Greenlane railway station
Greenlane railway station serves the Southern Line and Onehunga Line of the Auckland railway network. It is reached via a ramp from Green Lane East, it is the nearest station to Ellerslie Racecourse, Greenlane Clinical Centre, ASB Showgrounds and Cornwall Park. Transdev Auckland, on behalf of Auckland Transport, operates suburban services on the Southern Line and Onehunga Line. All Southern Line services stop at Greenlane. Since 26 August 2018, Onehunga Line services stop only in the evenings; the typical weekday off-peak timetable is: 3 tph to Britomart 3 tph to PapakuraFrom 8 July 2018, Greenlane railway station is served by bus route 650, which runs from Glen Innes to Point Chevalier via St Lukes. List of Auckland railway stations
Auckland Transport is the council-controlled organisation of Auckland Council responsible for transport projects and services. It was established by section 38 of the Local Government Act 2009, operates under that act and the Local Government Act 2010. Auckland Transport began operating from 1 November 2010, at the inauguration of Auckland Council, it assumed the role of the Auckland Regional Transport Authority and the combined transport functions of Auckland's seven city and district councils, all of which were disestablished. AT is responsible for the Auckland Region's public transport, it designs and maintains roads, ferry wharves and walkways. It is the largest of the council's organisations, with over 1700 staff, controlling half of all council rates. Dr David Warburton was the inaugural chief executive of the organisation, his successor, Shane Ellison, joined the organisation in December 2017. Auckland Transport has a key enforcement role, employing over 120 Parking Officers. In 2017, it created the new position of Transport Officer, with up to 220 to be appointed.
These officers work on Auckland's public transport network and are empowered by law to remove passengers off trains and issue infringement notices of $150 to enforce fare payment. Directors are appointed by Auckland Council; the Board has overall responsibility for delivering transport, including managing and controlling public transport and local roads. From 2010 to 2016, two councillors sat on the board, unlike the other Auckland CCOs, which were not permitted to have councillors as directors. Following the 2016 Auckland council elections, elected mayor Phil Goff dumped the two councillors, citing improved accountability and minimising compromises and conflict; the directors appointed from October 2016 were: Dr Lester Levy Wayne Donnelly Rabin Rabindran Mark Gilbert Dame Paula Rebstock Ernst Zöllner AT's assets totalled $19.1 billion in 2018, up 0.5 billion since June 2017. AT owned or operated the following transport assets as of 2018: 57 electric train sets, consisting of AM class multiple units per set 41 railway station facilities on Auckland's four railway lines, but not the platforms or tracks, which are owned by KiwiRail 16 dedicated bus stations, including six on the Northern Busway 21 ferry facilities 7,452 km of arterial and local roads Also the following: 6,859 km of footpaths, which grew to 7,287 km by 2016 985 bridges and major culverts 99,912 street lights 127,666 road signs 1,554 bus shelters 14 multi-storey car park buildings 933 on-street pay-and-display machines 270 AIFS integrated ticketing devices Public transport in Auckland AT Metro AT HOP card Hinaki Eel Trap Bridge Auckland Transport website
George McIntosh Troup was an American politician from the U. S. state of Georgia. He served in the Georgia General Assembly, U. S. House of Representatives, he U. S. Senate before becoming the 32nd Governor of Georgia for two terms and returning to the U. S. Senate. A believer in expansionist Manifest Destiny policies and a supporter of native Indian removal, Troup was born to planters and supported slavery throughout his career. In his life, he was known as "the Hercules of states' rights." Troup was born during the American Revolution at McIntosh Bluff, on the Tombigbee River in what is now Alabama. He was the son of George Troup and Catherine McIntosh, the Georgia-born daughter of Captain John McIntosh, a British military officer and the chief of the McIntosh clan. Troup was twice married and the father of six children, he lived in Dublin in Laurens County. Troup's plantation, was named after the Valle d'Aosta alpine valley in Italy. In turn, the town of Valdosta, Georgia was named for Troup's plantation.
Troupville, Georgia was named for him. Troup graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1797, he read the law with an established firm and two years was admitted to the bar in Savannah, Georgia. Troup entered politics. A Democratic-Republican, Troup served one term as a state legislator. In 1806 he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, was re-elected a total of four terms, serving until 1815. Along with fellow western Congressmen such as Henry Clay of Kentucky and John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, Troup was a part of the nationalistic movement which originated the term War Hawks who supported the United States' entry into the War of 1812. Troup defended Calhoun on the House floor when Rep. John Randolph of Roanoke of Virginia attacked Calhoun, Troup said after all, it was "the great mass of the House... against the solitary gentleman from Virginia."Troup was elected to the U. S. Senate, where he was supported by fellow wealthy plantation owners and served as chairman of the Senate Committee of Military Affairs.
