"Walk Thru" is a song by American hip hop recording artist Rich Homie Quan. The song was released on February 4, 2014, as the lead single from his second official mixtape I Promise I Will Never Stop Going In. "Walk Thru" was produced by Dupri of League of Starz and Problem, the latter which makes a guest appearance. The music video was filmed on May 6, 2014, where Quan suffered from two seizures due to heat exhaustion; the song has since peaked at number 74 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. "Walk Thru" was premiered on November 26, 2013, as a track on Rich Homie Quan's second official mixtape I Promise I Will Never Stop Going In. The song was produced by Dupri from production team League of Starz and Problem, featured on the song; the CD quality version of the song without DJ Drama's tags was released online on January 3, 2014. The song was released for digital download by T. I. G. Entertainment on February 4, 2014; the song features Rich Homie Quan crafting a "catchy melody over the instrumental's thudding bass and yawning synths."
Problem's appearance adds a West Coast hip hop spin to the incontestable Southern song. Jimi of The Source said, "Both emcees mesh their different styles of sing-rapping almost harmonizing at points, they trade verse back and forth gliding into their addictive hook that Quan sings. The Atlien brings his unorthodox flow and vocal delivery to share with listeners his struggle and hustle, it is an interesting fusion to say the least". The music video for "Walk Thru" was filmed on May 2014 with Problem in Atlanta's Piedmont Park. Shockingly, during the filming Rich Homie Quan experienced heat exhaustion which led to Quan suffering two seizures and a fall that resulted in a head injury. Filming for the music video would also take place in Problem's hometown Compton, California; the Gabriel Hart-directed video would be released on July 27, 2014. Official music video on YouTube
Keenon Daequan Ray Jackson, better known by his stage name YG, is an American rapper and actor from Compton, California. In 2009, he released his debut single, "Toot It and Boot It" featuring Ty Dolla Sign, which peaked at number 67 on the Billboard Hot 100; the single's success resulted in him signing to Def Jam Recordings. In the following years, YG released mixtapes such as The Real 4Fingaz, Just Re'd Up, Just Re'd Up 2, 4 Hunnid Degreez, many others. In June 2013, YG signed a deal to Young Jeezy's imprint CTE World, his 2013 single, "My Nigga" featuring Jeezy and Rich Homie Quan, peaked at number 19 on the US Billboard Hot 100, becoming the highest charting song of his career. He released the singles "Left, Right" and "Who Do You Love?" Featuring Drake, leading up to the release of his debut studio album. His debut album, My Krazy Life, was released on March 18, 2014 by Pu$haz Ink, CTE World and Def Jam, received critical acclaim. On June 17, 2016, he released his second studio album, Still Brazy, to critical acclaim.
On August 3, 2018, he released his third studio album, Stay Dangerous, to positive reviews. YG was born in 1990 as Keenon Daequan Ray Jackson in California, his name YG stands for "Young Gangster." Jackson joined the Bloods gang in 2006 at age 16. In 2012, he announced his debut album titled I'm 4rm Bompton, would be produced by rapper Syla$. In June 2013, he revealed that Jeezy's record label CTE World would release the album, he was featured on Yo Gotti's "Act Right" featuring Jeezy. It would peak at number 100 on the Billboard Hot 100, he was prominently featured on the CTE World mixtape, Boss Yo Life Up Gang in August 2013. On September 4, 2013, YG revealed that his debut album would be released on November 19, 2013 via Def Jam Recordings and that he has changed the album title to My Krazy Life, he revealed that Drake would be featured on a song titled "Who Do You Love?", produced by DJ Mustard. Shortly thereafter he released the album's lead single "My Nigga" featuring Rich Homie Quan and Jeezy produced by DJ Mustard.
The song has since peaked at number 19 on the US Billboard Hot 100. On December 10, 2013, YG released the DJ Mustard-produced "Left, Right" as the album's second single; the following day, Def Jam announced that My Krazy Life would be released on March 18, 2014 and that "Who Do You Love?" Featuring Drake would be the album's next single. On February 18, 2014, YG revealed the cover artwork for his debut album My Krazy Life; the artwork features YG posing for a mugshot, with his name and album title detailed in the placard around his neck. It was released on March 18, 2014. On June 24, 2015, in an interview with Billboard, YG revealed that his second studio album would be called Still Krazy and it would be released in 2016. On July 15, 2015, YG teased the first single for the album, "Twist My Fingaz" on Instagram; the same day, YG released the single, "Cash Money" featuring Krayzie Bone. The full version of "Twist My Fingaz" was released July 17, 2015. On December 12, 2015, he released the second single, titled "I Want a Benz" featuring rappers Nipsey Hussle and 50 Cent.
