Sir Richard Francis Burton was a British explorer, translator, soldier, cartographer, spy, poet and diplomat. He was famed for his travels and explorations in Asia and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. According to one count, he spoke 29 European and African languages. Burton's best-known achievements include: a well-documented journey to Mecca in disguise, at a time when Europeans were forbidden access on pain of death, his works and letters extensively criticised colonial policies of the British Empire to the detriment of his career. Although he aborted his university studies, he became a prolific and erudite author and wrote numerous books and scholarly articles about subjects including human behaviour, falconry, sexual practices and ethnography. A characteristic feature of his books is the copious footnotes and appendices containing remarkable observations and information. William Henry Wilkins wrote: "So far as I can gather from all I have learned, the chief value of Burton’s version of The Scented Garden lay not so much in his translation of the text, though that of course was admirably done, as in the copious notes and explanations which he had gathered together for the purpose of annotating the book.
He had made this subject a study of years. For the notes of the book alone he had been collecting material for thirty years, though his actual translation of it only took him eighteen months."Burton was a captain in the army of the East India Company, serving in India, briefly in the Crimean War. Following this, he was engaged by the Royal Geographical Society to explore the east coast of Africa, where he led an expedition guided by locals and was the first European known to have seen Lake Tanganyika. In life, he served as British consul in Fernando Pó, Santos in Brazil, Damascus and in Trieste, he was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and was awarded a knighthood in 1886. Burton was born in Torquay, Devon, at 21:30 on 19 March 1821, he was baptized on 2 September 1821 at Elstree Church in Hertfordshire. His father, Lt.-Colonel Joseph Netterville Burton, of the 36th Regiment, was an Irish-born British army officer of Anglo-Irish extraction who through his mother's family—the Campbells of Tuam—was a first cousin of Lt.-Colonel Henry Peard Driscoll and Mrs Richard Graves.
Richard's mother, Martha Baker, was the daughter and co-heiress of a wealthy English squire, Richard Baker, of Barham House, for whom he was named. Burton had two siblings, Maria Katherine Elizabeth Burton and Edward Joseph Netterville Burton, born in 1823 and 1824, respectively. Burton's family travelled extensively during his childhood and employed various tutors to educate him. In 1825, they moved to Tours in France. In 1829, Burton began a formal education at a preparatory school in Richmond Green in Richmond, run by Reverend Charles Delafosse. Over the next few years, his family travelled between England and Italy. Burton showed a talent to learn languages and learned French, Italian and Latin, as well as several dialects. During his youth, he had an affair with a Roma girl and learned the rudiments of the Romani language; the peregrinations of his youth may have encouraged Burton to regard himself as an outsider for much of his life. As he put it, "Do what thy manhood bids thee do, from none but self expect applause".
Burton matriculated at Trinity College, Oxford, on 19 November 1840. Before getting a room at the college, he lived for a short time in the house of William Alexander Greenhill doctor at the Radcliffe Infirmary. Here, he met John Henry Newman. Despite his intelligence and ability, Burton was antagonised by his peers. During his first term, he is said to have challenged another student to a duel after the latter mocked Burton's moustache. Burton continued to gratify his love of languages by studying Arabic. In April 1842, he attended a steeplechase in deliberate violation of college rules and subsequently dared to tell the college authorities that students should be allowed to attend such events. Hoping to be "rusticated"—that is, suspended with the possibility of reinstatement, the punishment received by some less provocative students who had visited the steeplechase—he was instead permanently expelled from Trinity College. In his own words, "fit for nothing but to be shot at for six pence a day", Burton enlisted in the army of the East India Company at the behest of his ex-college classmates who were members.
