Renaissance Revival architecture

Renaissance Revival architecture is a group of 19th century architectural revival styles which were neither Greek Revival nor Gothic Revival but which instead drew inspiration from a wide range of classicizing Italian modes. Under the broad designation "Renaissance architecture" nineteenth-century architects and critics went beyond the architectural style which began in Florence and central Italy in the early 15th century as an expression of Renaissance humanism. Self-applied style designations were rife in the mid- and nineteenth century: "Neo-Renaissance" might be applied by contemporaries to structures that others called "Italianate", or when many French Baroque features are present; the divergent forms of Renaissance architecture in different parts of Europe in France and Italy, has added to the difficulty of defining and recognizing Neo-Renaissance architecture. A comparison between the breadth of its source material, such as the English Wollaton Hall, Italian Palazzo Pitti, the French Château de Chambord, the Russian Palace of Facets—all deemed "Renaissance"—illustrates the variety of appearances the same architectural label can take.

The origin of Renaissance architecture is accredited to Filippo Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi and his contemporaries wished to bring greater "order" to architecture, resulting in strong symmetry and careful proportion; the movement grew in particular human anatomy. Neo-Renaissance architecture is formed by not only the original Italian architecture but by the form in which Renaissance architecture developed in France during the 16th century. During the early years of the 16th century the French were involved in the Italian Wars, bringing back to France not just the Renaissance art treasures as their war booty, but stylistic ideas. In the Loire valley a wave of chateau building was carried out using traditional French Gothic styles but with ornament in the forms of pediments, shallow pilasters and entablatures from the Italian Renaissance. In England, the Renaissance tended to manifest itself in large square tall houses such as Longleat House; these buildings had symmetrical towers which hint at the evolution from medieval fortified architecture.

This is evident at Hatfield House built between 1607 and 1611, where medieval towers jostle with a large Italian cupola. This is why so many buildings of the early English Neo-Renaissance style have more of a "castle air" than their European contemporaries, which can add again to the confusion with the Gothic revival style; when the revival of Renaissance style architecture came en vogue in the mid 19th century, it materialized not just in its original form first seen in Italy, but as a hybrid of all its forms according to the whims of architects and patrons, an approach typical of the mid and late 19th century. Modern scholarship defines the styles following the Renaissance as Mannerist and Baroque, two different opposing styles of architecture, but the architects of the mid 19th century understood them as part of a continuum simply called'Italian', combined them all, as well as Renaissance as it was first practiced in other countries, thus Italian and Flemish Renaissance coupled with the amount of borrowing from these periods can cause great difficulty and argument in identifying various forms of 19th-century architecture.

Differentiating some forms of French Neo-Renaissance buildings from those of the Gothic revival can at times be tricky, as both styles were popular during the 19th century. As a consequence, a self-consciously "Neo-Renaissance" manner first began to appear circa 1840. By 1890 this movement was in decline; the Hague's Peace Palace completed in 1913, in a heavy French Neo-Renaissance manner was one of the last notable buildings in this style. Charles Barry introduced the Neo-Renaissance to England with his design of the Travellers Club, Pall Mall. Other early but typical, domestic examples of the Neo-Renaissance include Mentmore Towers and the Château de Ferrières, both designed in the 1850s by Joseph Paxton for members of the Rothschild banking family; the style is characterized by original Renaissance motifs, taken from such Quattrocento architects as Alberti. These motifs included rusticated masonry and quoins, windows framed by architraves and doors crowned by pediments and entablatures. If a building were of several floors, the uppermost floor had small square windows representing the minor mezzanine floor of the original Renaissance designs.

However, the Neo-renaissance style came to incorporate Romanesque and Baroque features not found in the original Renaissance architecture, more severe in its design. John Ruskin's panegyrics to architectural wonders of Venice and Florence in the 1850s contributed to shifting "the attention of scholars and designers, with their awareness heightened by debate and restoration work" from Late Neoclassicism and Gothic Revival to the Italian Renaissance. Like all architectural styles, the Neo-Renaissance did not appear overnight formed but evolved slowly. One of the first signs of its emergence was the Würzburg Women's Prison, erected in 1809 designed by Peter Speeth, it included a rusticated ground floor, alleviated by one semicircular arch, with a curious Egyptian style miniature portico above, high above this were a sequence of six tall arched windows and above these just beneath the projecting roof were the small windows of the upper floor. This building foreshadows similar effects in the work of the American architect Henry Hobson R

Omar Sowe

Omar Sowe is a Gambian-born-American soccer player who plays as a forward for New York Red Bulls II in the USL Championship. Raised in Harrison, New Jersey, Sowe attended Harrison High School and became the school's all time leading scorer in October 2018, he finished his four year high school career with 89 goals and 67 assists, as well as being named to the NJSCAA All-State team in 2017 and 2018. Sowe began playing with the New York Red Bulls academy in 2018, he appeared for the club's USL League Two side New York Red Bulls U-23. Sowe signed his first professional contract with the New York Red Bulls II on August 16, 2019, he made his professional debut on August 24, 2019, appearing as a 66th-minute substitute during a 5-1 victory over Swope Park Rangers. As of 26 August 2019

List of rail trails

This is a list of rail trails around the world. Rail trails are former railway lines that have been converted to paths designed for pedestrian, skating, and/or light motorized traffic. Most are multiuse trails offering at least pedestrians and cyclists recreational access and right-of-way to the routes. Parts of, Johor Bahru -Tanjong Pagar KTM railway, known as the Green Corridor Parts of, Thailand-Burma Death Railway The Jerusalem Railway Park. A more complete reference can be found at Dampfross und Drahtesel on the former de:Stammersdorfer Lokalbahn de:Traisentalradweg on the former de:Leobersdorfer Bahn Reichraminger Hintergebirgs on former de:Waldbahn Reichraming Part of de:Steyrtalradweg follows the former de:Steyrtalbahn Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn-Radweg on the former de:Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn between Strobl and St. Gilgen de:Salzkammergut-Radweg on the former de:Ischlerbahn and de:Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn from Salzburg to Bad Ischl The first 18 kilometers of the de:Feistritztal-Radweg between Ratten and de:Birkfeld on a dismantled part of the de:Feistritztalbahn Line 29 from Aarschot to Herentals Line 29 north of Turnhout towards the Dutch border Line 38 from Liege to Hombourg Line 62 from Oostende to Torhout Part of line 109 from Chimay to Froidchapelle Line 142 from Namur to Hoegaarden Most of Line 160 from Brussels to Tervuren Part of line 163A from Sainte-Cécile to Muno Fodsporet, 40 km between Slagelse and Næstved via Dalmose plus 12 km between Dalmose and Skælskør in the southeastern part of Sjælland opened 2011 Himmerlandsstien, 70 km between Viborg and Løgstør in the northern part of Jutland opened 2007 Naturstien Horsens-Silkeborg Naturetrail, 60 km between Horsens-Silkeborg in the middle of Jutland Baana, a 1.5-km section of the old Helsinki harbour rail line.

Avenue Verte between St-Aubin-le-Cauf and Forges-les-Eaux The promenade plantée in the 12th arrondissement of Paris, France. Germany has 613 rail trails with a total length of 4,400 kilometres. 80 more projects are being planned or under construction. These are some of the longest rail trails in Germany: The Bahnradweg Hessen with a total length of 250 kilometres following old tracks of the Vogelsbergbahn, Vogelsberger Südbahn and Ulstertalbahn; the Bockl-Radweg in Bavaria with a total length of 45 km from Neustadt a.d.. Waldnaab to Eslarn The Maare-Mosel-Radweg with 39 kilometres on the old rail track The Ruwer-Hochwald-Radweg with 44 kilometres on the old rail track The Schinderhannes-Radweg with 36 kilometres on the old track of the Hunsrück Railway The Vennbahn trail is a cross-border trail between Germany, Belgium und Luxembourg, which follows the route of the former Vennbahn railway line for 130 kilometres from the city of Aachen through the High Fens – Eifel Nature Park and the Ardennes to Troisvierges Part of line 11 from Szentkirályszabadja to Balatonalmádi Old track of line 25 from Bagod to Zalalövő Part of line 49 from Tamási to Pári Part of line 63 from Pécs to Pellérd Part of line 65 from Harkány to Drávaszabolcs Part of the disused narrow gauge line from Sátoraljaújhely to Pálháza Great Southern Trail Great Western Greenway Connemara Greenway Deise Greenway, when completed, this rail trail is planned to follow the route of the former Dungarvan to Waterford railway, passing through Stradbally and Kilmacthomas.

The Narrow-Gauge Railway Route descends smoothly from Olot to Girona. GIRONA - NARROW-GAUGE RAILWAY ROUTE II - The Narrow-Gauge Railway Route stretches out 39.7 km. With a smooth incline from Girona to Sant Feliu de Guíxols, its highest point is at Cassà de la Selva. Following the old narrow-gauge railway line from Girona to Sant Feliu, you can get to know two of Girona´s regions - the Gironès and the Baix Empordà - from the Ter River basin, crossing the Selva depression and ending in the Ridaura valley. Banvallsleden Sjuhäradsrundan Borås to Ulricehamn Ätradalsleden Falköping to Ambjörnarp Alban Way: St Albans to Hatfield, Hertfordshire Ayot Greenway: Ayot St Peter to Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire Brampton Valley Way, Northampton to Market Harborough Railway, Northamptionshire (14