Still Brazy was released on June 17, 2016. The third single "Why You Always Hatin?" Premiered on OVO Sound Radio on May 21, 2016 featuring rappers Drake and Kamaiyah. On November 25, 2016, he released. On December 17, 2016, YG announced through social media, the announcement of Just Re'd Up 3, set to be released in 2017; this project will be executive produced by DJ Mustard. On February 3, 2017, the song "I Don't", by American singer and songwriter Mariah Carey was released, featuring YG. Carey and YG performed "I Don't" live on Jimmy Kimmel Live! on February 15, 2017. On March 24, 2017, a remix featuring Remy Ma and YG was released. On February 19, 2018 YG announced his third studio album would be Stay Dangerous on his Instagram page and would be released this summer, it was released in 2018. On April 3, 2019 YG announced a "Suprise album" via Tweet due for release on April 12th, 2019, being delayed to May 2019 due by death of close friend Nipsey Hussle; when YG came up with the idea for a label, he attempted to co-found it with DJ Mustard and Ty Dolla $ign.
The "label" was used as a promotional tool and a brand for YG and DJ Mustard's group of rap collaborators they had grown up with. But as they moved forward in laying the groundwork for the label and its roster, plans for the label were scrapped when their meeting with Capitol went south and the three artists decided to go their separate ways. There were rumors throughout 2016, they begun when YG released a fashion line prominently featuring the 4Hunnid logo. This was confirmed to be true on August 17, 2016 when Billboard magazine reported that YG signed a distribution deal for the label under the 4Hunnid name with Interscope Records and Empire Distribution. On January 25, 2012, shots were fired during the filming of YG's music video "I'm a Thug"; the police closed the set. On June 12, 2015, YG was shot one time that created three separate wounds in the hip at a recording studio in Studio City, California. Authorities said, his manager revealed that his injuries were not life-threatening and said he was "fine" and recovering.
He returned to the studio the next day. YG followed a vegan diet for about three months in 2016. My Krazy Life Blame It On the Streets Still Brazy Stay Dangerous
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, still the magazine's publisher, the music critic Ralph J. Gleason, it was first known for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content. Rolling Stone Press is the magazine's associated book publishing imprint. Straight Arrow Press was the magazine's associated book publishing imprint, Straight Arrow Publishing Co. Inc. was the publishing company that published Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Ralph Gleason. To get it off the ground, Wenner borrowed $7,500 from his own family and from the parents of his soon-to-be wife, Jane Schindelheim; the first issue carried a cover date of November 9, 1967, was in newspaper format with a lead article on the Monterey Pop Festival.
The cover price was 25¢. In the first issue, Wenner explained that the title of the magazine referred to the 1950 blues song "Rollin' Stone", recorded by Muddy Waters, Bob Dylan's hit single "Like a Rolling Stone": You're wondering what we're trying to do. It's hard to say: sort of a sort of a newspaper; the name of it is Rolling Stone which comes from an old saying, "A rolling stone gathers no moss." Muddy Waters used the name for a song. The Rolling Stones took their name from Muddy's song. "Like a Rolling Stone" was the title of Bob Dylan's first rock and roll record. We have begun a new publication reflecting what we see are the changes in rock and roll and the changes related to rock and roll."—Jann Wenner, Rolling Stone, November 9, 1967, p. 2 Some authors have attributed the name to Dylan's hit single: "At Gleason's suggestion, Wenner named his magazine after a Bob Dylan song." Rolling Stone identified with and reported the hippie counterculture of the era. However, it distanced itself from the underground newspapers of the time, such as Berkeley Barb, embracing more traditional journalistic standards and avoiding the radical politics of the underground press.
