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Renting

Renting known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another. A gross lease is when the tenant pays a flat rental amount and the landlord pays for all property charges incurred by the ownership. An example of renting is equipment rental. Renting can be an example of the sharing economy. There are many possible reasons for renting instead of buying, for example: In many jurisdictions rent paid in a trade or business is tax deductible, whereas rent on a dwelling is not tax-deductible in most jurisdictions. Financial inadequacy, such as renting a house when one is unable to purchase, i.e "renting by necessity". Reducing financial risk due to depreciation and transaction costs for real estate which might be needed only for a short amount of time; when something is needed only temporarily, as in the case of a special tool, a truck or a skip. When something is needed that may or may not be owned but is not in proximity for use, such as renting an automobile or bicycle when away on a trip.

Needing a cheaper alternative to buying, such as renting a movie: a person is unwilling to pay the full price for a movie, so they rent it for a lesser price, but give up the chance to view it again later. The tenant may want to leave the burden of upkeep of the property to his agents. There is no need to worry about maintenance. Renting keeps off-balance-sheet the debt that would burden the balance sheet of a company in case the property would have been bought. Renting is good for the environment if products are used more efficiently by maximizing utility rather than being disposed and underutilized. Risks aside, renting has the potential to generate a regular stream of revenue for the owner; the more the churn the higher the income. The rental income crosses the product procurement value and every churn post that becomes a profit for the owner Renting also becomes an alternate revenue pool for idle inventory vs. overly depending on a stagnant / slowing retailing business environment Short-term rental of all sorts of products represents an estimated €108 billion annual market in Europe and is expected to grow further as the internet makes it easier to find specific items available for rent.

According to a poll by YouGov, 76% of people looking to rent would go to the internet first to find what they need. It has been reported that the financial crisis of 2007–2010 may have contributed to the rapid growth of online rental marketplaces, such as erento, as consumers are more to consider renting instead of buying in times of financial hardship. Environmental concerns, fast depreciation of goods, a more transient workforce mean that consumers are searching for rentals online. A 2010 US survey found. Net income received, or losses suffered, by an investor from renting of one or two properties is subject to idiosyncratic risk due to the numerous things that can happen to real property and variable behavior of tenants. There is an implied, explicit, or written rental agreement or contract involved to specify the terms of the rental, which are regulated and managed under contract law. Examples include letting out real estate for the purpose of housing tenure, parking space for a vehicle, storage space, whole or portions of properties for business, institutional, or government use, or other reasons.

When renting real estate, the person or party who lives in or occupies the real estate is called a tenant, paying rent to the owner of the property called a landlord. The real estate rented may be all or part of any real estate, such as an apartment, building, business office or suite, farm, or an inside or outside space to park a vehicle, or store things all under Real estate law; the tenancy agreement for real estate is called a lease, involves specific property rights in real property, as opposed to chattels. In India, the rental income on property is taxed under the head "income from house property". A deduction of 30% is allowed from total rent, charged to tax; the time use of a chattel or other so called "personal property" is covered under general contract law, but the term lease nowadays extends to long term rental contracts of more expensive non-Real properties such as automobiles, planes, office equipment and so forth. The distinction in that case is long term versus short term rentals.

Some non-real properties available for rent or lease are: motion pictures on VHS or DVD, of audio CDs, of computer programs on CD-ROM. Transport equipment, such as an automobile or a bicycle. Ships and boats, in which case rental is known as chartering, the rent is known as hire or freight aircraft, in which case rental is known as chartering, or leasing if the rental is longer term specialized tools, such as a chainsaw, laptop, IT equipment or something more substantial, such as a forklift. Large equipment such as cranes, oil rigs and submarines. A deckchair or beach chair and umbrella. Furniture items such as Wooden Cot, iron cot, coffee Table, dining table, Mattress. Designer handbags, jewelry and watches. Home Appliances items such as washing machines, Television, Microwave oven, Air-Conditioners In various degrees, renting can involve buying services for

Prelude SIEM (Intrusion Detection System)

Prelude SIEM is a Security information and event management. It is a tool for driving IT security. Prelude SIEM collects and centralize information about the company's IT security to offer a single point of view to manage it. Thanks to its logs and flows analyzer, Prelude SIEM create alerts about intrusions and security threats in the network in real-time. Prelude SIEM provides multiple tools to do forensic and reporting on Big Data and Smart Data to identify weak signals and Advanced Persistent Threat. Prelude SIEM embeds all tools for the exploitation phase to make works easier for operators and help them with risk management. While a malicious user may be able to evade the detection of a single IDS, it becomes exponentially more difficult to get around the defenses when there are multiple protection mechanisms. Prelude SIEM comes with a large set of sensors, each of them monitoring different kinds of events. Prelude SIEM permits alert collection to the WAN scale, whether its scope covers a city, a country, a continent or the world.

Prelude SIEM is a SIEM system capable of inter-operating with all the systems available on the market. It implement natively the Intrusion Detection Message Exchange Format format which start to be demanded all around the world. In this way, it is natively IDMEF compatible with OpenSource IDS: AuditD, Nepenthes, NuFW, OSSEC, Samhain, Snort, Kismet, etc. but anyone can write its own IDS or use some of the 3rd party sensors available, given Prelude SIEM's open APIs and libraries. Since 2016, with the "Prelude IDMEF Partner Program", Prelude SIEM is now IDMEF compatible with many commercial IDS. Prelude SIEM provides all SIEM functions through three modules: ALERT, ANALYZE and ARCHIVE and is so the only one true SIEM alternative on the market. Plus, Prelude SIEM promotes the use of IETF security standards through the SECEF project and the "Prelude IDMEF Partner Program". 1998: Creation of an IDS project by Yoann Vandoorselaere: Prelude IDS 2002: Prelude becomes a Hybrid IDS 2005: Creation of the company Prelude-Technologies 2009: The INL Society acquires Prelude-Technologies 2009: INL become Edenwall Technologies 18/08/2011: Edenwall Technologies is declared for suspended payments, Prelude-IDS software, the company, the brand are on sale.

13/10/2011: CS, Edenwall partner, buy Prelude-IDS 2012: Opening of the websites: www.prelude-ids.org and www.prelude-ids.com 2012: Release of the new version Prelude OSS 1.1 and Prelude Enterprise 1.1 2014: Release of Prelude Enterprise V2 2014: Prelude IDS becomes Prelude SIEM and Prelude Enterprise becomes Prelude SOC 2015: Prelude SIEM received the award of "France Cybersecurity" 2016: Prelude SIEM launch the "Prelude IDMEF Partner Program" 2016: Prelude SIEM OSS received the award of OW2 for its community 2017: Release of Prelude SIEM 4.0, results of two years of research and developments efforts 2017: New packaging of Prelude SIEM available: Machine virtuelle Prelude SIEM collects, sorts, aggregates and displays all security events regardless of the types of surveillance equipment. Beyond its capacity for processing of all types of event logs, Prelude SIEM is natively compatible with many IDS. Prelude SIEM main characteristics are the following: Built on an open-source core, light web client 2.0 "Agent-less" operation Compliant with Intrusion Detection Message Exchange Format, Incident Object Description Exchange Format, HTTP, XML, SSL standards Smart Data: Smart correlation of security events Big Data: Collect and index of logs Modular and resilient Hierarchical and decentralized architecture Prelude SIEM OSS has been designed in a scalable way to adapt to any environment.

It is a free and open-source version for small IT Infrastructures and educational purposes. The open-source version is composed of the following main modules: Manager: which receives and stores alerts into the database LibPrelude: connect each IDMEF agents to Prelude SIEM LibPreludeDB: high-speed database insertion module Correlator: event correlation module LML: detect and normalize important logs Prewikka: web Graphical User Interface These modules are the base of the ALERT module in the commercial version; the commercial version adds many functionalities to these modules and scale up the performances and architecture possibilities. Prelude SIEM is a scalable, professionally usable and high-performance version of Prelude, for real-world environments. Prelude SOC is scaled version for SOC usage; the commercial versions are organized like this: Prelude SIEM: SIEM for enterprise with modules: ALERTE, ANALYSE, ARCHIVE ALERTE: Storage, Normalization, Aggregation, Real-time Notification ANALYSE: Analyze and Compliance ARCHIVE: Storage, Indexation of logs and flows for forensic Prelude SOC: to Prelude SIEM, it is possible to add more operational security modules to build a Security Operation Center MAP: Real-time cartography of the IT parc with security indicators.

It made physical, logical or risk management representations. VULN: Vulnerability scanner based on OpenVAS, it is possible to use it inside the correlator to make cross-correlation ASSET: Asset management based on GLPi REPORT: Business Intelligence reporting. Official Website Prelude SIEM OSS Five questions about Prelude SIEM

Jimmy Ward (banjo player)

Jimmy Ward was a well known Irish traditional banjo player and lilter out of Milltown Malbay, County Clare, Ireland. Ward played the flute and the whistle, but changed to the banjo in the 1940s. Ward was one of the founders of the renewed Kilfenora Céilí Band in 1927, he was still a part of the band when they won three consecutive All Ireland championships at the Fleadh Cheoil. He is the namesake of Jimmy Ward's Jig. In 1974, Ward decided to leave the Kilfenora Céilí Band, he started a new band named Bannermen with PJ Murrihy and Michael SextonLater in life, Ward moved to Milltown Malbay, where he opened a small shop. In the early seventies he had a severe car crash in Inagh. Ward died in 1987. LPsClare Céilí,?, EMI The Kilfenora Céilí Band, 1974, TransatlanticCDsTraditional Irish Fiddle Music, 1998 LPsCome to an Irish Dance Party, 1959CDsCome to an Irish Dance Party, 2008. A re-issue of the historic recording of 1959 digitally re-mastered. Clip of Jimmy Ward lilting 1967 on YouTube Clip of Jimmy Ward's Jig on banjo on YouTube

Buta Kola

Buta Kola / Daivaaradhane / Bhutharadhane is a ritual folk dance from the coastal districts and some parts of malenadu of Karnataka, India. It shares a lot of similarities with Theyyam of Kerala; the dance is stylized and held in honor of the local deities worshiped by the Tulu speaking population. It has influenced Yakshagana folk theatre; the Word is derived from kōla. A būta kōla or nema is an annual ritual performance where local spirits or deities are being channelised by ritual specialists from certain scheduled castes such as the Nalike, Pambada, or Parawa communities; the būta cult is prevalent among the non-Brahmin Tuluvas of Tulu Nadu region. The word kōla is conventionally reserved for the worship of a single spirit whereas a nēma involves the channelising of several spirits in hierarchical order. In kōlas and nēmas family and village disputes are referred to the spirit for mediation and adjudication. In feudal times, the justice aspect of the ritual included matters of political justice, such as the legitimation of political authority, as well as aspects of distributive justice.

The produce of land directly owned by the būta as well as certain contributions from the leading manors was redistributed among the villagers. The ritual performance at a būta kōla or daiva nēma involves music, dance and elaborate costumes. Recitals in Old Tulu recount the origins of the deity and tell the story of how it came to the present location; these epics are known as pāḍdanas. Thurston counts among the best known deities: Bermer Kodamanittaya Kukkinantaya Jumadi Sarala Jumadi Pancha Jumadi, Rakteswari Panjurli Kuppe Panjurli Rakta Panjurli Jarandaya rundarayya Hosadēvata Dēvanajiri Kalkuḍa Tukkateri Gulige Bobbariya Nicha Duggalaya Mahisandaya Varte Chāmundi Baiderukulu Ukkatiri Kallurti Shiraadi Ullalthi Okkuballala Koddabbu Odityay Rajan daiva Mantra devate Ravu Maayandal Annappa Panjurli Halera Panjurli Koragajja Babbuswamy Nandikona Kalkuda Maisandaya Malaraye According to some, Jumadi is the small-pox goddess Māri; the Bhūtas are supposed to belong to different castes. For example Okkuballala and Dēvanajiri are Jains and Kukkinataya are Bunts, Kalkuḍa is a smith, Bobbariya is a Māppilla, Nicha a Koraga."

Some of them are ancestral spirits such as Bobbariya, Kalkuḍa, Siri, Kumār Koti and Chennayya. Some are deified wild animals such as the boar - the tiger - Pilichāmuṇḍi; some būtas are Androgynous such as some instances of Jumadi, represented as female below the neck, but with a male head sporting a mustache. There are anthropomorphic būtas, zoomorphic ones, mixed forms. Depending on the significance of the people who worship them, būtas or daivas can be family deities, local or village deities, or deities associated with administrative units such as manorial estates, groups of estates, districts or small kingdoms. According to the ethnographer Peter Claus, the Tulu pāḍdanas reveal a cosmology, distinctly Dravidian and thus different from the Puranic Hindu cosmology. Priesthood is not the preserve of a caste learned in scriptures but is shared between the ruling aristocracy on one hand and ritual specialists from the lower strata of society on the other hand; the world is divided in two three realms: firstly, the realm of cultivated lands, secondly the realm of wastelands and forests, thirdly the realm of spirits.

Grāmya and jāṅgala/āraṇya form part of the tangible world, whereas būta-loka is their intangible counterpart. As grāmya is threatened by encroachment, disease and death form jāṅgala and āraṇya, so is the tangible world under constant threat from the intangible world of the spirits; the world of the forest is the "world of the wild, uncontrolled, hungry beings of destruction". The world of the forest and the world of the spirits are therefore seen as mirror images of each other; the wild animals threatening the human cultivator and his fields such as the tiger, the snake, the wild-boar, the bison, find their mirror images in their corresponding būtas Pilli, Naga, Paňjurli and Maisandaya. The relationship between these three worlds is one of balance and moral order. If this order is upset by the humans, it is believed. If the order is maintained, the spirits are believed to be benevolent. Thus, the spirits of Tulu culture are neither ` bad' as such, they methodically and persistently remind a lax humanity of the need for morality and the value of solidarity".

Nobody is believed to be above the moral and cosmological norms of this threefold universe, not the spirits or the gods. Thus the būtas are not arbitrary in their judgement; the būtas are their patron's protectors with regard to a system of moral norms, not despite them. Feudal relations of tribute and fealty mark the relations among the humans in the tangible world, among spirits in the intangible world and between humans and spirits across tangible and intangible worlds. While the world of humans is ruled by a mortal king, the world of the spir

Adolphe Choler

Adolphe Joseph Choler was a French playwright and librettist. He was Saint-Agnan Choler's brother, his plays were presented on the most important Parisian venues of the 19th century: Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin, Théâtre des Variétés, Théâtre du Palais-Royal, Théâtre du Gymnase-dramatique etc. He was managing director of the Théâtre du Palais-Royal from 1868 to 1879. Louis Gustave Vapereau, Dictionnaire universel des contemporains, 1870, Octave Uzanne, Le Livre n°1, 1889, T. J. Walsh, Second Empire Opera: The Théâtre Lyrique, Paris 1851-1870, 1981

Waldstein family

The House of Waldstein or House of Valdštejn is a Bohemian noble family that originates from Kingdom of Bohemia as a branch of the Markwartinger family and gained prominence during the reign of the Přemyslid dynasty. The house was founded by Jaroslav of Hruštice and named after Valdštejn Castle near Turnov in northern Bohemia; the family's most prominent members include Albrecht von Wallenstein, the Imperial general during the Thirty Years' War, Ferdinand Ernst von Waldstein, a statesman and early patron of Ludwig van Beethoven. The Waldstein noble family originated from the medieval Markvartici clan, which gained influence at the Přemyslid court in Prague under King Ottokar II of Bohemia. From about 1260, Burgrave Jaroslav of Hruštice had Valdštejn Castle, his son Zdeněk was the first documented "Lord of Valdštejn". Upon his death, his possessions were divided among his numerous descendants; the Waldsteins again appeared in public life from the 15th century onwards. A poor and less significant family, they acquired large properties in the territory of the Crown of Bohemia, received prominent positions and – since the 17th century onward – produced many statesmen and civil servants.