He hoped to fight in the first Afghan war. He was posted to the 18th Bombay Native Infantry based in Gujarat and under the command of General Charles James Napier. While in India, he became a proficient speaker of Hindustani, Punjabi, Sindhi and Marathi as well as Persian and Arabic, his studies of Hindu culture had progressed to such an extent that "my Hindu teacher a
Daniel Hubert Federkeil is a former professional Canadian football player, having played offensive tackle for the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League. He played CIS football with the Calgary Dinos, was drafted fifth overall by the Toronto Argonauts in the 2006 CFL Draft, but signed with the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League shortly thereafter, he would assist the Colts in winning Super Bowl XLI over the Chicago Bears. Federkeil retired from professional football in 2009 following a series of concussions, but returned to sign with the Stampeders in 2013 after his CFL rights were traded, he announced his retirement from professional football a second time in February 2018 He played college football at Calgary. He played in four games as freshman…had three tackles and was the youngest player to dress for the university at 17 years and two months old, he was a five-year player, standout on defensive line who had 111 career tackles, 20 for losses, 13 sacks and started eight games as a fifth-year senior.
He Was scouted by Indianapolis Colts scout Cal Murphy, who saw his potential as an offensive lineman when Federkeil was called in to play end in short yardage situations. In his fifth year, he totaled 31 tackles, 12 for losses, 4 sacks, 2 forced fumbles, 1 fumble recovery and 4 passes defended, he was Canada West nominee for J. P. Metras trophy as CIS Lineman-of-the-Year and was unanimous conference All-Star and second-team All-Canadian choice, he was named University of Calgary Athlete-of-the-Year in 2006. He was one of two CIS players in East-West Shrine Game. In 2005, he was second-team CIS All-Canadian, he started seven games as a sophomore and had 14 tackles, five for losses, four sacks, two FF and one blocked FG. Federkeil was selected 5th overall by the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League in the 2006 CFL Draft. Despite this, he never played for the Argos. Federkeil went undrafted in the 2006 NFL Draft, he was signed by the Indianapolis Colts following the draft. Played in two games on special teams against Tennessee and Jacksonville.
Was subsequently moved to the practice roster until being re-signed on December 2, 2006, near the end of the regular season. He played on special teams against the Kansas City Chiefs in the wild-card round of the playoffs; the Colts went on to win the Super Bowl XLI to conclude the 2006 NFL season. He played in the first 8 games of the 2007 NFL season as a member of the special teams unit, he suffered a concussion on December 5, 2007. In the 2008 NFL Season Federkeil started the first 3 games at right guard. Played as a member of the special teams unit in last 9 games of the regular season. Started at right guard against the San Diego Chargers on January 3, 2009, in a wild-card playoff game; the Colts lost 23-17 in overtime. During the 2009 NFL season Federkeil played in six games as a back-up offensive tackle and member of the special teams unit before being placed on injured reserve on November 22, 2009. Federkeil retired at the end of the 2009 season. On April 8, 2013, the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League acquired the rights to Federkeil after trading non-import linebacker Akwasi Antwi to the Toronto Argonauts who had drafted him in 2006.
He would go on to play in 59 games with the Stampeders in 5 years, culminating in four playoff games and three Grey Cup games before announcing his retirement from professional football a second time in February 2018. Indianapolis Colts bio Calgary Stampeders bio Why Daniel Federkeil is one secret to Peyton Manning's Success article at unlimitedmagazine.com Federkeil retires, goes back to the University of Calgary. Globe and Mail
No Bra Day is an annual observance on October 13 on which women are encouraged to forgo wearing a bra as a means to encourage breast cancer awareness. No Bra Day was observed on July 9, 2011, but within three years it had moved to October 13, the month of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Users on social media are encouraged to post using the hashtag #nobraday to promote awareness of breast cancer symptoms and to encourage gender equality; some users on social media sites encourage women to post pictures of themselves not wearing a bra. Some women embrace No Bra Day as a political statement while others prefer the comfort of discarding what they view as a restrictive, uncomfortable garment; the observance has spread worldwide. The event was spun off a medical event in Toronto, that encourages breast cancer survivors to consider reconstructive surgery. First held on October 19, 2011, the medical event was named BRA Day, it was adapted by an anonymous individual who conceived of No Bra Day as a way to encourage women to enjoy being braless and to become knowledgeable about breast cancer symptoms.
