Remodernism revives aspects of modernism in its early form, follows postmodernism, to which it contrasts. Adherents of remodernism advocate it as a not reactionary, impetus. In 2000, Billy Childish and Charles Thomson, founders of the stuckism art movement instigated remodernism, with a manifesto, Remodernism in an attempt to introduce a period of new spirituality into art and society to replace postmodernism, which they said was cynical and spiritually bankrupt. In 2002, a remodernism art show in Albuquerque was accompanied by an essay from University of California, Berkeley art professor, Kevin Radley, who said there was a renewal of artists working without the limitation of irony and cynicism, that there was a renewal of the sense of beauty. In 2006, the Stedelijk Museum and the University of Amsterdam held a talk on remodernism with Daniel Birnbaum and Alison Gingeras. In 2008, London Evening Standard critic, Ben Lewis, applied the term to three Turner Prize nominees and saw them amongst a movement, reviving the formalism of the early 20th century.
Charles Thomson and Billy Childish, the founders of the stuckism art movement, inaugurated the period of remodernism. Their Remodernism manifesto was published on March 1, 2000 to promote vision and self-expression, with an emphasis on painting, subtitled "towards a new spirituality in art." Its premise is that the potential of the modernist vision has not been fulfilled, that its development has been in the wrong direction and that this vision needs to be reclaimed and redeveloped. It advocates the search for truth and meaning, challenges formalism, it has a short introduction, summing up: "Modernism has progressively lost its way, until toppling into the bottomless pit of Postmodern balderdash." This is followed by 14 numbered points, stressing bravery, inclusiveness, communication and the perennial against nihilism, scientific materialism and the "brainless destruction of convention." Point 7 states: Spirituality is the journey of the soul on earth. Its first principle is a declaration of intent to face the truth.
Truth is. Being a spiritual artist means addressing unflinchingly our projections and bad, the attractive and the grotesque, our strengths as well as our delusions, in order to know ourselves and thereby our true relationship with others and our connection to the divine. Point 9 states: "Spiritual art is not religion. Spirituality is humanity's quest to understand itself and finds its symbology through the clarity and integrity of its artists." Point 12 links its use of the word "God" to enthusiasm—from the Greek root en theos. The summary at the end starts, "It is quite clear to anyone of an uncluttered mental disposition that what is now put forward, quite as art by the ruling elite, is proof that a rational development of a body of ideas has gone awry," and finds the solution is a spiritual renaissance because "there is nowhere else for art to go. Stuckism's mandate is to initiate that spiritual renaissance now." Childish and Thomson sent their remodernism manifesto to Sir Nicholas Serota, Director of the Tate Gallery, who replied, "You will not be surprised to learn that I have no comment to make on your letter, or your manifesto Remodernism."In March 2000 the Stuckists declared themselves to be the first remodernist art group at a show The Resignation of Sir Nicholas Serota.
In April, remodernism was quoted in The Gulf News. In May The Observer newspaper announced a stuckist show: "As the founding group of a self-named art movement called Remodernism, they stand on an art ticket that's against clever conceptualism and in favour of a more emotional and spiritual integrity in art via figurative painting."In June and Childish gave a talk on stuckism and remodernism at the Salon des Arts, promoted by the Institute of Ideas. The same month the "Students for Stuckism" gave "a Remodernist show and talk." The Institute of Remodernism was founded by Dr Khatereh Ahmadi. In 2001, Thomson stood in the UK general election, stating, "The Stuckist Party aims to bring the ideas of Stuckism and Remodernism into the political arena." In January 2002, Magnifico Arts presented a show ReMo: ReModernism of graduate students from the University of New Mexico. At an artists' talk, Kevin Radley, an art professor at the University of California, Berkeley said, "Remodernism isn't about going backwards, but about surging forward."
In an essay that accompanied the exhibition, Radley wrote:...there seems to be a re-emergence of confidence in the artist's singular voice—a renewal of the belief that an artist can explore their own natures without the restraints of the ironic, the cynical or the didactic. To re-contact the notions of presence, reinvent their sense of beauty and renew our need for intimacy; the show curator, Yoshimi Hayashi, said: ReMo incorporates ideas from Modernism and Post Modernism. In ReMo, issues such as multiculturalism, the sublime, identity are considered; the reconsideration and redefinition of the traditions are sought not by mere deconstructionism, but rather by connecting new nodes of ideas. Therefore, by definition, ReMo is fundamentally cellular and its roots stem from provincial art settings. In 2003, an independent
The 2019–20 Algerian protests called Revolution of Smiles or Hirak Movement, began on 16 February 2019, six days after Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his candidacy for a fifth presidential term in a signed statement. These protests, without precedent since the Algerian Civil War, have been peaceful and led the military to insist on Bouteflika's immediate resignation, which took place on 2 April 2019. By early May, a significant number of power-brokers close to the deposed administration, including the former president's younger brother Saïd, had been arrested; the rising tensions within the Algerian regime can be traced back to the beginning of Bouteflika's rule, characterized by the state's monopoly on natural resources revenues used to finance the government's clientelist system and ensure its stability. The major demonstrations have taken place in the largest urban centers of Algeria from February to December 2019. Due to their significant scale, the protests attracted international media coverage and provoked reactions from several heads of states and scholarly figures.
