Bungo Stray Dogs is a Japanese seinen manga series written by Kafka Asagiri and illustrated by Sango Harukawa, serialized in the magazine Young Ace since 2012. The manga originated from Kafka Asagiri's idea to gather multiple famous late authors and poets and draw them as young adults and teenagers with supernatural powers; the series follows the members of the "Armed Detective Agency" and their everyday lives on the weretiger Atsushi Nakajima, who joins other gifted with supernatural powers and use them for different purposes including holding a business, solving mysteries, carrying out missions assigned by the mafia. Multiple light novels have been published. An anime television series adaptation by Bones aired in 2016 in two parts, the first part aired between 7 April 2016 and 23 June 2016, the second part aired between 6 October 2016 and 22 December 2016. An anime film, Bungo Stray Dogs: Dead Apple, was released on 3 March 2018. A third season aired between 12 April 2019 and 28 June 2019.
The story focuses on a young adult named Atsushi Nakajima. After being kicked out of his orphanage, Atsushi accidentally stops the suicide of a detective named Osamu Dazai believing he was drowning in the river. During his interactions with Dazai, Atsushi learns he is gifted with a supernatural ability capable of transforming him into a berserker white tiger in the moonlight. Dazai recruits him into the Agency and there he meets many other ability users as they tackle various cases and events taking place within the city of Yokohama, a place teeming with individuals with Supernatural Abilities. Atsushi becomes the target of the Port Mafia members, most notably Dazai's former student, Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, as there is a bounty on his head on the black market. During Atsushi's fights against the mafia, he meets Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, the leader of the Fellowship of the Guild who placed the bounty on his head. Fitzgerald reveals there is a supernatural book capable of changing reality linked with Atsushi's tiger, hence putting a bounty on the black market.
Fitzgerald disregards any superficial damage the Guild might bring to Yokohama in exchange for the book, having an airship named "Moby Dick" destroy the city. However, he is nearly killed by Atsushi and Akutagawa once joining forces while former mafia member Kyoka Izumi stops Moby Dick. Another man known as Fyodor Dostoyevsky appears wishing to obtain the book too in order to erase all gifted people, he arranges a mortal fight between the detectives and the mafia but the true leader behind this organization, Natsume Soseki, stops the fight. While Atsushi and Akutagawa corner the virus' originator, Dazai manages to arrest Dostoyevsky with Fitzgerald's help. However, Dostoyevsky is revealed to have orchestrated his own imprisonment in order to lead his followers. Pages of the book are found by Dostoyevsky's group The Decay of Angels who uses its powers to frame the Agency for a murder case. Dazai is imprisoned alongside Dostoyevsky and the government sends its military forces known as the Hunting Dogs to execute the members from the Agency.
As the Agency faces defeat, they form an alliance with Fitzgerald and the mafia in exchange for one of their followers. Across the multiple fights, it is revealed there is another person above Dostoyevsky and that person must be stopped. During an encounter with one of Fyodor's allies, Atsushi discovers that the leader of Decay of Angels is a person codenamed Kamui. Written by Kafka Asagiri and illustrated by Sango Harukawa, Bungo Stray Dogs began publishing the manga in Kadokawa Shoten's seinen magazine Young Ace in 2012. Kadokawa has compiled the series into seventeen tankōbon volumes as of May 2019; the series has been licensed for North America by Yen Press with the first volume being released on December 20, 2016. The English translation is by Kevin Gifford. A manga based on the light novel Beast will debut in January 2020 with Shiwasu Hoshikawa making the art; this spin-off manga features Ryūnosuke Akutagawa as the main character. An anime television series adaptation produced by Bones was directed by Takuya Igarashi and written by Yōji Enokido.
Nobuhiro Arai and Hiroshi Kanno served as the chief animation directors, while the former served as character designer along with Ryō Hirata. Taku Iwasaki composed the series' music. Kazuhiro Wakabayashi was the series' sound director at Glovision. Additionally, Yumiko Kondou was the art director, Yukari Goto was the anime's color designer, Tsuyoshi Kanbayashi was the director of photography and Shigeru Nishiyama was the editor. Granrodeo performed the anime's opening theme, titled "Trash Candy", Luck Life performed the anime's ending theme, titled "Namae wo Yobu yo" (; the series was split into two halves: the first half, containing twelve episodes, premiered on 7 April 2016 and ended on 23 June 2016, being broadcast on Tokyo MX, Chiba TV, tvk, GBS, Mie TV, SUN, TVQ Kyushu, BS11. The second half containing twelve episodes, premiered on 6 October 2016 and ended on 22 December 2016; the series has been licensed for streaming by Crunchyroll. As for the second half, Screen Mode sung the opening theme titled "Reason Living" while Luck Life once again sung the ending theme titled "Kaze ga Fuku Machi".
An OVA was bundled with the 13th limited edition manga volume, released on 31 August 2017. On 21 July 2018, it was announced; the cast and staff would reprise their roles from the previous two seasons. The third season premiered from 12 April 2019 and ended on 28 June 2019, being broadcast on
Royal Rumble was the thirteenth annual Royal Rumble professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation. It took place on January 2000, at Madison Square Garden in New York, New York; the main event was the Royal Rumble match, which The Rock won by last eliminating The Big Show to win the match. The undercard included a street fight match between Triple H and Cactus Jack for the WWF Championship, a Triple Threat match for the WWF Intercontinental Championship, the New Age Outlaws defending their WWF Tag Team Championship against The Acolytes; this Royal Rumble was the first WWF pay-per-view event to air on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, as Channel 4 had acquired the rights to broadcast World Wrestling Federation programming that year. The Royal Rumble aired live, with commercial breaks—a format, changed for PPVs on Channel 4; the Royal Rumble is an annual gimmick pay-per-view, produced every January by the World Wrestling Federation since 1988.
It is one of the promotion's original four pay-per-views, along with WrestleMania, SummerSlam, Survivor Series, dubbed the "Big Four". It is named after the Royal Rumble match, a modified battle royal in which the participants enter at timed intervals instead of all beginning in the ring at the same time; the match features 30 wrestlers. Traditionally, the winner of the match earns a world championship match at that year's WrestleMania. For 2000, the winner earned a match for the WWF Championship at WrestleMania 2000; the 2000 Royal Rumble was the thirteenth event in the Royal Rumble chronology. The card consisted of six matches; the matches resulted from scripted storylines, where wrestlers portrayed heroes, villains, or less distinguishable characters to build tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. Results were predetermined by WWF's writers, with storylines produced on their weekly television shows and SmackDown!. The main feud going into the event was between Mick Foley.
The McMahon-Helmsley Faction began in late 1999, where Triple H and Stephanie McMahon-Helmsley had control over the WWF, scheduling unreasonable matches for the wrestlers. Foley objected to this, the faction attacked several times before firing him. On the January 3 episode of Raw is War, Triple H won the WWF Championship, mocked Foley with an impersonator. On the January 10 episode of Raw is War, The Rock brought every superstar to the ring, demanding that Foley be reinstated or the entire roster would walk out. Foley was reinstated, he requested a Street Fight for the WWF Championship at Royal Rumble. Foley and Triple H fought in a four-on-four tag team match that night. Triple H pinned Foley after using the ring bell, delivering two Pedigrees. After the match, Foley took off his mask, attacked Triple H. On the January 13 episode of SmackDown!, Foley returned to his Cactus Jack persona by taking off his Mankind attire to reveal his Cactus Jack attire. Buildup towards the Royal Rumble match began on January 10, when The Rock announced his participation in the match and a week guaranteed victory.
The Big Show declared his intention to win the match. That night, The Rock and The Big Show faced the New Age Outlaws. At the end, Big Show attacked The Rock, who hit Big Show with a steel chair, a People's Elbow. On the January 20 episode of SmackDown!, a confrontation between The Big Show and The Rock was interrupted by Tori, who declared Kane the favorite, leading to a Triple Threat Over-the-Top-Rope Lumberjack match. In the match, the Big Show eliminated The Rock with a chokeslam, Kane eliminated The Big Show with a back body drop to win, sparking a fight involving all the competitors and lumberjacks. Another feud going into the event was between Chris Jericho and Hardcore Holly over the WWF Intercontinental Championship. After a title match between Chyna and Jericho on the December 30 episode of SmackDown! Ended in a double pinfall, both were declared co-champions. Despite tension between Jericho and Chyna, the two were forced to work together and helped each other retain the title, including in title defenses against Hardcore Holly, who challenged Jericho and Chyna to a Triple Threat match to resolve the title situation.
The pay-per-view was preceded by an episode of Sunday Night Heat, which aired live on USA Network and included backstage interviews from Madison Square Garden as well as several participants drawing their entry numbers for the Royal Rumble match. An upset Kaientai and The Mean Street Posse were shown backstage not being able to draw numbers because they were denied entry into the Rumble match; the Big Show did a live in-ring promo talking about his entry in the Rumble match. The first match of the event was between an unannounced opponent. Before the match, Angle spoke to the audience, putting down the New York Knicks, his opponent. Tazz made his WWF debut as Angle's opponent. Tazz gained the early advantage, sending Angle outside the ring. Angle gained the advantage after performing a vertical suplex outside the ring. After performing a belly to belly suplex, Angle climbed the turnbuckles. Angle fell onto the top turnbuckle, Tazz performed a belly to belly suplex off the turnbuckles. Angle regained the advantage after a small package, a bridging German suplex.
Tazz countered an Olympic slam into a German suplex. After a T-Bone suplex and a Head and arm suplex, Tazz applied the Tazzmission. Angle passed out and Tazz won the match, ending Angle's undefeated streak; the second match was the first-ever Tag Team Tables match, between the Hardy Boyz and the Dudley Boyz
Air Marshal Sir Alfred Henry Wynne Ball, was a Royal Air Force officer who became Deputy Commander of Strike Command. Educated at Campbell College in Belfast, Ball joined the Royal Air Force in 1937, he served in the Second World War flying Spitfires and commanding No. 682 Squadron, No. 542 Squadron, No. 540 Squadron and No. 13 Squadron, he was mentioned in despatches twice. He was appointed Chief of Staff at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe in 1968, Director General of RAF Organisation in 1971 and UK Military Representative to the Central Treaty Organization at Ankara in 1975, he went on to be Deputy Commander of Strike Command in 1977 before retiring in 1979. In retirement he became an advisor to International Computers Limited, he died on 25 January 2012. In 1942 he married Nan McDonald. Obituary in The Telegraph Obituary in The Independent
Gaspard de Coligny, Seigneur de Châtillon, was a French nobleman and Admiral of France, best remembered as a disciplined Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion and a close friend of—and advisor to—the French king, Charles IX. Coligny came of a noble family of Burgundy, his family traced their descent from the 11th century, in the reign of Louis XI, were in the service of the King of France. His father, Gaspard I de Coligny, known as the'Marshal of Châtillon', served in the Italian Wars from 1494 to 1516, married in 1514, was created Marshal of France in 1516. By his wife, Louise de Montmorency, sister of the future constable, he had three sons, all of whom played an important part in the first period of the Wars of Religion: Odet and François. Born at Châtillon-sur-Loing in 1519, Gaspard came to court at the age of 22 and began a friendship with François of Guise. In the campaign of 1543 Coligny distinguished himself, was wounded at the sieges of Montmédy and Bains. In 1544 he served in the Italian campaigns under the Count of Enghien, King Charles VIII, King Louis XII, King Francis I and was knighted on the Field of Ceresole.
Returning to France, he took part in different military operations. That year he married Charlotte de Laval, he was made admiral on the death of Claude d'Annebaut. In 1557 he was entrusted with the defence of Saint-Quentin. In the siege he displayed great courage and strength of character. On payment of a ransom of 50,000 crowns he recovered his liberty; the Coligny brothers were the most zealous and consistent aristocratic supporters of Protestantism in sixteenth-century France. By this time he had become a Huguenot, through the influence of his brother, d'Andelot; the first known letter which John Calvin addressed to him is dated 4 September 1558. Gaspard de Coligny secretly focused on protecting his co-religionists, by attempting to establish colonies abroad in which Huguenots could find a refuge, he organized the expedition of a colony of Huguenots to Brazil, under the leadership of his friend and navy colleague, Vice-Admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, who established the colony of France Antarctique in Rio de Janeiro, in 1555.
They were afterwards expelled by the Portuguese, in 1567. Coligny was the leading patron for the failed French colony of Fort Caroline in Spanish Florida led by Jean Ribault in 1562. In 1566 and 1570, Francisque and André d'Albaigne submitted to Coligny projects for establishing relations with the Austral lands. Although he gave favourable consideration to these initiatives, they came to naught when Coligny was killed in 1572 during the St. Bartholomew's Day massacres. Following the death of Henry II he placed himself with Louis, Prince of Condé, at the forefront of the Huguenot party, demanded religious toleration and certain other reforms. In 1560, at the Assembly of Notables at Fontainebleau, the hostility between Coligny and François of Guise broke forth violently; when the civil wars began in 1562, Coligny decided to take arms only after long hesitation, remained always ready to negotiate. In none of these wars did he show superior genius, but he acted throughout with great prudence and extraordinary tenacity.
He was blamed by the Guise faction for the assassination of Francis, Duke of Guise at Orléans in 1563. In the "third war" of 1569 the defeat and death of the Prince of Condé at the Battle of Jarnac left Coligny the sole leader of the Protestant armies. Victorious at the Battle of La Roche-l'Abeille, but defeated in the Battle of Moncontour on 3 October, he entered into the negotiations for what became the Peace of Saint-Germain. Marrying Jacqueline de Montbel d'Entremont, returning to court in 1571, he grew in favour with Charles IX, becoming a close mentor to the weak manipulated King; as a means of emancipating the king from the tutelage of his mother and the faction of the Guises, the admiral proposed to him a descent on Spanish Flanders, with an army drawn from both faiths and commanded by Charles in person. The king's regard for the admiral and the bold demands of the Huguenots alarmed Catherine de' Medici, the Queen Mother; the wedding of the Protestant Henry, King of Navarre, Marguerite de Valois, the King's sister, brought a great number of Huguenot notables to Paris, political and religious tensions were running high.
On 22 August 1572, the day after the end of the wedding festivities, Coligny was shot in the street by a man called Maurevert from a house belonging to de Guise. However, the bullets only shattered his left elbow; the would-be assassin escaped. It never became clear who, if anyone, had hired or encouraged Maurevert to carry out the attempt but historians centre on three possibilities: the Guise family, Catherine de Medici, or the duke of Alba on behalf of Philip II of Spain; the King sent his own physician to treat Coligny and visited him, but the queen mother prevented all private discourse between them. The Catholics now feared Huguenot retaliation for the attempt on Coligny's life, it was decided to pre-emptively assassinate their leadership, in what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre; as one of the main targets, on the night of 24 August, Coligny was attacked in his lo
Foundland is an art collective founded in 2009 in Amsterdam by Syrian artist Ghalia Elsrakbi and South African artist, Lauren Alexander. The name Foundland was chosen by the two artists because it suggests using found objects and art, but that it's about "reclaiming." The collective is based in Amsterdam. Elsrakbi was born in Damascus in 1978 and lived in Syria until 2000, she studied in the Netherlands where she attended the Sandberg Institute in Amsterdam, graduating in 2009. Here she met South African artist, Lauren Alexander, together they created the art group, Foundland. In 2007 she returned to Damascus and visited until "it became too dangerous." She moved to Cairo in 2012. Alexander was born Cape Town in 1983, she has a bachelor's degree in graphic design from the University of Stellenbosch and a Masters in Design from the Sandberg Institute. In 2015, Foundland was included on the shortlist for the Prix de Rome. Elsrakbi feels that it is important to live in the Middle East so that she and her art collective can "be a bridge between two cultures."
Elsrakbi and Foundland began to focus on themes relating to Arab politics after the 2011 Syrian uprising. Alexander feels that she and Elsrakbi have a similar approach to art and subject matter, what drew them together. Foundland's work uses graphic design elements mixed with drawings and photography. Elsrakbi and Alexander find media and social media observations and reports about the Middle East, using these to create a database of both visual art and information, they make connections based on the information they have found and "create alternate narratives to media reporting through innovative image making and personal interpretation." Official site What is Beyond an Image Leaderless design