The Audi R18 is a Le Mans Prototype racing car constructed by the German car manufacturer Audi AG. It is the successor to the Audi R15 TDI. Like its predecessor, the R18 uses a TDI turbocharged diesel engine but with a reduced capacity of 3.7 litres and in a V6 configuration. For the first time since the 1999 R8C, Audi's Le Mans prototype uses a closed cockpit design; the R18 is the first racing car from Audi to feature hybrid power. Although Audi have given each new developed model of endurance racing car a distinct model number the head of Audi Sport, Wolfgang Ullrich, suggests the R18 designation for Audi endurance racing cars could be used for the foreseeable future as a result of rival car manufacturer Renault holding trademarks for car model names R19 through to R35. There have been five further evolutions of R18 since the original spec introduced in 2011, the latest is the 2016 spec which competed in the 2016 World Endurance Championship; as the new rules for Le Mans in 2011 the car features a stabilisation fin on the engine cover and has a new six-speed gearbox.
The new gearbox is electrically controlled instead of pneumatically controlled, saving weight by eliminating the pneumatic system. Despite the capacity reduction, the 3.7L V6 is claimed to develop more than 397 kilowatts of power. This is less than the outgoing R15, but the V6 engine's fuel consumption will more than be lower than that of the outgoing V10 engine on the R15; the new engine has a single Garrett TR30R VGT turbocharger, as opposed to the twin TR30R configuration of both the Peugeot 908 HDi FAP and the previous Audi R15 TDI. The R18's V6 engine exhausts inwards between the cylinder banks; this is called a'hot valley' configuration and is opposed to the traditional configuration with each cylinder bank of a V engine exhausting outwards to their respective turbochargers. Unlike other coupé competitors in its class, the chassis on the R18 is not composed of two halves but rather is of single-piece construction for improved rigidity; the R18 has an engine cooling duct above the cockpit roof as well as redesigned rear wheel arches to channel more air to the rear wing.
Like the Acura ARX-02a, Audi has chosen to install taller and wider tyres at the front for increased contact patch. Further changes include a lower rear wing, aluminium splitters and a small duct on the front of the car for improved driver comfort within the cockpit; the 2011 ACO regulations have limited the R18's fuel tank to 65 litres. For 2012, Audi introduced an evolution of the original car called the R18 ultra and R18 e-tron quattro which won Le Mans. Both the Ultra and e-tron quattro R18 were run at the 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans. In addition to the changes required by the regulations the car was reworked to reduce weight; these changes included Xtrac sequential electrically activated 6-speed racing gearbox with gearbox housing made of new carbon-fiber composite with titanium inserts, carbon clutch, changes to the carbon-fiber composite aluminum honeycomb monocoque built by Dallara, Single Garrett turbocharger with boost pressure limited to 280 kPa absolute, Bosch MS24 engine management, 1 x 45.8 mm diameter air restrictor, OZ magnesium forged wheels, Michelin Radial 360/710R18 front and 370/710R18 rear tires.
The R18 e-tron quattro is a hybrid version of the R18 ultra, with a 500 kJ flywheel accumulator system designed by Williams Hybrid Power, two 101 PS Bosch Motor Generator Units driving the front wheels with water-cooled integrated power electronics, providing the car with four wheel drive, a smaller 58-litre fuel tank. The quattro system, as per the regulations, is available only at speeds above 120 km/h; the e-tron has six automatic modes. The modes manage engine mapping, short bursts accelerating from corners, quattro four wheel drive, wet weather, etc. Allan McNish said "I don't have to press a button... It does it automatically... It is like traction control." Changes from 2013 R18 e-tron quattro include the introduction of blue laser beam backlights with a yellow phosphor crystal lens complementing the LED headlights, a revised V6 TDI engine with an electric turbocharger, upgrades to the flywheel accumulator system and an exhaust heat recovery system. The system captures the thermal energy from the exhaust and can add power to either the turbocharger or the flywheel accumulator system.
Audi opted not to race with the second Energy Retrieval System, known as a Motor Generator Unit-Heat in F1, because it did not result in the performance gain engineers had hoped for and was therefore considered an unnecessary risk to take. The aerodynamics have been revised in accordance with the new rules: the width is reduced by 10 cm, the height is increased by 20 mm and there is a new set of front wings. However, the exhaust-blown diffuser on the 2013 model has been removed; the safety monocoque has been strengthened with additional fabric. Wheel tethers and extra crash structures are added to the car. There are numerous smaller upgrades to vision and ergonomics to improve drivability. In comparison to the 2014 car the 2015 R18 e-tron quattro's aerodynamics have been improved and the turbocharged 4.0L V6 diesel engine now produces more power while using less fuel. The flywheel accumulator system's capacity has been increased from 500KJ to 700KJ as the 2015 Audi's energy output per round has been increased from 2MJ to 4MJ.
Changes include a significant increase of the hybrid system's power output. On November 29, 2015, Audi Sport debuted the redesigned R18 that the team planned to r
Jota Sport is a British sports car racing team. Founded as Team Jota by Sam Hignett and John Stack, Jota Sport is part of the Jota Group, owned by Sam Hignett, Simon Dolan and David Clark; the team is based in the Kent countryside. Jota Sport has finished on the overall podium of 2017 24 Hours of Le Mans with two Oreca in an alliance with Jackie Chan DC Racing; as of 2018 it competes, in partnership with Arden International, RP Motorsport, Jackie Chan DC Racing and Aston Martin in the FIA World Endurance Championship with two ORECA 07 LMP2 and in the Blancpain Endurance Series with two Aston Martin Vantage V12 GT3. Cars. Started in 2000 by university student in materials engineering, Sam Hignett and racing driver John Stack, Team Jota's first car was a Honda Integra built for endurance racing; that year the team competed at 24 Hours Spa 24 Hours. The following year, the team raced in the Renault Clio V6 Trophy as well as taking the Honda Integra to 24 Hours Nürburgring for a second year. In 2002, they bought an SR2 class Pilbeam to compete in the FIA Sportscar Championship, finishing second overall in the SR2 championship.
In 2004, Team Jota purchased Zytek’s first car, starting a relationship with the engineering company that still exists today. Gianni Collini joined Hignett and Stack to drive the Zytek in the Le Mans Endurance Series where they finished 6th overall in the championship. Team Jota competed in the Le Mans Endurance Series again in 2005 with the Zytek 04S, achieving another sixth overall result in the championship; this was the first year they competed at Le Mans 24 Hours where they didn't finish due to an accident on track, but held fifth place up until hour 22. In addition to Hignett and Stack, Haruki Kurosawa, Gregor Fisken, Sam Hancock and Jason Tahincioglu drove for the team during the season. During 2006, Team Jota ran the Zytek factory team in the newly named Le Mans Series, the Le Mans 24 Hours and the final two rounds of the American Le Mans Series which included Petit Le Mans and Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca; the final result for the Le Mans Series was fifth overall. The team finished 24th overall at Le Mans 24 Hours and fifth in their class.
Petit Le Mans saw a second place overall for the factory team with a seventh place overall at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, with the car driven by Stefan Johansson and Johnny Mowlem. In 2007, the team ran a Lola-Judd LMP1 for Charouz Racing Systems, Charouz's first venture into endurance racing; the team finished fifth in the series with drivers Jan Charouz and Stefan Mucke, fifth in class, eighth overall in the Le Mans 24 Hours with Alex Young joining the team. Team Jota again competed in the final two rounds of the American Le Mans Series for Zytek, finishing fourth overall and third in the LMP2 class at Petit Le Mans with drivers Danny Watts, Stefan Mucke and Jan Charouz; this year saw the introduction of the Jota Sport brand in partnership with Simon Dolan and Sam Hancock, with the team competing in the Porsche Carrera Cup GB. Hancock drove for the team along with Phil Quaife and between them they achieved five pole positions and three race wins earning them a second-place finish in the championship.
Team Jota continued with sportscar racing and ran the Corsa Motorsports LMP1 Zytek in the American Le Mans Series as well as the ex-Charouz Lola-Judd at the Le Mans 24 Hours with CytoSport. The car driven by Greg Pickett, Klaus Graf and Jan Lammers was a non finisher due to engine failure. Simon Dolan had his racing debut and first race win in April of this year at Snetterton in a Radical; the brand Team Jota was retired in 2009 and Jota Sport ran the newly developed Ligier JS49 prototype in the European V de V Sports Championship, Challenge Endurance Proto and the UK Speed Series. Hancock and Dolan drove the car this season achieving third overall in the UK Speed Series and 24th overall in the V de V Championship; the team ran a Juno SSE in the V de V Championship, driven by Ollie Hancock and Chris Cappuccini who finished 16th in the championship. Johansson and Mowlem drove the Corsa Motorsports LMP1 Zytek in the American Le Mans Series again this year, their best result was a third place at Lime Rock.
The team ran the Ligier JS49 for a second year in the European V de V Championship and the UK Speed Series, taking three first places over the season across both championships. This year saw the team become an Official Partner Team to Aston Martin Racing competing with a GT4 Aston Martin in the Spa 24 Hours and Britcar Silverstone 24 Hours where they took a first in class and second in class respectively. Mazda UK commissioned Jota to run their MX-5 sports cars to celebrate the car's 21st anniversary; the cars were driven by six journalists at endurance races at Silverstone. With Aston Martin, the team competed in the Le Mans Series with a V8 Vantage GT2 car in the GTE Pro class. Dolan and Hancock were joined by Chris Buncombe for the 6 hours of Silverstone and again when the team took part in the 2011 Le Mans 24 Hours; the team's highest placing during the Le Mans Series Championship was fifth in class at Spa-Francorchamps and Estoril, with a DNF at Le Mans 24 Hours. Jota Sport was commissioned by Mazda to create a GT4 version of the MX-5 to compete in the Britcar Dunlop Production GTN Championship.
The result for the season was seventh overall with Owen Mildenhall driving. Jota returned to the European Le Mans Series with the LMP2 Zytek Z11SN Nissan and competed at the Le Mans 24 Hours and the Spa-Francorchamps round of the FIA World Endurance Championship; the team achieved a class win at Spa but failed to finish the Le Mans 24 hours after retiring nearly 20 hours in. Jota ran the Mazda MX-5 GT4 in the British GT
Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters
The Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters is a touring car series sanctioned by DMSB and ITR, an affiliation of FIA since 1976 and 2003 respectively. Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters cars use a silhouette racing car based on a mass-produced road car, is based in Germany, but with rounds elsewhere in Europe. From 2000 onwards, this new DTM continued the former Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft and ITC, discontinued after 1996 due to high costs. During the ITC era a large proportion of the revenue generated by the championship went to the FIA, with the result that less went to the teams who subsequently complained of little return on their large investment in the high-tech series. Since 1997 many ideas have been discussed in order to find a compromise for rules of a new DTM. Opel put the primary emphasis on cost control, Mercedes-Benz supported expensive competitiveness in development, BMW wanted an international series rather than one focused on Germany only, while Audi insisted on allowing their trademark quattro four-wheel drive in sports car racing.
The DTM returned in 2000 as Mercedes and Opel had agreed to use cars that were based on the concept car, shown by Opel on various occasions, e.g. the 1999 24 Hours Nürburgring where Opel celebrated its 100th anniversary. The series adopted the format of the 1995 championship, with most rounds held in Germany with occasional rounds throughout Europe, but having learnt the lessons of the ITC disaster, the ITR strived to keep costs in the series from exploding to unreasonable levels, to keep the championship tied to its German roots; as too many races were planned outside Germany, no Championship status was granted by the DMSB, the DTM initials now stand for Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. Unlike the previous incarnation which used saloon models like the Mercedes-Benz W201, the new DTM featured only 2-door coupés. Opel used the upcoming Coupé version of the Astra as in the concept car, Mercedes the CLK model, used as a pattern for the Mercedes-Benz CLK-GTR; the motorsport arm of the Bavarian tuning company Abt Sportsline was allowed to enter on short notice.
