click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Rhys ap Gruffydd

Rhys ap Gruffydd or ap Gruffudd was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south Wales from 1155 to 1197. Today, he is known as The Lord Rhys, in Welsh Yr Arglwydd Rhys, although this title may have not been used in his lifetime, he used the title "Proprietary Prince of Deheubarth" or "Prince of South Wales", but two documents have been discovered in which he uses the title "Prince of Wales" or "Prince of the Welsh". Rhys was one of the most successful and powerful Welsh princes, after the death of Owain Gwynedd of Gwynedd in 1170, the dominant power in Wales. Rhys's grandfather, Rhys ap Tewdwr, was king of Deheubarth, was killed at Brecon in 1093 by Bernard de Neufmarché. Following his death, most of Deheubarth was taken over by the Normans. Rhys's father, Gruffydd ap Rhys was able to become ruler of a small portion, more territory was won back by Rhys's older brothers after Gruffydd's death. Rhys became ruler of Deheubarth in 1155, he was forced to submit to King Henry II of England in 1158.

Henry stripped Rhys of all his lands and took him prisoner. A few weeks he was released and given back a small part of his holdings. Rhys made an alliance with Owain Gwynedd and, after the failure of another invasion of Wales by Henry in 1165, was able to win back most of his lands. In 1171 Rhys made peace with King Henry and was confirmed in possession of his recent conquests as well as being named Justiciar of South Wales, he maintained good relations with King Henry until the latter's death in 1189. Following Henry's death Rhys revolted against Richard I and attacked the Norman lordships surrounding his territory, capturing a number of castles. In his years Rhys had trouble keeping control of his sons Maelgwn and Gruffydd, who maintained a feud with each other. Rhys captured a number of castles; the following year he was buried in St David's Cathedral. Rhys was the fourth son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, ruler of part of Deheubarth, by his wife Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd, daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd.

His next older brother was Maredudd ap Gruffydd, there were older brothers and Maelgwn, who were killed in battle with their mother in 1136. He had two older half-brothers and Cadell, from his father's first marriage. Rhys married daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, the last Prince of all Powys, his grandfather, Rhys ap Tewdwr, had been king of all Deheubarth until his death in 1093. Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed in Brycheiniog, most of his kingdom was taken over by Norman lords. Gruffydd ap Rhys was forced to flee to Ireland, he returned to Deheubarth and ruled a portion of the kingdom, but was forced to flee to Ireland again in 1127. When Rhys was born in 1132, his father held only the commote of Caeo in Cantref Mawr; the death of King Henry I of England, the ensuing Anarchy arising from the rival claims of Stephen and Matilda to the English throne, gave the Welsh the opportunity to rise against the Normans. A revolt spread through south Wales in 1136, Gruffydd ap Rhys, aided by his two eldest sons and Cadell, defeated the Normans in a battle near Loughor, killing over five hundred.

After driving Walter de Clifford out of Cantref Bychan, Gruffydd set off to Gwynedd to enlist the help of his father-in-law, Gruffudd ap Cynan. In the absence of her husband, Gwenllian led an army against the Norman lordship of Cydweli, taking along her two oldest sons and Maelgwn, she was killed by an army commanded by Maurice de Londres of Oystermouth Castle. Morgan was killed and Maelgwn captured. Gruffydd formed an alliance with Gwynedd, in 1136 the sons of Gruffudd ap Cynan, Owain Gwynedd and Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, led an army to Ceredigion, their combined forces won a decisive victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr. Ceredigion was reclaimed from the Normans, but was annexed by Gwynedd as the senior partner in the alliance. Gruffydd ap Rhys continued his campaign against the Normans in 1137, but died that year; the leadership of the family now passed to Rhys's half-brother Anarawd ap Gruffydd. In 1143, when Rhys was eleven, Anarawd was murdered, a death arranged for by Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, brother of Owain Gwynedd, king of Gwynedd.

Owain punished Cadwaladr by depriving him of his lands in Ceredigion. Anarawd's brother, Cadell ap Gruffydd, took over as head of the family. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, rebuilt Carmarthen castle in 1145 began a campaign to reclaim Ceredigion, he built a castle in the commote of Mabudryd, but Cadell, aided by Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd who held Ceredigion for Gwynedd, destroyed it in 1146. Rhys appears in the annals for the first time in 1146, fighting alongside his brothers Cadell and Maredudd in the capture by assault of Llansteffan Castle; this was followed by the capture of Wiston in 1147, Carmarthen in 1150 and Loughor in 1151. In 1151 Cadell was attacked while out hunting by a group of Norman and Flemish knights from Tenby, left for dead, he survived, but suffered injuries which left him unable to play an active role, in 1153 he left on a pilgrimage to Rome. Maredudd became ruler of Deheubarth and continued a campaign, begun in 1150, aimed at recovering Ceredigion, held by Gwynedd since 1136.

Maredudd and Rhys were able to drive Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd from Ceredigion by 1153. The same year Rhys is recorded as an independent commander for the first time, leading an army to capture the Norman castle of St Clears. Maredudd and Rhys destroyed the castles at Tenby and Aberafan that year. Maredudd died in 1155 at the age of left Rhys as ruler of Deheubarth. Around t

Raymond Barion

Raymond Barion is a Dutch artist who lives and works in Antwerp, Belgium. For the past 40 years he has been making art in the form of paintings and work on paper. Barion studied sculpture at the National Institute for Fine Arts in Antwerp en and achieved a master's degree in Art History at Ghent University. After he graduated in 1974, he became a professor of contemporary art at the Academy of Art and Design St. Joost in Breda, the Netherlands. Barion worked here until his retirement in 2010. Barion has made, next to his part-time job as a professor, several drawings and paintings, his paintings are very large and painted with the airbrush technique. His paintings contain other architectural elements. In the 1980s Barion exhibited at the Technical University of Delft, the Technical University of Eindhoven, Freidus/Ordover Gallery in New York and the International Cultural Center in Antwerp. In 2014 he had a solo exhibition at Extra City Kunsthal in Antwerp, his solo exhibition Isometric Landscapes at Upstream Gallery in Amsterdam got attention in the Dutch media.'Parallel Perspectives', Kunstfort bij Vijfhuizen'Less is a Bore', KAI 10, Arthena Foundation, Düsseldorf'Isometric Landscapes', Upstream Gallery Amsterdam'Machines Célibataires: 100 jaar later', Pictura Tekengenootschap, Dordrecht'Of Lenses and Arenas', Extra City Kunsthal, Antwerpen'Isometrische Landschappen', Technische Universiteit Eindhoven'Machinale Metamorfosen', Technische Universiteit Delft Website Upstream Gallery, die Raymond Barion vertegenwoordigt Website Extra City Antwerpen

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – UEFA Group C

The 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification UEFA Group C was a UEFA qualifying group for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. The group comprised Germany, Republic of Ireland, Faroe Islands and Kazakhstan; the group winners, qualified directly for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Sweden placed among the eight best runners-up and advanced to the play-offs, where they were drawn to play home-and-away matches against Portugal. However, they lost both thus failed to qualify for the World Cup. Germany went on defeating Argentina in the final; the dates for fixtures were decided at a meeting held in Frankfurt, Germany, on 17–18 November 2011. The dates were not ratified by FIFA and a new schedule was announced on 5 December 2011 with new dates for the two matches between Austria and the Faroe Islands. There were 101 goals scored in 30 matches for an average of 3.37 goals per match. 8 goals 6 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 own goal Results and schedule for UEFA Group C Results and schedule for UEFA Group C

Herbie Lovelle

Herbie Lovelle was an American drummer, who played jazz, R&B, folk. He was a studio musician and an actor. Lovelle's uncle was the drummer Arthur Herbert. Lovelle began his career with the trumpeter and band leader Hot Lips Page in the late 1940s played in the 1950s with the saxophonist Hal Singer, Johnny Moore's Three Blazers and the pianist Earl Hines. Through working for both Lucky Thompson and Jimmy Rushing of Count Basie's Orchestra, he became house drummer at the Savoy Ballroom in New York City for much of the 1950s, he toured with the tenor saxophonist Arnett Cobb and the pianist Teddy Wilson in 1954. In 1959 he contributed to the pianist Paul Curry's album Paul Curry Presents the Friends of Fats, released on the Golden Crest label. In the early years of television, he performed with the King Guion Orchestra on the Jerry Lester Show and the Ed Sullivan Show. In 1966, he was the lead drummer for the Sammy Davis, Jr. TV show. Lovelle began playing more R&B in the 1950s and worked as a studio musician with Sam Taylor.

He played on albums by Bob Dylan, Pearls Before Swine, Eric Andersen, David Blue, John Denver, Tom Rush, B. B. King, John Martyn, the Strangeloves, the McCoys, the Monkees, he continued working as a studio musician well into the 1980s. In 1976, he produced the first album by Stuff, he played drums in the 1976 revival of Guys and Dolls. From the 1980s on, he acted including on Law & Order, his film credits include Bella, The Rhythm of the Saints, Don't Explain, The Curse of the Jade Scorpion, Down to Earth, Maximum Risk, Getting Away with Murder, White Lies, Bleeding Hearts, The Paper, Running on Empty, Death Wish III, A Man Called Adam. His TV credits include Into the Fire, How Do You Spell Belief?, Kingpin Rising, Third Watch, Law & Order TV. With Eric Andersen'Bout Changes'n' Things Take 2 Avalanche More Hits from Tin Can Alley With Rufus Thomas Crown the Prince of Dance With Cándido Camero Thousand Finger Man Beautiful With Buck Clayton Jazz Gallery Songs for Swingers Copenhagen Concert With John Denver Take Me to Tomorrow Farewell Andromeda Rocky Mountain Christmas With Art Farmer Art Farmer Plays Early Art Farmer's Market With Lightning Hopkins Goin' Away Soul Blues Down Home Blues With Solomon Burke I Wish I Knew With B.

B. King Completely Well Indianola Mississippi Seeds With Herbie Mann The Herbie Mann String Album Glory of Love With Sonny Stitt Soul Shack Primitivo Soul With others Big Joe Turner, Singing the Blues Bob Dylan, The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan Budd Johnson, Budd Johnson and the Four Brass Giants Buddy Tate, Swinging Like Tate Chico O'Farrill, Married Well Chuck Rainey, The Chuck Rainey Coalition Dave Frishberg, Oklahoma Toad David Blue, David Blue Dicky Wells, Trombone Four-in-Hand Eddie Jefferson, Joe Carroll, Annie Ross, The Bebop Singers Emmett Berry and The Blues Ernie Wilkins, Screaming Mothers Erroll Garner, That's My Kick Fats Domino, Fats Is Back Gordon Lightfoot, Did She Mention My Name? Herbie Mann, Glory of Love Ian & Sylvia, Ian & Sylvia Illinois Jacquet, Spectrum Jimmy Witherspoon, Blues Around the Clock John Martyn and Beverley Martyn, Stormbringer! Johnny Hodges, Blue Pyramid Leon Thomas, Full Circle Leonard Gaskin, At the Jazz Band Ball Lotti Golden, Motor-Cycle Marlena Shaw, From the Depths of My Soul Muddy Waters, The London Muddy Waters Sessions Nat Adderley, Sayin' Somethin' Tom Rush, The Circle Game Percy Mayfield and Then Some Red Holloway, The Burner Richard "Groove" Holmes, That Healin' Feelin' Rusty Bryant, Rusty Bryant Returns Ruth Brown, Black Is Brown and Brown Is Beautiful Slim Gaillard, Mish Mash Terence Boylan, Alias Boona The Monkees, Listen to the Band Tom Rapp, Beautiful Lies You Could Live In Tom Rush, Tom Rush Tony Bennett, My Heart Sings Van Morrison, T.