Albrecht von Wallenstein himself came from a modest cadet branch which since 1548 held the small estate of Heřmanice. After the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, he purchased several confiscated lordships of his Protestant relatives. In 1628, he was one of the first among the Bohemian nobility to be promoted to Graf status to Reichsgraf two years later. After uniting with the extinct line of another Bohemian noble family, the Lords of Vartenberk, the present family title since 1758 is "Count of Waldstein, Lord of Wartenberg". After World War II, the Waldsteins almost Germanized, were expelled from Czechoslovakia and their possessions were seized, they moved to Salzburg and Vienna in Austria, where parts of the family live to this day, but others returned to Bohemia. Valdštejn Castle was the historical main seat of the family until 1821. In 1582, they purchased the lands of the secularized monastery of Třebíč. Mnichovo Hradiště Castle was acquired by Wallenstein in 1623, he was buried there and it remained in his family until expropriation in 1945.

In 1622, he had purchased the lordship of Bělá pod Bezdězem, owned by the family until 1945. Duchcov Chateau passed into the family by inheritance from the House of Lobkowicz in 1642, together with Horní Litvinov, Dolní Litvinov and Dolní Jiřetín, the Duchcov branch kept it until 1921. In 1945, all properties in Czechoslovakia were confiscated. In the same year, however, a branch of the Waldstein-Wartenberg family inherited Karlslust Castle near Hardegg in Austria, together with Burgruine Kaja and the estate of Niederfladnitz, all located directly at the Czech border and still today owned by the family. Jan VI of Valdštejn, Bishop of Olomouc 1302–1311 Jan was Supreme Land Judge of Bohemia from 1554 to 1570 and, until 1576, Supreme Chamberlain, he was a follower of the utraquist faith. His son, Adam the Younger, was appointed Supreme Land Judge and became zemský hofmistr, he was a faithful Catholic supporter of the Holy Roman Emperor during the anti-Habsburg Bohemian Revolt and for these services he was granted more lands and posts in 1621.

In 1627 was appointed Supreme Burgrave of Bohemia and a year was elevated to the status of Reichsgraf of the Holy Roman Empire. These distinctions were received with mixed feelings – as a Bohemian šlechtic, he still recognized old Bohemian statehood and rules, which banned foreign ranks and titles. With the support of other Bohemian noblemen, he brought about the abandonment of the policy of appointing more and more reichsgrafs, he wished to be allowed to die as a Bohemian pán. Albrecht von Wallenstein Duke of Friedland, Mecklenburg & Fürst of Sagan, was a famous Imperial general during the Thirty Years' War, known for his immense ambitions and tragic end. Ladislaus Burian was a general. Karl Ernst was the Austrian ambassador to Spain and Brandenburg; when in 1703 he returned from a diplomatic mission to France and Portugal on a Portuguese ship, he was captured by the French and held at Vincennes for nearly a year. His release came as a prisoner exchange for the French marshal François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy.

Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein was an Austrian soldier and naturalist. Ferdinand Ernst Gabriel von Waldstein was a statesman and an early patron of famous composer Ludwig van Beethoven. Emmanuel Ernst von Waldstein was the 6th Bishop of a patron of art and science. Koukal, Pavel. Duchcov v zrcadle dějin = Dux im Spiegel der Geschichte. Duchcov: Kapucín. ISBN 80-86467-10-4. Media related to House of Waldstein at Wikimedia Commons Stanislav Kasík: Die Waldsteiner. From: Waldsteiner Bildergalerie im Egerer Museum – Katalog zur ständigen Ausstellung. Eger 1999