Richard B. Ogilvie

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Richard B. Ogilvie
Richard B. Ogilvie.jpg
35th Governor of Illinois
In office
January 13, 1969 – January 8, 1973
LieutenantPaul Simon
Preceded bySamuel H. Shapiro
Succeeded byDaniel Walker
President of the Cook County Board
In office
1967–1969
Sheriff of Cook County
In office
1963–1967
Personal details
BornFebruary 22, 1923
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
DiedMay 10, 1988 (aged 65)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Dorthy Shriver
ProfessionAttorney
Politician
Law enforcement officer
ReligionPresbyterian
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1942–1945
RankTank Commander
Battles/warsWorld War II

Richard Buell Ogilvie (February 22, 1923 – May 10, 1988) was the 35th governor of Illinois and served from 1969 to 1973. A wounded combat veteran of World War II, he became known as the mafia-fighting sheriff of Cook County, Illinois, in the 1960s before becoming governor.

Education and military service[edit]

Ogilive graduated from high school in Port Chester, New York, in 1940. While attending Yale University, he enlisted in the United States Army in 1942; as a tank commander in France, he was wounded and received the Purple Heart and two Battle Stars. Discharged in 1945, he resumed studies at Yale and in 1947, he earned a Bachelor of Arts majoring in American history. In 1949, he earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from Chicago-Kent College of Law. From 1950 to 1954, he practiced law in Chicago and served as an assistant United States Attorney from 1954–1955. From 1958 to 1961, he served as a special assistant to the United States Attorney General heading an office fighting organized crime in Chicago and the Chicago Mafia.[1][2]

Pre-gubernatorial political career[edit]

Ogilvie was elected sheriff of Cook County, Illinois' most populous county, in 1962; he served in this position until 1967. While sheriff, he was elected President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners and served from 1967 to 1969, when he resigned upon being elected Governor of Illinois; as of 2019, he was the last Republican to serve as the chief executive of Cook County.[1]

Governor of Illinois[edit]

In 1968, he was elected governor as a Republican, with 51.2% of the vote, narrowly beating incumbent Democrat Sam Shapiro. His lieutenant governor was Democrat and future U.S. Senator Paul Simon, the only time that Illinois elected a Governor and Lt. Governor of different parties.[1] (However, on at least two other occasions there was an acting Lt. Governor from a different party.[3])

Bolstered by large Republican majorities in the state house, Ogilvie modernized state government, he successfully advocated for a state constitutional convention, increased social spending, and secured Illinois' first state income tax. The latter was particularly unpopular with the electorate, and Ogilvie lost a close election to Daniel Walker in 1972, ending his career in elective office.

Ogilvie had many accomplishments during his term as governor[4], he proposed and successfully pushed for passage of the Illinois state income tax, a vital necessity for rescuing the state from a looming fiscal crisis. He created the Bureau of the Budget to ensure the governor's control of the state budgeting process, called for and obtained Illinois General Assembly approval for a record increase in state aid to public education.

Ogilvie campaigned vigorously for successful voter approval of the Illinois Constitution of 1970, he improved management of the Illinois State Fair, and in so doing eliminated irregularities in the handling of concession contracts. Ogilvie established the Illinois Department of Corrections to modernize the state penal system, he directed an expanded role for the Illinois Housing Development Authority, a key agency for combating urban decay. He also established the Illinois Department of Local Government Affairs to assist or advise county and municipal officials in the discharging of their duties. In addition, Ogilvie created the Illinois Department of Law Enforcement to revamp the state's policing functions; set up under the Illinois Bureau of Investigation, the state's "Little FBI", he broadened the scope of gubernatorial press conferences by allowing broadcast media to join the print media in coverage of the sessions. He also established the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency to protect air and water resources. One of the first comprehensive environmental protection agencies in the nation, the Illinois EPA became a model for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Ogilvie set up the Illinois Department of Transportation, obtained legislative approval for a major upgrading of the state’s highway network, and built the East-West toll road linking Chicagoland to Western Illinois.

At Governor Ogilvie's request, the General Assembly authorized an experimental junior college in East St. Louis -- the State Community College -- which did not require a local tax. Also, Ogilvie passed through the Illinois legislature and the City of St. Louis a bi-state airport authority, he significantly upgraded the Illinois Information Service, the state news agency, and revitalized the state General Services Agency.

Post governorship[edit]

President Richard Nixon considered Oglivie as a nominee to become Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

In 1979, Governor Ogilvie was appointed as Trustee for the Milwaukee Road, a railroad that had entered bankruptcy, he oversaw its sale and reorganization into the Wisconsin Central Railroad.

Oglivie was the publisher of a revived Chicago Daily News in 1979, 18 months after its demise in 1978.

In 1987, he was appointed by then-Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole to chair a committee studying the proposed termination of Amtrak's federal subsidy.

Until his death in 1988, he was a partner in the distinguished Chicago law firm of Isham Lincoln & Beale, one of whose founders was Abraham Lincoln's son, Robert Todd Lincoln.

Death and legacy[edit]

After his death in Chicago on May 10, 1988, Governor Ogilvie was cremated and interred in Rosehill Mausoleum, Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago.

In 1997, Chicago & North Western Station, the downtown terminus for Metra commuter trains to many of Chicago's northern and western suburbs, was renamed Ogilvie Transportation Center in his honor, two years after the C&NW's assets have been purchased and incorporated into Union Pacific; the modern railroad station uses the former C&NW trainshed. Wisconsin Central Ltd. also had an EMD SD45 locomotive named in his honor (WC 7513). Ogilvie had been a longtime supporter of rail transport, and had created the Regional Transportation Authority, Metra's parent agency.

Awards[edit]

Richard B. Ogilvie was inducted as a Laureate of The Lincoln Academy of Illinois and awarded the Order of Lincoln (the State’s highest honor) by the Governor of Illinois in 1973 in the area of Government.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

Ogilvie is referenced in the news broadcast that serves as a backdrop for Simon & Garfunkel's "7 O'Clock News/Silent Night," which reports that Ogilvie, in his position as Cook County Sheriff, asked Martin Luther King, Jr. to call off an open-housing march in the Chicago suburb of Cicero. The track was conceived by musician Paul Simon, who coincidentally shares his name with the man who served as lieutenant governor of Illinois under Ogilvie's gubernatorial tenure and later represented Illinois in the U.S. Senate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 1969–1970 Illinois Blue Book
  2. ^ National Governors Association Biography.
  3. ^ Historical Roster of elected officials, Illinois 2005–2006 Blue Book Archived July 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (Archibald Glenn and Thomas Marshall)
  4. ^ Pensoneau, Taylor. (1997). Governor Richard Ogilvie : in the interest of the state. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 9781441623393. OCLC 551738683.
  5. ^ "Laureates by Year - The Lincoln Academy of Illinois". The Lincoln Academy of Illinois. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Seymour Simon
Cook County Board President
1966–1969
Succeeded by
George Dunne
Preceded by
Samuel H. Shapiro
Governor of Illinois
1969–1973
Succeeded by
Daniel Walker