Georgia political force William H. Crawford hand-picked Troup as his candidate for governor in 1819. However, Troup twice lost to Crawford's bitter rival, John Clark, supported by frontier settlers. In 1823, Troup ran again, as Clark was no longer eligible, won, he advocated the removal of the Creek Indians from western Georgia. Troup wanted to move them to the Western Territory of the Louisiana Purchase, an idea first proposed by Thomas Jefferson in 1803. In 1825, in Georgia's first popular election, Troup won by a razor-thin margin, he negotiated the controversial Treaty of Indian Springs on February 12, 1825, with his first cousin William McIntosh, a mixed-blood Creek chief. McIntosh and 49 other tribal leaders ceded a large portion of Georgia, although they did not have the backing of the majority of the Creek Confederacy, he threatened an attack on Federal troops if they interfered with the treaty and challenged President John Quincy Adams, who conceded and allowed Troup to seize the remaining Creek land in Georgia.
During Troup's tenure as governor, he supported public education and the construction of new roads and canals. Upon the expiration of his second term as governor, Troup returned to the Senate in 1829 as a Jacksonian Democrat, where he served on the Committee on Indian Affairs, he was a nominee for President of the United States at the States Rights Convention in January 1852 in Jackson, Mississippi. Troup died while visiting one of his plantations near the Oconee River in Montgomery County, Georgia, he was buried on the Rosemont plantation. Troup County was named for him. During the American Civil War, an Athens, Georgia battery was named the "Troup Artillery" in his memory. Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation, owned by his brother United States Congress. "George Troup". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Harden, Edward Jenkins; the life of George M. Troup. Savannah, 1859. Winn, William W; the Triumph of Ecunnau-Nuxulgee: Land Speculators, George M. Troup, State Rights, the Removal of the Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama, 1825-38.
Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2015. Georgia State Capitol portrait of Governor Troup George Troup's gravesite Bust of Troup in the State Capitol Rotunda Troup-Clarke Political Feud
Te Papapa railway station
Te Papapa railway station is on the Onehunga Branch section of the Onehunga Line, one of the lines of the Auckland railway network in New Zealand. It has a side platform layout and is reached from Mays Rd; the Onehunga Branch line was opened in December 1873, a station was first opened at Te Papapa in April 1877. The branch line was closed in 1973 and reopened 37 years with the ceremonial opening of Onehunga Line services on 18 September 2010. Te Papapa station was reopened on 18 September 2010 and fare-paying services began again on 19 September 2010. Onehunga Branch Public transport in Auckland Transport in Auckland List of Auckland railway stations
Takanini railway station
Takanini railway station, with a recent spelling change to Takaanini, is on the Southern Line of the Auckland railway network in New Zealand. The station has an island platform layout and is accessed from Manuroa Road, Station Road and Taka Street; the station known as Lupton's Crossing, was opened in October 1913. Goods services were closed on 29 April 1980. A proposal was made by the former Papakura District Council to create a new station and Park and Ride facility at Glenora Road, next to the new Southgate shopping centre, to coincide with the new Addison residential development taking place on the former horse training track land. In 2012 the Papakura Local Board requested park and ride be built at Walters Road; this proposal was listed in Auckland Transport's draft land transport plan. On 19 October 2018, Auckland Transport renamed the station to Takaanini in line with Auckland Council's Te Reo Māori policy to reflect the correct spelling of Ihaka Wirihana Takaanini after whom the area is named.
Transdev Auckland, on behalf of Auckland Transport, operates suburban services to Britomart and Pukekohe via Takanini. Since 8 December 2014, the basic weekday off-peak timetable is: 3 tph to Britomart, via Penrose and Newmarket 3 tph to PapakuraBus routes 365 and 371 serve Takanini Station, route 33 passes close by. List of Auckland railway stations
Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs, it was the name of a local authority district, governed by Auckland City Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council. Auckland City was the most populous district in the country, with a population of 450,000 at 30 June 2010. In 2009, Auckland was rated the fourth-best place to live in the world, in human resources consultancy Mercer's annual survey; the mainland part of Auckland City occupied the Auckland isthmus known as the Tāmaki isthmus. The Waitematā Harbour, which opens to the Hauraki Gulf, separated North Shore City from the isthmus; the Manukau Harbour, which opens to the Tasman Sea, separated Manukau City from the isthmus.
The distance between the two harbours is narrow at each end of the isthmus. At the western end, the Whau River, an estuarial arm of the Waitematā Harbour, comes within two kilometres of the waters of the Manukau Harbour on the west coast and marks the beginning of the Northland Peninsula. A few kilometres to the southeast at Otahuhu, the Tamaki River, an arm of the Hauraki Gulf on the east coast, comes just 1200 metres from the Manukau's waters. Being part of the Auckland volcanic field, much of the isthmus is mantled with volcanic rocks and soils, several prominent scoria cones dot the isthmus. Many Hauraki Gulf islands were part of Auckland City; such islands of the inner gulf included Rangitoto, Browns Island, Rakino and Waiheke, while the outer gulf islands included Little Barrier Island, Great Barrier and the Mokohinau Islands. In November 1989, central government restructured local authorities throughout New Zealand. After substantial protests and legal challenges, Auckland City was merged with eight smaller local authorities to form a new Auckland City Council.
The new Auckland City had double the population of the old. However, forced onto local authorities against their will, was criticised to have led to less democracy and higher rates for the same services. A further restructuring and amalgamation brought all seven councils in the area and the Auckland Regional Council into one "SuperCity", starting 1 November 2010. Auckland City was the most populous city of New Zealand. In 2010 it was made up of 188 ethnic groups, making it New Zealand's most diverse city, more diverse than in 2007, when 185 ethnic groups had been counted. In 2010, the life expectancy was 83 years for women, 79.6 years for men, while the average age of the population was 33.4 years, with 35.9 years for the whole country. In the year to March 2009, Auckland City had 353,000 jobs, of which 26.3% was held by property and business services, as well as 65,655 businesses, making up 13.1% of New Zealand's businesses and 16.2% of New Zealand's jobs. Over 2009 to the month of March, Auckland City's unemployment rate increased to 5.6%, compared to the overall New Zealand unemployment rate of 4.5%.
In addition the city's economic output declined by 2.4%. Gareth Stiven, the economic manager of Auckland City, stated that this was because the city's economy was involved with service industries, such as banking and insurance, which were affected by financial crises. However, over the last five years of its existence, Auckland's economic growth averaged 1.4% each year, higher than the average of the region and the nation. In 2003 three of the ten largest companies in New Zealand were headquartered in Auckland City. Many large corporations were housed within the central part of Auckland City. Air New Zealand has its worldwide headquarters, called "The Hub", off Beaumont and Fanshawe Streets in the Western Reclamation. In September 2003 Air New Zealand was the only one of the largest corporations in New Zealand to have its headquarters within the Auckland CBD; these lists of suburbs are arranged electorally, starting from the west. Note: CBD - central business district For the suburbs of the other cities within the Auckland urban area, see North Shore, Manukau and Papakura.
Dominion Road – an arterial road running north–south across most of the central isthmus Great North Road – begins as a continuation of Karangahape Road and runs south-westward before crossing into what was Waitakere City Great South Road – runs south from Epsom and crosses from Otahuhu into what was Manukau City Karangahape Road – a commercial street running west–east and intersecting Queen Street at the southern edge of the CBD Portage Road – in Otahuhu, the southernmost suburb, following the path of a former Maori canoe portage between the Tamaki River and the Manukau Harbour, intersecting Great South Road Queen Street – the main commercial street, running south, uphill from Queens Wharf through the CBD Tamaki Drive – a coastal road running eastward from the eastern edge of the CBD to Saint Heliers Auckland City had six sister cities and two friendship city relationships. All of these cities except Hamburg are located around the Pacific Rim. Auckland waterfront A Complete Guide To Heraldry by A.
C. Fox-Davies 1909. Auckland City Council website, the local authority for Auckland History of Auckland City by Graham Bush Heart of the City website by the Auckland CBD business' association Heritage Walks: The Engineering Heritage of Auckland, historic text, 360° panoramas
Papakura railway station
Papakura railway station is on the Southern Line of the Auckland railway network in New Zealand. The station was opened on 20 May 1875, although some services were available from October 1874. Goods services were closed on 3 November 1986. Prior to October 2012, the station had an island platform between the main lines, complete with original wooden station building and signal panel, a suburban side platform to the west, it had a bowstring footbridge connecting the platforms, which dated from at least the 1930s, constructed of old railway iron and sleepers. In 2007, the island platform was extended to the north, new shelters were installed. Sidings were commissioned at the east of the station yard for stabling trains overnight; the heritage footbridge was demolished and scrapped, despite some local opposition, replaced with a concrete bridge with two passenger lifts. The upgrade cost NZ$4,900,000 and was paid for as part of the Auckland Regional Transport Authority's system-wide upgrade of stations.
Platforms were lengthened to enable six-car trains, because of anticipated growth in passenger numbers. 3,000 people passed through each day as of 2007, another thousand were anticipated to use the station within five years. The new station was the seventh station to be redeveloped by ARTA in 2007. In 2012 - 13, KiwiRail funded a significant upgrade as part of the Auckland Electrification Project, to provide resiliency for suburban trains and freight trains heading south; the signalling was replaced. The heritage station building was relocated to the western suburban platform, Platform 3, on 11 August 2012; the building was refurbished and restored, contains the preserved signal panel on display, a ticket office, public toilets and space for a coffee kiosk. The North Island Main Trunk has been slewed to the east, with the island Platforms 1 and 2 adjacent to the Up main line to Auckland serving suburban trains from Britomart to Pukekohe; the western suburban Platform 3 has been lengthened, a new bay platform 4 at its southern extremity will serve DMU shuttles to Pukekohe.
Bus stops are directly outside the ticket office, with the old bus stops on the station side of Railway Street West now only used for intercity services, "rail buses" that operate when the railway network is shut down. The station is the terminus for suburban passenger trains on the Southern Line, electrified in 2015. An hourly diesel train shuttle service runs between Papakura and Pukekohe on non-electrified track using DMUs; the station serves the Auckland-Wellington Northern Explorer service. In May 2012, Auckland Transport's board included an investigation to extend electrified services to Pukekohe in its 10-year integrated transport plan. Papakura is served by bus routes 33, 365, 371, 372, 373, 376, 377, 378 and 395. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland