The Pirates of Penzance
The Pirates of Penzance. The opera's official premiere was at the Fifth Avenue Theatre in New York City on 31 December 1879, where the show was well received by both audiences and critics, its London debut was on 3 April 1880, at the Opera Comique, where it ran for 363 performances, having been playing for more than three months in New York. The story concerns Frederic, having completed his 21st year, is released from his apprenticeship to a band of tender-hearted pirates, he meets Mabel, the daughter of Major-General Stanley, the two young people fall in love. Frederic soon learns, that he was born on the 29th of February, so, technically, he has a birthday only once each leap year, his indenture specifies that he remain apprenticed to the pirates until his "twenty-first birthday", meaning that he must serve for another 63 years. Bound by his own sense of duty, Frederic's only solace is that Mabel agrees to wait for him faithfully. Pirates was the fifth Gilbert and Sullivan collaboration and introduced the much-parodied "Major-General's Song".
The opera was performed for over a century by the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company in Britain and by many other opera companies and repertory companies worldwide. Modernized productions include Joseph Papp's 1981 Broadway production, which ran for 787 performances, winning the Tony Award for Best Revival and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical, spawning many imitations and a 1983 film adaptation. Pirates remains popular today, taking its place along with The Mikado and H. M. S. Pinafore as one of the most played Gilbert and Sullivan operas; the Pirates of Penzance was the only Gilbert and Sullivan opera to have its official premiere in the United States. At the time, American law offered no copyright protection to foreigners. After the pair's previous opera, H. M. S. Pinafore, achieved success in London in 1878 150 American companies mounted unauthorised productions that took considerable liberties with the text and paid no royalties to the creators. Gilbert and Sullivan hoped to forestall further "copyright piracy" by mounting the first production of their next opera in America, before others could copy it, by delaying publication of the score and libretto.
They succeeded in keeping for themselves the direct profits of the first American production of The Pirates of Penzance by opening the production themselves on Broadway, prior to the London production, they operated profitable US touring companies of Pirates and Pinafore. However, Gilbert and their producer, Richard D'Oyly Carte, failed in their efforts, over the next decade, to control the American performance copyrights to Pirates and their other operas. Fiction and plays about pirates were ubiquitous in the 19th century. Walter Scott's The Pirate and James Fenimore Cooper's The Red Rover were key sources for the romanticised, dashing pirate image and the idea of repentant pirates. Both Gilbert and Sullivan had parodied these ideas early in their careers. Sullivan had written a comic opera called The Contrabandista, in 1867, about a hapless British tourist, captured by bandits and forced to become their chief. Gilbert had written several comic works that involved bandits. In Gilbert's 1876 opera Princess Toto, the title character is eager to be captured by a brigand chief.
Gilbert had translated Jacques Offenbach's operetta Les brigands, in 1871. As in Les brigands, The Pirates of Penzance absurdly treats stealing as a professional career path, with apprentices and tools of the trade such as the crowbar and life preserver. While Pinafore was running at the Opera Comique in London, Gilbert was eager to get started on his and Sullivan's next opera, he began working on the libretto in December 1878, he re-used several elements of his 1870 one-act piece, Our Island Home, which had introduced a pirate "chief", Captain Bang. Bang was mistakenly apprenticed to a pirate band as a child by his deaf nursemaid. Bang, like Frederic in The Pirates of Penzance, had never seen a woman before and felt a keen sense of duty, as an apprenticed pirate, until the passage of his twenty-first birthday freed him from his articles of indenture. Bernard Shaw believed that Gilbert drew on ideas in Les brigands for his new libretto, including the businesslike bandits and the bumbling police.
Gilbert and Sullivan inserted into Act II an idea they first considered for a one-act opera parody in 1876 about burglars meeting police, while their conflict escapes the notice of the oblivious father of a large family of girls. As in Pinafore, "there was a wordful self-descriptive set-piece for Stanley, introducing himself much as Sir Joseph Porter had done... a lugubrious comic number for the Sergeant of Police... a song of confession for Ruth, the successor Little Buttercup", romantic material for Frederic and Mabel, "ensemble and chorus music in turn pretty and atmospheric."Gilbert and Carte met by 24 April 1879 to make plans for a production of Pinafore and the new opera in America. Carte travelled to New York in the summer of 1879 and made arrangements with theatre manager John T. Ford to present, at the authorised productions, he returned to London. Meanwhile, once Pinafore became a hit in London, the author and producer had the financial resources to produce future shows themselves, they executed a plan to free themselves from their financial backers in the "Comedy Opera Company".
Carte formed a new partnership with Gilbert and Sullivan to divide profits among themselves after the expenses of each of their shows. In November 1879, Gilbe
A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base. Teen idols are young but not teenaged. Teen idols are actors or musicians; some teen idols began their careers like Lindsay Lohan. The idol's popularity may extend to all age groups. Many teen idols are targeted for adults for nostalgia purposes. There were teen idols before there were teen magazines, but idols have always been a permanent feature in magazines such as Seventeen, 16, Tiger Beat and Right On! in the United States, in similar magazines elsewhere. With the advent of television, teen idols were promoted through programs such as American Bandstand, The Ed Sullivan Show, Soul Train, in the UK, Top of the Pops. Today's teen idols have spawned an entire industry of gossip magazines, television shows, YouTube, social media, whole television channels such as E!. Many American teen idols achieve "cross-over" success internationally. In Asia, idols range from Japanese pop megastars Ayumi Hamasaki and Namie Amuro as well as Kana Nishino and Japanese music groups such as Momoiro Clover Z, Morning Musume, AKB48, Perfume and Johnny & Associates boy bands Arashi, NEWS, KAT-TUN, Hey!
Say! JUMP among others while Chinese pop icon Jay Chou, music groups F4 and Lollipop F, South Korean singers BoA and Rain and music groups BTS, TVXQ, 2PM, 2AM, Shinee, Super Junior, 2NE1, Big Bang, Wonder Girls, T-ara and Girls' Generation are examples. In Latin America, idols ranges from Mexican pop stars Timbiriche, Lynda Thomas, Puerto Rican born Mexican Luis Miguel and the popular Puerto Rican boy band Menudo in the 1980s and 1990s, Paty Cantú, Belinda, Ha^Ash, RBD in the 2000s and 2010s. Besides, former Menudo member Ricky Martin, their chief rivals Los Chicos and former member Chayanne, Venezuelan actor and singer Guillermo Davila and more, to Argentina, where telenovela, ushered in a new era of teen-idols for that country, including actors Benjamin Rojas, Felipe Colombo, Luisana Lopilato, Camila Bordonaba, who went on to form teen band Erreway, precursors to Mexican band RBD. In Spain, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Miguel Bose and Hombres G all enjoyed teen-idol status. In the Middle East, idols range from Lebanese-born singer Nancy Ajram and Egyptian-born Tamer Hosny.
In the past, young sports icons and Olympic athletes during their competitive times were considered teen idols such as Jean-Claude Killy, Peggy Fleming, Caitlyn Jenner, Joe Namath, Dorothy Hamill, Mark Spitz, Jim Craig, Nadia Comăneci, Mary Lou Retton, Michael Jordan, Dominique Moceanu, Michelle Kwan, Carly Patterson, Shawn Johnson, Simone Biles, Nastia Liukin, Michelle Wie, Mia Hamm, Ryan Lochte, Michael Phelps, Missy Franklin, Katie Ledecky, Shaun White, Apolo Ohno, Tom Daley, McKayla Maroney, Gabby Douglas, Red Gerard, Chloe Kim. In the 1990s and the 2000s, Vitamin C, known for her songs "Graduation" and "As Long as You're Loving Me", became a teen idol. In the late 2000s, bands like Lillix, KSM, Clique Girlz became teen pop idols and have a teenage fanbase; the first known person to have been treated as a teen idol was Franz Liszt, the Hungarian pianist who, in the 1840s, drew such a following among young women that the term "Lisztomania" soon came to describe the phenomenon. The kind of idolizing following Liszt drew in Europe would not be followed for several decades.
Geraldine Farrar, American opera singer, had a large following of young women nicknamed "Gerry-flappers" in the early 20th century. Rudy Vallée, who became a major success in 1929 with hits like "Honey" and "Deep Night", may have been the first American popular singer to have been idolised by hundreds of teen-aged girls at sold-out concerts, he was possibly the first popular singer to have a star vehicle created for him: The Vagabond Lover. Frank Sinatra, whose early career in the 1940s is linked to his appeal to bobby soxers, is regarded as having been amongst the first teen idols; the great success of young rock stars like Elvis Presley and Pat Boone, film stars like Marlon Brando, Paul Newman, James Dean, Tab Hunter, Sal Mineo in the 1950s, as well as the wider emergence of youth subcultures, led promoters to the deliberate creation of teen idols such as singers Frankie Avalon, Fabian Forte, Frankie Lymon, Connie Stevens. Crooners like Dean Martin and Frank Sinatra were still considered idols and rather handsome.
Actors Edd Byrnes and Troy Donahue and other artists deliberately cultivated a idol image, like Paul Anka. Anka modelled himself on a particular generic type, the teen idol carried on the process... of changing the image of male youth... from wild to mild, by providing a cleaner, more wholesome image of masculinity than that of the previous era's rebellious rockabilly heroes.... Post-war teens were able to buy inexpensive phonographs — including portable models that could be carried to friends' houses — and the new 45-rpm singles. Rock music played on 45s became the soundtrack to the 1960s as people bought what they heard on the radio; the great majority of the music being marketed to 1950s teens was being written by adults, but 1960s teens were appreciating and emulating artists closer to their own age, to teen fashion, to lyrics which addressed their own concerns. Their parents worried about their attraction to artists who were rebellious. Faces on magazines fed fans. Marketing of the teen ido
"Everlasting Love" is a song written by Buzz Cason and Mac Gayden a 1967 hit for Robert Knight and since remade several times, most by the Love Affair, as well as Town Criers, Carl Carlton, Sandra. In 1989, U2 released a version of "Everlasting Love" as a B-side on various formats of the "All I Want Is You" single; the original version of "Everlasting Love" was recorded in Nashville by Robert Knight, whose producers Buzz Cason and Mac Gayden aimed to record him in a Motown style with especial reference to the Four Tops and the Temptations. "Everlasting Love" was released as an A-side for Knight and reached #13 in 1967. Subsequently, the song has reached the US Top 40 three times, most by Carl Carlton, who peaked at #6 in 1974, with more moderate success afforded remakes by Rex Smith and Rachel Sweet and Gloria Estefan. In the UK "Everlasting Love" was covered by the Love Affair: with a standout vocal performance by Steve Ellis it achieved #1 status in January 1968; that version eclipsed the Robert Knight original, which stalled at #40, although it was reissued in 1974 and reached #19 UK.
In 1968, a cover by the Australian group, Town Criers, reached #2 in the Australian charts. A 1981 duet version, sung by Rex Smith and Rachel Sweet, reached #35 UK, in the 1990s "Everlasting Love" reached the UK Top 20 three times via remakes by Worlds Apart, Gloria Estefan and, most a charity single by the cast from Casualty that reached #5 in 1998. In 2004, Jamie Cullum reached #20 with his version. Thus, "Everlasting Love" is one of two songs to become a Billboard Hot 100 top 40 hit in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and the only song to become a UK top 40 hit in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, always – with the exception of the 1980s – reaching the UK top 20. In 1987, the rendition of "Everlasting Love" by Sandra reached the Top 20 in at least eight territories, going Top 10 in four, her version reached UK #45 in early 1989, affording "Everlasting Love" its second UK Top 50 incarnation of the decade. The versions of the song by Love Affair, Rex Smith and Rachel Sweet, Worlds Apart, Gloria Estefan saw multinational chart action, strong for the Love Affair version.
As early as 1968, "Everlasting Love" was remade for the country music market by Hank Locklin, who charted at #57. Narvel Felts would make the song a major C&W hit in 1979. Just prior to the release of Jamie Cullum's 2004 version, Buzz Cason theorized on his composition's appeal: "It's an uplifting song, with a real positive feeling, it's danceable. I think people get a lift from it; when it comes to that chorus it just lets go." The original version of "Everlasting Love" was recorded at Fred Foster Sound Studio in Nashville. According to Cason, the track "had some different sounds on it that, for the time period, were kind of innovative; the string sound is a farfisa organ that Mac came up with, we used a lot of echo." Robert Knight recalls: "Buzz was into country but Mac was R&B...so we made it more of an R&B song like the rhythm and melody Mac had. I practiced on with Mac, as he had written the song for my voice and made it mine. Mac used his bandmates: Kenny Buttrey, Norbert Putnam, Charlie McCoy and himself on guitar."
The background vocals on the song were performed by Carol Montgomery. Robert Knight recalls that he heard "Everlasting Love" for the first time at the actual recording session: "I didn’t sing it the written I made some changes to fit my voice, I didn’t do it note for note, they had the melody going too fast, it was jamming, it wasn’t doing right, it wasn’t sounding right. So I started. I start singing a half: ` hearts-go-a-stray' -- like that, it wasn’t like that in the beginning, I think that's what got'Everlasting Love' off the ground." Although Buzz Cason and Mac Gayden had written "Everlasting Love" to serve as the B-side for their composition "The Weeper" which Robert Knight would record the next day, the hit potential of "Everlasting Love" was evident at the end of that recording session, it was the last-named song, issued as Knight's single in July 1967. "The Weeper" would in fact never be released, the track "Somebody's Baby" serving as the B-side for "Everlasting Love". Debuting on the Billboard Hot 100 dated September 30, 1967, "Everlasting Love" had reached #1 in Philadelphia and Detroit by the time of its Top 40 debut on October 21, 1967.
Cason - " drove...the promotion guys nuts since it hit in one market several weeks pop up somewhere else." The track spent its second week at its Hot 100 peak of #13 on the chart dated December 2, 1967 dropped off the Hot 100 over the next three weeks. The R&B chart peak of "Everlasting Love" was #14. In its original release, Knight's "Everlasting Love" lost out in the UK to a cover by Love Affair, although Knight's version did spend two weeks at #40 UK in January 1968. In the spring of 1974, Knight's "Everlasting Love" had a second UK release to follow up the Top Ten success of the reissue of Knight's "Love on a Mountain Top". An airplay staple on American oldies radio stations, Knight's "Everlasting Love" has become a "cult favorite" of the beach music scene. In a 2011 interview, Buzz Cason stated that the Robert Knight original of "Everlasting Love" remained Cason's favourite version of the song: "I just think Robert's was the one that had the magi
UK Singles Chart
The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company, on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is defined by the Official Charts Company as either a'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence; the rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.
The OCC website contains the Top 100 chart. Some media outlets only list the Top 75 of this list; the chart week runs from 00:01 Friday to midnight Thursday, with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from 00:01 Sunday to midnight Saturday; the Top 40 chart is first issued on Friday afternoons by BBC Radio 1 as The Official Chart from 16:00 to 17:45, before the full Official Singles Chart Top 100 is posted on the Official Charts Company's website. A rival chart show, The Vodafone Big Top 40, is based on iTunes downloads and commercial radio airplay across the Global Radio network only, is broadcast on Sunday afternoons from 16:00 to 19:00 on 145 local commercial radio stations across the United Kingdom; the Big Top 40 is not regarded by the industry or wider media. There is a show called "Official KISS Top 40", counting down 40 most played songs on Kiss FM every Sunday 17:00 to 19:00; the UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in 1952.
According to the Official Charts Company's statistics, as of 1 July 2012, 1,200 singles have topped the UK Singles Chart. The precise number of chart-toppers is debatable due to the profusion of competing charts from the 1950s to the 1980s, but the usual list used is that endorsed by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and subsequently adopted by the Official Charts Company; the company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart and the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969 as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February 1969, where multiples of competing charts coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; the first number one on the UK Singles Chart was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino for the week ending date 14 November 1952. As of the week ending date 18 April 2019, the UK Singles Chart has had 1352 different number-one hits; the current number-one single is "Someone You Loved" by Lewis Capaldi.
Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States, where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July 1940. Record charts in the UK began in 1952, when Percy Dickins of the New Musical Express gathered a pool of 52 stores willing to report sales figures. For the first British chart Dickins telephoned 20 shops, asking for a list of the 10 best-selling songs; these results were aggregated into a Top 12 chart published in NME on 14 November 1952, with Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" awarded the number-one position. The chart became a successful feature of the periodical. Record Mirror compiled its own Top 10 chart for 22 January 1955; the NME chart was based on a telephone poll. Both charts expanded in size, with Mirror's becoming a Top 20 in October 1955 and NME's becoming a Top 30 in April 1956. Another rival publication, Melody Maker, began compiling its own chart.
It was the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample. Record Mirror began running a Top 5 album chart in July 1956. In March 1960, Record Retailer had a Top 50 singles chart. Although NME had the largest circulation of charts in the 1960s and was followed, in March 1962 Record Mirror stopped compiling its own chart and published Record Retailer's instead. Retailer began independent auditing in January 1963, has been used by the UK Singles Chart as the source for number-ones since the week ending 12 March 1960; the choice of Record Retailer as the source has been criticised. With available lists of which record shops were sampled to compile the charts some shops were subjected to "hyping" but, with Record Retailer being less followed than some charts, it was subject to less hyping. Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a smaller sample size than some ri
Peru the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE; the Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a viceroyalty that encompassed most of its South American colonies, with its capital in Lima.
Peru formally proclaimed independence in 1821, following the military campaigns of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar, the decisive battle of Ayacucho, Peru secured independence in 1824. In the ensuing years, the country enjoyed relative economic and political stability, which ended shortly before the War of the Pacific with Chile. Throughout the 20th century, Peru endured armed territorial disputes, social unrest, internal conflicts, as well as periods of stability and economic upswing. Alberto Fujimori was elected to the presidency in 1990. Fujimori left the presidency in 2000 and was charged with human rights violations and imprisoned until his pardon by President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2017. After the president's regime, Fujimori's followers, called Fujimoristas, have caused political turmoil for any opposing faction in power causing Pedro Pablo Kuczynski to resign in March 2018; the sovereign state of Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. It is classified as an emerging market with a high level of human development and an upper middle income level with a poverty rate around 19 percent.
It is one of the region's most prosperous economies with an average growth rate of 5.9% and it has one of the world's fastest industrial growth rates at an average of 9.6%. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing and fishing; the country forms part of The Pacific Pumas, a political and economic grouping of countries along Latin America's Pacific coast that share common trends of positive growth, stable macroeconomic foundations, improved governance and an openness to global integration. Peru ranks high in social freedom. Peru has a population of 32 million, which includes Amerindians, Europeans and Asians; the main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine and music; the name of the country may be derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama City, in the early 16th century.
When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú. An alternative history is provided by the contemporary writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca princess and a conquistador, he said the name Birú was that of a common Indian happened upon by the crew of a ship on an exploratory mission for governor Pedro Arias de Ávila, went on to relate more instances of misunderstandings due to the lack of a common language. The Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru. Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, which became Republic of Peru after independence; the earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to 9,000 BC. Andean societies were based on agriculture, terracing.
Organization relied on reciprocity and redistribution because these societies had no notion of market or money. The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BC; these early developments were followed by archaeological cultures that developed around the coastal and Andean regions throughout Peru. The Cupisnique culture which flourished from around 1000 to 200 BC along what is now Peru's Pacific Coast was an example of early pre-Incan culture; the Chavín culture that developed from 1500 to 300 BC was more of a religious than a political phenomenon, with their religious centre in Chavín de Huantar. After the decline of the Chavin culture around the beginning of the 1st century AD, a series of localized and specialized cultures rose and fell
Miss Universe 1982
Miss Universe 1982, the 31st Miss Universe pageant, was held on 26 July 1982 at the Coliseo Amauta in Lima, Peru. 77 contestants competed in the pageant and Karen Dianne Baldwin of Canada crowned by Irene Saez of Venezuela. This is the first time. David Merrick Cicely Tyson - actress Mario Vargas Beulah Quo - actress Ron Duguay - NHL player and actor Franco Nero - actor Peter Marshall - TV game show host Carole Bouquet - actress Dong Kingman Erich von Furstenberg David Copperfield - American magician Gladys Zender - Miss Universe 1957 winner New Caledonia Last competed in 1979: El Salvador SurinameLast competed in 1980: Indonesia Papua New Guinea Sint Maarten Cyprus – Sylvia Spanias Nitsa Fiji Gibraltar Saint Kitts Tahiti Lebanon – Dolly Michelle El-Koury West, Donald. "Miss Universe 1982". Pageantopolis.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Miss Universe official website
The Love Boat
The Love Boat is an American comedy/drama television series set on luxury passenger cruise ship S. S. Pacific Princess, which aired on the ABC television network from May 5, 1977 until May 24, 1986; the series revolves around the ship's captain Merrill Stubing and a handful of its crew, with several passengers—played by various guest star actors for each episode—having romantic and humorous adventures. It was part of ABC's popular Saturday-night lineup of the time, which included Fantasy Island until that series ended two years earlier in 1984; the original 1976 made-for-TV movie on which the show was based was itself based on the nonfiction book Love Boats by Jeraldine Saunders, a real-life cruise director on a passenger cruise ship line. It was followed by two more TV-made-for movies, all before the series began its first season in September 1977; the executive producer for the series was Aaron Spelling, who produced several TV series for Four Star Television, American Broadcasting Company from the 1960s into the 1980s.
In 1997, the episode with segment titles "Hidden Treasure", "Picture from the Past", "Ace's Salary" was ranked No. 82 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time from TV Guide magazine. The Love Boat ran for nine seasons plus four specials. Another made-for-TV movie, titled The Love Boat: A Valentine Voyage, starring four of the original cast members, aired on February 12, 1990. Gavin MacLeod as Captain Merrill Stubing Bernie Kopell as Dr. Adam "Doc" Bricker, ship's physician Fred Grandy as Burl "Gopher" Smith, yeoman purser Ted Lange as Isaac Washington, yeoman purser Lauren Tewes as Julie McCoy, cruise director Jill Whelan as Vicki Stubing, the captain's daughter Ted McGinley as Ashley "Ace" Covington Evans, ship's photographer, yeoman purser Pat Klous as Judy McCoy, Julie's sister and successor as cruise director MacLeod and Lange are the only cast members to appear in every episode of the TV series as well as the last three made-for-TV movies. Grandy was in every episode throughout the run of the series, but was not in the last of the TV movies due to his 1986 campaign for the United States House of Representatives.
MacLeod was not the captain of the Pacific Princess in the first two TV movies and did not appear in them, although when his character was introduced there was a mention of his being "the new captain". Among the series' attractions was the casting of well-known actors in guest-starring roles, with many famous film stars of yesteryear making rare television appearances; the Love Boat was not the first comedy series to use the guest-star cast anthology format—Love, American Style had used the formula seven years earlier—but it had such success with the formula that future series in similar style always drew comparisons to The Love Boat. The series was followed on Saturday nights on ABC by Fantasy Island, produced by Aaron Spelling, had a similar format; the one-hour sitcom was set aboard Pacific Princess, at the time a real-life Princess Cruises cruise ship. Other ships used were the Pacific Princess twin sister vessel Island Princess, along with other cruise liners: SS Stella Solaris, MS Pearl of Scandinavia, Royal Viking Sky and Royal Princess and Sun Princess.
In 1981, P&O Cruises' line Sea Princess was used for the special two-hour episode "Julie's Wedding", set in and around Australia. Only the latter four ships still exist today; the series was filmed on sets in southern California's—20th Century Fox Studios for seasons one through five, the Old Warner Brothers Hollywood Studios for the remainder of the series. The "star of the show", the cruise ship itself, after being renamed the MS Pacific and being sold owned by another cruise line in Spain, the now-world famous Pacific Princess was retired to Turkey in 2013, where she was scrapped by a ship breaking company after no further buyer could be found. Episodes set and filmed in other European and East Asian locations became more frequent instead of the usual west coasts along the Pacific shores of the Americas as the show continued, they traditionally aired as season premieres or during the sweeps months of February and November. Another unique aspect of The Love Boat was its writing format; every episode contained several storylines, each written by a different set of writers working on one group of guest stars.
As a result, episodes ended up with ungainly titles like "Disco Baby/Alas, Poor Dwyer/After the War/Ticket to Ride/Itsy Bitsy: Part 1". Though the cast of the female detective sleuths of Charlie's Angels had been in separate episodes of the series, there was a crossover episode of the series in which the lady detectives had a case onboard the ship. On rare occasions, there were crossovers between the stories. In one episode, actors Robert Reed and Florence Henderson of The Brady Bunch, guest-starred in separate segments. In one scene, the two pass each other in a corridor, exchange a "Do I know you?" questioning do a double-take, continue on their separate ways down the hall without another word. In a one-time Fantasy Island crossover episode, the cruise ship makes a detour to deliver a tro