Repulsion is a 1965 British psychological horror film directed by Roman Polanski and based on a story by Polanski and Gérard Brach, who wrote the screenplay with David Stone. It stars Catherine Deneuve as a young, withdrawn woman who finds sexual advances repulsive and after she is left alone in her apartment, becomes more isolated and detached from reality. Shot in London, it is Polanski's first English-language film and second feature-length production, following Knife in the Water; the film debuted at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival before receiving theatrical releases internationally. Upon its release, Repulsion received considerable critical acclaim and is considered one of Polanski's greatest works; the film was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Gilbert Taylor's cinematography. Carol Ledoux, a beautiful Belgian manicurist, lives in London with her older sister Helen. Carol struggles in her daily interactions. A suitor, makes fervent attempts to court her. Carol is troubled by her sister's relationship with a man named Michael.
She is unable to sleep. When Carol walks home from work, she is bothered by a crack in the sidewalk. Colin happens upon her and she struggles to respond when he talks to her, he drives her home and tries to kiss her several times but she pulls away, running upstairs and vigorously brushing her teeth before weeping. Helen confronts Carol for throwing away Michael's belongings; the next morning, Helen leaves to go on holiday in Italy with Michael. At home, Carol takes the rabbit out of the fridge. Instead of cooking it, she is distracted by a number of things around the apartment, including a used article of Michael's clothing. About to throw it away, she vomits. After trying on one of her sister's dresses, she sees a dark figure in the mirror; that night, she hears footsteps outside her bedroom. One morning she walks away, causing it to overflow; as she turns on a light, the wall cracks open. She again hears footsteps; this time, she hallucinates that a man rapes her. She is awoken in the hallway by a phone call from Colin but she hangs up.
Carol misses three days of work. As she is giving a manicure, she is sent home early; the uncooked rabbit's head is in her purse. At the apartment, she looks at an old family photo and the wall behind the photograph shatters like a mirror. Colin shows up but she refuses to open the door and he breaks in, he declares his love but she clubs him with a candlestick. She places Colin's corpse in the bathtub. In bed, she goes through the same rape hallucination, she wakes up the next morning, naked on the floor. Hands appear out of the walls, pulling at her. After a disturbing phone call, she cuts the cord; the landlord breaks into the rent past overdue. She pays him, he propositions her, offering to forget about the rent, makes an aggressive pass at her but she hacks him to death with Michael's straight razor. She sinks deeper into hallucination; when Helen and Michael arrive home, Helen is dismayed at the state of the place. Michael sees Colin's dead body. Helen finds Carol under her bed in a catatonic state.
Her neighbours flood carries her out, smiling. The final scene pans over items in the apartment, settling on a family photo showing Carol as a child staring at something else while others in the photo smile for the camera; the story for Repulsion was conceived by Polanski and Gérard Brach, who wrote an outline of the script in Paris. According to Polanski, the film was shot on a modest budget of £65,000. To finance the film and producer Gene Gutowski approached Paramount Pictures and British Lion Films, but both companies refused. Polanski and Gutowski signed a contract with Compton Pictures, a small distribution company, known for its distribution of softcore pornography films; the film was shot in black and white by Gilbert Taylor, who had worked on Dr. Strangelove and A Hard Day's Night. Taylor photographed the apartments of female friends in Kensington for inspiration; the film is unusual for being a scary movie. It explores the repulsion Carol feels about human sexuality in general and her suitors' pursuit of her in particular.
It has been suggested that the film hints that her father may have sexually abused her as a child, the basis of her neuroses and breakdown. Other critics have noted Carol's repeated usage of items related to her sister's boyfriend Michael, as well as noting that his presence provokes Carol at the beginning of the film; the film approaches the theme of boundary breaking, with Tamar McDonald stating that she saw Carol as refusing to conform to the expected "path of femininity". It adopts the perspective of its protagonist; the dream sequences are intense. Repulsion was the first instalment in Polanski's "Apartment Trilogy", followed by Rosemary's Baby and The Tenant, both of which are horror films that take place inside apartment buildings. Film critic Bosley Crowther of The New York Times gave the film a positive review stating, "An absolute knockout of a movie in the psychological horror line has been accomplished by Roman Polanski in his first English-language film." Jim Emerson, filling in for Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times, included the film in his list entitled "102 Movies You Must See Before...".
Upon the film's release to DVD, Dave Kehr reviewed the film for The New York Times praising the film's t
Wilson Martindale Compton was a long-time trade association executive for the timber industry and the fifth president of the State College of Washington, now Washington State University. Wilson M. Compton was born October 15, 1890, in Wooster, the son of Elias Compton and Otelia Augspurger Compton, his father was a Presbyterian minister as well as dean and professor of philosophy at the College of Wooster. Wilson was the second of three brothers, the others being Karl Taylor Compton and Arthur Compton, both physicists and university presidents. All three brothers graduated from the College of Wooster and earned their Ph. D. degrees at Princeton University. Their sister was Mary Elesia Compton. Wilson Compton earned his doctoral degree from the department of history and economics at Princeton University in 1915, he taught economics for one year at Dartmouth College before going to work for the Federal Trade Commission. During this period, he wrote several papers on the economic challenges facing the nation's lumber industry.
In 1918, the National Lumber Manufacturers Association, a trade group now merged into the American Forest and Paper Association, was reorganized and invited Compton to become its first secretary-manager. He held that post until 1944, building the organization into a prominent one with substantial power in the lumber industry. On August 21, 1944, the Board of Regents of the State College of Washington, today Washington State University, named Wilson M. Compton as the college's fifth president, succeeding President Ernest O. Holland who retired after 28 years of service. Compton led the institution through a period of growth following World War II as military veterans used their GI Bill benefits to attend college. Under his leadership, many academic and administrative aspects of the college were modernized, an Institute of Agricultural Sciences and an Institute of Technology were established to enhance services to the industries of Washington State. Major buildings added to serve the growing campus were the Todd Hall classroom building, Dana Hall engineering building, Holland Library, the student union building that would carry Compton's name.
In April 1951, in the midst of a state financial crisis, the Compton presidency ended. Between 1952 and 1953, Compton was Director of the International Information Administration, the forerunner of the United States Information Agency, within the Department of State. WSU history professor George A. Frykman depicted the Compton presidency as "a brief but exciting era in which the institution moved toward university status" in his centennial history, "Creating the People's University: Washington State University, 1890-1990." The Student Union Building at WSU, built during 1950-1952, was dedicated to President Wilson M. Compton at Homecoming in 1952, becoming the Compton Union Building or CUB. On May 9, 1964, Princeton trustees named one of two Graduate College quadrangles the Compton Quadrangle, honoring the three Compton brothers: Karl who had served as president of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Wilson, president of Washington State University and Arthur who been chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis.
On December 29, 1916, Wilson M. Compton married Helen Harrington, daughter of Newton Ross Harrington and Laura Belle Case, they had four children: Wilson M. Compton, Catherine Ross Compton, Ross Harrington Compton, Helen Case Compton. Works by or about Wilson Martindale Compton at Internet Archive Profile as Past President of Washington State University Wilson Martindale Compton Papers and Biographical Note Wilson Compton Records, 1944-1952, Washington State University The Compton Collection, The College of Wooster, with family history, photographs Grave in Wooster Cemetery Wooster, Wayne County, Ohio, USA
Artemis Fowl and the Last Guardian, known in America as Artemis Fowl: The Last Guardian is the eighth and final novel in Eoin Colfer's Artemis Fowl series. Colfer had alluded to the novel being the final entry when he stated that the previous book, The Atlantis Complex, was the penultimate in the series; the Last Guardian was released 10 July 2012 by Disney Hyperion. The novel received positive reviews, winning the award for the 2012 Senior Irish Children's Book of the Year. Just as Artemis leaves his final session of therapy for Atlantis Complex, he and Butler are summoned by Holly to the office of Commander Trouble Kelp, where they witness the next plan of Opal Koboi, her past self's death creates a paradox, causing Opal's creations from the past five years to violently explode. To prevent the destruction of Atlantis, Opal's prison, the Fairies place Opal in the containment chamber of a nuclear reactor; the blast destroys most Fairy technology, which Koboi labs had controlled or created, human technology, since black market Koboi chips had been used in their development and construction.
As explosions throughout the world blow out most vehicles, buildings and cell phones, killing many people in the process, human communication systems shut down, the human world falls into chaos. During her stay in the nuclear reactor, Opal furthers her ability to use black magic and opens The Berserker's Gate, a portal located on the Fowl estate, behind which dwell the spirits of fairy soldiers killed in the Battle of Taillte, an ancient war fought nearly ten thousand years previously; the spirits rise and possess Beckett and Myles, Artemis's twin brothers, Juliet and woodland critters. Queen Bellico is the spirit possessing Juliet; when Artemis and Butler arrive on the estate after a last-minute escape from Haven, they try to foil Opal's plan, but they end up in hiding with Mulch Diggums, trying to rob Fowl Manor. After several more battles, Bellico permanently cripples Butler's heart with a bolt of Opal's black magic, Mulch rides a rampaging troll to assist Artemis' plan to prevent Opal from opening the second gate with a laser cannon from a solar plane Artemis developed in a shed.
Artemis and Holly release some of the spirits to heaven. Using Opal's dying clone, which Opal had created in The Opal Deception, Artemis closes the second lock on the Berserker's Gate, since only Opal's genetic fingerprint can close the second lock forever; the possessed humans are released, but not before the group's leader, Oro Shaydova, uses Beckett's body to kill Opal once and for all. The closing of the second lock destroys all fairies within the boundaries, killing Artemis due to the fairy eye he received from Holly in The Lost Colony. Six months in a recovered human world, Foaly clones Artemis using DNA from Artemis' saliva from when he kissed Holly's forehead just before he began the final plan to stop Opal. Artemis's soul, which clung on through sheer willpower and intellect at the Fowl Estate inhabits the mindless clone; as a result of Artemis' resurrection, he has suffered heavy temporary memory loss. Holly begins to tell the clone the story of how she met the original Artemis, starting the opening line of the first book in the series: "It all started in Ho Chi Minh City one summer.
It was sweltering by anyone's standards. Needless to say, Artemis Fowl would not have been willing to put up with such discomfort if something important had not been at stake. Important to the plan..." Colfer stated that he wanted the novel to deal with Artemis' transformation "from being a selfish criminal to a hero, prepared to sacrifice everything for a good cause." Colfer had intended the series to be a trilogy but wrote more novels since the series spawned more ideas. He "decided that I could only write a book about Artemis if the story was strong enough, so I planned one at a time. After eight, I concluded it was time to move on." Critical reception for The Last Guardian was positive. Kirkus Reviews praised the book, writing: "Colfer pits his resourceful crew against an army of killer bunnies and decomposed corpses. All this is on the way to a smashing set of climactic twists and turns, just deserts and life-changing sacrifices." Entertainment Weekly gave the book a grade of "A−" and wrote that "pseudo science, overly complex schemes, the requisite dwarf flatulence jokes abound, but the heart of the series remains with Artemis and his evolution from spoiled but brilliant teenager to thoughtful, self-sacrificing, still brilliant young adult."
The Irish Times commented on the series' international popularity, attributing it to the series' "quick-moving and charged narratives" and "mischievous sense of humour," and states the final volume was "particularly successful in delineating young Artemis’s move away from self-regard". Sharon O'Niell of Irish Independent praised the book as "a unique creation, blending fairytales and folklore with hi-tech gadgetry" and further wrote: " one of the best in the series and will not disappoint young fans; the ending is appropriately climactic – and to give anything away would be far more criminal than anything Artemis has got up to in the past." Another positive review came from Philippine Daily Inquirer's Ruel De Vera, who wrote: "Eoin Colfer's'Artemis Fowl and the Last Guardian' is a most fitting final caper for the ever-planning young genius who brought the readers along with him as he went for mere smart bad person into something much, much more."The Last Guardian won the 2012 Irish Book Award