Muslim; as a pesisir area many traders from around the world landed in Jepara centuries ago. As a result, some of Jepara's resident have at part European, Arabs, Malay or Bugis ancestry; the town is renowned its furniture industry. The production of teak furniture, employs 80,000 people in the town, working in a large number of small workshops; the trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java. Tourism in Jepara is an important component of the economy of Jepara and a significant source of tax revenue. Jepara is a town which known for their culinary, education and rich cultural heritage.
There are many possibilities and opportunities lies for the city to prosper and benefits more, but yet until now the government has not yet utilized them. Jepara although only a small town but has many tourist attractions, the mountain tourism, beach tourism, underwater tours, tour the islands. Foreign tourists visit Tirto Samodra Beach, Karimunjawa Islands, Kartini Beach, etc. Jepara Government Witton, Patrick. Indonesia. Melbourne: Lonely Planet. Pp. 259–260. ISBN 1-74059-154-2
Sragen Regency is a regency in the eastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is Sragen, located about 30 km to the northeast of Surakarta. Sragen is bordered with East Java Province to the east; the famous river, Bengawan Solo flows through the fertile rice fields in the region. Official website
The Java Sea is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf. It lies between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, Sulawesi to the east. Karimata Strait to its northwest links it to the South China Sea; the Java Sea covers the southern section of the 1,790,000 km2 Sunda Shelf. A shallow sea, it has a mean depth of 46 m, it measures about 1,600 km east-west by 380 km north-south and occupies a total surface area of 320,000 km2. It formed; the uniform flatness of the sea bottom and the presence of drainage channels indicate that the Sunda Shelf was once a stable, low-relief land area above which were left standing a few monadnocks. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Java Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago; the IHO defines its limits as follows: On the North. By the Southern limit of the South China Sea, the South coast of Borneo and the Southern limit of Makassar Strait. On the East. By the Western limit of Flores Sea.
On the South. By the Northern and Northwestern limits of Bali Sea, the North and West coasts of Java to Java Hoofd its Western point, thence a line to Vlakke Hoek the Southern extreme of Sumatra. On the West; the East coast of Sumatra between Vlakke Hoek and Lucipara Point. The Battle of the Java Sea from February to March 1942, was one of the costliest naval battles of World War II; the naval forces of the Netherlands, Britain and the United States were nearly destroyed trying to defend Java from Japanese attack. On 28 December 2014, Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 crashed into the Java Sea while en route to Singapore from Surabaya, Indonesia. All 162 passengers and crew were killed. On 29 October 2018, Lion Air Flight 610 crashed into the Java Sea shortly after takeoff from Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Jakarta heading towards Depati Amir Airport in Pangkal Pinang. All 189 passengers and crew on board are presumed dead; the southern section of the seafloor has long been recognized as geologically similar to northern Java, where oil fields occur and extend under the sea.
Prospects are favourable for oil fields in the waters off southeast Kalimantan. As the site of successful exploration for petroleum and natural gas, the Java Sea has become the basis of Indonesia's export program. Fishing is an important economic activity in the Java Sea. Over 3,000 species of marine life are found in the area. A number of national parks exist in the area such as Karimunjawa; the Thousand Islands are located north of the national capital Jakarta, are the city's only regency. The area around the Java Sea is a popular tourist destination. Scuba diving offers a chance to explore and photograph underwater caverns, coral and other marine life. Touwen, Jeroen Shipping and trade in the Java Sea region, 1870-1940: a collection of statistics on the major Java Sea ports ISBN 90-6718-162-5 "Java Sea a study on its economic impacts."