click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Repulse Bay

Repulse Bay is a bay in the southern part of Hong Kong Island, located in the Southern District, Hong Kong. It is one of the most expensive residential areas in the world. Repulse Bay is located in the southern part of Hong Kong Island, to the east of Deep Water Bay and to the west of Middle Bay and South Bay. Middle Island is located off Hong Kong Island, between Deep Water Bay; the origins of the bay's English name have become obscure. There are, many stories — none resting on any solid evidence that has so far been established. A typical example is that in 1841, the bay was used as a base by pirates and caused serious concern to foreign merchant ships trading with China; the pirates were subsequently repulsed by the Royal Navy, hence the name. There is no evidence of any such origin in the extensive British naval log books of the period. Another story holds that the bay was named after HMS Repulse, stationed at the bay at one point. No HMS Repulse visited Hong Kong, let alone Repulse Bay and the 1868 Repulse served only on the west coast of the Americas and thereafter in British waters.

It is known that the name appeared on the earliest British official map of Hong Kong by Lt TB Collinson RE in 1845. However, British Admiralty charts never used the name until the 20th century, instead sticking to the quite erroneous name given by Commander Edward Belcher RN in his 1841 survey, Chonghom Bay; the source of the name remains unknown. In 1898 the Hong Kong Golf Club opened in the valley behind the Deep Water Bay and became a social hub. Roads were developed between the South and the North parts of Hong Kong Island and in the 1910s, Repulse Bay was developed into a beach; the Repulse Bay Hotel was built by the Kadoorie family in 1920. To attract swimmers, a bus route from Central to Repulse Bay was created, now stands as one of Hong Kong's oldest bus routes; the writer Ernest Hemingway and the American actor Marlon Brando stayed at the Repulse Bay Hotel. During the Battle of Hong Kong in World War II, Repulse Bay was an important strategic location; the Repulse Bay Hotel was used by the Japanese as a military hospital during the war.

The beach was extended artificially, thus the sand closer to the shore is coarser in texture than the sand further away. It is one of the longest beaches in Hong Kong with a length of 292 metres. American actors William Holden and Jennifer Jones stayed at the Repulse Bay Hotel in 1955 when they acted there in the film "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing."Until the early 1960s, residential buildings were quite restricted. Three blocks of six storey apartments were developed by Dr. P. P. Chiu and his brother P. W. Chiu, part way up the mountain overlooking Repulse Bay; these were luxury apartments with servants' quarters, with only two apartments per floor in Blocks A and B. Apartments in Block C are smaller. For a long time, these were the only apartments allowed on the mountain; these included properties on Repulse Bay Road and South Bay Road, according to a record of projects by architect Luke Him Sau — the earliest of which dates back to 1952. Occupying the whole of the west side cliff above the beach was a large castle with a swimming pool and tennis court called Eucliffe, one of three castles owned by the millionaire Eu Tong Sween.

The Eucliffe structure and historical site was demolished to make way for a row of low apartments. The Repulse Bay area is one of the most expensive housing areas in Hong Kong. Tencent's CEO Pony Ma bought a house there for US$57 million in 2014. In 2018 twin townhouses were sold for HK$1 billion or about HK$90,000 per square foot. In 2018 Li Ka-shing, the richest man in Hong Kong, was living near Repulse Bay; the former Repulse Bay Hotel was demolished in 2 stages during the 1980s. A boutique shopping mall was constructed on part of the old hotel site to mimic some of the lost colonial architecture. Emperor International Holdings Limited bought Lido Mall at Repulse Bay and renamed it The Pulse, but due to its expansion to five storeys and 143,000 sq ft, it was in negotiations with the government over the land premium. On 15 May 2012, Emperor announced an agreement with the government with the land premium at HK$798 million. Emperor would put The Pulse up for lease after receiving the occupation permit.

The 143,000-square-foot, five-storey shopping mall would be rented out at HK$50 to HK$60 per square foot. The Pulse was opened in 2016. Repulse Bay Beach Kwun Yam Shrine The Repulse Bay Repulse Bay is served by Repulse Bay Road, which connects Wong Nai Chung Gap Road and Tai Tam Road, it is convenient for people to travel to Repulse Bay as there are many bus routes reaching the bay. Visitors can take bus no. 6, 6A, 6X, 66 or 260 from Central, 63, 65 from Causeway Bay and North Point, or 73 from Cyberport and Aberdeen. Minibus 40, 52 are available for visitors travelling from Causeway Bay and Aberdeen respectively. Transportation either passes through the Aberdeen Tunnel, or travels along the longer scenic route. Beach-goers may opt to drive there; the beach provides some parking space, the nearby Repulse Bay Hotel has parking facilities. There are no MTR stations in Repulse Bay, nor commenced there. Author Eileen Chang's novel, Love in a Fallen City is set at the Repulse Bay Hotel. List of areas of Hong Kong Tourism in Hong Kong Media related to Repulse Bay, Hong Kong at Wikimedia Commons

Jeff Godfrey

Jeffrey Godfrey IV is an American football wide receiver, a free agent. Godfrey played for the University of Central Florida Knights, he led the Knights to the Conference USA Championship in his freshman year, becoming the first true freshman quarterback to win an FBS conference championship game. Following his sophomore year, Godfrey transitioned to the wide receiver position. Godfrey was born to Jeffrey Godfrey, Jr. and Roshanda Spencer in Miami, Florida on January 1, 1992. Godfrey attended high school at Miami Central High School, located in Miami, Florida, he graduated as the leading passer in Miami-Dade County history with 7,251 yards, beating the previous record set by Jacory Harris of Miami Northwestern. In high school, Godfrey was rated as one of the top quarterbacks in Florida, amongst the nation's top 10 dual-threat quarterbacks. Due to his performance, Godfrey has been called "Mr. Dade Football". During his senior year, he committed to UCF, he chose the Knights over Florida State, Georgia, Michigan, Ohio State, Oregon, USF and FIU.

Jeff Godfrey enrolled as a freshman in January 2010, participated in spring practice. At the start of the season he was second on the depth chart behind starting junior quarterback Rob Calabrese. In his first appearance, Godfrey took over during an opening-game rout of South Dakota, going 6-of-7 for 65 passing yards and a touchdown, he would replace Calabrese the next week while UCF was losing to NC State. He stepped in with 5:17 to go in the third quarter, the Knights down 28–7, led UCF on two touchdown drives to pull within one score. A fumble by one of his receivers on the third drive ended their comeback hopes with a 28–21 loss. Godfrey went 7-of-10 for 107 yards, rushed for 53 yards, scoring both touchdowns himself. Godfrey became the starting quarterback in the third game of the season against Buffalo, but with the understanding that he would still be splitting time with Rob Calabrese. Head coach George O'Leary felt it was important for Godfrey to watch a more experienced quarterback work as well before giving him full control of the offense.

Godfrey ended up 15-of-24 with 130 passing yards, rushed for 44 more yards. Godfrey allowed the Knights' rushing offense to do the heavy lifting while he continued to develop his passing attack as a true freshman. During a game against UAB, Godfrey took a hard hit, forcing Calabrese to step in for the remainder of the drive. Godfrey would finish the game. During UCF's game against Marshall on October 13, Calabrese was brought in to run a "Wild Knight" play, UCF's take on the Wildcat formation, he scored a touchdown, but tore his ACL in the process establishing Godfrey as starter for the remainder of the season. When UCF hosted Rice on October 23, Godfrey threw his first touchdown pass since the opener, finished 13-of-18 for 178 yards. From there he would take full control of the UCF offense, scoring two passing touchdowns in each of the next five games, while only throwing 2 interceptions the rest of the way, his signature game as a freshman would come against Houston on November 5, where he would go 15-of-19 for 294 yards with two passing touchdowns, rush for 105 yards–his first 100-yard rushing game at UCF–with one touchdown.

As a starter, Godfrey went 8–2 in the regular season placing UCF in both the AP Poll and USA Today Poll for the first time in the program's history. He led the Knights to the Conference USA title against SMU earning them an invitation to the 52nd Annual AutoZone Liberty Bowl, A clash between the Georgia Bulldogs and the UCF Knights with a final score of 10–6 UCF's first bowl win, he finished the season completing 159-of-238 passes for 2,159 yards with 13 TDs and 6 INTs, rushed for 556 yards and 10 more touchdowns. All those numbers are second-most for a true-freshman starter in UCF history behind Daunte Culpepper, his 105-yard rushing game against Houston was the highest rushing total for any quarterback. Godfrey exceeded a 200 passer rating four times, only went under 100 twice, he ended up winning the Conference USA Freshman of the Year award. Before the 2011 season, Godfrey was placed on the watch list for the Davey O'Brien National Quarterback Award, given to the nation's best quarterback.

After leading the Knights to a 5–7 record in 2011, Godfrey requested his release from the team, granted by Head Coach George O'Leary. Godfrey was allowed to rejoin the team in April 2012, though he switched positions to become a wide receiver. In 2018, Godfrey signed with the Orlando Apollos of the AAF for the 2019 season, he was waived/injured before the start of the 2019 regular season and subsequently placed on injured reserve after clearing waivers. He was waived from injured reserve on March 26, 2019. 2010 UCF Knights football team 2011 UCF Knights football team List of University of Central Florida alumni Official Biography by University of Central Florida Stats Page on ESPN.com

David T. McNab

David T. McNab is a Métis historian, he is a professor at York University and cross-appointed in the departments of Equity Studies and Humanities in the Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies. McNab works on Aboriginal land and treaty rights issues as a claims advisor. McNab has a Bachelor of Art in History from Waterloo Lutheran University A Master of Arts in History from McMaster University and a PhD from the University of Lancaster where he wrote his dissertation on the topic of "Herman Merivale and the British Empire, 1806-1874: with special reference to British North America, Southern Africa and India." McNab has published extensively on historical and contemporary issues related to Indigenous history, land claims and governance, both in article and book form. His book "No Place for Fairness" provides an account of the history of Indigenous land claims in Ontario, he has worked as a claims advisor for a number of Indigenous groups and is an active consultant on a range of Indigenous issues.

He was the Aboriginal Historical Consultant for TV Ontario on an hour long documentary on "Legend and Memory: Ontario First Nations", which aired March 29, 2002. This documentary was nominated for a Gemini Award, he has worked as a treaty and historical advisor for a number of communities, such as Bkejwanong First Nations, Mohawks of Akwesasne, Algonquins of Golden Lake. In 2017, McNab was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. McNab, David. Circles of time: aboriginal land rights and resistance in Ontario. Waterloo, Ont: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 978-0-8892-0338-9. McNab, David. No place for fairness: indigenous land rights and policy in the Bear Island case and beyond. McGill-Queen's northern series. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-3587-9. Blockades and resistance: studies in actions of peace and the temagami blockades of 1988-89. Aboriginal studies series. Bruce W. Hodgins, David McNab, Ute Lischke. Waterloo, Ont: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. 2003.

ISBN 978-0-88920-381-5. CS1 maint: others Dickason, Olive Patricia. Canada's first nations: a history of founding peoples from earliest times. Don Mills, Ont: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-542892-6. McNab, David. Da. Waab. Jig. Earth, water and fire: studies in Canadian ethnohistory. Waterloo, Ont: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 978-0-88920-297-9. McNab, David. Walking a tightrope: aboriginal people and their representations. Aboriginal studies series. Waterloo, Ont: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 978-0-88920-460-7

American League

The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or the American League, is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League, a minor league based in the Great Lakes states, which aspired to major league status, it is sometimes called the Junior Circuit because it claimed Major League status for the 1901 season, 25 years after the formation of the National League. At the end of every season, the American League champion plays in the World Series against the National League champion. Through 2019, American League teams have won 66 of the 116 World Series played since 1903, with 27 of those coming from the New York Yankees alone; the New York Yankees have won 40 American League titles, the most in the league's history, followed by the Philadelphia/Kansas City/Oakland Athletics and the Boston Red Sox. A minor league known as the Western League which existed 1885 to 1899, with teams in Great Lakes states, the newly organized Western League developed into a rival major league after the previous American Association disbanded after ten seasons as a competitor to the older National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, founded in 1876.

In its early history of the late 1880s, the minor Western League struggled until 1894, when Ban Johnson became the president of the league. Johnson led the Western League into elevation as claiming major league status and soon became the president of the newly renamed American League of Professional Baseball Clubs in 1901; the American League was founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin at the former Republican Hotel by five Irishmen. A historical marker is at the intersection of North Old World 3rd Street and West Kilbourn Avenue where the hotel once stood. George Herman Ruth, noted as one of the most prolific hitters in Major League Baseball history, spent the majority of his career in the American League with the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees; the American League has one notable difference versus the rival National League, in that in modern times since 1973 it has had the designated hitter rule. Under the rule, a team may use a batter in its lineup, not in the field defensively, replacing the pitcher in the batting order, compared to the old rule that made it mandatory for the pitcher to bat.

In the last two decades, the season schedule has allowed occasional interleague play. Until the late 1970s, league umpires working behind home plate wore large, balloon-style chest protectors worn outside the shirt or coat, while their brethren in the National League wore chest protectors inside the shirt or coat. In 1977, new umpires had to wear the inside chest protector, although those on staff wearing the outside protector could continue to do so. Most umpires made the switch to the inside protector, led by Don Denkinger in 1975 and Jim Evans the next year, although several did not, including Bill Haller, Lou DiMuro, George Maloney, Jerry Neudecker, who became the last MLB umpire to use the outside protector in 1985. In 1994, the league, along with the National League, reorganized again, into three divisions and added a third round to the playoffs in the form of the American League Division Series, with the best second-place team advancing to the playoffs as a wild-card team, in addition to the three divisional champions.

In 1998, the newly franchised Tampa Bay Devil Rays joined the league, the Arizona Diamondbacks joined the National League: i.e. each league each added a fifteenth team. An odd number of teams per league meant that at least one team in each league would have to be idle on any given day, or alternatively that odd team out would have had to play an interleague game against its counterpart in the other league; the initial plan was to have three five-team divisions per league with inter league play year-round—possibly as many as 30 interleague games per team each year. For various reasons, it soon seemed more practical to have an number of teams in both leagues; the Milwaukee Brewers agreed moving from the AL Central to the NL Central. At the same time, the Detroit Tigers were moved from the AL East to the AL Central, making room for the Devil Rays in the East. Following the move of the Houston Astros, in the NL for 51 years since beginning as an expansion team in 1962, to the American League in 2013, both leagues now consist of 15 teams, a far cry from their original 8 for the first half-century of the 20th century.

For the first 96 years, American League teams faced their National League counterparts only in exhibition games or in the World Series. Beginning in 1997, interleague games have been played during the regular season and count in the standings; as part of the agreement instituting interleague play, the designated-hitter rule is used only in games where the American League team is the home team. There were eight charter teams in 1901, the league's first year as a major league, the next year the original Milwaukee Brewers moved to St. Louis to become the St. Louis Browns; these franchises constituted the league for 52 seasons, until the Browns moved to Baltimore and took up the name Baltimore Orioles. All eight original franchises remain in the American League, although only four remain in the original cities (Detroit, Boston, and

The Incredulity of Father Brown

The Incredulity of Father Brown is a collection of eight stories by G. K. Chesterton, the third-published collection featuring the fictional detective Father Brown, it was first published as a book in 1926 by Cassell of London, whose monthly Cassell's Magazine featured the last of the eight stories in its April number, illustrated by Stanley Lloyd. The 8 stories in this collection are: "The Resurrection of Father Brown" "The Arrow of Heaven" "The Oracle of the Dog" "The Miracle of Moon Crescent" "The Curse of the Golden Cross" "The Dagger with Wings" "The Doom of the Darnaways" "The Ghost of Gideon Wise"According to The FictionMags Index, the first story was original to the collection; the scene begins with an American journalist named Paul Snaith critically assessing Father Brown's church and the other clerics there. He changes his mind to please the famous businessman, who walks in with a lavish respect for the Church. Snaith goes on a journalistic quest to make Father Brown's name great.

Meanwhile in South America, Brown begins to resent his growing fame and after dealing with his growing workload, he goes out on a walk at night. During this walk, as he passes under a bridge, he is attacked by two mysterious men and left injured or killed; the story shifts over to John Adams Race, an electrical engineer from America, hired by Mendoza to improve the same small South American town in which Father Brown resides. Race, Chesterton says, is a man, attached to his Protestant and American background, despite not being devoted to them, in spite of himself, Race sees in Father Brown a reminder of what he loves about his upbringing; the story flashes back to show Race looking out his window to see Father Brown pass by in the night, soon followed by two other men. Race identifies these men as a physician who attended to Mendoza. Race follows the two men out of suspicion, after they both disappear under the bridge after Brown does, where there are sounds of a fight. A mob identifies Father Brown to be dead.

As Race nears the bridge, Snaith comes out to confirm the story and describe what appears to have happened. As Race looks at the body of Brown, near the body claims to have no part in the murder. Mendoza and Dr. Calderon enter the scene as well, again pronounce Father Brown dead. A funeral is held for the simple priest, in which Mendoza decides to give a drawn-out speech. In his ramblings, he attacks all atheists, is soon in a fiery argument with Alvarez, who rages against resurrection of the dead in part of his argument. Snaith silences the two by claiming. Father Brown sits up and the mob attending the funeral becomes a frenzy of excitement about the event. Father Brown tries without success to calm the crowd, but when he is unable, he runs to the telegraph office to send to the Bishop's secretary that there was no miracle that had happened. John Race walks Father Brown back to the church, where Brown begins to attempt to solve his own murder case; as Brown describes his assault, he seems to indicate.

He says the weapons used against him never hit him, but instead he seemed to collapse and faint of some unknown source. He mentions to Race that the wine from Eckstein may have been drugged, Race, who started as a druggist before coming to engineering, confirms the suspicion. In a flash of intuition, Brown realizes the schemes of his would-be murderers and recounts the details to Race; the plan was to fake the priest's death debunk it in order to show Brown as a sham. Brown concludes, saying he must go thank God that he was saved from disgrace and that he had so contacted the Bishop with an unknowing counter-claim to the antagonists' plot against him and inviting Race to a drink of un-drugged wine; the story opens with Father Brown stepping off of a ship into America. He is assaulted by journalists finally, upon answering their many questions, spoke with a tall man in goggles; the man introduced himself as Norman Drage. The goggled man rambled on a little while and the simple priest was left confused.

Soon the two were driving with Captain Peter Wain down the road, as Wain and Drage recounted stories of two recent murders connected with a mystical "Coptic cup" by a notorious man known only as Daniel Doom. An associate of Wain's uncle came into possession of this cup; as Wain explains, the previous two owners began receiving threatening letters from Doom before their murders, at the death of the last victim, the widow was forced to sell many possessions the family had owned. When the three arrive at Merton's enormous mansion, just as they are about to enter, Drage stops and says that Merton would be too happy to see him, leaves. Father Brown is curious at this behavior and as he surveys the house, notes with a surprise how guarded it is. Wain describes how important Merton is to the world and how vital it is that he is protected while Father Brown laments how caged he must be; as the pair is about to go into a safe-room to meet with Mr. Merton, Wain's uncle and Merton's lawyer walk out, having just talked with him about business for a while.

Soon Mr. Wilton comes

Wayfarers Arcade

Wayfarers Arcade is a Grade II listed structure located in the seaside town of Southport, Merseyside on the famous boulevard of Lord Street in the town centre. The arcade is a near untouched building with the glass dome and Victorian shop fronts below it, creating a shopping arcade; the Arcade first opened in October 1898 and was called the Leyland Arcade, after Southport MP, Sir Herbert Leyland. The arcade was the idea of John Humphrey Plummer, a Victorian entrepreneur, who at the time owned most of the shops on Lord Street, his idea was to create an indoor shopping area. Due to the existing shops on Lord Street providing him with a good income, he did not want to lose the rent from any of them by decreasing their size; this is the reason for the narrow entrance to the arcade. In 1939 during the outbreak of World War II, the domed roof was painted black as part of blackout precautions, the tropical fish aquarium was removed from the arcade to save electricity. During the 1950s the arcade was purchased by a tailors business'Montague Burton', so the arcade was renamed From Leyland Arcade to the Burton Arcade.

While under ownership by Burtons major restoration took place by replacing original pitch pine block floor with asphalt. In 1976 the Wayfarers Arcade head lease was acquired by Anthony Pedlar and renamed Wayfarers Arcade; the design of the building is Victorian, with a domed and barrel-vaulted glass roof, supported by decorative iron work, with some stained glass windows and mahogany shop fronts that have been unaltered since the day the arcade opened. There are at least thirty shops; the upper shopping level features balconies that stretches the majority of the building's length, which can be accessed from three staircases in the arcade. In the past the arcade has housed brass band concerts on the bandstand, an aquarium and since the 1970s has featured a solid bronze statue of the famous local Grand National racehorse, Red Rum. In 2009 a new cafe opened in the centre of the shops. During the 1980s major investments were completed to restore the central dome in roof and surrounding units that were part of Wayfarers Arts.

Further investments in 2001 took place to replace the 13m span, barrel vaulted glazed roof, which makes it one of the largest in the UK. Between 2004 and 2007 investments were focused on replacing and French polishing the mahogany shop fronts in the arcade, standardising the sign writing in a heritage font and colours while improving signage for visitors. In 2008 the 1950s asphalt floor was replaced with new terrazzo tiles, incorporating original mosaic edging and new design features. After the work was finished a party was held in the Arcade, to celebrate the final part of £2m investment