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Representation of the People Act 1884

In the United Kingdom under the premiership of Gladstone, the Representation of the People Act 1884 and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in the UK after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867. Taken together, these measures extended the same voting qualifications as existed in the towns to the countryside, established the modern one member constituency as the normal pattern for Parliamentary representation; the Act extended the 1867 concessions from the boroughs to the countryside. All men paying an annual rental of £10 and all those holding land valued at £10 now had the vote; the British electorate now totalled over 5,500,000. The bill was so objectionable to the House of Lords that Gladstone was forced to separate the legislation into two bills, the second being the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 which redistributed constituencies, giving more representation to urban areas; the 1884 Reform Act did not establish universal suffrage: although the size of the electorate was increased all women and 40% of adult males were still without the vote.

Male suffrage varied throughout the kingdom, too: in England and Wales, two in three adult males had the vote. Section 2: This extended a uniform household franchise to all parliamentary boroughs and counties in the United Kingdom. Section 3: Men inhabiting a dwelling-house as an employee, whose employer did not live there, were to be treated for franchise purposes as if they were occupying as tenants. Section 4: Prohibition of multiplicity of votes; this was not to stop people acquiring multiple votes in different constituencies, but to restrict sub-division of one property to qualify multiple voters. Section 5a: A man, a £10 occupier in a county or borough was to be a voter in that county or borough; this assimilated the previous county occupation franchise and borough occupation franchise into a uniform occupation franchise. Section 6: Occupation in a borough was not to confer a county franchise; as many crofters in the Scottish Highlands qualified as £10 occupiers, the Act empowered Scottish Gaels to take action against evictions and rent increases at the end of the Highland Clearances.

Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, the passage of the Crofters' Holdings Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances. Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918 Medical Relief Disqualification Removal Act 1885 The Statutes: Second Revised Edition, Vol. XVI 1884-1886, Cunningham Glen, W; the Representation of the People Act, 1884, with introduction notes and index. Shaw & Sons

2013 Judgments of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom

This is a list of the 81 judgments given by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in the year 2013. They are ordered by neutral citation; the table lists judgments made by the opinions of the judges in each case. Judges are treated as having concurred in another's judgment when they either formally attach themselves to the judgment of another or speak only to acknowledge their concurrence with one or more judges. Any judgment which reaches a conclusion that differs from the majority on one or more major points of the appeal has been treated as dissent. All dates are for 2013. Lord Walker served until 17 March 2013. Lord Hope served until 26 June 2013. Lady Hale replaced him as Deputy President of the Supreme Court. Lord Hughes became a justice on 9 April 2013, he replaced Lord Dyson. Lord Toulson became a justice on 9 April 2013, he replaced Lord Walker. Lord Hodge became a justice on 1 October 2013, he replaced Lord Hope. Supreme Court decided cases, 2013

List of Naruto media

Naruto is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto and published by Shueisha in Weekly Shōnen Jump. It tells the story of Naruto Uzumaki, an adolescent ninja who searches for recognition and dreams of becoming the hokage, the ninja in his village, acknowledged as the leader and the strongest of all; the manga made its debut on September 21, 1999, it concluded on November 10, 2014. A total of 72 volumes and 700 chapters were released; the books published in Japan by Shueisha under various imprints were adapted or expanded upon the Naruto manga and anime series. Several of the titles have been licensed for publication in North America by Viz Media; the first part of the anime was released on October 10, 2002, it concluded on February 8, 2007, with a total of 220 episodes. The second part of the anime was released on February 15, 2007, it concluded on March 23, 2017, with a total of 500 episodes. Aside from that, there has been other material released based on the series, such as anime comics, light novels, supplemental guidebooks, original video animation, movies.

Various anime comics have been released in Japan under Shueisha's Jump Comics inprint adapting the Naruto and Naruto Shippuden theatrical films, though adaptations of the first Naruto OVA and a sixth season Naruto Shippuden TV special were produced. Viz Media licensed and published the anime comic adaptations of the three Naruto films in North America in October 2007 and November 2008. From 2002 through 2009, Shueisha published light novel adaptations of the first seven Naruto and Naruto Shippuden films, as well as adaptations of the "Land of Waves" Naruto story arc and the first Naruto OVA, all written by Masatoshi Kusakabe. Adaptations of Blood Prison and Road to Ninja were published in 2011 and 2012, written by Akira Higashiyama and Yuka Miyata, respectively; the first two of Masatoshi Kusakabe's novelizations were licensed by Viz Media for publication in North America in November 2006 and October 2007. Three original stories written by Akira Higashiyama and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto have been published in Japan.

Naruto Secret Chronicles is a light novel series illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto, which explores the stories of various characters after the conclusion of the original Naruto manga series. Announced in November 2014 alongside the final chapter of the manga, the series comprises six volumes, with the first released in February 2015. Viz Media began publishing English translations of the novels in November 2015, starting with Naruto: Kakashi's Story. Naruto True Stories is a light novel trilogy illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto, which explores Itachi Uchiha's past and Sasuke Uchiha's future; the Naruto True Story novels were announced in June 2015, with a publication date in Fall 2015. Viz Media began publishing English translations of the novels in November 2016. Several supplemental guides and artbooks have been published, collecting information and artwork from the manga and anime series. Three of the artbooks collect Masashi Kishimoto's illustrations for the manga and related promotional materials, while a fourth anniversary book features artwork produced over the first ten years of the anime series' broadcast.

Among the guidebooks, there are three anime profile books, which contain character profiles and images taken from the anime. A guidebook for the theatrical film Road to Ninja: Naruto the Movie was published and distributed with copies of Naruto volume 61.

Jean Buridan

Jean Buridan was an influential 14th century French philosopher. Buridan was a teacher in the faculty of arts at the University of Paris for his entire career, focusing in particular on logic and the works of Aristotle. Buridan sowed the seeds of the Copernican revolution in Europe, he developed the concept of impetus, the first step toward the modern concept of inertia and an important development in the history of medieval science. His name is most familiar through the thought experiment known as Buridan's ass, however this thought experiment does not appear in his extant writings. Buridan was born sometime before 1301 at or near the town of Béthune in Picardy, France, or elsewhere in the diocese of Arras, he received his education in Paris, first at the Collège Lemoine and at the University of Paris, receiving his Master of Arts degree and formal license to teach at the latter by the mid-1320s. Unusually, he spent his entire academic life in the faculty of arts, rather than obtaining the doctorate in law, medicine or theology that prepared the way for a career in philosophy.

Unusual for a philosopher of his time, Buridan further maintained his intellectual independence by remaining a secular cleric, rather than joining a religious order. A papal letter of 1330 refers to him as "clericus Atrebatensis diocoesis, magister in artibus." As university statutes only permitted those educated in theology to teach or write on the subject, there are no writings from Buridan on either theological matters or commentary of Peter Lombard's Sentences. Speculation on his reasons for avoiding religious matters have remained uncertain. Most scholars think; as well, it is unlikely that he could not afford to study theology, given that he received several bursaries and stipends. Indeed, he is listed in a document from 1350 as being among the teachers capable of supporting themselves without the need for financial assistance from the University. Zupko has speculated that Buridan "deliberately chose to remain among the'artists,'" envisioning philosophy as a secular enterprise based on what is evident to both the senses and the intellect, rather than the non-evident truths of theology revealed through scripture and doctrine.

The last appearance of Buridan in historical documents came in 1359, where he was mentioned as the adjudicator in a territorial dispute between the English and Picard nations. It is supposed that he died sometime after since one of his benefices was awarded to another person in 1362; the bishop Albert of Saxony, himself renowned as a logician, was among the most notable of his students. An ordinance of Louis XI of France in 1473, directed against the nominalists, prohibited the reading of his works. Apocryphal stories abound about his reputed amorous affairs and adventures which are enough to show that he enjoyed a reputation as a glamorous and mysterious figure in Paris life. None of the stories can be confirmed, most contradict known historical information; some rumors hold that he died when the King of France had him put in a sack and thrown into the River Seine after his affair with the Queen came to light. François Villon alludes to this in his famous poem Ballade des Dames du Temps Jadis.

Others suggest that he was expelled from Paris due to his nominalist teachings and moved to Vienna to found the University of Vienna. Another story talks of him hitting Pope Clement VI with a shoe; the concept of inertia was alien to the physics of Aristotle. Aristotle, his peripatetic followers held that a body was only maintained in motion by the action of a continuous external force. Thus, in the Aristotelian view, a projectile moving through the air would owe its continuing motion to eddies or vibrations in the surrounding medium, a phenomenon known as antiperistasis. In the absence of a proximate force, the body would come to rest immediately; the theory of impetus proposed that motion was maintained by some property of the body, imparted when it was set in motion. Buridan was the first to name this motion-maintaining property impetus but the theory itself did not originate with him. A less sophisticated notion of impressed forced can be found in the Avicenna's doctrine of mayl. In this he was influenced by John Philoponus, developing the Stoic notion of hormé.

