Michael C. FitzGerald is a professor of fine arts and director of the program in art history at Trinity College, Connecticut, USA. After his A. B. in 1976 from Stanford University, FitzGerald obtained both his MBA and Ph. D. degrees from Columbia University in 1986 and 1987 respectively. He has worked for Christie's New York City Art Auction House and for several museums including New York City's Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art. FitzGerald has written four books, starting with his 1995 Making Modernism: Picasso and the Creation of a Market for Twentieth-Century Art, he has received grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Humanities and Terra Foundation for American Art. Although known principally as a scholar on Pablo Picasso, FitzGerald's interests have varied into the role of photography in preserving the record of art history, as in his March 13, 2009, article in the Wall Street Journal on the 19th century Finnish-Swedish scientist Gustaf Nordenskiöld's work with the cliff dwellings of Mesa Verde, Colorado.
The USCGC Redbud was one of 20 "C" class 180-foot buoy tenders that entered service during World War II. She was assigned to the 7th Naval District and was based out of Miami, where she serviced aids to navigation, she was loaned to the U. S. Navy on 18 March 1949 and was redesignated as AKL-398 on 31 March 1949; the Navy had her converted at Long Beach and she was commissioned on 23 July 1949 under the command of LCDR F. E. Clark, USN. Following shakedown, Redbud headed for the east coast. On 18 September she arrived at Boston, whence she continued on to NS Argentia, Newfoundland, to join the support force for the construction and maintenance of air bases and early warning installations in the North Atlantic and Arctic areas. Through the end of the year and into 1950, she operated along the southwestern coast of Greenland, adding more northerly ports and those on the Canadian side of Baffin Bay to her schedule during the warmer months; until 28 February 1952, she continued her support of Arctic bases, rehabilitating navigational aids and repairing submarine petroleum lines, delivering bulk petroleum and general cargo, as a commissioned U.
S. Navy ship. Decommissioned, she was placed in service, assigned to MSTS, with a civil-service crew, returned to sealift support for the Northeast Command. In 1956 Redbud's schedule was altered to include winter supply runs to the Texas Towers which alternated with warmer weather SUNEC duties. Maintaining that schedule through the 1960s, her primary mission continued to be her SUNEC missions, until 1970, she was the first MSTS ship to arrive in the far north to open a new resupply season. On 10 November 1970 she was returned to the Coast Guard and was struck from the Navy list ten days later, she was transferred to the Republic of the Philippines on 1 March 1972 under a grant-in-aid. She served the Philippines as Kalinga. Naval History And Heritage Command. "Redbud". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History And Heritage Command. Retrieved 12 August 2013. U. S. Coast Guard Cutter REDBUD, Miami vicinity, FL at the Historic American Engineering Record
Hokke-ji is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon school located in Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Though its formal name is Hokke-ji, it is more well known by its unofficial name, Mitahora Kōbō, it is located in the foothills of the largest mountain in the city of Gifu. It is the fifteenth of the Mino Thirty-three Kannon; the temple was built in 816, by Kūkai under the orders of Emperor Saga. Kūkai's posthumous name was "Kōbō Daishi", giving rise to the temple's alternate name. Burnt to the ground by fire in 1620, it was consumed by fire and not rebuilt until 1623. Sixty-one years in 1684, it was moved to its current location. February 3 - Setsubun Star Festival 21st of every month - Kōbō Daishi Memorial Service Mino Thirty-three Kannon Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
The Serbian Records in Swimming are the fastest time swum by a swimmer representing Serbia. These national records are kept/maintained by the Serbian Swimming Federation; the federation keeps records for both for men and women, for both long course and short course events. Records are kept in the following events: freestyle: 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1500. All records swum in finals. ^ Note 1: For the women's, long-course 50 Breast record, SSF lists the record as 32.10 by Nađa Higl swum July 8, 2008 in Belgrade. 32.10 is Higl's 50 split from the 100 breast Final at the 2009 World University Games on July 7, 2008 in Belgrade. Serbian records in athletics GeneralSerbian Long Course Records - Men 17 December 2017 updated Serbian Long Course Records - Women 17 December 2017 updated Serbian Short Course Records - Men 26 November 2017 updated Serbian Short Course Records - Women 26 November 2017 updatedSpecific Plivački Savez Srbije web site
A traction control system known as ASR, is a secondary function of the electronic stability control on production motor vehicles, designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels. TCS is activated when throttle engine torque are mismatched to road surface conditions. Intervention consists of one or more of the following: Brake force applied to one or more wheels Reduction or suppression of spark sequence to one or more cylinders Reduction of fuel supply to one or more cylinders Closing the throttle, if the vehicle is fitted with drive by wire throttle In turbocharged vehicles, a boost control solenoid is actuated to reduce boost and therefore engine power. Traction control systems share the electrohydraulic brake actuator and wheel speed sensors with ABS; the predecessor of modern electronic traction control systems can be found in high-torque, high-power rear-wheel drive cars as a limited slip differential. A limited slip differential is a purely mechanical system that transfers a small amount of power to the non-slipping wheel, while still allowing some wheel spin to occur.