Abt used the Audi TT as a basis, as Audi had no suitable 2-door coupé though the dimensions of this car did not fit into the rules. The 1999 STW-Supertouring-champion Christian Abt could not defend his STW title as this series was discontinued, with Opel moving into DTM. In May 2000, the new DTM started with the traditional Hockenheimring short track version; some cars still had no or few sponsorship decals. While Opel could match the speed of most Mercedes in the 2000 season, the hastily developed Abt-Audis were outclassed; as the TT shape had rather poor aerodynamic properties, Abt was allowed to use a stretched form later. Further benefits like a higher rear wing helped the Abt-Audi TT-R win the DTM championship in 2002 with Laurent Aïello. In 2000, Manuel Reuter came second in the championship. After that year, no Opel driver was among the top three, with few podium finishes and no victory for the disappointing "lightnings". On the other hand, it was Opel team boss Volker Strycek who brought a new highlight to the fans, by racing a modified DTM car on the traditional old version of the Nürburgring in 2002, 20 years after the top classes had moved to the modern Grand Prix track, 10 years after the old DTM stopped racing there.
The Opels did not win in most of their entries in the VLN endurance races as they were testing, but the speed was impressive, the fans loved it. They won however the 2003 Nürburgring 24 Hours against factory efforts by Audi and BMW. After their successes with the Audi R8 and the official support of the Abt-TTRs at the Nürburgring, Audi joined the DTM as a factory entry in 2004; the three constructors involved decided to switch to saloon bodies. The road models used as patterns since 2004 are the Audi A4, Opel Vectra GTS and the Mercedes-Benz C-Class. All dimensions, like wheelbase, are identical in order to provide equal opportunities without the actual design of the road cars having any influence. Audi had stellar success in 2004 with Swedish driver Mattias Ekström, now a long-time veteran of the sport, becoming champion for the first time; the championship suffered a setback in 2004 when long-time also-ran Opel decided to pull out of the series at the end of the 2005 season, as part of a large cost-cutting operation in General Motors' European division.
The gap looked set to be filled by MG Rover, however their plans to enter the series were cancelled after the company collapsed in April 2005. Audi and Mercedes fielded 10 cars each in 2006, but the important television deal with the major television station ARD required three marques in 2007; the DTM carried on with only two manufacturers. The years 2007-2009 were marked by the dominance of Audi. Swede Mattias Ekström won the second of his two titles in 2007, Timo Scheider took the driver's championship in the following two years. Mercedes were in the runner-up positions in both 2008 and 2009. In 2010, Mercedes bridged the gap to Audi, as Paul di Resta won the 2010 championship driving for AMG Mercedes. In 2011 and 2012, the DTM held a Race of Champions-style exhibition event in the Munich Olympic Stadium.2012 was the year that BMW made a return to the series after twenty years away, won the drivers', teams', manufacturers' titles in their first year after a 20-year hiatus. Audi has switched from the A4 to the A5 in 2012 and to the RS5
Phoenix Racing (German racing team)
Phoenix Racing is a motor racing team based at the Nürburgring in Germany. The team competes in series such as FIA GT1 World Championship. Phoenix Racing competed in the German Supertouring Championship in 1999 with Michael Bartels and Arnd Meier driving Audi A4s; the team moved to the revived Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters series in 2000, running Opel Astra V8 Coupes, with Manuel Reuter finishing as runner-up and Bartels finishing seventh. The team won the 24 Hours of Nürburgring in a Porsche GT3-R with Bartels, Uwe Alzen, Altfrid Heger and Bernd Mayländer as drivers. Phoenix repeated this victory in 2003 in an Opel Astra with Reuter, Timo Scheider, Volker Strycek and Marcel Tiemann. Opel began to struggle in the DTM in 2001, with Reuter the best Opel in ninth position and Phoenix teammate Yves Oliver finishing down in 22nd place. Phoenix and Opel never won another DTM race up until the end of 2005, when the manufacturer withdrew. For 2006, there was a need for more cars to be run by the remaining two manufacturers, Mercedes-Benz and Audi.
This led to Phoenix running one-year-old Audi A4s from the 2006 season onwards. In 2011 Martin Tomczyk won the DTM drivers title for Phoenix at the penultimate race in Valencia, with 3 victories, 7 total podiums, 1 pole position. In 2013, Mike Rockenfeller took the title in the 2013 Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters season with one race remaining having 2 wins and 3 second places, driving the Audi A5. Phoenix Racing began competing in the FIA GT Championship in 2006, with Jean-Denis Délétraz and Andrea Piccini finishing the season as runners-up in an Aston Martin DBR9. For 2007 the team joined up with Toine Hezemans' Carsport Holland team to form Phoenix Carsport. Deletraz and Mike Hezemans finished in third place in the standings racing a Corvette C6. R. In 2008, Hezemans and Fabrizio Gollin finished as runners-up for the team. In 2009, Carsport returned to running their team with Peka Racing, but Phoenix and Carsport will again partner each other in 2010 for the first season of the FIA GT1 World Championship.