The day is controversial as some see it as sexualizing and exploiting women's bodies while at the same time belittling a serious disease. The original event known as "BRA Day" was started by Toronto plastic surgeon Dr. Mitchell Brown; the first BRA Day event, titled "Breast Reconstruction – An Evening of Learning and Sharing", was held in Toronto, Canada at Women's College Hospital and Toronto General Hospital on October 19, 2011. Brown found that many Canadian women who underwent a mastectomy due to breast cancer resisted undergoing reconstructive surgery, he founded "Breast Reconstruction Awareness" Day to increase women's awareness of the availability of reconstructive breast surgery. BRA day is intended to raise awareness of breast cancer screening, alert women to breast cancer symptoms, to encourage women to conduct regular self examinations; the event was adopted in the U. S. in 2012. As of September 2018, the BRA Day event devoted to educating women about reconstructive surgery, hosted by the Canadian Cancer Society, continued to be held across Canada.
BRA day is observed on different dates in different provinces of Canada during the month of October. The origin of No Bra Day can be traced back to the first BRA Day held in Toronto, in 2011. In July that year, an anonymous individual using the name Anastasia Doughnuts conceived of No Bra Day and published the first website promoting the event. Women have protested the physical and cultural restrictions imposed by bras over many years. In 1966, during the height of the hippie era in San Francisco, two women students at San Francisco State College protested a proposed law that would require women to wear bras by walking topless near the campus. On August 1, 1969, an Anti-Bra Day was declared in San Francisco to protest societal pressure to wear constrictive, feminine garments; the protest drew large crowds, blocking traffic, a few women took their bras off from under their clothing in the Financial District. In 1968, feminists organized a protest at the Miss America Contest and tossed a number of feminine products in a garbage can.
A newspaper headline erroneously stated. That protest has been interpreted as a rejection of society's perception of women's bodies and dress requirements. During the 1970s women wore. During the last two decades of the 20th century, bras expressed both professionalism and, due to the attention given a pink satin conical bra worn by Madonna, sexual freedom; the first No Bra Day event was created by an anonymous internet user self-named "Anastasia Doughnuts" for July 9, 2011 and was observed on that date through 2013. In 2013 and 2014, social media posts October 13 as No Bra Day. Since 2015, the event has only been promoted on October 13; the event was described, in part, as: Boobies are Fantastic… We all think so. And what better way to express the way we feel than to support a full day of boobie freedom??... Women are magnificent creatures, so are their breasts. Let us spend the day unleashing boobies from their boobie zoos. **Breast Cancer is something you should take and be checked for.** The announcement was reposted on a Facebook page promoting the event.
October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, by 2014 the official day of the event was moved to October 13, during which women are urged to forgo wearing a bra. An increasing number of women millennials, have expressed opposition to and are giving up wearing bras. In 2012, about 400,000 individuals took part in 250,000 of those on Facebook; as of 2017 the day was observed by women in 30 countries, including New Zealand, Malaysia, Scotland and Ghana. Women are urged after taking off their bra to give themselves a breast exam. On social media, women are encouraged to post photos using the hashtag #nobraday. More than 82,000 women posted pictures on Twitter and Instagram in 2017. Women who choose not to go braless and men are encouraged to wear something purple on that day; some sites suggest. A Romanian photographer capitalized on the idea and published an album of photos depicting braless women. Many celebrities world-wide have been seen braless in public for a number of years. A increasing number of women are going braless.
Fewer women are buying push-up style bras. Some are choosing unstructured, wireless soft cup bralettes, some choose to go bra free altogether. Victoria's Secret's parent company L Brands Inc. derives about one-third of its earnings from bras, in 2016, its revenues were down nearly 30%