Newbyres Castle

Newbyres Castle was a 16th-century tower house, in Gorebridge, Scotland, west of the main street. The tower occupied a triangular position, defended by worn water-courses. In 1543 Michael Borthwick of Glengelt acquired the land from James, Abbot of Newbattle, with the consent of the abbey’s patroness, Queen of Scots, built the property. By the early 20th century Newbyres was in an unsound, ruinous condition, the local council demolished it in 1963 for reasons of'public safety', it had been the main block being 32.5 feet by 24.0 feet. The wing was at the south angle, measured 15.25 feet by 5.0 feet. In the early 20th century the walls of the main block facing west and north were complete to the wall-head, the rest being fragmentary. There seems to have been a courtyard wall; the North East corner of the tower, standing to about 4.0 metres, a mound of overgrown rubble nearby are all that remain of Newbyres Castle. The building was rubble-built with freestone quoins. There was a boldly projecting corbelled parapet equipped with rounds.

There were four at ground level and two at the second floor. The unusual cap house to the projecting entrance wing collapsed in February 1881. There was an armorial panel bearing the Borthwick arms; the remaining structure is a scheduled monument, regarded as of national importance because it provides evidence and has the potential to provide further evidence for the study of the defensive architecture and domestic life of the minor gentry in mid-sixteenth-century Scotland. Castles in Great Britain and Ireland List of castles in Scotland

Terry Lloyd

Terence Ellis "Terry" Lloyd was an English television journalist who reported extensively from the Middle East. He was killed by the U. S. military while covering the 2003 invasion of Iraq for ITN. An inquest jury in the United Kingdom before Assistant Deputy Coroner Andrew Walker returned a verdict of unlawful killing on 13 October 2006 following an eight-day hearing. Lloyd was born in Derby, where he worked for Raymonds News Agency, moved to become a regional TV reporter for ATV/Central Television, he joined ITN in 1983. He was the brother of the television actor, Kevin Lloyd, uncle of James Lloyd. In 1988, Lloyd broke the news that Saddam Hussein had used chemical weapons in Halabja, killing 5,000 Kurds. In 1999, he became the first foreign journalist to enter Kosovo. Lloyd died on 22 March 2003 while covering the events taking place during the 2003 invasion of Iraq for ITN. Working as an independent reporter not "embedded" with coalition forces and his team of two cameramen and an interpreter were caught in crossfire during fighting near the Shatt Al Basra Bridge in Basra, between U.

S. and Iraqi forces. His body and that of his Lebanese interpreter, Hussein Osman, were recovered and it was discovered they had both been shot by U. S. forces on the road to Basra. The French cameraman Frédéric Nérac is still classed as missing, presumed dead; the Belgian cameraman Daniel Demoustier survived. Terry Lloyd's funeral was reported on ITN news bulletins by Mark Austin on ITV and Samira Ahmed on Channel 4. At a July 29, 2003'Embedded Journalist' symposium at the William and Mary College, Washington DC, journalist John Donovan said he had seen Terry Lloyd in the town of Safwan two hours before he was killed; the Royal Military Police carried out an investigation into the incident. Major Kay Roberts, an RMP investigator, testified at Lloyd's inquest that a videotape of the incident, taken by a cameraman attached to the U. S. unit that killed him, had been edited. The RMP forensics expert who examined the tape concluded that about 15 minutes had been removed from the start of the recording.

Roberts testified at the inquest that she was sent the tape "some months" after the incident and that she was told by U. S. authorities that the footage they handed over was "everything that they had". The ITN team were driving in two cars both marked as press vehicles. Frédéric Nérac and Hussein Osman were in the car behind Daniel Demoustier, they encountered an Iraqi convoy at the Shatt Al Basra Bridge in Iraq. Nérac and Osman were made to get into an Iraqi vehicle; the British investigation into the incident established the convoy was escorting a Baath Party leader to Basra. American forces shot at the Iraqi convoy, killing Osman: Nérac's body has not been recovered, but investigation suggests it is unlikely he could have survived. Frédéric Nérac's wife Fabienne Mercier-Nérac testified that she had received a letter from U. S. authorities who denied being at the scene when the ITN News team was attacked. Demoustier and Lloyd, still in the ITN car, were caught in crossfire between the Iraqi Republican Guard and American forces.

Lloyd was hit by an injury from which he could have recovered. He was put into a civilian minibus. Forensic evidence presented at the inquest shows U. S. forces shot at the minibus after it had turned to leave the area. Demoustier survived; the inquest on Lloyd's death was held in October 2006 in Oxfordshire, lasted eight days, recording the verdict on 13 October 2006. The Assistant Deputy Coroner, Andrew Walker, recorded a verdict of unlawful killing by the U. S. military, announced he would write to the Director of Public Prosecutions asking for him to investigate the possibility of bringing charges. Andrew Walker formally cleared ITN of any blame for Lloyd's death, said that in his view the U. S. tanks had been first to open fire on the ITN crew's two vehicles. However, in the same document, he says he "was unable to determine whether the bullets that killed Lloyd in southern Iraq on 22 March 2003, were fired by U. S. ground forces or helicopters." Lloyd "would have survived the first bullet wound" but was killed as he was being carried away from the fighting in the civilian minibus.

Walker said: "If the vehicle was perceived as a threat, it would have been fired on before it did a U-turn. This would have resulted in damage to the front of the vehicle. I have no doubt it was the fact that the vehicle stopped to pick up survivors that prompted the Americans to fire on that vehicle." The National Union of Journalists said. On 25 October 2006 Sir Menzies Campbell Leader of the Liberal Democrats and MP for North-East Fife raised the matter at Prime Minister's Questions, he asked "When may we expect the Attorney-General to make an application for the extradition and trial in Britain of those American soldiers against whom there is a prima facie case for the unlawful killing in Iraq of the ITN journalist Terry Lloyd?". On 19 March 2007, BBC reported that ITN released the names of the 16 U. S. Marines in the unit involved in Lloyd's death. Despite Andrew Walker's verdict at the inquest, the Crown Prosecution Service decided in July 2008 that there was "insufficient evidence" to prosecute Lloyd's killers.

Obituary: Terry Lloyd Lloyd's daughter demands inquiry into father's death - IFEX Inquiry reveals military cover up US forces killed ITN man in Iraq ITN - Lloyd footage may have been edited BBC News - Profile: Terry Lloyd - 23/03/03 Incident Account by Danie