Phoenix Racing became an Audi Sport factory-supported team in 2009, competing at the Blancpain Endurance Series and 24 Hours of Nürburgring with an Audi R8 GT3 LMS. In 2012, the team won the 24 Hours of Nürburgring and the 24 Hours of Spa, they won the 2014 24 Hours of Nürburgring and the 2016 Sepang 12 Hours. Official website
Team Rosberg GmbH is a motor racing organisation that competes in single-seater and touring car disciplines in Europe. It was founded in 1994 by former Formula One world champion Keke Rosberg, of Finland, it is headquartered at Neustadt an der Weinstraße in Germany, competes under a German racing license. After his retirement from Formula One in 1986, Keke Rosberg stayed involved in racing, competing with Peugeot's World Sports Car Championship operation in the early 1990s, he entered Germany's top-level touring car championship – the DTM – in 1992, driving first for Mercedes-AMG, for Opel Team Joest. It was in 1994 that he decided to begin the transition into team ownership, the newly formed Team Rosberg became part of Opel's DTM program in 1995. In this first year, Keke Rosberg continued driving alongside reigning champion Klaus Ludwig in a pair of Calibra V6 coupes; the Calibra was not as competitive as the Mercedes C-Klasse. In 1996, Rosberg retired from driving to concentrate on team management.
As the DTM evolved into the short-lived International Touring car Championship, Ludwig moved to another Opel squad Zakspeed. JJ Lehto, managed by Rosberg at the time joined the team along with Hans-Joachim Stuck. Stuck finished in 6th place in the standings. Lehto failed to win a race. After the collapse of the ITC, Team Rosberg transferred to the Super Tourenwagen Cup, Germany's Supertouring series. Rosberg managed Nissan's factory program in 1997 and 1998, with a pair of Nissan Primeras for Roland Asch and Sascha Maassen. Asch was the highest ranked Nissan driver, finishing eighth in the 1997 championship. 1998 was no different. When Nissan's factory participation in the STC came to an end, Rosberg took a sabbatical from touring cars in 1999 and became involved in formula racing for the first time. Team Rosberg promptly took the opportunity to participate in the DTM again when it was recreated at the turn of the millennium. While it might have been expected to renew its association with Opel, it instead partnered with Mercedes-AMG.
It was one of four teams running CLK coupes, with Pedro Lamy on driving duty. It was a respectable season, in which Rosberg was classified 7th in the teams' standings, while Lamy and Turner were classified 13th and 14th overall. In 2001, with only the factory AMG team running 2001-spec CLKs, good results were harder to find; the lack of success prompted Lamy to leave with David Saelens taking his place. Turner was the highest placed of the three drivers, in 15th position overall, Rosberg was left in 8th place in the teams' standings; the next two years saw a continuation of Rosberg's position as a Mercedes team running year-old cars, with two cars for Stefan Mücke and Christijan Albers in 2002, two cars for Mücke and Gary Paffett in 2003. Albers and Paffett both graduated to the factory AMG line-up in 2003 and 2004 and Paffett became the DTM champion in 2005; when the relationship between Rosberg and Mercedes ended after the 2004 season, it spent 2005 away from touring cars, while considering alternative programs.
One such option, which did not come to fruition, was the possibility of running the Prodrive-built Aston Martin DBR9 GT1 car in the FIA GT Championship. The hiatus was ended with the opportunity to return to the DTM, not as a Mercedes customer, but as an Audi customer in 2006. Rosberg ran a brace of 2005-spec A4 saloons for Frank Stippler and Timo Scheider, which resulted in 4th position in the teams' standings and 10th in the drivers' championship for Scheider. In 2007, Team Rosberg ran Mike Rockenfeller and Lucas Luhr to 12th and 17th in the Drivers' Championship. Luhr's lack of results resulted in him returning to the American Le Mans Series, where he was more successful, becoming 2008 LMP1 champion with the Audi R10. Team Rosberg has continued to race Audi cars with 2012 as its most successful recent season. Edoardo Mortara won two of the ten rounds; when Team Rosberg left the Super Tourenwagen Cup, it made the jump to formula racing. In 1999, it began a dual program at national level in Germany, with entry into Formula Three and the first iteration of Formula BMW.
