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René Laennec

René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec was a French physician and musician. His skill of carving his own wooden flutes led him to invent the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker, he pioneered its usage in diagnosing various chest conditions. He became a lecturer at the Collège de France in 1822 and professor of medicine in 1823, his final appointments were that of head of the medical clinic at the Hôpital de la Charité and professor at the Collège de France. He died of tuberculosis in 1826 at the age of 45. Laennec was born in Quimper, his mother died of tuberculosis when he was five years old, he went to live with his great-uncle the Abbé Laennec. As a child, Laennec became ill with lassitude and repeated instances of pyrexia. Laennec was thought to have asthma. At the age of twelve, he proceeded to Nantes, where his uncle, Guillaime-François Laennec, worked in the faculty of medicine at the university. Laennec was a gifted student, he began his medical studies under his uncle's direction.

His father discouraged him from continuing as a doctor and René had a period of time where he took long walks in the country, studied Greek and wrote poetry. However, in 1799 he returned to study. Laennec studied medicine at the University of Paris under several famous physicians, including Dupuytren and Jean-Nicolas Corvisart-Desmarets. There he was trained to use sound as a diagnostic aid. Corvisart advocated the re-introduction of percussion during the French Revolution. René Laennec wrote the classic treatise De l'Auscultation Médiate, published in August 1819 The preface reads: In 1816, He was consulted by a young woman laboring under general symptoms of diseased heart, in whose case percussion and the application of the hand were of little avail on account of the great degree of fatness; the other method just mentioned direct auscultation being rendered inadmissible by the age and sex of the patient, I happened to recollect a simple and well-known fact in acoustics... the great distinctness with which we hear the scratch of a pin at one end of a piece of wood on applying our ear to the other.

On this suggestion, I rolled a quire of paper into a kind of cylinder and applied one end of it to the region of the heart and the other to my ear, was not a little surprised and pleased to find that I could thereby perceive the action of the heart in a manner much more clear and distinct than I had been able to do by the immediate application of my ear. Laennec had discovered that the new stethoscope was superior to the used method of placing the ear over the chest if the patient was overweight. A stethoscope avoided the embarrassment of placing the ear against the chest of a woman. Laennec is said to have seen schoolchildren playing with long, hollow sticks in the days leading up to his innovation; the children held their ear to one end of the stick while the opposite end was scratched with a pin, the stick transmitted and amplified the scratch. His skill as a flautist may have inspired him, he built his first instrument as a 25 cm by 2.5 cm hollow wooden cylinder, which he refined to comprise three detachable parts.

The refined design featured a funnel-shaped cavity to augment the sound, separable from the body of the stethoscope. His clinical work allowed him to follow chest patients from bedside to the autopsy table, he was therefore able to correlate sounds captured by his new instruments with specific pathological changes in the chest, in effect pioneering a new non-invasive diagnostic tool. Pulmonary phthisis, for example, was one ailment he could more identify using his knowledge of typical and atypical chest sounds. Laennec was the first to classify and discuss the terms rales, rhonchi and egophony – terms that doctors now use on a daily basis during physical exams and diagnoses. Laënnec presented his findings and research on the stethoscope to the Academy of Sciences in Paris, in 1819 he published his masterpiece, De l’auscultation médiate ou Traité du Diagnostic des Maladies des Poumon et du Coeur, 8 in two volumes. Laennec coined the phrase mediate auscultation, as opposed to the popular practice at the time of directly placing the ear on the chest.

He named his instrument the stethoscope, from the Greek words στήθος, σκοπός. The stethoscope gained popularity as De l'Auscultation Médiate was translated and distributed across France, England and Germany in the early 1820s. However, not all doctors embraced the new stethoscope. Although the New England Journal of Medicine reported the invention of the stethoscope two years in 1821, as late as 1885, a professor of medicine stated, "He that hath ears to hear, let him use his ears and not a stethoscope." The founder of the American Heart Association, L. A. Connor carried a silk handkerchief with him to place on the wall of the chest for ear auscultation. Laennec referred to the stethoscope as "the cylinder," and as he neared death only a few years he bequeathed his own stethoscope to his nephew, referring to it as "the greatest legacy of my life." The modern binaural stethoscope with two earpieces was invented in 1851 by Arthur Leared of Ireland. George Cammann perfected the design of the instrument for commercial production in 1852, which has become the standard since.

He developed the understanding of cirrhosis. Although the disease of cirrhosis was known, Laennec gave cirrhosis its name, using the Greek word that referred to the tawny, yellow nodules characteristic of the disease, he coined the term melanoma and describe

Redemption: Kickboxer 5

Redemption: Kickboxer 5 is a 1995 direct-to-video American martial arts film starring Mark Dacascos and directed by Kristine Peterson. The film is the fifth entry in the Kickboxer franchise and the first to have a plot that does not revolve around a member of the Sloane family, it instead revolves around a character named Matt Reeves, said in dialogue to be a friend of the Sloane family. Negaal is a South African former kickboxer turned promoter, gearing up to start his own kickboxing organization; when American champion David Sloane refuses to join, Negaal sends his men Moon and Pinto to eliminate David. David manages to break Moon's leg but is killed by Bull and Pinto. Matt Reeves is a former kickboxer turned martial arts teacher; as a friend of David's, he is shocked to learn of his death. That night, his one-time student Johnny Styles is competing for the now vacant United States Championship; when Johnny wins the title, he is approached by Moon and Pinto to join the Negaal Kickboxing Federation.

Johnny decides to meet with the trio. When his friend Charlie informs him that the three men talked to David just two days before he was found murdered, Matt races to find Johnny. Johnny refuses the offer from Negaal and is forced to fight Bull and Pinto, who overwhelm him and break his back. Matt arrives to fend them off; when Negaal gets word of what has happened, he wants Matt dead. Bollen, Negaal's right-hand man, recruits Paul Croft, a former member of Negaal's organization, freed from prison on the condition he kills Matt; that night, Matt is confronted by Paul, instead of killing him, warns him about Negaal. Matt decides to head to Johannesburg. Paul finds out Matt is on the plane, the two end up sitting next to each other; when they arrive at the airport, Moon is awaiting Paul, who hides Matt in an attempt to prove he did his job. However, Paul is confronted by Negaal's thugs until Matt arrives to help. Shocked by the turn of events, Moon escapes. Matt and Paul part ways, when Matt finds an address, he goes there to find a regular shop.

When he inquires the shopkeeper about Negaal, Bollen just happens to be there, both he and his men attempt to go after Matt. Returning the favor from the airport incident, Paul arrives to help Matt, it is revealed that it was Bollen who sent Paul to prison in the first place, Paul wants revenge. The duo fight off the thugs, but find themselves arrested for causing trouble at the shop when Bollen forces the shopkeeper to rat on them. Meanwhile, Negaal has been presenting champions from all over the world with an ultimatum: join his federation or die. Fearing for his life, the French Champion reluctantly joins. After the two incidents involving Matt and Paul, Negaal confronts Moon and Bollen and proceeds to shoot Bull in the head with a hunting rifle; when the German Champion refuses to join the federation, he challenges Negaal to a fight on the lawn. Negaal kills the German Champion with the "Tiger Claw," an illegal strike that he had used on the Dutch Champion years ago when he was a kickboxer, resulting in him getting a lifetime ban from the sport.

With the help of fellow prisoner Joseph and Paul escape when one of the guards was revealed to be one of Negaal's men. The trio make their escape and separate, with Matt and Paul catching up to Angie, revealed to be Paul's younger sister, she is wondering what is unhappy when it is revealed that Negaal is the reason. While Paul served his prison sentence, the patriarch of the Croft family had died. Matt and Paul convince Angie that they must stop Negaal once and for all if they are to be happy again. Both men begin to train with Matt discovering a way to counter Negaal's Tiger Claw when he breaks an arrow using his neck muscles to show that a fatal blow can, in fact, be countered; as they learn Negaal is planning a major party, they decide to crash it along with Angie, who defies Matt and Paul and goes undercover as well. When Paul confronts Bollen in the backyard, Matt sees Negaal at the roulette table and begins to win, angering Negaal; when Negaal learns that the man, winning is the one he's been after this whole time, Matt exposes Negaal to everyone for who he is.

