Remington Arms

Remington Arms Company, LLC is an American manufacturer of firearms and ammunition. It was founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, as E. Sons. Remington is America's oldest gun maker and is claimed to be America's oldest factory that still makes its original product. Remington is the largest U. S. producer of shotguns and rifles. The company has developed or adopted more cartridges than any other gun maker or ammunition manufacturer in the world; until 2015, Remington Arms was part of the Freedom Group, owned by Cerberus Capital Management. In 2014, a new plant was built in Huntsville, Alabama to produce AR-15 style semi-automatic rifles and Remington 1911 R1 pistols. In 2015, the Freedom Group was renamed as Remington Outdoor Company. Remington filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, in March 2018, having accumulated over $950 million in debt. Remington exited bankruptcy in May 2018, less than two months after filing for protection under Ch. 11 laws. Remington's quick exit from bankruptcy was due to a pre-approved restructuring plan, supported by 97% of its creditors.

The Remington company was founded in 1816. Eliphalet Remington II believed. Remington began building a flintlock rifle for himself. At age 23, he entered a shooting match. Before Remington left the field that day, he had received so many orders from other competitors that he had entered the gunsmithing business. By 1828, he moved his operation to nearby Ilion; this site is still used by the modern Remington firearms plant. On March 7, 1888, ownership of E. Remington & Sons was sold by the Remington family to new owners, Marcellus Hartley and Partners; this consisted of Hartley and Graham of New York, New York, a major sporting goods chain who owned the Union Metallic Cartridge Company in Bridgeport and the Winchester Repeating Arms Company of New Haven, both in Connecticut. At this time the name was formally changed to the Remington Arms Company; the Bridgeport site became the home of Remington's ammunition plant. In 1912, Remington and Union Metallic Cartridge Company were combined into a single entity, called Remington UMC.

In the early 21st century, Remington still produces U. M. C. Brand ammunition. In 1915, the plant at Ilion was expanded, with this expansion became the same plant as today. During the early years of World War I, Remington produced arms under contract for several Allied powers. Remington produced M1907-15 Berthier rifles for France, Pattern 1914 Enfield rifles for Britain, Model 1891 Mosin–Nagant rifles for Imperial Russia; as the war intensified, Remington production rose to meet demand. When the U. S. entered the war, Remington became involved in the war effort. Remington developed and produced the U. S. M1917 Enfield rifle, a simplified version of the British Pattern 1914, development of the Pedersen device. Late in the war, the collapse of the Imperial Russian government had a severe effect on Remington finances. Russia had ordered large quantities of arms and ammunition, but ran short of money to pay for the orders, they delayed payment. When the Bolsheviks took power in the Russian Revolution, they repudiated the contract entirely.

Remington was left with huge stocks of guns and ammunition, no prospects for payment. The U. S. government stepped up thereby preventing Remington from absolute loss. Remington made the conscious decision to emphasize their line of civilian products, they viewed hunting products as a more stable business which might help them to survive future ups and downs generated by war demands. During the Great Depression, Remington was purchased by the DuPont Corporation, which had made its fortune with improvements to gunpowder. A year Remington purchased the Peters Cartridge Company. In 1940, the U. S. Army became worried about its ammunition capacity and asked Remington to collaborate on a plan for national expansion. With the aid of DuPont, Remington built the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant and Denver Ordnance ammunition plants, three more plants on, including the Lowell Ordnance Plant. Though the plants belonged to the U. S. government, Remington was asked to oversee their operation. Among the weapons Remington manufactured for the government during World War II was the famous M1903A3 Springfield bolt-action rifle.

During the 1950s and 1960s, Remington branched out into other products besides guns, with the purchase of Mall Tool Company in 1956. One of the products was chain saws. In 1962 Remington introduced the Model 700 bolt-action rifle; the rifle became one of Remington's most successful firearms, lent itself to developments of many sub-variants, including the Remington 700 BDL, Remington 700PSS for police and law enforcement agencies and the military M24 SWS, the United States Army standard sniper rifle between 1988–2010. It is still used by other armed forces around the world, such as the IDF. Other firearms companies designed and manufactured sniper rifles based on the reliable and accurate Remington Model 700 action. In 1986, Remington closed its ammunition plant in Bridgeport, transferring operations to a new facility in Lonoke, Arkansas; this site was chosen as the geographic center of the sporting ammunition market. A year Remington built a new clay targets plant in Athens, Georgia. According to an article in The New York Times, in 1993, Remington's parent com


Koothambalam or Kuttampalam meaning temple theatre is a closed hall for staging Koothu, Nangiar koothu and Koodiyattam, the ancient ritualistic art forms of Kerala, India. Koothambalams are said to be constructed according to the guide lines given in the chapter 2 of Nātyasāstra of Bharata Muni; the stage within the hall is considered to be as sacred as the temple sanctum. It is constructed within the cloister of the Temple; the prescribe location is between the prakaras of maryada. In Kerala tradition it is considered as one among the pancaprasadas of a temple complex, its dimension vary from temple to temple. A square platform with a separate pyramidal roof supported by pillars in the center called natyamandapam is constructed as s separate structure within the large hall of Koothampalam; the floor of the hall is divided into two equal halves and one part is for performance and other half for seating audience. During the performance, the stage is decorated with fruit-bearing plantains, bunches of coconuts and fronds of the coconut palm.

A para filled with rice is placed on the stage. A nilavilakku with three thiri is used for lighting; the mizhavu, a percussion instrument for accompanying Koothu, is placed within a railed enclosure, with a high seat for the drummer. Only men from the Chakyar community are allowed to perform Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the Koothambalam; the women of the Ambalavasi-Nambiar caste, play Nangyar Koothu and the female characters of Koodiyattam. The traditional Ambalavasi-Nambiars play the mizhavu. Famous temples with Koothambalams include the Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple - Kottayam, Sreekrishna Temple - Guruvayoor, Vadakkumnathan Temple - Trichur, Koodalmanikyam Temple - Irinjalakkuda, Mahadeva Temple - Peruvanam in Trichur District, Sree Mahadeva temple - Thiruvegappura, Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathi Temple - Angadippuram in Malappuram District, Subramanya temple - Harippad, Thirumuzhikkulam Lakshamana Temple - near Aluva, Subramanya temple - Kidangoor, Siva Temple - Chengannur etc; the Kerala Kalamandalam, Deemed University for Art and Culture, Thrissur District houses a beautiful Koothambalam.

Another koothambalam at Vyloppilly Samskarika Nilayam, Trivandrum, built is another example built out of traditional context- i.e. outside temple premises. All these are rectangular in plan; the plan and structure of these follow the shape grammar typical to the traditional Kerala architecture following the vastu rules prescribed in thantrasamuccayam and silparatnam, the authentic texts on temple vastu. Nātyakalpadruma Nambiar Mizhavu Chakyar Koothu Koodiyattam Nātyasāstra Mani Madhava Chakyar Mani Damodara Chakyar 1. Govardhan Panchal, "Kuttampalam and Kutiyattam", Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, 1984 vendore,thrissur,kerala Kerala Temple Architecture

Scott Brayton

Scott Everts Brayton was an American race car driver on the American open-wheel circuit. He competed beginning with the 1981 event. Brayton was killed in practice after qualifying for the pole position for the 1996 race. During the mid-1980s, Brayton helped introduce the Buick stock-block V-6 engine to Indianapolis, his father's firm, Brayton Engineering, was a major developer of the race engine. In 1985, he qualified 2nd and set the one-lap Indianapolis Motor Speedway track record in the process, he finished 30th when the engine expired. He would not finish the race again until 1989, when he scored his best finish at the Speedway, 6th place but seven laps down, he would equal this finishing position in 1993. When Buick pulled out of IndyCar racing in 1993, John Menard continued developing the engine, now badged as the Menard V-6. Brayton, now without a regular ride in the CART IndyCar series, joined the Indy-only Menards team in 1994, their belief in the powerplant paid off when Brayton won his first Indy 500 pole position in 1995, at an average speed of 231.604 mph.

Turbocharger boost and pop-off valve problems relegated him to a 17th-place finish. Brayton was prepared to make his NASCAR debut at the 1995 Brickyard 400. However, he crashed his car during a private test session, suffered a broken ankle and a concussion. In 1996, Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony George established the Indy Racing League, Team Menard signed up to compete in their first full season of IndyCar racing; because the majority of the established teams and drivers of open-wheel racing competed in the rival CART series, Brayton were considered legitimate contenders for the IRL title. After a bad start to the season, Brayton asserted his competitiveness by winning his second Indy pole after a dramatic qualifying session in which he withdrew an already-qualified car to get a second chance at taking the top spot. Brayton was making a practice run on May 17 in his backup car when it blew a tire going into turn two, it half-spun and hit the outside retaining wall at more than 230 mph.

Brayton's car scrubbed off no speed as it spun, as the car impacted the wall on its left side, the force was such that Brayton's head impacted the wall. Brayton was killed by the severe impact, his funeral, held in his hometown of Coldwater, was attended by a large contingent of drivers and racing personalities. Teammate Tony Stewart, who qualified second, took over the pole starting position. A substitute driver, Danny Ongais, took over the car with which Brayton had qualified for the pole, finished seventh. Brayton began dating his future wife, Becky, in 1981 and an 11-year courtship followed; the couple have a daughter named Carly, 2 and a half years old at the time of Scott's death. On Easter Sunday 1999, Becky married another IRL driver, Robbie Buhl, who would become a partner in Dreyer & Reinbold Racing. A street course in Grand Rapids, used for SCCA racing was known as the Scott Brayton Memorial Street Circuit, it was used for the West Michigan Grand Prix in 1999, after which the event folded.

Following Brayton's death, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway announced a new trophy for the Indianapolis 500 dedicated to the driver who best exemplifies the attitude and competitive drive of Brayton. A driver could only be awarded the trophy once in his/her Indy career, it was awarded through 2009. ‡ For the 1996 Indianapolis 500, Brayton qualified on the pole. The following Friday he was fatally injured driving a back-up car during practice. In the race Danny Ongais finished seventh. List of Indianapolis Motor Speedway fatalities Scott Brayton driver statistics at Racing-Reference Scott Brayton at Find a Grave