Harry Edward Nilsson III credited as Nilsson, was an American singer-songwriter who achieved the peak of his commercial success in the early 1970s. His work is characterized by pioneering vocal overdub experiments, returns to the Great American Songbook, fusions of Caribbean sounds. A tenor with a 3½ octave range, Nilsson was one of the few major pop-rock recording artists of his era to achieve significant commercial success without performing major public concerts or undertaking regular tours; the craft of his songs and the defiant attitude he projected remains a touchstone for generations of indie rock musicians. Born in Brooklyn, Nilsson moved to Los Angeles as a teenager to escape his family's poor financial situation. While working as a computer programmer at a bank, he grew interested in musical composition and close-harmony singing, was successful in having some of his songs recorded by various artists such as the Monkees. Born Harry E. Nelson III, he adopted the Swedish spelling of his name after he began his music career.
In 1967, he debuted on RCA Victor with the LP Pandemonium Shadow Show, followed by a variety of releases that include a collaboration with Randy Newman and the original children's story The Point!. His most commercially successful albums, Nilsson Schmilsson and Son of Schmilsson, produced the international top 10 singles "Without You" and "Coconut", his other top 10 hit, was a prominent song in the 1969 film Midnight Cowboy. A version of Nilsson's "One", released by Three Dog Night in 1969 reached the U. S. top 10. During a 1968 press conference, the Beatles were asked what their favorite American group was and answered "Nilsson", he soon formed close friendships with Ringo Starr. In the 1970s, Nilsson and Lennon were members of the Hollywood Vampires drinking club, embroiling themselves in a number of publicized, alcohol-fueled incidents. At the same time, they produced Pussy Cats. After 1977, Nilsson left RCA, his record output diminished. In response to Lennon's 1980 murder, he took a hiatus from the music industry to campaign for gun control.
For the rest of his life, he recorded only sporadically. Nilsson recorded the first mashup song, he was voted No. 62 in Rolling Stone's 2015 list of the "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time", where he was described as "a pioneer of the Los Angeles studio sound, a crucial bridge between the baroque psychedelic pop of the late Sixties and the more personal singer-songwriter era of the Seventies". The RIAA certified Nilsson Schmilsson and Son of Schmilsson as gold records, indicating over 500,000 units sold each, his honors include Grammy Awards for two of his recordings. In 1994, Nilsson died of a heart attack while in the midst of recording new material for a since-unreleased comeback album. Nilsson was born in Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn in 1941, his paternal grandparents were Swedish circus performers and dancers known for their "aerial ballet". His maternal grandparents were the cornerstone of his young life. While his grandmother played piano, his grandfather Charlie supported the family in a tiny railroad apartment on Jefferson Avenue in Brooklyn.
His father, Harry Edward Nilsson Jr. abandoned the family. An autobiographical reference to this is found in the opening to Nilsson's song "1941": Nilsson's "Daddy's Song" refers to this period in Nilsson's childhood, he grew up with his younger half-sister. His younger half-brother Drake was left with family or friends during their moves between California and New York, sometimes living with a succession of relatives and stepfathers, his uncle, a mechanic in San Bernardino, helped Nilsson improve his vocal and musical abilities. In addition to his half-brother and a half-sister through his mother, he had three half-sisters and one half-brother through his father; because of the poor financial situation of his family, Nilsson worked from an early age, including a job at the Paramount Theatre in Los Angeles. When the theatre closed in 1960, he applied for a job at a bank, falsely claiming he was a high school graduate on his application, he had an aptitude for computers. He performed so well the bank retained him after uncovering his deception regarding being a high school graduate.
He worked on bank computers at night, in the daytime pursued his songwriting and singing career. By 1958, Nilsson was intrigued by emerging forms of popular music rhythm and blues artists like Ray Charles, he had made early attempts at performing while he was working at the Paramount, forming a vocal duo with his friend Jerry Smith and singing close harmonies in the style of the Everly Brothers. The manager at a favorite hangout gave Nilsson a plastic ukulele, which he learned to play, he learned to play the guitar and piano. In the 2006 documentary Who Is Harry Nilsson? Nilsson recalled that when he could not remember lyrics or parts of the melodies to popular songs, he created his own, which led to writing original songs. Uncle John's singing lessons, along with Nilsson's natural talent, helped when he got a job singing demos for songwriter Scott Turner in 1962. Turner paid Nilsson five dollars for each track. (When Nilsson became famou
No More Games/The Remix Album
No More Games: The Remix Album is a remix album from pop group New Kids on the Block. It peaked at #19 on the U. S. Billboard 200. By early 1991, the ever-shifting status of musical trends had begun to take its toll on the enormous popularity of the New Kids on the Block. Only two years before, the group had taken the U. S. by storm with its seminal second release, Hangin' Tough. In June 1990, the album Step by Step would spawn the group's most successful single, the title track. After the final single from the album, "Let's Try It Again," failed to crack the top forty, a seeming backlash had become evident. Sensing this, group member Donnie Wahlberg led the group in coordinating this remix album, which fused the "harder" elements of hip-hop and urban dance into the New Kids' sound, resulting in No More Games/The Remix Album — with a significant portion of the album remixed by Robert Clivilles and David Cole. Employed was a marketing tactic to release the album under the'NKOTB' acronym. Since the youngest group member was now eighteen years old, the rest were in their early twenties, they had arguably grown out of the New'Kids' On The Block moniker that they rose to fame with.
More it was an attempt to dissociate from the stigma, attached to that name. The album opens up with "Games," a track co-written by Donnie Wahlberg, that appeared on the Step by Step album. Employing hip-hop samples, jazz riffs sung by Jordan Knight, defensive rhymes by Wahlberg, "Games" was a dramatic departure from their clean cut sound; the song was not a major hit on the charts. The album's second single, "Call It What You Want" is a house remix track, again produced by Clivilles/Cole, featuring an intro rap from Freedom Williams; the song was another that received decent airplay in North America during the spring months of 1991, could be considered the "last hurrah" in terms of singles from the group's initial run. The single peaked at #12 on the UK Singles Chart. "Baby I Believe In You" was released as a third single in Germany, but did not chart. Although No More Games/The Remix Album was certified Gold in the U. S. the album did not restore the group's former success. Their popularity had waned by the time of the album's release, as the pre-teens who had liked them at their peak were the same audience who would become part of "Generation X", embracing the forthcoming grunge and gangsta rap sounds that ended the dominance of late 80s/early 90s dance/pop.
"Games " "Call It What You Want " "Please Don't Go Girl" "Cover Girl" "Baby, I Believe In You " "Hangin' Tough " "Step by Step " "My Favorite Girl" "Valentine Girl " "The Right Stuff " "Whatcha Gonna Do" "Never Gonna Fall In Love Again " "Toasties" Lead vocals by Joey McIntyre Call It What You Want UK #12 May 21, 1991 Games U. S. #69 U. K. #14 July 1, 1991 Baby, I Believe In You October 22, 1991
MTV is an American pay television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. The channel was launched on August 1, 1981, aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys". At first, MTV's main target demographic was young adults, but today it is teenagers high school and college students. Since its inception, MTV has toned down its music video programming and its programming now consists of original reality and drama programming and some off-network syndicated programs and films, with limited music video programming in off-peak time periods. MTV had struggled with the secular decline of music-related subscription-based media, its ratings had been said to be failing systematically, as younger viewers shift towards other media platforms, with yearly ratings drops as high as 29%. In April 2016, then-appointed MTV president Sean Atkins announced plans to restore music programming to the channel. Under current MTV president Chris McCarthy, reality programming has once again become prominent.
MTV has spawned numerous sister channels in the U. S. and affiliated channels internationally, some of which have gone independent, with 90.6 million American households in the United States receiving the channel as of January 2016. Several earlier concepts for music video-based television programming had been around since the early 1960s; the Beatles had used music videos to promote their records starting in the mid-1960s. The creative use of music videos within their 1964 film A Hard Day's Night the performance of the song "Can't Buy Me Love", led MTV on June 26, 1999, to honor the film's director Richard Lester with an award for "basically inventing the music video". In his book The Mason Williams FCC Rapport, author Mason Williams states that he pitched an idea to CBS for a television program that featured "video-radio", where disc jockeys would play avant-garde art pieces set to music. CBS rejected the idea, but Williams premiered his own musical composition "Classical Gas" on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, where he was head writer.
In 1970, Philadelphia-based disc jockey Bob Whitney created The Now Explosion, a television series filmed in Atlanta and broadcast in syndication to other local television stations throughout the United States. The series featured promotional clips from various popular artists, but was canceled by its distributor in 1971. Several music programs originating outside of the US, including Australia's Countdown and the United Kingdom's Top of the Pops, which had aired music videos in lieu of performances from artists who were not available to perform live, began to feature them by the mid-1970s. In 1974, Gary Van Haas, vice president of Televak Corporation, introduced a concept to distribute a music video channel to record stores across the United States, promoted the channel, named Music Video TV, to distributors and retailers in a May 1974 issue of Billboard; the channel, which featured video disc jockeys, signed a deal with US Cable in 1978 to expand its audience from retail to cable television.
The service was no longer active by the time MTV launched in 1981. In 1977, Warner Cable a division of Warner Communications and the precursor of Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment launched the first two-way interactive cable television system named QUBE in Columbus, Ohio; the QUBE system offered many specialized channels. One of these specialized channels was Sight on Sound, a music channel that featured concert footage and music-oriented television programs. With the interactive QUBE service, viewers could vote for their favorite artists; the original programming format of MTV was created by media executive Robert W. Pittman, who became president and chief executive officer of MTV Networks. Pittman had test-driven the music format by producing and hosting a 15-minute show, Album Tracks, on New York City television station WNBC-TV in the late 1970s. Pittman's boss Warner-Amex executive vice president John Lack had shepherded PopClips, a television series created by former Monkee-turned solo artist Michael Nesmith, whose attention had turned to the music video format in the late 1970s.
The inspiration for PopClips came from a similar program on New Zealand's TVNZ network named Radio with Pictures, which premiered in 1976. The concept itself had been in the works since 1966, when major record companies began supplying the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation with promotional music clips to play on the air at no charge. Few artists made the long trip to New Zealand to appear live. On Saturday, August 1, 1981, at 12:01 AM Eastern Time, MTV was launched with the words "Ladies and gentlemen and roll," spoken by John Lack and played over footage of the first Space Shuttle launch countdown of Columbia and of the launch of Apollo 11; those words were followed by the original MTV theme song, a crunching rock tune composed by Jonathan Elias and John Petersen, playing over the American flag changed to show MTV's logo changing into various textures and designs. MTV producers Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert used this public domain footage as a concept. A shortened version of the shuttle launch ID ran at the top of every hour in various forms, from MTV's first day until it was pulled in early 1986 in the wake of the Challenger disaster.
New Kids on the Block
New Kids on the Block is an American boy band from Boston, Massachusetts. The band consists of brothers Jordan and Jonathan Knight, Joey McIntyre, Donnie Wahlberg, Danny Wood. New Kids on the Block enjoyed success in the late 1980s and early 1990s and have sold more than 80 million records worldwide, they won two American Music Awards in 1990 for Favorite Pop/Rock Band, Duo, or Group and Favorite Pop/Rock Album. The group disbanded in 1994, reunited in 2007. After secretly reuniting in 2007 and recording a new record, the group released that new album and embarked on a concert tour in 2008; the album, entitled The Block, was released on September 2, 2008. New Kids on the Block was listed as number 16 on Rolling Stone's Top 25 Teen Idol Breakout Moments; the group was on tour with the Backstreet Boys in 2011–12 as NKOTBSB. This collaboration first performed live together on November 21, 2010 at the American Music Awards on ABC and again on 2011 New Year's on ABC's Dick Clark/Ryan Seacrest show; the group received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on October 9, 2014.
They are still touring as of 2017 with their Total Package Tour. In the early 1980s, Maurice Starr discovered R&B/pop quintet New Edition, guided their early success. After breaking ties with them and his business partner, Mary Alford, sought to create a white counterpart act. Fifteen-year-old Donnie Wahlberg impressed Starr and Alford with his rapping skills, dancing ability and showmanship, becoming the group's first member. Wahlberg assisted in helping to recruit other members. Among them were his younger brother Mark and his best friends Danny Wood and Jamie Kelly, he coaxed one-time schoolmate Jordan Knight - who sang an exceptional falsetto - into auditioning for Starr as well. Upon Knight's passing the audition, his older brother Jonathan was accepted into the group as well; as the group began to take shape, Mark Wahlberg left and was replaced by Jamie Kelly. When a search was made to find a Michael Jackson-esque singer to fill the role, Starr replaced Jamie with 12-year-old Joey McIntyre, whom the other members resented for being the one to replace their friend.
With the final line-up in place, Starr rehearsed the boys diligently, after school and on weekends, secured the group, at this time named Nynuk, a recording contract at Columbia Records. However, the label demanded. Subsequently, they settled on New Kids on the Block, after a rap song that Donnie Wahlberg had written and arranged for their first album. In April 1986, Columbia Records released the group's self-titled debut album; the album exclusively written and produced by Maurice Starr, featured mid 80s bubblegum pop material. The first single, "Be My Girl", received minor airplay around the group's native Boston, but failed to capture nationwide attention; the album's second single, "Stop It Girl", fared worse. The New Kids went on tour around the New England states, singing wherever Starr could book them: in bars, school dances, clubs. Starr remained diligent and persuaded the label to allow the group to record a second album. After the failure of the first album, Starr had the group back in the studio for most of 1987 and 1988 recording their second album.
Dissatisfied with the excessively bubblegum sound of their first album, the group wanted to have more input on their look and song material. As a result, Wahlberg and Jordan Knight received associate producer credit on the final product; the album's first single was "Please Don't Go Girl", a ballad released in the spring of 1988. Failure seemed destined a second time when the song became another that went unnoticed by the listening public, Columbia Records made plans to drop the New Kids from the label. At the eleventh hour, however, a pop radio station in Florida began playing the song. Scoring listener approval, it soon became the most requested song on their play list; when Columbia caught wind of the positive response, they decided to keep the group on its roster and put more effort into promoting the single. Columbia decided to re-shoot a music video for "Please Don't Go Girl", hiring director Doug Nichol, sent the video to thousands of radio stations across the country to show the group's visual appeal.