The goons arrive, Matt defeats them all and is ready to take on Negaal. As the two begin their fight, they go from Negaal's office to the lawn; when Negaal attempts the Tiger Claw to Matt's neck, Matt uses his counter technique and unleashes a Tiger Claw of his own. Hitting Negaal right in the heart. Negaal falls, Matt proceeds back to the office, where he grabs the United States Championship belt. Negaal returns to take the belt back. Matt's Tiger Claw takes its effect, Negaal dies. Matt retrieves the belt as he, Angie walk off as police sirens are heard. Mark Dacascos as Matt Reeves James Ryan as Mr. Negaal Geoff Meed as Paul Croft Rulan Booth as Angie Croft Greg Latter as Bollen Duane Porter as Bull George Moolman as Pinto Denney Pierce as Johnny Styles Robert Whitehead as Tito Gavin Hood as the German Champion Burton Richardson as Jack June Castro as Casino Dealer Redemption: Kickboxer 5 on IMDb

Lectures on Faith

"Lectures on Faith" is a set of seven lectures on the doctrine and theology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, first published as the doctrine portion of the 1835 edition of the canonical Doctrine and Covenants, but removed from that work by both major branches of the faith. The lectures were presented by Joseph Smith to a group of elders in a course known as the "School of the Prophets" in the early winter of 1834–35 in Kirtland, Ohio. Although authorship of the lectures is uncertain, studies suggest that the actual wording was by Sidney Rigdon, with substantial involvement and approval by Joseph Smith and others. Smith was involved, both in their authorship in November 1834 and in their preparation for publication in January 1835; the original title of each lecture was "Of Faith". It was not until 1876, in an edition of the Doctrine and Covenants edited by Church Historian Orson Pratt of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, that the title was given as "Lectures on Faith".

The most famous quotation is from Lecture 6:7: "A religion that does not require the sacrifice of all things, never has power sufficient to produce the faith necessary unto life and salvation". Faith gives rise to all human endeavors in both worldly and spiritual matters, is a source of power, both in man and in God; the human family's knowledge of God began with God's interaction with Adam before The Fall, which knowledge was retained after The Fall, which knowledge has been transmitted via human testimony among Adam's descendants. Although people since Adam have had to rely on human testimony to learn about God, God can choose to reveal himself directly to those who live a life of devout prayer and service to God. In addition to a belief in God, a correct knowledge of God's character and attributes as revealed in scripture is necessary for the exercise of faith leading to life and salvation. Effective faith requires the following understanding of God's characteristics: That He was God before the world was created, the same God that he was after the world was created.

From scripture, one can learn that God possesses the following attributes: knowledge, justice, judgment and truth. An explanation for why each attribute is necessary in order for mankind to be able to exercise productive faith is provided; the Godhead, or the collective persons of the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, is expounded upon: The Godhead consists of the Father and Holy Ghost There are two "personages", the Father and the Son, that constitute the "supreme power over all things" The Father is a "personage of spirit and power" The Son is a "personage of tabernacle" who "possess the same mind with the Father. The knowledge that one's life is in accordance with God's will is necessary for obtaining eternal life. Any religion that does not require the sacrifice of all things, does not have the power to produce the faith necessary for life and salvation; those who have not sacrificed all things will not be able to know that their lives are pleasing to God and will therefore not be able to have the faith to overcome the tribulations that stand in the way of becoming joint heirs with Christ in God's Kingdom.

By growing in faith, one draws nearer to God, in the perfection of faith, one becomes like God. By faith, one obtains knowledge of God, through which knowledge one can receive all things pertaining to life and godliness; the lectures were published in 1835 as the "Doctrine" portion of the volume entitled Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God. The lectures were selected for that volume by a committee appointed on September 24, 1834, by a general assembly of the church to arrange the doctrines and revelations of the church into a single volume; that committee of Presiding Elders, consisting of Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, stated that the lectures were included "in consequence of their embracing the important doctrine of salvation," and that the lectures, together with the church-regulatory sections that followed, represent "our belief, when we say this, humbly trust, the faith and principles of this society as a body."

Accordingly, the church body accepted the committee's compilation on August 17, 1835, as "the doctrine and covenants of their faith, by a unanimous vote". Some Latter Day Saint denominations have subsequently removed the lectures from the Doctrine and Covenants; the lectures were removed from the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints version of the Doctrine and Covenants in 1897, although that denomination began publishing the lectures in a separate volume in 1952. The LDS Church removed the lectures from the Doctrine and Covenants in the 1921 edition, with an explanation that the lectures "were never presented to nor accepted by the Church as being otherwise than theological

Colman Park (Seattle)

Colman Park is a 24.3-acre park in the Mount Baker neighborhood of Seattle, located just south of the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge along Lake Washington and inland to 31st Avenue S. In 1881 the Town Council authorized the first "municipal" water company which took over a maze of owned systems and was authorized to charge for water service. Appropriately named "The Spring Hill Water Co.", the needs of a growing town were served by building a pumping plant "all the way over here" on Lake Washington. Failure of the main pump brought the designing engineers from the East, who were unable to find the difficulty. A Seattle engineer, James M. Colman, went to work and 36 hours he had the pump back in service; this pump station worked "to heartbreak" during the Great Fire of Seattle in 1889. In 1907, the Park Board was given jurisdiction of the plant site plus part of the pipeline right-of-way up the hill. Following the route chosen by the Olmsted Brothers, Frink Boulevard was extended southward curving down the slope, joining Lake Washington Boulevard, coming up from the south along the lakeshore.

Additional gifts plus the purchase of property along the north side widened the park, in 1909 the State granted the shorelands for park purposes. In 1910 the James M. Colman Estate filed a plat in which the "head" of the slope was deeded for park purposes and the "strip" from 31st down to the lake was named to the memory of Mr. Colman In August 2002, Joseph Jerome Farris, a Senior Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, had 120 mature bigleaf maple and indigenous cherry trees in Colman Park cut down to improve the view of Lake Washington from his house; some of the trees were more than forty years old and over fifty-five feet tall. Norm Maleng, the King County Prosecuting Attorney, declined to file felony malicious mischief charges; the Seattle City Attorney fined Judge Farris $500,000. After Judge Farris did not pay the fine on time the city placed a lien on his 8,000 square-foot Mount Baker house; the federal judge maintained the trees were cut down due to a miscommunication with his Vietnamese gardener, which the gardener denied.

A jury heard testimony from the gardener when Judge Farris sued his homeowner's insurer for coverage of the fine. Believing the gardener, the jury found against Judge Farris. Judge Farris paid the full fine amount, now with interest $618,000, in May 2006. ColmanPark.orgParks Department page on Colman Park

Bose shelf stereos

Shelf stereo products sold by Bose Corporation are listed below. The Wave systems use a folded waveguide; the waveguide is claimed to improve low-frequency sound "from a small enclosure by guiding air through two 26” folded wave guides". The first "Wave" product was the "Acoustic Wave Music System", a tabletop mini-hifi system, introduced in 1984; the AWMS-1 consisted of an AM/FM radio, cassette player, two 2-inch tweeters, a four inch woofer. In 1987, Amar Bose and William Short won the Inventor of the Year award from Intellectual Property Owners for the waveguide loudspeaker system. A model with a CD player was added in 1992; the "Acoustic Wave Music System II" was released in 2006 and added MP3 CD playback, a "Boselink" port and a headphone jack. This system was judged to be expensive and lacking in performance and features compared to its competitors; the line of Acoustic Wave Music System products was discontinued in 2017. The "Wave Radio" was an AM/FM clock radio, introduced in 1993, it used two 2.5-inch speakers.

A "Wave Radio/CD" model was introduced in 1998 and was a Wave Radio I with a CD player. The end of the waveguides were tapered by 2%; the "Wave Radio II" was introduced in 2005 and was based on the Wave Music System without the CD player. It used revised speakers; the "Wave Radio III", introduced in 2007, was identical in appearance to the Wave Radio II and added Radio Data System and a large snooze button on top of the unit. The "Wave Radio IV", introduced in 2015, had a different appearance and controls to its predecessor, dual alarms. Production of the Wave Radio IV ceased in 2017; the "Wave Music System" was released in 2004 as a replacement for the Wave Radio/CD. It had revised speakers, a 66 cm tapered waveguide for each speaker, could play MP3 format CDs; the "Wave Music System II", released in 2005, was nearly identical to its predecessor, the 2007 "Wave Music System III" added Radio Data System and a large snooze button to the top of the unit. Accessories included an iPod dock; the "Wave Music System – SoundLink" was released in 2009, which used a Bluetooth USB adaptor to stream audio from a computer to the Wave Music System and send basic commands from the Wave's remote to iTunes and Windows Media Player software.

The SoundLink functioned as the computer's sound card, therefore it disabled the computer's speakers. Connection was via a "Boselink" port A "Wave SoundLink" accessory was introduced for the Wave Music System II, which added Bluetooth streaming to existing units; the "Wave Music System IV", introduced in 2015, had a different appearance and controls to its predecessor, dual alarms. A "Soundtouch" version was introduced; the "Bose Wave/PC" was released in 2001 as a device to play mp3 files and digital radio from a Windows PC. It was based on the Wave Radio, sent commands to the computer using a serial data cable and received audio via an analogue output from the computer's sound card. Models used a USB for transferring both commands and audio; the system was reviewed to have good sound quality, however it was criticised for its high price and difficulty in transferring used files types such as WMA. The "SoundDock" was an audio dock for Apple iPods and iPhones, produced from 2004 until 2017; the first generation SoundDock was introduced in 2004.

It allowed all of the iPods controls to be used while docked. The SoundDock could charge an iPod while docked, however the lack of a direct input or pass-through Dock Connector means that the iPod cannot sync while being used in the SockDock; the SoundDock was the 2006 winner of the MacUser Reader's Award for Audio of the Year. The series I was discontinued in 2008, however it was re-introduced in 2009 as the "SoundDock series I version 2" model; the version 2 model was compatible with iPhones and charged via USB. The "SoundDock Portable" was released in 2007 and included a battery which provided a running time of 3 to 14 hours, depending on bass and listening volume. Compared to the SoundDock series I, the Portable was had an external 3.5 input and the remote control could change between playlists. The "SoundDock Series II" was introduced in 2008. Changes included iPhone compatibility, a 3.5 mm input for external sources and playback hardware shared with SoundDock Portable. The "SoundDock 10" was released in 2009.

It was compatible with iPhones, included a remote control and could receive music via Bluetooth if an additional adaptor was purchased. The "SoundDock Series III" included a lightning connector. A reviewer noted a "rich sound" but the lack of controls to adjust the tone; the "SoundLink Air" was released in 2012 and used with Apple devices, since it used Apple's AirPlay protocol instead of Bluetooth. Unlike other SoundLink devices, the Air was mains powered, although a battery accessory was an optional extra. Reviewers praised the sound quality and build quality, but commented that competing systems may offer a better experience, criticised the price of the optional battery and the bulkiness of the wall-plug adaptor. Sales of the SoundLink Air ended in 2014


Mexrrissey is a Mexican band co-founded by Camilo Lara and Sergio Mendoza. Inspired by Morrissey and The Smiths' songs and Sergio along with: Ceci Bastida, Jay de la Cueva, Alejandro Flores and Ricardo Nájera began this musical project in 2015, their album, "No Manchester" contains Morrissey songs translated into Spanish with a mix of Latin beats and sounds added to the music. After their first show in Mexico City, the band began with a UK tour in April 2015. After their first tour in the UK they have since gone back and have been on other tours through the US and Australia. Future shows will November 2017 through the US and Argentina. During the spring of 2018, Mexrrissey will do a tour through the UK called "La Reina Is Dead". Camilo Lara – DJ, Vocals, Sampling Ceci Bástida – Vocals, Keyboard Sergio Mendoza – Vocals, Accordion Chetes – Vocals, Guitar Jay De La Cueva – Bass Alejandro Flores – Violin Ricardo Nájera – Drums Adan Jodorowsky – Guitar Líber Téran – Guitar Jacob Valenzuela – Trumpet Alex Gonzalez – Trumpet Clemente Castillo – Vocals, Guitar No Manchester – released March 4, 2016.

El Primero del Gang Estuvo Bien Cada Dia Es Domingo México Cada Día Es Domingo International Playgirl México Estuvo Bien Entré Más Me Ignoras, Más Cerca Estaré Me Choca Cuando Mis Amigos Triunfan El Primero Del Gang International Playgirl "10 Best Latin Albums of 2016". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 December 2017