In the first edition, Wenner wrote that Rolling Stone "is not just about the music, but about the things and attitudes that music embraces". In the 1970s, Rolling Stone began to make a mark with its political coverage, with the likes of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson writing for the magazine's political section. Thompson first published his most famous work Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas within the pages of Rolling Stone, where he remained a contributing editor until his death in 2005. In the 1970s, the magazine helped launch the careers of many prominent authors, including Cameron Crowe, Lester Bangs, Joe Klein, Joe Eszterhas, Ben Fong-Torres, Patti Smith and P. J. O'Rourke, it was at this point that the magazine ran some of its most famous stories, including that of the Patty Hearst abduction odyssey. One interviewer, speaking for a large number of his peers, said that he bought his first copy of the magazine upon initial arrival on his college campus, describing it as a "rite of passage".
In 1977, the magazine moved its headquarters from San Francisco to New York City. Editor Jann Wenner said San Francisco had become "a cultural backwater". During the 1980s, the magazine began to shift towards being a general "entertainment" magazine. Music was still a dominant topic, but there was increasing coverage of celebrities in television and the pop culture of the day; the magazine initiated its annual "Hot Issue" during this time. Rolling Stone was known for its musical coverage and for Thompson's political reporting. In the 1990s, the magazine changed its format to appeal to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors and popular music; this led to criticism. In recent years, the magazine has resumed its traditional mix of content, including in-depth political stories, it has expanded content to include coverage of financial and banking issues. As a result, the magazine has seen its circulation increase and its reporters invited as experts to network television programs of note.
The printed format has gone through several changes. The first publications, in 1967–72, were in folded tabloid newspaper format, with no staples, black ink text, a single color highlight that changed each edition. From 1973 onwards, editions were produced on a four-color press with a different newsprint paper size. In 1979, the bar code appeared. In 1980, it became a large format magazine; as of edition of October 30, 2008, Rolling Stone has had a smaller, standard-format magazine size. After years of declining readership, the magazine experienced a major resurgence of interest and relevance with the work of two young journalists in the late 2000s, Michael Hastings and Matt Taibbi. In 2005, Dana Leslie Fields, former publisher of Rolling Stone, who had worked at the magazine for 17 years, was an inaugural inductee into the Magazine Hall of Fame. In 2009, Taibbi unleashed an acclaimed series of scathing reports on the financial meltdown of the time, he famously described Goldman Sachs as "a great vampire squid".
Bigger headlines came at the end of June 2010. Rolling Stone caused a controversy in the White House by publishing in the July issue an article by journalist Michael Hastings entitled, "The Runaway General", quoting criticism by General Stanley A. McChrystal, commander of the International Security Assistance Force and U. S. Forces-Afghanistan commander, about Vice President Joe Biden and oth
McNair High School
Ronald E. McNair High School is a public school in DeKalb County, United States, located at 1804 Bouldercrest Road SE, Atlanta, GA 30316, it is southeast of Atlanta. The school was named Walker High School, but was renamed to McNair High School in 1987; the school was built in 1964 and named after Confederate Civil War Major General William H. T. Walker. Walker was born in Augusta and died two miles north of the school during the Battle of Atlanta. There is a monument at the site of his death on the corner of Wilkinson Drive; some of the last remaining Confederate fortifications in Grant Park were renamed Fort Walker in his honor. Walker High School was a "full five year" senior level high school, with the first graduating class, including 8th through 12th grades, in 1969. Classes were first attended in the fall of 1966; the class of 1969 attended Gordon High School using "split sessions" in 1964. Students graduating in 1967 were the first Walker High School graduating class; the students were from other schools that were in overflow, such as Gordon High School, Southwest DeKalb High School.
The first class attending Walker High School from 8th grade to graduation was the class of 1970. Walker averaged about 3,500 students total, from 1967 to 1980, with graduating classes of about 350 to 400 students per year; the first annual was called The Astur and was first printed in 1966. The school paper was The Talon and the school's colors were crimson and silver; the school's alumni from 1967 to 1987 were known as the "Walker Warhawks" and won state championships in baseball and track and field. Their mascot was Thor, a red-tailed hawk that lived in a 20 by 40 foot cage inside the senior courtyard for about two years; the courtyard was for graduating seniors only. Thor accidentally froze to death in late 1968. Thor has been preserved, in flight, is still held by the Class of 1973. Walker High School had a baseball, wrestling and track field; the baseball field and track were used for competitive sports. Panthersville Stadium was used for all football and soccer home games, Columbia High School's swimming pool was used as Walker's "home" pool.
Basketball was played in the school's gym. During the mid-to-late 1980s, the area that Walker High School served went from white middle-class neighborhoods to black middle-class neighborhoods. Since Walker was named after a Confederate Civil War General, it was deemed appropriate to rename the school, it was renamed McNair High School in 1987 after the black astronaut Ronald E. McNair, who died in the explosion of the Space Shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986; the school colors and mascots were changed from the crimson and silver Walker Warhawks to the red and silver McNair Mustangs. Mike Ivie, baseball catcher with MLB Robert Mathis, outside linebacker for the Indianapolis Colts David Whitehurst, NFL quarterback Dean Alford and businessman Anthony J. "Bo" Arduengo, chemist.
A mixtape is a compilation of music from multiple sources, recorded onto a medium. With origins in the 1980s, the term describes a homemade compilation of music onto a cassette tape, CD, or digital playlist; the songs are either ordered sequentially or made into a continuous program by beatmatching the songs and creating seamless transitions at their beginnings and endings with fades or abrupt edits. Essayist Geoffrey O'Brien described this definition of the mixtape as "perhaps the most practiced American art form". In hip hop and R&B culture, a mixtape describes a self-produced or independently released album issued free of charge to gain publicity or avoid possible copyright infringement. However, the term has been applied to a number of releases published for profit in the 2010s. Homemade mix tapes became common in the 1980s. Although the compact audio cassette by Philips appeared at the 1963 Berlin Radio Show, the sound quality of cassettes was not good enough to be considered for music recording until further advances in tape formulations, including the advent of chrome and metal tape.
Before the introduction of the audio cassette, the creation of a pop music compilation required specialized or cumbersome equipment, such as a reel-to-reel or 8 track recorder, inaccessible to the casual music fan. As cassette tapes and recorders grew in popularity and portability, these technological hurdles were lowered to the point where the only resources required to create a mix were a handful of cassettes and a cassette recorder connected to a source of pre-recorded music, such as a radio or LP player; the 8-track tape cartridge was more popular for music recording during much of the 1960s, as the cassette was only mono and intended for vocal recordings only, such as in office dictation machines. But improvements in fidelity allowed the cassette to become a major player; the ready availability of the cassette and higher quality home recording decks to serve the casual home user allowed the cassette to become the dominant tape format, to the point that the 8 track tape nearly disappeared shortly after the turn of the 1980s.
The growth of the mixtape was encouraged by improved quality and increased popularity of audio cassette players in car entertainment systems, by the introduction of the Sony Walkman in 1979. A distinction should be drawn between a private mixtape, intended for a specific listener or private social event, a public mixtape, or "party tape" consisting of a recording of a club performance by a DJ and intended to be sold to multiple individuals. In the 1970s, such DJs as Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Afrika Bambaataa and the Soulsonic Force, Kool Herc and the Herculoids, DJ Hollywood would distribute recordings of their club performances via audio cassette, as well as customized recordings for individual tape purchasers; these recordings tended to be of higher technical ability than home-made mixtapes and incorporated techniques such as beatmatching and scratching. One 12 October 1974 article in Billboard Magazine reported, "Tapes were dubbed by jockeys to serve as standbys for times when they did not have disco turntables to hand.
The tapes represent each jockey's concept of programming and sequencing of record sides. The music is heard without interruption. One- to three-hour programs bring anywhere from $30 to $75 per tape reel-to-reel, but on cartridge and cassette." Club proprietors, as well as DJs, would prepare such tapes for sale. Throughout the 1980s, mixtapes were a visible element of youth culture. However, the increased availability of CD burners and MP3 players and the gradual disappearance of cassette players in cars and households have led to a decline in the popularity of the compact audio cassette as a medium for homemade mixes; the high point of traditional mixtape culture was arguably the publication of Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity in 1995. Since mixtapes have been replaced by mix CDs and shared MP3 playlists, which are more durable, can hold more songs, require minutes to prepare, MP3 players take only seconds compared to CD-Rs. While some mixtape enthusiasts bemoan the obsolescence of the cassette tape, others concede that the greater convenience offered by the mix CD has expanded the possibilities and accessibility of the medium, as indicated by the recent resurgence of mix-swapping clubs that trade mix CDs by regular mail.
Some mix enthusiasts appreciate the potential of the mix CD for extended, continuous mixes and creative album art. MP3 players have further enhanced track accessibility, though ones without a screen defeat that purpose. Today, websites concerned with electronic music provide; these consist of recorded DJ sets of live, beat-matched mixes of songs, which are used by DJs seeking to demonstrate their mixing skills to an online audience. Some radio shows worldwide specialize in mix series, including The Breezeblock on BBC Radio 1, The Solid Steel Show, Eddy Temple-Morris/The Remix on Xfm. Additionally, DJs such as Grandmaster Flash, DJ QBert, DJ Spooky, DJ Z-Trip or DJ Shadow, The Avalanches, Rjd2 have gained fame for creating new songs by combining fragments of existing songs; the resulting remix or mash-up can be seen as an evolution of the mixtape, in that it appropriates existing songs to give them new meanings through their juxtaposition, but does so in a quicker, more integrated style. This practice is derived from the use of s
Rayshawn Lamar Bennett, known professionally as YFN Lucci, is an American rapper from Atlanta, Georgia. In 2014, he signed a record deal with Think It's A Game Entertainment and released his debut mixtape, Wish Me Well. In 2016, he released his second mixtape, Wish Me Well 2, which included the hit single "Key to the Streets", his debut extended play, Long Live Nut, was released in 2017 and peaked at number 27 on the Billboard 200 chart. The EP's first single "Everyday We Lit," produced by June James, has peaked at number 33 on the Billboard Hot 100 and became his highest charting single so far. In 2018, he released his first studio album Ray Ray From Summerhill which peaked at number 14 on the Billboard 200. Rayshawn Bennett was born on February 1991, in Atlanta, Georgia, his father was a immigrant from Jamaica. He grew up listening to artists such as Tupac Shakur, Lil Wayne, Jay Z, The Diplomats, Ja Rule, Hot Boys, T. I. Young Jeezy and Fabolous, he discovered his own musical talent at age 16 and was encouraged to take it by rapper Johnny Cinco.
Lucci's older brother is a rapper, who goes by the name YFN KAY. In December 2014, Lucci signed a record deal with Think It's A Game Entertainment and released his debut mixtape, Wish Me Well. In February 2016, he released the Wish Me Well 2 mixtape, which peaked at number 183 on the US Billboard 200 chart; the mixtape's hit single "Key to the Streets" featuring Migos and Trouble, peaked at number 70 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. The official remix version of the song featured 2 Lil Wayne and Quavo. "Key to the Streets" was included on XXL magazine's 50 Best Hip-Hop Songs of 2016 list and Vibe magazine's The 60 Best Songs Of 2016 list. In September 2016, Lucci alongside with Migos, 21 Savage, Kap G, Young Dolph and Zaytoven was featured on the cover of Rolling Out magazine's "Hidden Hip-Hop Gems of Summer 16" issue. In October 2016, rapper Meek Mill released the track "You Know" featuring Lucci, which peaked at number nine on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart and appeared on Mill's DC4 mixtape.
In December 2016, Billboard magazine included Lucci in its 10 Hip-Hop and R&B Artists to Watch In 2017 list. In April 2017, Lucci released his debut extended play, Long Live Nut, featuring guest appearances from Rick Ross, Dreezy, PnB Rock, Lil Durk, Boosie Badazz and YFN Trae Pound; the EP debuted at number 27 on the Billboard 200. The lead single from the project, "Everyday We Lit" featuring PnB Rock, has peaked at number 33 on the Billboard Hot 100. On March 9, 2018, Lucci released his first studio album entitled Ray Ray From Summerhill; the album features guest appearances from a plethora of acts such as frequent collaborators Dreezy, Rick Ross and YFN Trae Pound. T. I. Wale and Meek Mill lend a hand on the project as well. In 2017, Lucci along with artist Jacquees were chosen to star in Sean John's holiday 2017 and spring 2018 campaigns. Discussing how he developed his sing-song style in an interview with Noisey, Lucci said. I couldn't sing, you feel me, but I had a little high-pitched voice when I talked loud.
I used to listen to Ja Rule. I knew how to rap, I used to write my verses, and if it don't sound right when I rap it, I sing it. And it'd sound better. I used to let all my friends hear it, they were like,'I like that.' I just ran with it. If I can't rap it, I sing it." Since 2018, he has been dating the daughter of rapper Lil Wayne. LPs Ray Ray from Summerhill EPs Long Live Nut Freda's Son See No Evil Mixtapes Wish Me Well Wish Me Well 2 LucciVandross Official website
Rose Bowl Game
The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2; the Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All". It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest, it is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which includes the historic Rose Parade. Since 2015, the game has been sponsored by Northwestern Mutual and known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. In 2015 and 2018, the game was officially known as the College Football Playoff semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. Previous sponsors include Vizio, Sony/PlayStation 2, AT&T The Rose Bowl Game has traditionally hosted the conference champions from the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences, but because of its past and present membership in two consortia that seek to determine a national champion in Division I FBS, in 2002, the Rose Bowl began to infrequently deviate from its traditional match-up in order to facilitate championship games.
In 2002 and 2006, under the Bowl Championship Series system, the Rose Bowl was designated as its championship game, hosted the top two teams determined by the BCS system. Beginning in 2015, the Rose Bowl has been part of the College Football Playoff and hosts one of its semifinal games every three years. During non-Playoff years, the Rose Bowl reverts to its traditional Pac-12/Big Ten matchup. Titled the "Tournament East–West football game", the first Rose Bowl was played on January 1, 1902, starting the tradition of New Year's Day bowl games; the football game was added in 1902 to help fund the cost of the Rose Parade. The inaugural game featured Fielding H. Yost's dominating 1901 Michigan team, representing the East, which crushed a 3-1-2 team from Stanford University, representing the West, by a score of 49–0 after Stanford quit in the third quarter. Michigan was crowned the national champion. Yost had been Stanford's coach the previous year; the game was so lopsided that for the next thirteen years, the Tournament of Roses officials ran chariot races, ostrich races, other various events instead of football.
But, on New Year's Day 1916, football returned to stay as the State College of Washington defeated Brown University in the first of what was thereafter an annual tradition. Before the Rose Bowl was built for the January 1, 1923 match, games were played in Pasadena's Tournament Park three miles southeast of the current Rose Bowl stadium near the campus of Caltech. Tournament Park was found to be unsuitable for the large crowds gathering to watch the game and a new, permanent home for the game was commissioned; the Rose Bowl stadium, designed after the Yale Bowl in New Haven hosted the first "Rose Bowl" game in 1923. The name of the stadium was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until the name "Rose Bowl" was settled on before the 1923 game; the stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its original construction in 1922. For many years, the Rose Bowl stadium had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States being surpassed by Michigan Stadium in 1998.
The maximum stated seating capacity was 104,594 from 1972 to 1997. Capacity was lowered after the 1998 game; as of 2012, the Rose Bowl is number seven on the list of American football stadiums by capacity with a current official seating capacity of 92,542 and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games. The Rose Bowl is the only CFP bowl game, held in a non-NFL stadium. In the game's early years, except during World War I, the Rose Bowl always pitted a team—not the conference champion—from the Pacific Coast Conference, the predecessor of the current Pac-12 Conference, against an opponent from the Eastern U. S. During the last two years of World War I, teams from military bases met in the Rose Bowl. During its history, a number of notable matchups have been made with the top football teams and top coaches of the time; these include the 1925 game, with Knute Rockne's Notre Dame and their Four Horsemen, against "Pop" Warner's Stanford. During this period, there were ten games. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, a series of attacks on West Coast shipping beginning on December 18, there were concerns about a possible Japanese attack on the West Coast.
The Rose Parade, with a million watchers, the Rose Bowl, with 90,000 spectators, were presumed to be ideal targets for the Japanese. Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt recommended that the Rose Parade and Rose Bowl festivities be cancelled; the Rose Bowl committee planned to cancel the game. On December 16, Duke University invited the game and Oregon State to Duke's home stadium in Durham, North Carolina. After the 1942 Allied victory in the Battle of Midway and the end of the Japanese offensives in the Pacific Theater during 1942, it was deemed that the West Co