In the German F3 Championship, it ran future DTM and prototype driver Pierre Kaffer to 8th place in the standings, while its three-car Formula BMW line-up resulted in 2nd and 3rd in the championship for Giorgio Mecataff and Hannu Wiinikainen. During its touring car return in 2000, Rosberg maintained its presence in formula racing. Hannu Wiinikainen graduated to the two-car F3 team, the FBMW team was expanded to four cars, it again took the runner-up position in this time with Kimmo Liimatainen. It ran future Formula One driver Christian Klien. Klien led the FBMW line-up in 2001, finished 3rd in the championship; that year saw the debut in the German F3 Championship of future DTM champion Gary Paffett. He won the drivers' championship. Rosberg secured the teams' title in what became its most successful season. In Formula BMW ADAC, Nico Rosberg won the championship in his rookie season, driving for his father's team under the banner of VIVA Racing; when Rosberg's Formula 3 team moved to the new Euroseries in its inaugural year, Nico graduated with it, stayed for two years before moving on to GP2 in 2005.
Team Rosberg took on Austria's A1 Grand Prix franchise in 2005, but Austria ended its involvement after o
2012 24 Hours of Daytona
The 2012 Rolex 24 at Daytona was a long-distance motor race for sports cars conforming to the regulations of the Grand-Am Road Racing series. The race was held over a duration of 24 hours, starting at 3:30pm on Saturday, January 28, finishing at 3:30pm the following day; the race was held on the sports car version of Daytona International Speedway, which includes only a portion of the NASCAR Superspeedway course and a loop of circuit which winds through the infield of the speedway. 2012 was the 50th running of the race which had begun as a three-hour duration sports car race in 1962. The race was the opening round of the 2012 Rolex Sports Car Series season. A field of 14 Daytona Prototypes took the start of the race along with a grid of 44 of the slower roadcar-based Grand Touring class cars; this race was part of the inaugural North American Endurance Championship. Pole position for the race was taken by British racing driver Ryan Dalziel driving the Starworks Motorsport run Riley Technologies Mk.
XXVI Daytona Prototype sports car recording a lap time of 1:41.119. In the Grand Touring class, pole was claimed by the Brumos Racing Porsche 911 GT3 Cup driven by American driver Andrew Davis; the Michael Shank Racing entry of A. J. Allmendinger, Justin Wilson, Oswaldo Negri, John Pew took victory in their No. 60 Riley Mk. XXVI Ford, completing 761 laps over the course of the 24-hour race, they enjoyed a spirited battle with the No. 8 Starworks Motorsport Riley Mk. XXVI Ford of Ryan Dalziel, Lucas Luhr, Allan McNish, Enzo Potolicchio and Alex Popow, which led the most laps and posted the quickest time of the race, but suffered a minor accident in the 17th hour. In GT, Magnus Racing earned its first-ever Rolex Sports Car Series victory, with the lineup of Richard Lietz, Andy Lally, René Rast, John Potter in the No. 44 Porsche 911 GT3 Cup car. It was Lally's fourth Rolex 24 class victory, the first for the other three drivers. Class Winners in bold
Richard Lietz is an Austrian professional racing driver. He has competed in such series as American Le Mans Series, Formula 3 Euro Series and the Rolex Sports Car Series, he is a multiple race-winner in Porsche Supercup. Lietz was overall series champion in the 2007 International GT Open season with Swiss driver Joël Camathias, he has won the GT2 class of the Le Mans Series twice, alongside German driver Marc Lieb in both in the 2009 and 2010 seasons. Lietz won the 2012 24 Hours of Daytona GT division driving a Magnus Racing Porsche 911 GT3 Cup with co-drivers Andy Lally, Rene Rast and team owner John Potter, he will compete in the FIA World Endurance Championship with Team Felbermayr-Proton. In 2015 he was crowned World Endurance Champion for GT drivers. Winning the title in a factory Manthey Porsche. ‡ Not eligible for points. * Season still in progress. Official website Richard Lietz career summary at DriverDB.com