B. Sheets Wade Marcus, A New Era Eugene Chadbourne, Herb Lovelle at Allmusic Herb Lovelle on IMDb Discogs, Herb Lovelle Artistdirect, Herb Lovelle Stuff, the Band, Video: Gil Markle talks with Herb Lovelle, about the milestone Stuff recording

Erwin Vandenbergh

Erwin Vandenbergh is a retired Belgian footballer. Between 1979 and 1991, he finished six times topscorer of the Belgian First Division, with three clubs. In 1980, he was European topscorer with 39 goals out of 34 games; as a Belgian national team regular Vandenbergh scored a memorable victory goal against Argentina in the opening game of the 1982 World Cup in Spain. Vandenbergh played for the French club Lille with his Belgian national team partner Filip Desmet under the management of another fellow Belgian Georges Heylens, his son, Kevin Vandenbergh, has became a football striker and has played several seasons at the highest level of Belgian football, for multiple clubs. He had a short spell at Utrecht in the Netherlands. AnderlechtBelgian Championship: 1984–85, 1985–86 Belgian Supercup: 1985 UEFA Cup: 1982–83 Erwin Vandenbergh at WorldFootball.net

St Mary's Chapel, Bir Miftuħ

The Chapel of St Mary is a medieval chapel located in Bir Miftuħ, limits of Gudja, Malta. The Chapel of St Mary was built some time in the fifteenth-century, most in around 1430. In 1436, the chapel was mentioned as one of the 12 existing parishes by Bishop Senatore de Mello, it was not in the village centre, but covered the areas of Gudja, Ħal Kirkop, Ħal Safi, Mqabba, Ħal Tarxien, Ħal Luqa, Ħal Farruġ and Birżebbuġa. The chapel stands and has a rectangular plan which measures about eleven by fourteen metres. Having said that, it was built in the shape of a cross. In 1512, the rear end of the chapel was demolished and the stones were used in the construction of the present church, it had six doors though only two remain. The church served as parish church until 1676. A belfry was added in the 16th century. On the arrival of the Knights of St John, a captain was appointed to defend the area of Bir Miftuħ. In 1565, during the Great Siege of Malta, the church was desecrated by the invading Turks, it is said that in order to preserve the treasures of the church, including the bells, from the invaders, the people buried them in the tombs of the church.

The church was visited by the Apostolic Deligate Monsignor Pietro Dusina in 1575 who found it well equipped for divine services. In 1655, the people of Gudja decided to build a new church in the centre of the village. Everything was transferred to the new church once it had been built in 1676. In 1830, Bettina Muscat Cassia D’Aurel restored this church. On April 9, 1942 the church ceiling collapsed as a result of an air raid during World War II; the church was again restored by the parish priest of Gudja. The church was abandoned until 1970 when it was handed over to the national trust Din l-Art Ħelwa. In 1973, the trust, sponsored by the Malta International Airport, started restoring this church. During the restoration, frescos were discovered above the front door. A new pavement was installed. Restoration was finished in 2004. Today the church is in good condition. Din l-Art Ħelwa is curator to the church and opens it on the first Sunday of each month from 9.00 am till 12.00 pm. The chapel is listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.

The altar painting dates from the 16th century. It depicts the Eternal Father holding a crucifix surrounded by angels. Under the crucifix there is the Virgin Mary holding baby Jesus with St Paul; the church has one altar, consecrated on March 26, 1591. Frescos from the 16th century were uncovered between 1978 and 1980. Frescos covering the inside western wall were discovered under six layers of lime. Only parts of the frescos remain though it is clear that the topic is the Last Judgment divided into three tiers of figures; the upper tier shows the Apostles and Mary with Christ in the centre. Various saints and figures are portrayed below this tier; the second tier shows the condemned taken into the fires of hell by demons with horns and webbed feet. On the left side, one can make out the wing of an angel and the back of one of the faithful being drawn towards God and the Virgin Mary; the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden is depicted in the lower tier. On the north wall, there is a fresco of a woman, in a costume typical of the 16th century, holding a lily in one hand and pointing to the main altar painting with the other.

The frescos were restored by George Farrugia, Diplomato Istituta del Restauro and Associate of the International Institute for Conservation. Culture of Malta History of Malta List of Churches in Malta Religion in Malta