Richard Foxe

Richard Foxe was an English churchman, successively Bishop of Exeter and Wells, Winchester, Lord Privy Seal, founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Foxe was born at Ropsley near Lincolnshire, his parents belonged to the yeoman class, little is known about Foxe's early career. He is thought to have gone to Magdalen College, from which he drew many members of his subsequent foundation, Corpus Christi, he appears to have studied at Cambridge University, but nothing definite is known of his first thirty-five years. He was Master of the school in Stratford-upon-Avon from 1477, "a man of wisdom, knowledge and truth." In 1484, Foxe was in Paris for the sake of learning or because he had made himself unpopular with Richard III. There he came into contact with Henry Tudor, beginning his quest for the English throne, was taken into his service. In January 1485 Richard intervened to prevent Foxe's appointment to the vicarage of Stepney on the ground that he was keeping company with the "great rebel, Henry ap Tuddor."

The important offices conferred on Foxe after the Battle of Bosworth imply that he had seen more extensive political service than can be traced in records. His Tudor credentials confirmed by ordination as Vicar of Stepney. Doubtless Henry had every reason to reward his companions in exile, to rule like Ferdinand II of Aragon by means of lawyers and churchmen rather than trust nobles like those who had made the Wars of the Roses, but without an intimate knowledge of Foxe's political experience and capacity he would hardly have made him his principal secretary, soon afterwards Lord Privy Seal and elected Bishop of Exeter on 29 January 1487, being consecrated on 8 April. The ecclesiastical role provided a salary, not at Henry's expense, his activity was confined to political and diplomatic channels. In 1487 he negotiated a treaty with King James III of Scotland, in 1491 he baptised the future King Henry VIII of England. In 1492 he helped conclude the Peace of Etaples, in 1493 he was chief commissioner in the negotiations for the famous commercial agreement with the Netherlands which Bacon seems to have been the first to call the Magnus Intercursus.

Meanwhile, in July 1494 Foxe had been translated to the see of Durham, not because it was a richer see than Bath and Wells but because of its political importance as a palatine earldom and its position with regard to the Borders and relations with Scotland. For these reasons rather than from any ecclesiastical scruples Foxe visited and resided in his new diocese, but his energies were principally devoted to pacific purposes. In that same year he negotiated Perkin's retirement from the court of James IV, in 1498–1499 he completed the negotiations for that treaty of marriage between the Scottish king and Henry's daughter Margaret which led to the union of the two crowns in 1603 and of the two kingdoms in 1707; the marriage itself did not take place until 1503, just a century before the accession of James I. In August 1501 he was translated once more, this time to the see of Winchester reputed the richest bishopric in England. In that year he brought to a conclusion marriage negotiations not less momentous in their ultimate results, when Prince Arthur was betrothed to Catherine of Aragon.

His last diplomatic achievement in the reign of Henry VII was the betrothal of the king's younger daughter Mary to the future emperor Charles V. In 1500 Foxe was elected chancellor of Cambridge University and in 1507 master of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. Lady Margaret Beaufort made him one of her executors, in this capacity as well as in that of chancellor, he had the chief share with Fisher in regulating the foundation of St John's College and the Lady Margaret professorships and readerships, his financial work brought him a less enviable notoriety, though history has deprived him of the credit, his due for "Morton's Fork." The invention of that ingenious dilemma for extorting contributions from poor and rich alike is ascribed as a tradition to Morton by Francis Bacon. It is in keeping with the somewhat malicious saying about Foxe, reported by William Tyndale, that he would sacrifice his father to save his king; the accession of Henry VIII only increased Foxe's power, the personnel of his ministry remaining unaltered.

The Venetian ambassador called Foxe "alter rex" and the Spanish ambassador Carroz said that Henry trusted him more than any other adviser, although he reports Henry's warning that the Bishop of Winchester was, as his name implied, "a Foxe indeed." He was the chief of the ecclesiastical statesmen of Morton's school, believed in frequent parliaments, opposed the spirited foreign policy which laymen like Surrey are supposed to have advocated. His colleagues were William Warham and Ruthal, but Warham and Foxe differed on the question of Henry's marriage, Foxe advising the completion of the match with Catherine of Aragon while Warham expressed doubts as to its canonical validity, they differed over the prerogatives of Canterbury with regard to probate and other questions of ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Thomas Wolsey's rapid rise in 1511 put an end to Foxe's influence; the pa

Angola at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Angola competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. This is a list of all of the Angolan athletes. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men The men's team qualified by winning the FIBA Africa Championship 2007 tournament. Men's team event – 1 team of 12 players RosterThe following is the Angola roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Group play Qualification Legend: QS = Qualify to semi-final. Women's team event – 1 team of 14 players Roster The following is the Angola roster in the women's handball tournament of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Jerónimo Neto Group play MenWomen Angola at the 2008 Summer Paralympics


Cuterebriasis is a parasitic disease affecting rodents, lagomorphs and canines. The etiologic agent is the larval development of botflies within the Cuterebra or Trypoderma genera, which occurs obligatorily in rodents and lagomorphs, respectively. Felines and canines serve as accidental hosts. Entrance into the body by first-instar larvae occurs via mucous membranes of natural orifices or open wounds as opposed to direct dermic penetration. In rabbits and lagomorphs, clinical signs do not appear. Subcutaneous cysts, may present upon larval deposition out of the body at maturation. Three forms in which cuterebriasis may present in canines and felines: Myasis involves subcutaneous cyst formation due to third larval-instar maturation, occurring about 30 days after entry into the body. Cysts are found on the face and trunk, but location varies with larval migration within the host. Serous discharge may be observed from these cysts, which are 3-5 mm in diameter and include a central pore through which the larvae respire.

This pore serves as a means of exit for the larvae, which occurs between 3 and 8 weeks after entry. Cerebrospinal cuterebriasis results from larval migration to the brain; this is seen in cats, is the proposed cause for feline ischemic encephalopathy and a suggestive causative agent of feline idiopathic vestibular disease. Symptoms of this type of presentation include lethargy, blindness, abnormal vocalization or gait and abnormal or no reflex responses; when affecting the central nervous system, cats are known to exhibit violent sneezing attacks that can begin weeks prior to manifestation of other clinical signs. Respiratory disease results when larval migration occurs through the trachea, diaphragm, or lungs. Cuterebriasis has been noted as a cause for dyspnea in felines. Definitive diagnosis can only occur with positive identification of the larvae; this involves radiologic imaging, as well as surgical exploration during which larvae can be removed and examined for identification. Identification of exact species is impossible, as the instars of the various Cuterebra and Trychoderma spp. exhibit significant resemblance, but identification as a Cuterebra botfly is sufficient for diagnosis as cuterebriasis.

A third larval-instar is found and identifiable by its dark, thick spined body. Subcutaneous cysts may be surgically opened to remove less-mature bots. If matured, cysts may be opened and Cuterebra may be removed using mosquito forceps. Covering the pore in petroleum jelly may aide in removal. If larvae are discovered within body tissues, rather than subcutaneously, surgical removal is the only means of treatment. Ivermectin may be administered with corticosteroids to halt larval migration in cats presenting with respiratory cuterebriasis, but this is not approved for use in cats. A cure for cerebrospinal cuterebriasis has not been reported. Bordelon, Jude T.. "Surgical Removal of a Cuterebra Larva From the Cervical Trachea of a Cat". Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. 45: 52–54. Doi:10.5326/0450052