Reston is a census-designated place in Fairfax County, Virginia. Founded in 1964, Reston was influenced by the Garden City movement that emphasized planned, self-contained communities that intermingled green space, residential neighborhoods, commercial development; the intent of Reston's founder, Robert E. Simon, was to build a town that would revolutionize post–World War II concepts of land use and residential/corporate development in suburban America. In 2018, Reston was ranked as the Best Place to Live in Virginia by Money magazine for its expanses of parks, golf courses, bridle paths as well as the numerous shopping and dining opportunities in Reston Town Center; the U. S. Census Bureau estimated Reston's population to be 60,070 as of December 2017. In the early days of Colonial America, the land on which Reston sits was part of the Northern Neck Proprietary, a vast grant by King Charles II to Lord Thomas Fairfax that extended from the Potomac River to the Rappahannock; the property remained in the Fairfax family until they sold it in 1852.
Carl A. Wiehle and William Dunn bought 6,449 acres in northern Fairfax County along the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad line in 1886 dividing the land between them, with Wiehle retaining the acreage north of the railroad line. Wiehle envisioned founding a town on the property, including a hotel and community center, but completed only a handful of homes before his death in 1901. Wiehle's heirs sold the land, which changed hands several times before being purchased by the A. Smith Bowman family, who built a bourbon distillery on the site. By 1947, the Bowmans had acquired the former Dunn tract south of the railroad, for total holdings of over 7,000 acres. In 1961, Robert E. Simon used funds from his family's recent sale of Carnegie Hall to buy most of the land, except for 60 acres on which the Bowman distillery continued to operate until 1987. Simon launched Reston on April 10, 1964 and named the community using his initials, he laid out seven "guiding principles" that would stress quality of life and serve as the foundation for its future development.
His goal was for Restonians to live and play in their own community, with common grounds and scenic beauty shared regardless of income level, thereby building a stronger sense of community ties. The initial motto of the community, as articulated by Simon, was "Work, Live" Simon's seven principles are: The town should provide a variety of leisure opportunities, including a wide range of cultural and recreational facilities as well as an environment for privacy. Simon envisioned Reston as a model for clustered residential development known as conservation development, which puts a premium on the preservation of open space and wildlife habitats. Indeed, Reston was the first 20th-century private community in the U. S. to explicitly incorporate natural preservation in its planning. Simon hired the architectural firm of Rossant to design his new community; the plans for Reston were designed by architect James Rossant, who studied under Walter Gropius at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, his partner William J Conklin.
From the outset and Conklin's planning conceptualized the new community as a unified and balanced whole, including landscapes, recreational and commercial facilities, housing for what was envisioned to be a town of 75,000. For Lake Anne Plaza, the first of Reston's village centers, the architects combined a small shopping area with a mix of single-family houses and apartments next to a manmade lake featuring a large jet fountain. Close by were the cubist townhouses at Hickory Cluster, designed by noted modernist architect Charles M. Goodman in the International Style. Lake Anne included an elementary school, a gasoline station, two churches as well as an art gallery and several restaurants; the first section of a senior citizens' residence facility, the Lake Anne Fellowship House, was completed several years later. Reston welcomed its first residents in late 1964. During the community's first year, its continued development was covered in such major media publications as Newsweek, Life Magazine, the New York Times, which featured the new town in a front-page article extolling it as "one of the most striking communities" in the United States.
From early in Reston's conception and development, Robert Simon ran into financial difficulties as sales in the new community flagged. To keep his project going, he accepted a loan of $15 million from Gulf Oil that allowed him to pay off his creditors. So, sales were sluggish as Simon's reluctance to compromise on his high standards for building designs and materials meant that a townhouse in Reston could cost as much as a single-family house elsewhere in Fairfax County. By 1967, Gulf Oil formed Gulf Reston, Inc. to manage the community. Gulf retained many of Simon's employees and continued to adhere to the spirit of the original Reston master plan as envisioned by Simon. During the
The 200 metres at the 2006 Commonwealth Games as part of the athletics programme were held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Wednesday 22 March and Thursday 23 March 2006. The top three runners in each of the initial eight heats automatically qualified for the second round; the next eight fastest runners from across the heats qualified. Those 32 runners competed in 4 heats in the second round, with the top four runners from each heat qualifying for the semifinals. There were two semifinals, only the top four from each heat advanced to the final. Going into the event, the top ten Commonwealth athletes as ranked by the International Association of Athletics Federations were: All times shown are in seconds. Q denotes qualification by place in heat. Q denotes qualification by overall place. DNS denotes did not start. DNF denotes did not finish. DQ denotes disqualification. NR denotes national record. GR denotes Games record. WR denotes world record. PB denotes personal best. SB denotes season best. Results
Crawford State Park Heritage Site is a 40-acre Washington state park located 11 miles north of Metaline on the Canada–United States border in Pend Oreille County. The park preserves Gardner one of the longest natural limestone caves in the state; the cave is 2,072 feet feet in length and has stalactites, rimstone pools, flowstone. The park offers cave tours on a seasonal basis; the cave is named for Ed Gardner, said to have discovered it around 1899. The park is named for William Crawford who came into possession of the property and deeded it to the state in 1921. Crawford State Park Heritage Site Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Gardner Cave: Crawford State Park Heritage Site Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission