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Rhodes piano

The Rhodes piano is an electric piano invented by Harold Rhodes, which became popular in the 1970s. Like a conventional piano, the Rhodes generates sound with keys and hammers, but instead of strings, the hammers strike thin metal tines, which vibrate between an electromagnetic pickup; the signal is sent through a cable to an external keyboard amplifier and speaker. The instrument evolved from Rhodes' attempt to manufacture pianos while teaching recovering soldiers during World War II. Development continued into the following decade. In 1959, Fender began marketing a cut-down version. CBS oversaw mass production of the Rhodes piano in the 1970s, it was used extensively through the decade in jazz and soul music, it was less used in the 1980s because of competition with polyphonic and digital synthesizers such as the Yamaha DX7 and an inconsistent quality control caused by cost-cutting. In 1987, the company was sold to Roland, which manufactured digital versions of the Rhodes without authorization from Harold Rhodes.

In the 1990s, the instrument experienced a resurgence in popularity, resulting in Rhodes re-obtaining the rights to the piano in 1997. Although Harold Rhodes died in 2000, the Rhodes piano has since been reissued, his teaching methods are still in use; the Rhodes piano's keyboard is laid out like a traditional acoustic piano, but some models contain 73 keys instead of 88. The keyboard's touch and action is designed to be like an acoustic piano. Pressing a key results in a hammer striking a thin metal rod called a tine connected to a larger "tone bar"; the tone generator assembly acts as a tuning fork as the tone bar reinforces and extending the tine's vibrations. A pickup sits opposite the tine, inducing an electric current from the vibrations like an electric guitar. Hitting tines does not need an external power supply, a Rhodes will make sound when not plugged into an amplifier, though like an unplugged electric guitar the sound will be weak; the Suitcase model Rhodes includes a built-in power amplifier and a tremolo feature that bounces the output signal from the piano across two speakers.

This feature is inaccurately labeled "vibrato" on some models to be consistent with the labelling on Fender amplifiers. Although the Rhodes functions mechanically like a piano, its sound is different. Vibrating tines produce a mellower timbre, the sound changes with the tine's relative position to the pickup. Putting the two close together gives a characteristic "bell" sound; the instrument has been compared with the Wurlitzer electric piano, which uses a similar technology, but with the hammers striking metal reeds. The Rhodes has a better sustain, while the Wurlitzer produces significant harmonics when the keys are played hard, giving it a "bite". Harold Rhodes started teaching piano when he was 19, he dropped out of the University of Southern California in 1929 to support his family through the Great Depression by full-time teaching. He designed a method that combined classical and jazz music, which became popular across the United States, led to an hour-long nationally syndicated radio show.

Rhodes continued to teach piano throughout his lifetime, his piano method continues to be taught today. By 1942, Rhodes was in the Army Air Corps, where he created a piano teaching method to provide therapy for soldiers recovering from combat in hospital. From scrapped airplanes, he developed miniature pianos. Rhodes won a service award for his therapy achievements and put an electric model, the Pre-Piano, into production for home use during the late 1940s. In 1959, Rhodes entered a joint venture with Leo Fender to manufacture instruments. Fender disliked the higher tones of the Pre-Piano, decided to manufacture a keyboard bass using the bottom 32 notes, known as the "Piano Bass"; the instrument introduced the design that would become common to subsequent Rhodes pianos, with the same tolex body as Fender amplifiers and a fiberglass top. The tops came from a boat manufacturer. Fender was bought by CBS in 1965. Rhodes stayed with the company, released the first Fender Rhodes piano, a 73-note model.

The instrument comprised parts — the piano, a separate enclosure underneath containing the power amplifier and loudspeaker. Like the piano bass, it was finished in black tolex, had a fiberglass top. During the late 1960s, two models of the Fender Rhodes Celeste became available, which used the top three or four octaves of the Fender Rhodes piano; the Celeste is now hard to find. The Student and Instructor models were introduced in the late 1960s, they were designed to teach the piano in the classroom. By connecting the output of a network of student models, the teacher could listen to each student in isolation on the instructor model, send an audio backing track to them; this allowed the teacher to monitor individual students' progress. In 1970, the 73-note Stage Piano was introduced as a lighter and more portable alternative to the existing two-piece style, featuring four detachable legs, a sustain pedal and a single output jack. Although the Stage could be used with any amplifier, catalogs suggested the use of the Fender Twin Reverb.

The older style piano continued to be sold alongside the Stage and was renamed the Suitcase Piano, with 88-note models available. During the 1970s various changes were made to the Rhodes' mechanics. In 1969 the hammer tips were changed to ne

Metropolis (FM album)

Metropolis is the long-awaited sixth studio album released by British AOR/hard rock band FM, their first since 1995. FM reformed in 2007 to headline Firefest IV, following Andy Barnett's subsequent departure, FM recruited new guitarist Jim Kirkpatrick in time to once again headline Firefest in October 2009 and record the new album. Metropolis was produced by the band and recorded at various studios including world-renowned Metropolis Studios in London, where famous clients include Queen and more The Who and The Black Eyed Peas. Metropolis was released 29 March 2010 by Riff City Records in the UK and on the AOR Heaven label in Europe, with tracks from the album gaining airplay on many significant radio stations, including a coveted place on the BBC Radio 2 playlist. "Wildside" - 4:57 "Hollow" - 4:05 "Unbreakable" - 5:23 "Flamingo Road" - 5:04 "Metropolis" - 1:35 "Over You" - 4:36 "Days Gone By" - 5:43 "Bring Back Yesterday" - 5:37 "I Ain't The One" - 4:51 "Don't Need Nothin'" - 4:24 "The Extra Mile" - 4:42 "Who'll Stop The Rain" - 5:24 "Still The Fight Goes On" - 7:11 "Kissed By An Angel" - 5:31 Steve Overland - lead vocals, rhythm guitar Merv Goldsworthy - bass, backing vocals Pete Jupp - drums, backing vocals Jem Davis - keyboards, backing vocals, harmonica Jim Kirkpatrick - lead guitar, backing vocals Produced by FM Mixed by Jeff Knowler, Pete Jupp Engineered by Matt Lawrence, James Ridley and Chris D'Adda Recorded at Metropolis Studios, Sonic Wizadry Studios and Vale Studios

Tucket's Gold

Tucket's Gold is a 1999 novel by Gary Paulsen. It features the main character Francis Tucket and his adopted children struggling to stay out of reach of the Comancheros. Paulsen got the idea for the character of Francis Tucket through an urge to cover the West with a single person. Tucket's Gold was first published in 1999 by Delacorte Books, it was the fourth novel in the Tucket Adventures saga and was followed by the fifth and final novel in the series, Tucket's Home. Fours years after it was first published, Random House republished it in a five-part omnibus entitled Tucket's Travels; the omnibus included the five novels from the Tucket Adventures saga which were published over a timeframe of 1994 to 2000. This book is about Tucket and his adventures to escape the Comancheros, he is in need of food and water when the story begins. He finds a deer for food and moccasins, finds gold, showing that he is having a change of fortune. Tucket's Gold was favorably received by the mainstream press, it was praised for its invigorating story.

Cranford St John SSSI

Cranford St John SSSI is a 2.8 hectare geological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Cranford St John, east of Kettering in Northamptonshire. It is a Geological Conservation Review site; this former quarry exposes rocks from the Rutland Formation and up to nearly the top of the White Limestone Formation, dating to the Middle Jurassic Bathonian stage, 169 to 166 million years ago. The site is the type section for a freshwater clay bed, thought to result from a widespread storm deposit. There is no access to the site, but the southern end can be viewed from a footpath from Cranford St John

Billy Brown (footballer, born 1950)

Billy Brown is a Scottish football player and coach. He managed East Fife and Cowdenbeath. Brown played in the Scottish Football League for Raith Rovers, he became a football coach, working at Berwick Rangers, Hearts, Bradford City and Kilmarnock with longtime colleague Jim Jefferies. Brown began his career at Hull City going on to play for Raith Rovers, his senior playing career was ended by a cruciate ligament injury at the age of 28. He continued to play at a junior level with Newtongrange Star and Musselburgh Athletic whilst with Musselburgh he became a coach. Brown became assistant manager to Jim Jefferies, an old school friend from Musselburgh Grammar School, at Berwick Rangers in 1988. Since he has followed him to Falkirk, Bradford City and Kilmarnock. After leaving Kilmarnock with Jefferies in January 2010, Brown and Jefferies returned to Hearts soon afterwards. Jefferies and Brown were sacked by Hearts on 1 August 2011. Brown was appointed assistant manager at Hibernian in September 2011.

He was made caretaker manager of the club following the dismissal of Colin Calderwood in November and was interviewed for the job. Pat Fenlon was appointed manager, but Brown was retained as assistant manager until June 2012, when his contract expired. Brown was appointed manager of East Fife in November 2012. Although East Fife struggled during the 2012–13 season, the club won the Scottish Second Division play-offs to stay in the third tier. On 5 June 2013 it was reported. Brown returned to Hearts, working as an unpaid assistant to manager Gary Locke. Hearts had entered administration and could not afford to offer a salary to an assistant coach. Brown was given a paid short-term contract in September 2013. In January 2014, Brown was informed. After a delegation of Hearts players met the club administrators, Brown was subsequently given another contract. Brown and Locke left Hearts at the end of the season. In 2017, Brown assisted Gary Locke during his time as manager of Cowdenbeath; when Locke left Cowdenbeath in July 2017 to take an ambassadorial role with Hearts, Brown was appointed Cowdenbeath manager.

However, with the side 10th in the league after one win in 10, Brown resigned from his position on 31 October 2017. As of 28 October 2017 Neil Brown

Tepecano language

The Tepecano language is an extinct indigenous language of Mexico belonging to the Uto-Aztecan language-family. It was spoken by a small group of people in Azqueltán, Jalisco, a small village on the Río Bolaños in the far northern part of the state, just east of the territory of the Huichol people. Most related to Southern Tepehuán of the state of Durango, Tepecano was a Mesoamerican language and evinced many of the traits that define the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area. So far as is known, the last speaker of Tepecano was Lino de la Rosa, still living as of February 1980. Research on Tepecano was first carried out by the American linguistic anthropologist John Alden Mason in Azqueltán from 1911 to 1913; this work led to the publication of a monographic grammatical sketch in 1916 as well as an article on native prayers in Tepecano that Mason had collected from informants in 1918. Field-research was conducted by American linguist Dennis Holt in 1965 and from 1979 to 80, but none of his results have so far been published.

Tepecano is an agglutinative language, where words use suffix complexes for a variety of purposes with several morphemes strung together