National attention soon followed and "Please Don't Go Girl" climbed to No. 10 on Billboard's Hot 100 Singles Chart—becoming the group's first hit. New Kids on the Block's second album, Hangin' Tough, was released to modest fanfare in September. In the meantime, the group began making national televised appearances on such music programs as Showtime at the Apollo, Soul Train. Producer Maurice Starr held auditions to secure a band of musicians suitable for touring with the New Kids approving musical director and Keyboardist Greg McPherson, bassist David Dyson, keyboardist Yasko Kubota, guitarist Nerida Rojas, drummer Derrick Antunes; the New Kids landed a spot as an opening act for fellow teen-pop act Tiffany on the U. S. leg of her concert tour. Sales of Hangin' Tough increased as the group's national attention rose. At year's end, the album's second single "You Got It" was released; the song was given a huge boost when MTV took notice of the group and began playing the video in regular rotation, including an appearance on Club MTV.
By early 1989, it cracked the top five. The New Kids hit pay dirt with their next single, "I'll Be Loving You", which reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 Singles chart in June. The group had been scheduled to open for Tiffany once again on a second tour, but their sudden popularity caused a reversal, she wound up opening for them. M
Recording Industry Association of Japan
The Recording Industry Association of Japan is an industry trade group composed of Japanese corporations involved in the music industry. It was founded in 1942 as the Japan Phonogram Record Cultural Association, adopted its current name in 1969; the RIAJ's activities include promotion of music sales, enforcement of copyright law, research related to the Japanese music industry. It publishes the annual RIAJ Year Book, a statistical summary of each year's music sales, as well as distributing a variety of other data. Headquartered in Minato, the RIAJ has twenty member companies and a smaller number of associate and supporting members; the association is responsible for certifying platinum albums and singles in Japan. In 1989, the Recording Industry Association of Japan introduced the music recording certification systems, it is awarded based on shipment figures of compact disc or cassette tape, reported by record labels. In principle, the criteria are limitedly applied to the materials released after January 21, 1989.
All music sales including singles, digital download singles are on the same criteria. Unlike many countries, the highest certification is not called "Diamond" or "Platinum", but "Million". Before the unification of criteria and introduction of music videos category in July 2003, a separate scale had been used for certification awards. Certifications for songs and albums released digitally began on September 20, 2006, using download data collected since the early 2000s. From 2006 until 2013, there were three categories for certifications: Chaku-uta, Chaku-uta Full and PC Haishin for songs purchased on services such as iTunes. On February 28, 2014, the Chaku-uta Full and PC categories were merged to create the Single Track category. While digital album certifications are possible, only certain album have received this certification since the beginning of digital certifications, including the 2011 Songs for Japan charity album. and Hikaru Utada's sixth studio album Fantôme among others. Avex Group¹ Avex Entertainment Avex Digital Being Inc.
Dreamusic Incorporated For Life Music Geneon Universal Entertainment¹ King Records¹ Bellwood Records King Records International Nippon Columbia Columbia Marketing Nippon Crown¹ Pony Canyon¹ Exit Tunes Sony Music Entertainment Japan¹ Ariola Japan DefStar Records Epic Records Japan Ki/oon Records SME Records Sony Music Artists Sony Music Associated Records Sony Music Direct Sony Music Distribution Sony Music Japan International Sony Music Records TEICHIKU ENTERTAINMENT, INC.¹ Tokuma Japan Communications¹ Universal Music Group¹ EMI Music Japan¹ VAP Inc.¹ Victor Entertainment¹ Warner Music Group¹ Yamaha Music Communications Yoshimoto R&C Amuse Soft Entertainment HATS Unlimited Johnny and Associates J Storm Johnny's Entertainment Konami Digital Entertainment Bandai Visual Lantis LD&K Records Naxos Records Pryaid Records¹ Stardust Records Space Shower Networks Spiritual Beast Venus Records Village Again Association NBC Universal Entertainment Japan KISS Entertainment Rambling Records Gambit Croix Aniplex Crown-Tokuma Music Free Board Holiday Japan Jei One NPPDevelop T-Toc Records TV Asahi Music Ward Records Toys Factory Aceforce Entertainment Kino Music¹Member, International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.
List of best-selling albums in Japan List of best-selling singles in Japan List of best-selling music artists in Japan Recording Industry Association of America Australian Recording Industry Association List of music recording sales certifications RIAJ Digital Track Chart Global music industry market share data Recording Industry Association of Japan - in English