Abdelaziz Bouteflika had been president of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria since 1999. Two amnesties for former combatants in the Algerian Civil War had taken place during his presidency. A complex "dirty war" between Islamic guerrillas and the government had claimed a contested number of 200,000 lives between 1991–2002. Nearly half of the Algerian population was born after the end of the conflict, amidst the din of repeated corruption scandals. With Bouteflika's accession to power in 1999, he began a diplomatic mission to rehabilitate Algeria's image abroad, he set about consolidating power after his re-election in 2003. During tenure as president, the power center in Algerian politics shifted from the east to west, most to Tlemcen, where some became placed figures in the media and police. $10 billion of public funding flowed to the city for construction projects, including a university, hotels and airports. € 155m was spent on a state residence. Many of the public works contracts were given to Chinese companies, by whom local contractors were not always paid.
Oil-rich during the Arab Spring, the government was able to quiet dissent during the 2010–2012 protests with increased spending. The constitutional revision of 2016 limited the number of presidential terms that could be served to two, but allowed Bouteflika to seek a fifth term, because the law was not retroactive. Since 2005, after his stroke in 2013, Bouteflika's ability to govern the country was called into question: rumors of his death were frequent as he was hospitalized, no longer spoke and made few written statements. In this context, some Algerians considered his announced candidacy for the presidential election scheduled for 18 April 2019, 4 July 2019 or 2020, to be humiliating. Members of Bouteflika's administration have been accused of engaging in corrupt practices in several instances. In 2010, the state-owned oil and gas company, suspended all of its senior management after two of the company's vice-presidents were imprisoned for corruption. Algeria's Energy Minister Chakib Khelil announced that the president of the company and several executives have been placed under judicial supervision.
In 2013, Khelil was accused of receiving a bribe from a subsidiary of the Italian energy company Eni. According to El Watan, overbilling for public works and misleading descriptions of imported goods are two common corrupt practices, facilitated by cronyism at the highest levels. On 26 June 2018, Bouteflika dismissed Abdelghani Hamel as head of the national police, despite the latter being part of his inner circle; this news came after one of Hamel's drivers had become a suspect in Cocainegate, which led a general of the gendarmerie, four judges and two public prosecutors to be tried for bribery. Djamaa el Djazaïr, a large mosque under construction in Algiers, is nicknamed the Great Mosque of Bouteflika, its minaret is 55m higher than the Hassan II Mosque in Morocco. Though its construction was touted as an Algerian job-creater, immigrant workers did most of the work for China State Construction Engineering while living in prefab shantytowns around the construction site; the project still came in 2.5 times over-budget.
The cost of the mosque's construction has been estimated to be between $1.4 and $2 billion. A doctor quoted in Le Monde complained that "with $4 billion, 200 hospitals could have been built." Converting the mosque into a hospital has been suggested. For the Algerian press, it became a symbol of the mismanagement of public funds and of the "capricious megalomania" of the former President. Broadly, cumulative grievances and aspirations were at the heart of the protest movement. Decade-long economic stagnation, labour market segmentation, chronic corruption fueled discontent. Plummeting oil and gas prices weakened the regime's capacity to continue buying off some sections of the lower classes and youth, to contain discontent. In December 2018, calls for demonstrations in the neighborhood of Bab El Oued against the fifth term went unheeded, except by the police, which mobilized a significant dissuasive force; the protests were at first, following the 10 February formal announcement of Bouteflika's candidacy, limited geographically to northern Algeria.
The first major demonstration took place on 16 February 2019 in Kherrata, at the eastern end of the wilaya of Bejaia in the Kabylie region, after the distribution in Kherrata and its surrounding villages of posters calling for "a peaceful march against the fifth term and against the existing system" on that date. In Khenchela, on
Adel is a given name of ancient European origins that evolved from words meaning "noble", "nobility" or "elite". It is derived from the languages of north-western Europe, which include English, Luxembourgish, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Finnish and Icelandic. Today, "Adel" is a gender-neutral given name and short form of given names with this combining element. Nordic variants of the name include Ådel, Ädel, Ádel, Ædel. German and Dutch variants of the name include Edel. French variants of the name include Adél. Adelson and Adelaide are notable feminine forms. Adelle is a popular feminine alternative. Although global, Adel remains prominent in north-western European countries, it can be found as a family name with or without an affix. The earliest known woman with the name was Princess Adel of Liege; the earliest known man with the name was King Adel of Sweden. His son's name was Adelson; the legendary king of the Frisians and founder of the kingdom, had a son named Adel born in the 3rd century BC. Adel is an exemplar of a monothematic name.