The major difference between Buridan's theory and that of his predecessor is that he rejected the view that the impetus dissipated spontaneously, instead asserting that a body would be arrested by the forces of air resistance and gravity which might be opposing its impetus. Buridan further held that the impetus of a body increased with the speed with which it was set in motion, with its quantity of matter; this is related to the modern concept of momentum. Buridan saw impetus as causing the motion of the object:...after leaving the arm of the thrower, the projectile would be moved by an impetus given to it by the thrower and would continue to be moved as long as the impetus remained stronger than the resistance, would be of infinite duration were it not diminished and corrupted by a contrary force resisting it or by something inclining it to a contrary motion. Buridan contended that impetus is a variable quality whose force is determined by the speed and quantity of the matter in the subject.

In this way, the acceleration of a falling body could be understood in terms of its gradual accumulation of units of impetus. Because of his developments, historians of science Pierre Duhem and Anneliese Maier both saw Buridan as playing an important role i

Ontario Model Parliament

The Ontario Model Parliament was a model parliament for high school students in Ontario, Canada. The OMP was founded in 1986, much through the efforts of Dr. Paul Bennett, a former history master at Upper Canada College in Toronto; the OMP is not affiliated with any political party. OMP was ended after its thirtieth session so that it could be combined with another event to form a larger conference, OMUN. More than 200 students participate in the OMP each year; the annual OMP commences with an "Elections Day", in which the "government" and "opposition" are established. The delegates prepare their "legislation" for the legislative sessions held in the spring; the students convene at the legislative building for Ontario. The students debate their bills. In addition, the delegates hear from keynote speakers. In the past, such speakers have included The Hon. Elizabeth Dowdeswell in 2015, Kathleen Wynne in 2014, John Tory, James Bartleman and Rex Murphy. Ontario Model Parliament celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2011.

For 2015, the dates for OMP are the following: Elections Day: April 7, 2015 Simulation: April 8–9, 2015 For 2015, the Ontario Model Parliament Executive included: Chairs: Aleksei Wan Vice Chair: James Coady Director of Academic Programming: Nikhil Kassum Director of Registration: Javid Karim Director of Communications: Kinton Cheung Director of Operations: Shakir Lakhani Director of Delegate Services: Miles Hoaken Secretary: Matthew Jagdeo Head of Press Corps: Derek Lam Faculty Adviser: Mr. Matt Griem OMP official website. Upper Canada College

Mickey Slaughter

Milton Eugene "Mickey" Slaughter is a former professional American football quarterback in the American Football League and assistant coach at Louisiana Tech. He was raised in Alexandria and played quarterback for Coach Maxie Lambright at Bolton High School, where he graduated in 1959, he played college football for Hall of Fame Coach Joe Aillet at Louisiana Tech, where he was a three-time all-conference quarterback before graduating with a BA in 1962. Slaughter was drafted in the 7th round by the Denver Broncos, where he played his entire four-year career. Though he set several franchise rookie records in 1963 that stand to this day, he compiled just a 1-5-1 record as a starter; as of 2017's NFL off-season, his 1,689 yards, 15 interceptions, 7.57 yards per attempt, 5 interceptions in a single game remain Broncos rookie records. He started just 12 games the rest of his career, he had 291 completions on 584 attempts for 3,607 yards, 22 touchdowns, 38 interceptions. After professional football, Slaughter earned a Master of Business Administration degree from Louisiana Tech University in 1966.

In 1967, Slaughter's former high school football coach Maxie Lambright offered him an assistant coaching position on the Louisiana Tech football staff. He accepted the offer and coached the offensive backfield for 12 years from 1967 to 1978. Notable Louisiana Tech football players coached by Slaughter include Terry Bradshaw, Phil Robertson of Duck Dynasty, Tommy Spinks, Roger Carr, Mike Barber, Pat Tilley, Billy Ryckman. Slaughter was inducted into the Louisiana Tech University Athletic Hall of Fame in 1987, his son Bobby Slaughter played football at Louisiana Tech and was an All-American wide receiver in 1990 and was drafted by the San Francisco 49ers in 1991. On August 6, 2016, Slaughter and four others were inducted into the Ark-La-Tex Sports Museum of Champions at the Shreveport Convention Center. Since its opening in 2007 through 2015, 132 persons had been selected for this honor. Other inducted with Slaughter are Ray Germany, a Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball All-American in 1959 and 1960 who resides in Haughton.

Burns, Sr. an African-American from Shreveport. Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference