Renville County, Minnesota

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Renville County, Minnesota
Renville County Courthouse MN.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Renville County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1855 (created)
1866 (organized)[1]
Named for Joseph Renville
Seat Olivia
Largest city Olivia
Area
 • Total 987 sq mi (2,556 km2)
 • Land 983 sq mi (2,546 km2)
 • Water 4.2 sq mi (11 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 14,660
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.renvillecountymn.com

Renville County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,730.[2] Its county seat is Olivia.[3] The county was formed in 1855 and organized in 1866.

Soils of Renville County[4]

History[edit]

Renville County is named in honor of Joseph Renville, a fur trader.[5] The county was the site of several engagements in the Dakota War of 1862.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 987 square miles (2,560 km2), of which 983 square miles (2,550 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Renville County borders a total of nine counties, more than any other county in Minnesota[citation needed] except for Beltrami County, which also borders nine counties.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 245
1870 3,219 1,213.9%
1880 10,791 235.2%
1890 17,099 58.5%
1900 23,693 38.6%
1910 23,123 −2.4%
1920 23,634 2.2%
1930 23,645 0.0%
1940 24,625 4.1%
1950 23,954 −2.7%
1960 23,249 −2.9%
1970 21,139 −9.1%
1980 20,401 −3.5%
1990 17,673 −13.4%
2000 17,154 −2.9%
2010 15,730 −8.3%
Est. 2016 14,660 [7] −6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 17,154 people, 6,779 households, and 4,623 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 7,413 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.72% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 5.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.9% were of German, 16.3% Norwegian and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 6,779 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,652, and the median income for a family was $45,065. Males had a median income of $30,473 versus $22,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,770. About 6.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 64.3% 4,890 27.8% 2,117 7.9% 599
2012 53.8% 4,149 44.0% 3,394 2.2% 167
2008 48.6% 3,956 48.0% 3,904 3.4% 275
2004 53.1% 4,430 45.4% 3,787 1.6% 132
2000 49.7% 4,036 43.5% 3,533 6.8% 553
1996 35.0% 2,887 48.0% 3,956 16.9% 1,395
1992 32.0% 2,852 38.3% 3,414 29.8% 2,654
1988 48.8% 4,356 49.9% 4,454 1.3% 117
1984 57.9% 5,571 41.3% 3,972 0.9% 86
1980 53.1% 5,544 38.9% 4,058 8.1% 842
1976 42.5% 4,482 54.6% 5,762 2.9% 301
1972 53.1% 5,329 44.8% 4,499 2.2% 216
1968 48.7% 4,821 45.8% 4,535 5.6% 550
1964 41.6% 4,340 58.2% 6,072 0.2% 25
1960 54.2% 5,885 45.7% 4,958 0.1% 14
1956 57.5% 5,728 42.3% 4,213 0.2% 17
1952 63.5% 6,742 36.0% 3,828 0.5% 56
1948 44.4% 4,297 54.0% 5,227 1.6% 155
1944 57.5% 5,160 41.7% 3,747 0.8% 69
1940 57.2% 6,196 42.3% 4,588 0.5% 58
1936 32.3% 3,049 56.5% 5,344 11.2% 1,060
1932 30.0% 2,631 68.1% 5,967 1.9% 163
1928 57.2% 5,107 41.8% 3,731 1.1% 94
1924 42.7% 3,405 8.0% 641 49.3% 3,935
1920 73.6% 5,995 15.8% 1,283 10.6% 863
1916 55.3% 2,432 37.7% 1,660 7.0% 310
1912 18.0% 703 33.6% 1,310 48.4% 1,889
1908 60.2% 2,275 36.1% 1,364 3.7% 139
1904 77.9% 2,925 17.0% 639 5.0% 189
1900 64.8% 2,809 30.6% 1,326 4.7% 202
1896 55.2% 2,553 42.7% 1,978 2.1% 97
1892 40.0% 1,370 28.7% 984 31.4% 1,075

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65 - 67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  5. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 455. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°43′N 94°58′W / 44.72°N 94.96°W / 44.72; -94.96