In 1971, Buick introduced MaxTrac, which used an early computer system to detect rear wheel spin and modulate engine power to those wheels to provide the most traction. A Buick exclusive item at the time, it was an option on all full-size models, including the Riviera, Estate Wagon, Electra 225, LeSabre. Cadillac introduced the Traction Monitoring System in 1979 on the redesigned Eldorado; the basic idea behind the need for a traction control system is the loss of road grip that compromises steering control and stability of vehicles because of the difference in traction of the drive wheels. Difference in slip may occur due to turning of a vehicle or varying road conditions for different wheels; when a car turns, its outer and inner wheels rotate at different speeds. A further enhancement of the differential is to employ an active differential that can vary the amount of power being delivered to outer and inner wheels as needed. For example, if outward slip is sensed while turning, the active differential may deliver more power to the outer wheel in order to minimize the yaw Active differential, in turn, is controlled by an assembly of electromechanical sensors collaborating with a traction control unit.
When the traction control computer detects one or more driven wheels spinning faster than another, it invokes the ABS electronic control unit to apply brake friction to wheels spinning with lessened traction. Braking action on slipping wheel will cause power transfer to wheel axle with traction due to the mechanical action within the differential. All-wheel drive vehicles have an electronically controlled coupling system in the transfer case or transaxle engaged, or locked-up tighter to supply non-slipping wheels with torque; this occurs in conjunction with the powertrain computer reducing available engine torque by electronically limiting throttle application and/or fuel delivery, retarding ignition spark shutting down engine cylinders, a number of other methods, depending on the vehicle and how much technology is used to control the engine and transmission. There are instances when traction control is undesirable, such as trying to get a vehicle unstuck in snow or mud. Allowing one wheel to spin can propel a vehicle forward enough to get it unstuck, whereas both wheels applying a limited amount of power will not produce the same effect.
Many vehicles have a traction control shut-off switch for such circumstances. The main hardware for traction control and ABS are the same. In many vehicles traction control is provided as an additional option to ABS; each wheel is equipped with a sensor. The sensed speed from the individual wheels is passed on to an electronic control unit; the ECU processes the information from the wheels and initiates braking to the affected wheels via a cable connected to an automatic traction control valve. In all vehicles, traction control is automatically started when the sensors detect loss of traction at any of the wheels. In road cars: Traction control has traditionally been a safety feature in premium high-performance cars, which otherwise need sensitive throttle input to prevent spinning driven wheels when accelerating in wet, icy or snowy conditions. In recent years, traction control systems have become available in non-performance cars and light trucks and in some small hatchbacks. In race cars: Traction control is used as a performance enhancement, allowing maximum traction under acceleration without wheel spin.
When accelerating out of a turn, it keeps the tires at optimal slip ratio. In motorcycles: Traction control for production motorcycles was first available with the BMW K1 in 1988. HONDA offered Traction Control as an option, along with ABS on their ST1100 beginning about 1992. By 2009, traction control was an option for several models offered by BMW and Ducati, the model year 2010 Kawasaki Concours 14 and Honda CBR 650R in the year 2019. In off-road vehicles: Traction control is used instead of, or in addition to, the mechanical limited slip or locking differential, it is implemented with an electronic limited slip differe