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Rheinmetall Air Defence

Rheinmetall Air Defence AG is a division of German armament manufacturer Rheinmetall, created when the company's Oerlikon Contraves unit was renamed on 1 January 2009 and integrated with Rheinmetall's other air-defence products. Oerlikon Contraves was a Swiss anti-aircraft artillery manufacturer famous for its adaptation of the 1916 20 mm Becker as the Oerlikon 20 mm autocannon design, used in the Second World War and still in use today. Copies and derivatives of these designs were made by German, French and Japanese weapon manufacturers. Oerlikon Contraves was purchased by Rheinmetall, a German armament manufacturer, in 1999; as of January 2009, Rheinmetall Air Defence had around 1,050 employees at locations in Switzerland, Germany and Canada. The group's sales in 2008 were about 380,000,000 Euros. Oerlikon's earliest predecessor was Schweizerische Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon, founded in the Oerlikon district of Zurich, Switzerland in 1906. In 1923 it acquired a factory in Germany, it entered the anti-aircraft defence field in 1924.

In 1936, it founded a purely anti-aircraft development company called Contraves In 1989, the Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Bührle and Contraves merged to form the Oerlikon-Contraves Group renamed Oerlikon Contraves Defence. Oerlikon Contraves was purchased by Rheinmetall, a German armament manufacturer, in 1999, renamed Rheinmetall Air Defence AG on 1 January 2009. American versions of the Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, such as the Mk 4, Mk 10, Mk 24, were used extensively from World War II to the Vietnam War. Used as anti-aircraft weapons by the US Navy, they were the last line of defence against kamikaze attacks. Most combat ships from aircraft carriers to PT boats were equipped with Oerlikon guns. During the Vietnam War they were employed by riverine forces as anti-personnel weapons, they remained in service until the 1970s. Oerlikon developed the following surface-to-air missiles: the RSA Missile, the RSD 58, the Kriens RSC Missile. Rheinmetall Air Defence specializes in naval air defence, their products include search-and-tracking sensors, 35 mm air-defence guns, command-and-control posts, battle management and ship-based combat systems.

Search and Acquisition Radar: Oerlikon X-TAR3D/M Radar and Electro Optical Tracking Modules: Oerlikon TMX/EO NT and Oerlikon TMX/EO Mk2 Naval Gun Systems: Rheinmetall Oerlikon Millennium Gun Command and Control: Oerlikon Seaguard Command and Control Console and Oerlikon Weapon Control Module Ground Based Air Defence Unit: Oerlikon Skyshield Mobile Air Defence: Oerlikon Skyranger Oerlikon GDF 35 mm caliber twin cannon Air Defence Anti-Tank System LLM01 laser light module for firearms RSA Missile RSD 58 RSE Kriens SNORA and SURA-D rockets Mosquito Oerlikon KBA 25 mm automatic cannon Oerlikon Contraves subsidiary Oerlikon Transtec manufactured railcar and locomotive systems, including locomotive brakes and electric train power conversion systems, other subsidiary systems for mass-transit vehicles. As of October 2010, Rheinmetall's website no longer lists these products as part of the Air Defence group. Rheinmetall Air Defence is one of six companies that were blacklisted by India's Ministry of Defence in March 2012 for their involvement in a bribery scandal.

The companies are accused of bribing the Director General of Ordnance Factories Board, Sudipta Ghosh. RAD and the other firms have been barred from any dealings with the OFB and all other Indian defence companies, as well as being blacklisted from participating in any Indian defence contract, for a period of 10 years. RAD has claimed. Rheinmetall Air Defence was implicated in a corruption case in India along with arms dealer Abhishek Verma and his wife Anca Verma lodged by anti-corruption agency of India, the CBI in 2012 for bribing defence officials for securing multi billion dollar weapons contracts of the Indian military establishment. RAD Chairman Bodo Garbe and General Manager Gerhard Hoy were issued summons of the Indian courts. Subsequently a red-corner notice was issued for their detention through Interpol; the case at present is under trial in Indian courts. 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Gun Air Force Center "Fliegermuseum Dübendorf" Hugo Schneider: Armament and equipment of the Swiss Army since 1817: light and medium anti-aircraft air defence anti-aircraft missiles, Volume 12 of armament and equipment of the Swiss Army since 1817, Author Publisher Stocker-Schmidt, 1982 Rheinmetall-DeTec, parent company Official site


Mentallo is a fictional supervillain, a mutant appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. After having been fired for cause after attempting a covert S. H. I. E. L. D. Takeover, he has since operated as both a freelance criminal and subversive and a high-ranking agent of HYDRA, he is depicted as using technology to increase his power. Mentallo first was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Marvin Flumm was born in North Dakota, he once worked as a shoe salesman. As a mutant telepath of moderate ability, Mentallo was recruited by the original S. H. I. E. L. D. as a candidate for their ESP Division. However, he teamed with the Fixer in an attempt to take over S. H. I. E. L. D. Clashing with Nick Fury for the first time, he served as a division leader in the HYDRA fragment led by Silvermane. Mentallo teamed with the Fixer again, they placed Deathlok under their control, they attempted to make the U. S. President their slave, but were thwarted by the Fantastic Four. Mentallo and the Fixer were employed by HYDRA again, but Mentallo was rendered comatose by the Micronauts.

In Professor Power's custody, Mentallo battled Professor X on a psychic plane. Mentallo was captured by the Super-Adaptoid but he was rescued by the Avengers; as Think Tank, he was a member of the Resistants, an incarnation of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants. The Resistants opposed the Mutant Registration Act. Think-Tank fought Captain America, he was imprisoned, resumed his Mentallo identity. He started a mass breakout at the Vault by using Venom due to Truman Marsh's treatment. However, his powers were amplified and used by Iron Man to compel the escapees to surrender, he directed an unsuccessful attack on the Hulk and the Thing. Mentallo attended the A. I. M. Weapons exposition. Mentallo once worked for the Red Skull and partnered with the Juggernaut in a successful attempt to brainwash the Hulk to attack the Avengers. Mentallo managed to mentally impersonate bully into submission. Shortly after the events of World War Hulk, Mentallo was among the members of Hood's Crime Syndicate, he remained with them.

Some time after, Mentallo was hired by MODOK to be part of a supervillain heist squad. Due to his psychic powers, he realized MODOK created a psychic illusion of money to secure everyone's loyalty, MODOK secretly told him the "full extent" of the plans would be revealed to him, several other villains. Mentallo decided that instead he was going to sell the villain out to whoever stumped up the cash. After noticing the Chameleon had a telepathic shield and Spider-Man's powers and Spider-Sense, he went to offer to betray MODOK's plans to the Avengers for cash. For Mentallo, it wasn't Spider-Man at all but A. I. M.'s Ultra-Adaptoid. He was presumed dead, but Mentallo was revealed to be alive when he appeared at Ryker's Island to inform the Fantastic Four and S. H. I. E. L. D. About the New Defenders. In Secret Invasion, a person who look likes Mentallo appears as part of the Hood's alliance with super-powered heroes; the group is intent on defeating the Skrull invasion force of New York City. He was seen, during an attack on the New Avengers.

During the Dark Reign storyline, Norman Osborn has Mentallo torture Clint Barton for the New Avengers' location. During the Heroic Age storyline, Mentallo once again encountered the Avengers, he attempted to control Reptil's mind. Mentallo is unable to control the reptillian mind. Reptil was unable to control himself as well, Mentallo is badly savaged as a result. Mentallo psychically enslaved the Kaiju monsters of Monster Island on behalf of the Roxxon Corporation, he was stopped and defeated by the X-Men, after he double-crossed Roxxon and tried to flee with his professional fee of a billion dollars. While attempting to flee, one of the giant monsters dropped a cargo hold directly on top of him, which contained the entire billion dollars in cash. Mentallo appears as part of the new High Council of A. I. M. as the Minister of Public Affairs. During the Avengers: Standoff! storyline, Mentallo was an inmate of Pleasant Hill, a gated community established by S. H. I. E. L. D. After escaping recent confinement Marvin would turn up in the service of William Stryker, whom had ascended to become a demon lord in pursuit of his anti-mutant goals after his fall.

Mentallo would trade his own soul to the now demonized reverend for greater power and in exchange he would found a cult of the wealthy elite as well as mutants and mutant affiliates to fund a fast trending movement of followers all brought under their flag through his bolstered mutant abilities. Marvin would be seen amongst a host of mutants, both heroes and villains, being welcomed into the sovereign state of Krakoa by the reborn Charles Xavier. Mentallo has telepathy and can read the thoughts of any human mind within an approximate five mile radius, he has the ability to project "mental bolts" at opponents, create psionic screens to protect himself from psionic assault, control the bodies and minds of other sentients, communicate telepathically, cast mental illusions and psychically possess the bodies of others. Mentallo has difficulty focusing his powers on moving targets, he is unusually vulnerable to psionic attack unless he

Seneca River (South Carolina)

