Terrence Stephen McQueen was an American actor. McQueen was called "The King of Cool", his antihero persona developed at the height of the counterculture of the 1960s made him a top box-office draw of the 1960s and 1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles, his other popular films include The Cincinnati Kid, Love With the Proper Stranger, The Thomas Crown Affair, The Getaway, Papillon, as well as the all-star ensemble films The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, The Towering Inferno. In 1974 he became the highest-paid movie star in the world, although he did not act in films again for four years. McQueen was combative with directors and producers, but his popularity placed him in high demand and enabled him to command large salaries. Terrence Stephen McQueen was born on March 24, 1930, at St. Francis Hospital in Beech Grove, Indiana, a suburb of Indianapolis. McQueen was raised as a Roman Catholic, his father, William McQueen was a stunt pilot for a barnstorming flying circus who left McQueen's mother, Julia Ann, six months after meeting her.
Several biographers have stated. Unable to cope with caring for a small child, she left him with her parents in Slater, Missouri in 1933; as the Great Depression set in shortly thereafter, McQueen and his grandparents moved in with Lillian's brother Claude at his farm in Slater. McQueen expressed having good memories of living on the farm, noting that his great-uncle Claude "was a good man strong fair. I learned a lot from him." Claude gave McQueen a red tricycle on his fourth birthday, a gift that McQueen subsequently credited with sparking his early interest in racing. At the age of eight he was taken to Indianapolis by his mother, who lived there with her new husband. McQueen's departure from his great-uncle's home was marked by a special memento given to him on that occasion. "The day I left the farm", he recalled, "Uncle Claude gave me a personal going-away present—a gold pocket watch, with an inscription inside the case." The inscription read, "To Steve –, a son to me."Dyslexic and deaf due to a childhood ear infection, McQueen did not adjust well to his new life.
His new stepfather beat him to such an extent that at the age of nine, he left home to live on the streets. Soon he was committing acts of petty crime. Unable to control his behavior, his mother sent him back to Slater; when he was 12, Julia wrote to Claude, asking that her son be returned to her again to live in her new home in Los Angeles, California. Julia's second marriage had ended in divorce, she had married a third time. By McQueen's own account, he and his new stepfather "locked horns immediately." McQueen recalls him being "a prime son of a bitch", not averse to using his fists on McQueen and his mother. As McQueen began to rebel again he was sent back to live with Claude for a final time. At age 14 he left Claude's farm without saying goodbye and joined a circus for a short time drifted back to his mother and stepfather in Los Angeles - resuming his life as a gang member and petty criminal. McQueen was caught stealing hubcaps by the police and handed over to his stepfather, who beat him ending the fight by throwing McQueen down a flight of stairs.
McQueen looked up at his stepfather and said, "You lay your stinking hands on me again and I swear, I'll kill you."After the incident McQueen's stepfather persuaded his mother to sign a court order stating that McQueen was incorrigible, remanding him to the California Junior Boys Republic in Chino. Here, McQueen began to mature, he was not popular with the other boys at first: "Say the boys had a chance once a month to load into a bus and go into town to see a movie. And they lost out. Well, you can pretty well guess. I paid my dues with the other fellows quite a few times. I got my lumps, no doubt about it; the other guys in the bungalow had ways of paying you back for interfering with their well-being." McQueen became a role model and was elected to the Boys Council, a group who set the rules and regulations governing the boys' lives. He left the Boys Republic at age 16; when he became famous he returned to talk to the boys and retained a lifelong association. At 16 McQueen left Chino Hills and returned to his mother, now living in Greenwich Village, New York.
He met two sailors from the Merchant Marine and volunteered to serve on a ship bound for the Dominican Republic. Once there he abandoned his new post being employed in a brothel, he worked as a carnival barker and a lumberjack. In 1947 McQueen joined the United States Marine Corps where he was promoted to private first class and assigned to an armored unit, he reverted to his prior rebelliousness and was demoted to private seven times. He took an unauthorized absence by failing to return after a weekend pass expired, staying with a girlfriend for two weeks until the shore patrol caught him, he resisted arrest and spent 41 days in the brig. After this he resolved to focus his energies on self-improvement and embraced the Marines' discipline, he saved the lives of five other Marines during an Arctic exercise, pulling them from a tank before it broke through ice into the sea. He was assigned to the honor guard, responsible for guarding the presidential yacht of US President Harry Truman. McQueen served until 1950, when he was honorably discharged.
He said he had enjoyed hi
Kevin Joseph Aloysius "Chuck" Connors was an American actor and professional basketball and baseball player. He is one of only 13 athletes in the history of American professional sports to have played both Major League Baseball and in the National Basketball Association. With a 40-year film and television career, he is best known for his five-year role as Lucas McCain in the rated ABC series The Rifleman. Connors was born on April 10, 1921, in Brooklyn, New York, the elder child of two children born to Marcella and Alban Francis "Allan" Connors, immigrants of Irish descent from Newfoundland and Labrador, he had one sibling, a sister Gloria, two years his junior. His father became a citizen of the United States in 1914 and was working in Brooklyn in 1930 as a longshoreman and his mother had attained her U. S. citizenship in 1917. Raised as a Roman Catholic, he served as an altar boy at the Basilica of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in Brooklyn. Connors was a devoted, avid fan of the Brooklyn Dodgers despite their losing record during the 1930s, he hoped to join the team one day.
A gifted athlete, he earned a scholarship to the Adelphi Academy, a preparatory school in Brooklyn, where he graduated in 1939. He received additional offers for athletic scholarships from more than two dozen colleges and universities. From those offers he chose to attend Seton Hall University in New Jersey. There he played both basketball and baseball for the school, it was there too where he changed his name. Since childhood Connors had disliked his first name Kevin, he had sought another one, he tried using "Lefty" and "Stretch" before settling on "Chuck". The name derived from his time as a player on Seton Hall's baseball team, he would yell to the pitcher from his position on first base, "Chuck it to me, chuck it to me!" The rest of his teammates and spectators at the university's games soon caught on, the nickname stuck. Connors, left Seton Hall after two years to accept a contract to play professional baseball, he played on two minor league teams in 1940 and 1942 joined the United States Army following America's entrance into World War II.
During most of the war, he served as a tank-warfare instructor at Fort Campbell, located on the Kentucky-Tennessee border, at West Point in New York. In 1940, following his departure from college, Connors played four baseball games with the Brooklyn Dodgers' minor league team, the Newport Dodgers. Released, he sat out the 1941 season signed with the New York Yankees' farm team, the Norfolk Tars, where he played 72 games before enlisting in the Army at Fort Knox, Kentucky at the end of the season, on October 10, 1942. Following his military discharge in 1946, the 6' 5" Connors joined the newly formed Boston Celtics of the Basketball Association of America, he played 53 games for Boston before leaving the team early in the 1947-48 season. Connors attended spring training in 1948 with Major League Baseball's Brooklyn Dodgers but did not make the squad He played two seasons for the Dodgers AAA team, the Montreal Royals before playing one game with the Dodgers in 1949. After two more seasons with Montreal, Connors joined the Chicago Cubs in 1951, playing in 66 games as a first baseman and occasional pinch hitter.
In 1952, he was sent to the minor leagues again to play for the Cubs' top farm team, the Los Angeles Angels. In 1966, Connors played an off-field role by helping to end the celebrated holdout by Los Angeles Dodgers pitchers Don Drysdale and Sandy Koufax when he acted as an intermediary during negotiations between management and the players. Connors can be seen in the Associated Press photo with Drysdale and Dodgers general manager Buzzie Bavasi announcing the pitchers' new contracts. Notably Connors was the first professional basketball player to be credited with shattering a backboard when he brought down the improperly installed glass backboard with a 40-foot heave as warmups ended before the season opener was to start at the Boston Arena on November 5, 1946. Contrary to entertainment outlets, Connors was not drafted by the Chicago Bears of the NFL. Connors is one of 13 athletes to have played in both the National Basketball Association and Major League Baseball; the thirteen are: Danny Ainge, Frank Baumholtz, Gene Conley, Dave DeBusschere, Johnny Gee, Dick Groat, Steve Hamilton, Mark Hendrickson, Cotton Nash, Ron Reed, Dick Ricketts and Howie Schultz.
Connors realized that he would not make a career in professional sports, so he decided to pursue an acting career. Playing baseball near Hollywood proved fortunate, as he was spotted by an MGM casting director and subsequently signed for the 1952 Tracy–Hepburn film Pat and Mike, performing in the role of a police captain. In 1953, he starred opposite Burt Lancaster as a rebellious Marine private in South Sea Woman and as a football coach opposite John Wayne in Trouble Along the Way. Connors had a rare comedic role in a 1955 episode of Adventures of Superman, he portrayed Sylvester J. Superman, a lanky rustic yokel who shared the same name as the title character of the series. Connors was cast as Lou Brissie, a former professional baseball player wounded during World War II, in the 1956 episode "The Comeback" of the religion anthology series Crossroads. Don DeFore portrayed the Reverend C. E. "Stoney" Jackson, who offered the spiritual insight to assist Brissie's recovery so that he could return to the game.
Grant Withers was cast as Coach Whitey Martin. Edd Byrnes, Rhys Williams, Robert Fuller played former sol
Charles Bronson was an American actor. He was cast in the role of a police officer, gunfighter, or vigilante in revenge-oriented plot lines, he had long-term collaborations with film directors Michael Winner and J. Lee Thompson, appeared in fifteen films alongside his second wife, Jill Ireland. Bronson was born Charles Dennis Buchinsky, the 11th of 15 children, in a Roman Catholic family of Lithuanian descent in Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania, in the coal region of the Allegheny Mountains north of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, his father, Valteris P. Bučinskis, who adjusted his name to Walter Buchinsky to sound more "American", was from Druskininkai in southern Lithuania. Bronson's mother, whose parents were from Lithuania, was born in the coal mining town of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania; the family had Lipka Tatar roots. Bronson learned to speak English. Bronson was the first member of his family to graduate from high school; when Bronson was 10 years old, his father died and he went to work in the coal mines, first in the mining office and in the mine.
He said he earned one dollar for each ton of coal that he mined. He worked in the mine until he entered military service during World War II, his family was so poor that, at one time, he had to wear his sister's dress to school for lack of clothing. In 1943, Bronson enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces and served in the 760th Flexible Gunnery Training Squadron, in 1945 as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress aerial gunner with the Guam-based 61st Bombardment Squadron within the 39th Bombardment Group, which conducted combat missions against the Japanese home islands, he received a Purple Heart for wounds received in battle. After the end of World War II, Bronson worked at many odd jobs until joining a theatrical group in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he shared an apartment in New York City with Jack Klugman while both were aspiring to play on the stage. In 1950, he married and moved to Hollywood, where he enrolled in acting classes and began to find small roles. Bronson's first film role — an uncredited one — was as a sailor in You're in the Navy Now in 1951, directed by Henry Hathaway.
Other early screen appearances were in The Mob. In 1952, Bronson boxed in a ring with Roy Rogers in Rogers' show Knockout, he appeared on an episode of The Red Skelton Show as a boxer in a skit with Skelton playing "Cauliflower McPugg". He appeared with fellow guest star Lee Marvin in an episode of Biff Baker, U. S. A. an espionage series on CBS starring Alan Hale, Jr. He had small roles in Miss Sadie Thompson. Bronson had a notable support part as an Indian in Apache for director Robert Aldrich who used him again in Vera Cruz. Bronson made a strong impact as the main villain in the Alan Ladd western Drum Beat as a murderous Modoc warrior, Captain Jack, who relishes wearing the tunics of soldiers he has killed, he had roles in Tennessee Champ for MGM, Crime Wave directed by de Toth. In 1954, during the House Un-American Activities Committee proceedings, he changed his surname from Buchinsky to Bronson at the suggestion of his agent, who feared that an Eastern European surname might damage his career.
As "Charles Bronson", he could be seen in Target Zero, Big House, U. S. A. and Jubal. Bronson had the lead role of the episode "The Apache Kid" of the syndicated crime drama Sheriff of Cochise, starring John Bromfield. S. Marshal, he guest-starred in the short-lived CBS situation comedy, Jeannie! and in three episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents: "And So Died Riabouchinska", "There Was an Old Woman", "The Woman Who Wanted to Live". In 1957, Bronson was cast in the Western series Colt.45 as an outlaw named Danny Arnold in the episode "Young Gun". He had a support role in Sam Fuller's Run of the Arrow. Bronson scored the lead in his own ABC's detective series Man with a Camera, in which he portrayed Mike Kovac, a former combat photographer freelancing in New York City, he was cast in leading man roles in some low budget films, Machine-Gun Kelly, a biopic of a real life gangster directed by Roger Corman. He starred in Gang War, When Hell Broke Loose, Showdown at Boot Hill. On television, he played Steve Ogrodowski, a naval intelligence officer, in two episodes of the CBS military sitcom/drama, starring Jackie Cooper, he played Rogue Donovan, an escaped murderer in Yancy Derringer.
Bronson starred alongside Elizabeth Montgomery in a Twilight Zone episode. He appeared in five episodes of Richard Boone's Have Gun – Will Travel. Bronson had a support role in an expensive war film, Never So Few, directed by John Sturges. Bronson was cast in the 1960 episode "Zigzag" of Riverboat, starring Darren McGavin; that same year, he was cast as "Dutch Malkin" in the 1960 episode "The Generous Politician" of The Islanders. In 1960, he garnered attention in John Sturges' The Magnificent Seven, in which he was cast as one of seven gunfighters taking up the cau
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U. S. state of New York. It is south of Westchester County. Since 1914, the borough has had the same boundaries as Bronx County, the third-most densely populated county in the United States; the Bronx has a land area of 42 square miles and a population of 1,471,160 in 2017. Of the five boroughs, it has the fourth-largest area, fourth-highest population, third-highest population density, it is the only borough predominantly on the U. S. mainland. The Bronx is divided by the Bronx River into a hillier section in the west, a flatter eastern section. East and west street names are divided by Jerome Avenue—the continuation of Manhattan's Fifth Avenue; the West Bronx was annexed to New York City in 1874, the areas east of the Bronx River in 1895. Bronx County was separated from New York County in 1914. About a quarter of the Bronx's area is open space, including Woodlawn Cemetery, Van Cortlandt Park, Pelham Bay Park, the New York Botanical Garden, the Bronx Zoo in the borough's north and center.
These open spaces are situated on land deliberately reserved in the late 19th century as urban development progressed north and east from Manhattan. The name "Bronx" originated with Jonas Bronck, who established the first settlement in the area as part of the New Netherland colony in 1639; the native Lenape were displaced after 1643 by settlers. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bronx received many immigrant and migrant groups as it was transformed into an urban community, first from various European countries and from the Caribbean region, as well as African American migrants from the southern United States; this cultural mix has made the Bronx a wellspring of hip hop and rock. The Bronx contains the poorest congressional district in the United States, the 15th, but its wide diversity includes affluent, upper-income, middle-income neighborhoods such as Riverdale, Spuyten Duyvil, Pelham Bay, Pelham Gardens, Morris Park, Country Club; the Bronx the South Bronx, saw a sharp decline in population, livable housing, the quality of life in the late 1960s and the 1970s, culminating in a wave of arson.
Since the communities have shown significant redevelopment starting in the late 1980s before picking up pace from the 1990s until today. The Bronx was called Rananchqua by the native Siwanoy band of Lenape, while other Native Americans knew the Bronx as Keskeskeck, it was divided by the Aquahung River. The origin of the person of Jonas Bronck is contested; some sources claim he was a Swedish born emigrant from Komstad, Norra Ljunga parish in Småland, who arrived in New Netherland during the spring of 1639. Bronck became the first recorded European settler in the area now known as the Bronx and built a farm named "Emmanus" close to what today is the corner of Willis Avenue and 132nd Street in Mott Haven, he leased land from the Dutch West India Company on the neck of the mainland north of the Dutch settlement in Harlem, bought additional tracts from the local tribes. He accumulated 500 acres between the Harlem River and the Aquahung, which became known as Bronck's River or the Bronx. Dutch and English settlers referred to the area as Bronck's Land.
The American poet William Bronk was a descendant of Pieter Bronck, either Jonas Bronck's son or his younger brother. The Bronx is referred to with the definite article as "The Bronx", both and colloquially; the County of Bronx does not place "The" before "Bronx" in formal references, unlike the coextensive Borough of the Bronx, nor does the United States Postal Service in its database of Bronx addresses. The region was named after the Bronx River and first appeared in the "Annexed District of The Bronx" created in 1874 out of part of Westchester County, it was continued in the "Borough of The Bronx", which included a larger annexation from Westchester County in 1898. The use of the definite article is attributed to the style of referring to rivers. Another explanation for the use of the definite article in the borough's name stems from the phrase "visiting the Broncks", referring to the settler's family; the capitalization of the borough's name is sometimes disputed. The definite article is lowercase in place names except in official references.
The definite article is capitalized at the beginning of a sentence or in any other situation when a lowercase word would be capitalized. However, some people and groups refer to the borough with a capital letter at all times, such as Lloyd Ultan, a historian for The Bronx County Historical Society, the Great and Glorious Grand Army of The Bronx, a Bronx-based organization; these people say. In particular, the Great and Glorious Grand Army of The Bronx is leading efforts to make the city refer to the borough with an uppercase definite article in all uses, comparing the lowercase article in the Bronx's name to "not capitalizing the's' in'Staten Island.'" European colonization of the Bronx began in 1639. The Bronx was part of Westchester County, but it was ceded to New York County in two major parts before it became Bronx County; the area was part of the Lenape's Lenapehoking territory inhabited by Siwanoy of the Wappinger Confederacy. Over
A superhero film, superhero movie, or superhero motion picture is a film, focused on the actions of one or more superheroes: individuals who possess superhuman abilities relative to a normal person and are dedicated to protecting the public. These films feature action, fantasy or science fiction elements, with the first film of a particular character including a focus on the origin of their special powers and their first confrontation with their most famous supervillain or archenemy. Most superhero films are based on superhero comics. By contrast, several films such as the RoboCop series, The Meteor Man, Unbreakable film series, The Incredibles and They Call Me Jeeg are original for the screen, while The Green Hornet is based on the original radio series and its 1960s television adaptation, both Underdog and The Powerpuff Girls are based on animated television series, Japanese tokusatsu and anime superhero films are based on manga and television shows. After a long series of flops, since the 2000s the film genre reversed its fortunes and grew to become a dominant mainstream film genre worldwide.
The most notable and successful superhero films since the year 2000 are Fox Studio's X-Men franchise, Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy, Pixar's The Incredibles series, Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy, the films set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe starting with Iron Man and the films set in the DC Extended Universe starting with Man of Steel. This commercial dominance has been accompanied by enthusiastic critical support for many of these films, which includes major Academy Awards. Reflecting the fantasy subgenre's noted narrative flexibility in its original comic book publishing format, the film subgenre has been commercially successful in a wide variety of genres such as action, fantasy, comedy etc. After superheroes rose to prominence in comic books, they were adapted into Saturday film serials aimed at children, starting with Mandrake The Magician. Serials such as Adventures of Captain Marvel, The Phantom, Captain America, Superman followed. In the following decades, the decline of Saturday serials and turmoil in the comic book industry put an end to superhero motion pictures, with the exception of Superman and the Mole Men, starring George Reeves, a trial balloon for the television series Adventures of Superman, compilations of episodes of that same series released theatrically, Batman a big-screen extension of the Batman television series starring Adam West.
In 1957 Japan, Shintoho produced the first film serial featuring the tokusatsu superhero character Super Giant, signaling a shift in Japanese popular culture towards tokusatsu masked superheroes over kaiju giant monsters. Along with Astro Boy, the Super Giant film serials had a profound effect on the Japanese tokusatsu superhero genre. Another early superhero film was Ōgon Bat, a Japanese film starring Sonny Chiba based on the 1930 Kamishibai superhero Ōgon Bat. Original superhero characters emerged in other, more comedy oriented films such as the French political satire film Mr. Freedom and the American B movies Rat Pfink a Boo Boo and The Wild World of Batwoman. Riding a wave of a new interest in fantasy and science fiction films with the success of Star Wars, Richard Donner's Superman, the first major big-budget superhero feature film, proved a critical and commercial success. Other successful entries emerged throughout the 1980s, from Richard Lester's Superman II and Paul Verhoeven's Robocop to Tim Burton's Batman.
Other films were released during the 1980s and 1990s including Flash Gordon, Swamp Thing, Superman III, The Toxic Avenger, Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, Bollywood's Mr. India, The Punisher, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and two sequels, Sgt. Kabukiman N. Y. P. D; the Rocketeer, Batman Returns, the animated Batman: Mask of the Phantasm, The Shadow, Batman Forever, Tank Girl, Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie on Sky Movies and a sequel, The Phantom and Mystery Men. Marvel Comics' Captain America did not have a theatrical release and Roger Corman's The Fantastic Four was released neither theatrically nor on home video. Alex Proyas' The Crow became the first independent comics superhero film that established a franchise; as Joel Schumacher's Batman & Robin was critically panned for being too jokey and tongue-in-cheek, The Crow brought in a new realm of violence absent in previous popular superhero films targeted at younger audiences and bridging a gap to the more modern action film. The success of The Crow catalyzed the release of a film version of Spawn, Image Comics' leading character.
The success of the "darker" Image Comics characters shifted the direction of comic book movies. Marvel soon released their films to become Men in Black and Blade. After Marvel bought Malibu Comics and Columbia Pictures released the Men in Black film and comics in 1997; the film became the first Marvel property to win an Oscar and the highest-grossing comic book adaptation until the release of Sam Raimi’s Spider-Man in 2002. Blade was a mix of a more traditional action film as well as darker superhero film with the title character having vampire powers as well as carrying an arsenal of weaponry; the success of Blade began Marvel's film success and set the stage for further comic book film adaptations. After the comic book boom and the success of several comic book adaptation films (includin