A replenishment oiler or replenishment tanker is a naval auxiliary ship with fuel tanks and dry cargo holds which can supply both fuel and dry stores during underway replenishment at sea. Many countries have used replenishment oilers; the United States Navy's hull classification symbol for this type of ship was AOR. Replenishment oilers are slower and carry fewer dry stores than the U. S. Navy's modern fast combat support ships, which carry the classification AOE; the development of the "oiler" paralleled the change from coal- to oil-fired boilers in warships. Prior to the adoption of oil fired machinery, navies could extend the range of their ships either by maintaining coaling stations or for warships to raft together with colliers and for coal to be manhandled aboard. Though arguments related to fuel security were made against such a change, the ease with which liquid fuel could be transferred led in part to its adoption by navies worldwide. One of the first generation of "blue-water" navy oiler support vessels was the British RFA Kharki, active 1911 in the run-up to the First World War.
Such vessels heralded the transition from coal to oil as the fuel of warships and removed the need to rely on, operate within range of "coaling stations". During the Second World War, the United States Navy's enlarged fleets those in the Pacific Theater, required massive quantities of black oil, diesel oil and other fuels and lubricants to support American land and air operations against remote dispersed Japanese forces; those supply demands resulted in U. S. Navy personnel refining many established practices for oilers and creating new procedures for replenishing warships while underway and for transporting combustible materials with increased effectiveness through hostile waters and over vast ocean distances. Modern examples of the fast combat support ship include the large British Fort class, displacing 31,066 long tons and measuring 669 feet in length. For smaller navies, such as the Royal New Zealand Navy, replenishment oilers are one of the largest ships in the navy; such ships are designed to carry large amounts of fuel and dry stores for the support of naval operations far away from port.
Replenishment oilers are equipped with more extensive medical and dental facilities than smaller ships can provide. Such ships are equipped with multiple refueling gantries to refuel and resupply multiple ships at a time; the process of refueling and supplying ships at sea is called underway replenishment. Furthermore, such ships are designed with helicopter decks and hangars; this allows the operation of rotary-wing aircraft. This process is called vertical replenishment. Furthermore, such ships, when operating in concert with surface groups, can act as the aviation maintenance platform where helicopters receive more extensive maintenance than can be provided by the smaller hangars of the escorting ships, their size, additional facilities, ability to support the operation of other vessels, means that replenishment oilers have been used as command ships, with some ships, such as the French Durance-class, this capability being built into the vessels from the start. Because the replenishment oiler is not a combat unit, but rather a support vessel, such ships are lightly armed with self-defense systems, small arms, machine guns and/or light automatic cannons.
They may carry man-portable air-defense systems for additional air defense capability. Replenishment oilers include: In the United States Navy, an Oiler is a Combat Logistics ship that replenishes other ships with fuel and in some cases food, mail and other necessities while at sea, in a process called Underway Replenishment or UNREP. Up through the Second World War Navy oilers used commercial tanker hulls, with the addition of UNREP gear, defensive guns, military electronic and damage-control equipment, they were classified as Fleet Oilers in the 20th Century. Since the 1960s the classification Transport Oiler has applied to tankers which ship petroleum products to depots around the world, but do not engage in UNREP; the first fleet oilers were identified by the hull designation AO, still in use. Large, fast multifunction oilers which provide ammunition and dry stores are identified as Fast Combat Support Ships, mid-size ones Replenishment Oilers; the AOR designation is no longer in use. All of these oilers provide the combined services of the AO, AE, AFS and AK.
The style "USNS" and prefix "T" identify a ship as being operated by a civilian crew under the Military Sealift Command. Henry J. Kaiser-class John Lewis-class Supply-class DANFS USS KALAMAZOO website US Naval Vessel Register KMS Dithmarschen Spanish Navy Patino Class AOR HMAS Success, AOR-304
The Armenian Medical Museum was opened in May 18, 1999 in Yerevan. In 1999 the museum was registered as one of Armenia’s private museums by the Ministry of Culture of Armenia and in Pauls Stradins Museum for history of medicine in Riga; the museum serves to collect, keep and pass down objects and methods of medical practice that represent the cultural and medical heritage of Armenian traditional medicine, as well as propagate the customs of the Armenian medicine inside and outside Armenia. From around 30.000 of Harutyun Minasian’s collection, only 5000 pieces are put on display in the museum. The exhibition consists of the following categories. Excavated-archeological Geological-ethnographical Customs Medical materials Materials related to medical practice Library Archive Photo archiveDishes, vases and cups made from copper, glass, metallic or wooden objects, mortars made from stone, bronze or wood, medical devices and tools, musical instruments, documents, furniture, excavated materials such as human remains etc. are exhibited in the museum.
Among the more valuable objects of the museum are the 5000 years old urn from Metsamor, the phials brought from Goris and the 5000 years old scull found as a result of the excavations in Jrahovit village in Armenia with a record of its orthopedic pathology. In addition to this, the museum keeps medical books published from 200 to 100 years ago in different countries, such as “The Brief Medical School” written by Petros Kalantaryan in 1793 in New Nakhichevan, the “Jermants Mkhitarutyun” written by Mkhitar Heratsi in the 12th century and published in 1832 in Venice, books by renowned doctors from Armenia, Russia or other countries, publications containing the autographs, notes or personal seals of their authors, manuscripts by 19-20th century doctors and medical students, 100–150 years old Armenian medical periodicals printed in different countries and documents belonging to famous Armenian doctors, group photographs of the first and consecutive graduates from the Yerevan State Medical University, objects related to the Armenian doctors from the Armenian diaspora, the biographies of hundreds of Armenian doctors.
Moreover and furniture belonging to Armenian doctors. The museum is located on the sixth floor of Nor Arabkir medical center. List of museums in Armenia List of museums in Yerevan Հայ բժշկության թանգարանի պաշտոնական կայքը
Sharam Tayebi, better known as Sharam, is an Iranian-born American techno and house DJ and producer. Born in Tehran, Iran, he emigrated to Washington D. C. as a child. A mainstay of the Washington underground dance music scene, he has been active both as one half of the duo Deep Dish and solo artist and mixer; as part of Deep Dish, with Ali "Dubfire" Shirazinia, Sharam released two albums and produced or remixed a library of other releases including those from Janet Jackson, Stevie Nicks, Rolling Stones as well as others. The duo received a Grammy nomination for their remix of Madonna's "Music" and won the "Best Remixed Recording" Grammy for their remix of Dido's "Thank You.” Deep Dish were nominated two times for their George Is On album -- Best Remix. As a solo artist, Sharam released two of his own albums and six mix compilations and produced or mixed fourteen other artists such as Bruno Mars, Steve Aoki and more. Sharam is known for his house hits “Party All the Time”, "The One" with Daniel Bedingfield, "Don’t Say A Word" with Anousheh, "She Came Along" with Kid Cudi, “My Way” featuring Honey Honey and more.
In 2009, Sharam won BBC Radio 1 Essential Mix of the Year picked from 52 other mixes by his peers. Sharam Tayebi was born in Iran and at age 14, he and his family settled in Washington D. C, it was in this city that he discovered dance music and developed skills as a producer, DJ and musician. Back in the 1990s of Washington, DC, Sharam Tayebi met Ali "Dubfire" Shirazinia an Iranian immigrant, together in 1992 formed Deep Dish, their music was a mix of deep house and techno, with rock influences. The two formed an eponymous record label as well as Yoshitoshi Records and, upon meeting Danny Tenagia, released their music and imprints on Tribal America label. Sharam Tayebi remains a mainstay of the Washington underground music scene, "has been an instrumental figure in house and techno music as a DJ, producer and one-half of the duo, Deep Dish,"according to DJ Tech Tools; as Deep Dish and his musical partner Dubfire released their debut album, Penetrate Deeper in 1995. Three years came Junk Science, featuring a collaboration with Everything But The Girl's Tracey Thorn.
This track, called "Future of the Future debuted on the UK charts at #37. Between 1999 and 2003, Deep Dish released six DJ mix compilations including:Cream Separates, Global Underground Moscow, Yoshiesque 2, Renaissance Ibiza and Global Underground Toronto. On July 12, 2005, Deep Dish released; the album was proceeded by the single, "Flashdance," which went to #3 in the UK, remained in the Top 10 for four weeks in 2004. Two other singles, "Say Hello" and "Dreams" with Stevie Nicks both debuted at 14 in the UK. George Is On and its singles were nominated for three Grammy Awards including Best Electronic Album, Best Single for "Say Hello" and Best Remix. Sharam split from Dubfire and Deep Dish in 2006, launched his solo career with the release of his own Global Underground mix compilation Dubai GU29 on October 17. Sharam toured North America prior to the street date of GU29; that same year, Sharam released “P. A. T. T.” A cover of the Eddie Murphy and Rick James hit from 1985. His version contained vocals by P. Diddy.
The track became the most sought-after record of 2006 Winter Music Conference in Miami, as well as one of the biggest club records of the year. It debuted in the UK national charts at #8 on New Year's Eve 2006, stayed in the top 10 for 3 weeks and remained in the top 40 for 8 weeks. On May 5, 2009, Sharam's single, "She Came Along", led off his solo album, Get Wild which hit stores February 17, 2009; the song, featuring American hip-hop recording artist Kid Cudi, became a Top 20 international hit. Get Wild was a concept album inspired by Sergio Leone spaghetti westerns, featured Daniel Bedingfield, Public Enemy’s Chuck D, Mötley Crüe’s Tommy Lee, rose up the US club charts, its release coincided with an international tour. That double album consisted of 24 produced tracks mixed together like a compilation. Next, from his Mach EP series, a series of tracks were released, the two most notable being “M. I. T. T.” With Shakira and “Fun” written by Chris Martin of Coldplay. Sharam released Live from Warung, Brazil in 2011, a compilation featuring a live set from Itajay, Brazil.
The mix was first featured on BBC Radio 1's Essential Mix before being released as this compilation. On July 17, 2012, five years after his last mix compilation, Sharam released a two-disc set called Night and Day. Based on the concept that people want to listen to music at different times—a dance party at night. In 2014, Sharam and Dubfire reunited Deep Dish, playing gigs in selected cities and recording new material, at the same time maintaining their solo work, their first, new joint release in eight years was the single, "Quincy," which came out March 31, 2014 and musically reflected the diverse paths these two took in their hiatus. Two years Sharam released his next solo album, Retroactive. Entitled A Warehouse, with its new title, the album debuted on the iTunes Dance Top 10 on its release day June 10, 2016. Paying homage to his musical history and influences from as far back as the'80s to the drum'n bass of today, Sharam featured songs with collaborators like disco producer Giorgio Moroder, singer-songwriter Daniel Bedingfield, frequent vocal collaborator Anousheh, Chance Caspian and Alex Neri.
The single, "August House" wa