The Seneca River is created by the confluence of the Keowee River and Twelvemile Creek in northwestern South Carolina, downriver from Lake Keowee near Clemson. It is now inundated by Lake Hartwell, forming a 21-mile-long arm of the lake; the Seneca River and the Tugaloo River join to form the Savannah River. The boundary between the Seneca River and the Keowee River has changed over time. In the Revolutionary War period, the upper part of the Seneca River was called the Keowee River. In current times, the section of the Keowee River between the Keowee Dam and its confluence with Twelvemile Creek is called the Seneca River on many maps, including the official county highway map. Since this area is flooded by Lake Hartwell formed by damming the Seneca and Tugaloo rivers, it is natural to refer this section as the Seneca instead of its proper name

Emanuele Spinozzi

Emanuele Spinozzi is an Italian football player. He plays for Pistoiese. Born in Rome, Spinozzi was a youth exponent of Roma. On 1 July 2017, Spinozzi was signed by Serie C side Pontedera on a season-long loan deal. On 3 September he made his Serie C debut for Pontedera as a substitute replacing Riccardo Mastrilli in the 71st minute of a 1–0 away defeat against Lucchese. One week on 10 September, he played his first entire match for Pontedera, a 1–1 home draw against Giana Erminio. Three months on 10 December, Spinozzi scored his first professional goal and the winning goal of the match in the 62nd minute of a 1–0 away win over Prato. Spinozzi ended his season-long loan to Pontedera with 30 appearances, including 23 as a starter, 1 goal. On 20 July 2018, Spinozzi was loaned to Serie C club Piacenza on a season-long loan deal. On 30 September he made his Serie C debut for Piacenza as a substitute replacing Alessio Sestu in the 88th minute of a 3–0 home win over Pisa. Two weeks on 14 October, Spinozzi played his first match as a starter, a 1–1 away draw against Albissola, he was replaced after 79 minutes by Jacopo Silva.

His loan was terminated during the 2018–19 season winter break and Spinozzi returned to Roma leaving Piacenza with only 6 appearances, including only 1 as a starter, however he remained an unsed substitute 16 times during this loan. On 30 January 2019, Spinozzi was loaned to Teramo on a 6-month loan. Ten days on 9 February, he made his debut for the club as a substitute replacing Lorenzo De Grazia in the 80th minute of a 1–0 home win over Rimini. Two weeks on 23 February, Spinozzi played his first match as a starter for the club, a 3–1 away win over Ravenna, he was replaced after 60 minutes by Lorenzo De Grazia. On 24 March he played his first entire match for Teramo, a 2–1 away win over Giana Erminio. Spinozzi ended his loan including 7 as a starter. On 21 August 2019, Spinozzi joined to Serie C club Pistoiese on an undisclosed fee and he signed a 2-year contract. Four days on 25 August, he made his debut for the club as a substitute replacing Antonio Tartaglione in the 46th minute of a 2–1 home defeat against AlbinoLeffe.

On 21 September, Spinozzi played his first match as a stater for Pistoiese, a 1–1 home draw against Como, he was replaced by Alessandro Bordin in the 80th minute. Four days on 25 September, he played his first entire match for the club, a 0–0 home draw against Renate. Spinozzi represented Italy at under-18 level; as of 1 December 2019 Roma Primavera Campionato Nazionale Primavera: 2015–16 Coppa Italia Primavera: 2016–17 Supercoppa Primavera: 2017 Emanuele Spinozzi at Soccerway

Caravan city

A caravan city is a city located on and deriving its prosperity from its location on a major trans-desert trade route. The term is believed to have been coined by the great scholar of antiquity, Michael Rostovtzeff, for his work O Blijnem Vostoke, published in English for the first time by the Clarendon Press in 1932 as Caravan Cities; the English translation of the work dealt principally with Petra, Jerash and Dura in the "near east", after Rhodes and Mycenaean Greece were removed from the translation as not being caravan cities. Dura, has been considered to be more than a caravan city. Other caravan cities include Aroer in Jordan, Hatra in Iraq, Oualata in Mauritania, Damascus in Syria, Samarkand in Uzbekistan; the caravan cities of the Near East declined as the small trade states between the Roman and Persian empires were absorbed by the two, the "wall mentality" became dominant, that is, construction of defensive systems and implementation of trade through a single point, the city of Nisibis.

Caravanserai Silk road Sommer, Michael. Hatra. History and culture of a caravan city in Roman-Parthian Mesopotamia. Mainz, 2003. ISBN 3-8053-3252-1

Century Milstead

Century Allen "Wally" Milstead was a collegiate and professional American football player. He played college football at Wabash College and at Yale University, where his play earned him All-America recognition. Milstead went on to play with the professional Philadelphia Quakers of the American Football League and the New York Giants of the National Football League, he got his name for being born on the first day of the twentieth century, January 1, 1901. Milstead was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1977. Century Milstead at the College Football Hall of Fame Century Milstead at Find a Grave