It is the root of the names Adelais, Adolf and Alice, their variants in other languages. It is not related to the Arabic name Adil spelled Adel, which derives from the root'ādil, meaning just or equitable; the name derives from Old Dutch "ōþil", Old German "adal", Old Norse "aðal", Old French "œ̄ðel", Old English "æðel" by evolution of proto-Germanic "aþalą" and "ōþilą". Today, "adel" is used throughout much of north-western Europe as the word for nobility. Other origins include: Runic alphabet Latin alphabet Adel was found over 4,000 times as a family name and over 15,000 times as a given name in 55 different countries, it is a rare name. Aside from Nordic countries, it is most prominent in the United States, the United Kingdom and Russia. English: Adel I Friso of Friesland, King of Friesland Adel II Atharik of Friesland, King of Friesland Adel III Ubbo of Friesland, King of Friesland Adel IV Asega Askar of Friesland, King of Friesland Adel Rootstein, British mannequin designer Adel Heinrich, American composer and university teacher Adel Souto, American musician Adel Chaveleh, American businessman and CIO of Crane Worldwide Logistics Adel Tamano, Filipino educator and politician Adel Yzquierdo, Cuban politician and engineer Adel Tankova, Ukrainian-born Israeli Olympic figure skater Adel Weir, South African squash player Daniel Adel, American painter and illustrator Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer and composer Ilunga Adell, American television and film producer and actor Joan Elies Adell i Pitarch, Catalan-language poet and essayist Traci Adell, Playboy Playmate of the Month for July 1994 Ted Adel, Canadian politician, member of the Legislative Assembly of Yukon Arthur Adel, American astronomer and astrophysicist Carolyn Adel, Suriname swimmer and Olympian Gun Ädel, Swedish cross-country skier Adell, a major character in the video game Disgaea 2: Cursed Memories Adel Frost, a minor character in the now-discontinued two-dimensional side-scrolling MMORPG Grand Chase Adel, a minor antagonist character in the video game Final Fantasy VIII Adél, a character in GeGeGe no Kitaro Adel Germanic name
William Herbert Paschall is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. Paschall pitched in 11 games over three seasons for the Kansas City Royals between 1978 and 1981, all as a relief pitcher. Paschal was a two-sport standout at the University of North Carolina, he was a starting quarterback in football, leading the Tar Heels in passing in 1973 and 1975, was an All-Atlantic Coast Conference selection as a starting pitcher in baseball. While playing for the Tar Heels from 1973 to 1976 he compiled a career 1.95 earned run average, which ranks fourth on the all-time list. He is tied for second on the UNC all-time list in complete games with 19, including 8 in 1976. Paschall is an accomplished amateur golfer and set the competitive senior course record at Greensboro National Golf Club in 2016 with a 10-under-par 62. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet, or Venezuelan Professional Baseball League
Becoming Billie Holiday is a 2008 book of poetry for young readers by American poet and author Carole Boston Weatherford and illustrated by Floyd Cooper published by Wordsong. It won an honorary Coretta Scott King Award in 2009. Through a series of poems, Weatherford outlines the evolution from Eleanora Fagan to renowned singer Billie Holiday. Told from Billie's own perspective, she muses on the first 25 years of her life. Most poems are titled after actual Billie Holiday songs; the book starts with poems about her young life. Detailing events like her father's abandonment, her tomboyish attitude, her time spent in an orphanage with nuns, it continues into her adolescence with poems about her first gig singing jazz, deciding to change her name, her many relationships with men. Weatherford's book ends with the tension of racism in the United States; the last poem illustrates Holiday's memorable performance at the Café Society, singing the song "Strange Fruit." At the end of the book, there are pages giving information for further reading and biographies of others mentioned in the poems.
In the book's afterword, Weatherford talks about her childhood listening to jazz music with her father. As a teenager, she started listening to more popular music at the time until she watched the film Lady Sings the Blues in 1972. From on, she was listening to and collecting Holiday's music all the time. Weatherford related to much of Holiday's life: a shared hometown of Baltimore, a difficult love life, navigating the realities of racism. Before writing the poems, the author would listen to early Billie Holiday songs for weeks. For the factual parts of the story, Weatherford referenced oral histories and Holiday's autobiography, she hoped the book would inspire readers to learn more about the singer, as well as cross over to an adult audience. Weatherford has written several other books about jazz musicians. Floyd Cooper created the illustrations in the book using an eraser to make subtractive shapes in paint, he used other mediums on top that were oil based, all put on with a drybrush technique.
Critics reviewed Becoming Billie Holiday favorably. In a starred Kirkus review, they praise both Weatherford's "remarkable tribute" as well as illustrator Floyd Cooper's beautiful images. Another Kirkus reviewer was impressed with the rich writing of the poems, felt it was a perfect tribute to such a celebrated singer. Booklist noted that Weatherford's book was "proud, clear-toned." A starred review in the School Library Journal points out the perfect background soundtrack in the novel, praising Weatherford's choice to use song titles as poem titles. The reviewer comments on the author's way of capturing Holiday's "jazzy, candid voice so adroitly that at times the poems seem like the could have been lifted...from Holiday's autobiography..." She continues to marvel at Cooper's images. The book was awarded the honorary Coretta Scott King Award in 2009
Shaun Patton is an Irish goalkeeper who has played in that position in two different sports. A former professional soccer player in the League of Ireland with Derry City, Finn Harps and Sligo Rovers, Patton changed to Gaelic football in 2018, playing for Naomh Adhamhnáin and the Donegal county team, he has twice won the Ulster Senior Football Championship with Donegal. Patton is from Letterkenny, he went to primary school at Lurgybrack in Letterkenny. He attended St Eunan's College for his secondary education. Patton played in a MacLarnon Cup Final for the College, he did so while on the books of a soccer team. He played for the Republic of Ireland at schoolboy level, he made his League of Ireland debut at the age of 16 before becoming disillusioned with that game at the age of 22 and pursuing Gaelic football instead. He did not attend a third-level institution, he joined Derry City in November 2014 in what was considered a surprise development, though he had lost his position in the Harps team after taking time off to study for his Leaving Certificate the previous year.
Michael Murphy employs Patton to work in his shop in Letterkenny. Upon being reappointed Donegal Gaelic football manager in 2017, Declan Bonner set about trying to recruit Patton; the goalkeeper had never before played a local league or championship game in the sport of Gaelic football, only appearing for Naomh Adhamhnáin in two Ulster club games against Roslea and Omagh during the 2014–15 All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship. At the time of Bonner's request, Patton was negotiating the possibility of joining soccer outfit Cork City, he was doing so from a position of having played for one year for Sligo Rovers — where he deputised for Micheál Schlingermann when Schlingermann was injured — and had started 12 games for the Sligo soccer outfit in 2017. Patton said at the time: "I've committed to the Donegal panel for the foreseeable future. I had offers from two clubs and I was chatting with some others, but I've decided that the GAA is the best option for me at the moment; the chance to play for Donegal was going to stop presenting itself.
Now is the right time". Patton began training with Donegal for the first time in January 2018, he had fractured his ankle the previous October while playing for the Sligo soccer team against an outfit from Drogheda. Under the management of Declan Bonner, Mark Anthony McGinley was the first choice goalkeeper, having been brought in by Bonner's predecessor Rory Gallagher. However, during the opening fixture of the 2018 National Football League against Kerry, McGinley sustained an injury and second choice goalkeeper Peter Boyle came on as a substitute. Boyle started against Galway in the second league fixture, again started in the third fixture against Dublin. In the fourth league fixture against Kildare, manager Declan Bonner opted for Patton as Donegal's first choice goalkeeper, prompting Boyle to quit. Patton continued in goal for the remainder of the season, he made his Ulster Senior Football Championship championship debut from the start against Cavan, played every minute against Derry and Down on the way to the final against Fermanagh, which Donegal won.
He played every minute of Donegal's 2018 All-Ireland challenge, making his Croke Park debut against Dublin in the quarter-final group stage on 14 July 2018, only for Donegal's challenge to come undone against eventual finalists Tyrone. Patton started the opening game of the National Football League, before alternating with McGinley, until taking over as Donegal's first choice goalkeeper when McGinley withdrew from consideration in March due to his reluctance to commit in the competition against Patton. Patton won his second Ulster Senior Football Championship that year, again completing every minute of play, he did. Patton's short and long range kick-outs, as well as his and shot-stopping abilities, have garnered him comparisons with Paul Durcan and Stephen Cluxton, his kicks have been likened to "laser darts". RTÉ noted as early as the 2018 Ulster Senior Football Championship victory over Derry that "Patton's long, accurate kick-outs were effective in setting Donegal back on the attack", his ability at saving was on display against Down in the following match, when he used a trailing right boot to prevent a goal from a Donal O'Hare shot.
In the next game, the final, Patton showed his saving ability again. DonegalUlster Senior Football Championship: 2018, 2019 National Football League Division 2: 2019IndividualAll Star: 1 Ulster Schools All Star Nominated in 2019