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Richard Gere

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Richard Gere
Richard Gere MFF 2015.jpg
Gere at the Montclair Film Festival, May 2015
Born Richard Tiffany Gere
(1949-08-31) August 31, 1949 (age 68)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Nationality American
Education North Syracuse Central High School
Occupation
  • Actor
  • activist
Years active 1969–present
Spouse(s) Cindy Crawford (m. 1991; div. 1995)
Carey Lowell (m. 2002; div. 2016)
Children 1

Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (/ˈɡɪər/ GEER; born August 31, 1949) is an American actor and humanitarian activist. He began in films in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) and a starring role in Days of Heaven (1978). He came to prominence with his role in the film American Gigolo (1980), which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He went on to star in many well-received films, including An Officer and a Gentleman (1982), The Cotton Club (1984), Pretty Woman (1990), Primal Fear (1996), Runaway Bride (1999), I'm Not There (2007), Arbitrage (2012) and Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer (2016). For portraying Billy Flynn in the Academy Award-winning musical Chicago (2002), he won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award as part of the cast.

Early life and education[edit]

Gere was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His mother, Doris Ann (née Tiffany, 1924–2016),[1] was a housewife. His father, Homer George Gere (born 1922),[1] was an insurance agent for the Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, and had originally intended to become a minister.[2] Gere is their eldest son and second child.[1] His paternal great-grandfather had changed the spelling of the surname from "Geer".[1] Both of his parents were Mayflower descendants; Gere's ancestors include Pilgrims Francis Eaton, John Billington, George Soule, Richard Warren, Degory Priest, Francis Cooke, and William Brewster.[1]

In 1967, Gere graduated from North Syracuse Central High School, where he excelled at gymnastics and music, playing the trumpet.[2] He attended the University of Massachusetts Amherst on a gymnastics scholarship, majoring in philosophy, but did not graduate, leaving after two years.[2][3]

Career[edit]

Stage[edit]

Gere first worked professionally at the Seattle Repertory Theatre and Provincetown Playhouse on Cape Cod in 1969, where he starred in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. His first major acting role was in the original London stage version of Grease in 1973.[2] Gere was one of the first notable Hollywood actors to play a homosexual character, starring as a gay Holocaust victim in the 1979 Broadway production of Bent; Gere's performance earned him a Theatre World Award.

Film[edit]

He began appearing in Hollywood films in the mid-1970s. Originally cast in a starring role in The Lords of Flatbush (1974), he was replaced after fighting with another star of the film, Sylvester Stallone. He played a small but memorable part in Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1977) and starred in director Terrence Malick's well-reviewed drama Days of Heaven (1978).[2] The crime drama American Gigolo (1980) significantly boosted his profile and the romantic drama An Officer and a Gentleman (1982) (co-starring Debra Winger) cemented Gere's ascent to stardom, grossing almost $130 million[4] and winning two Academy Awards out of six nominations;[5] Gere himself received his first Golden Globe Award nomination.[6]

For the remainder of the 1980s, Gere appeared in films of varying critical and commercial reception.[7][8] His career rebounded with the releases of Internal Affairs (1990) and Pretty Woman (1990), the latter of which earned him his second Golden Globe Award nomination.[9] The 1990s saw Gere star in successful films including Sommersby (1993), Primal Fear (1996) and Runaway Bride (1999) (which reunited him with his Pretty Woman co-star Julia Roberts).[7] He also took a leading role in the action thriller The Jackal (1997), playing former IRA militant Declan Mulqueen; Gere affected an Irish accent for the role.[10]

Gere was named People magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" in 1999. Not long thereafter, all in the same year, he appeared in the hit films The Mothman Prophecies (2002), Unfaithful (2002) and the Academy Award-winning musical film adaptation Chicago (2002),[2] for which he won his first Golden Globe Award. Gere's ballroom dancing drama Shall We Dance? (2004) was also a solid performer that grossed $170 million worldwide.[11] His next film, the book-to-screen adaptation Bee Season (2005), was a commercial failure.[12] Gere went on to co-star with Jesse Eisenberg and Terrence Howard in The Hunting Party (2007), a thriller in which he played a journalist in Bosnia. He next appeared with Christian Bale, Heath Ledger and Cate Blanchett in Todd Haynes' semi-biographical film about Bob Dylan, I'm Not There (2007); Gere was one of six actors to portray a variation of Dylan.

Gere co-starred with Diane Lane in the romantic drama Nights in Rodanthe (2008). The film was widely panned by critics[13] (making #74 on The Times Worst Films of 2008 list),[14] but grossed over $84 million worldwide.[15] The film is Gere's most recent to have been produced entirely within the studio system. Gere has expressed belief that his politics regarding Tibet and China, the latter an important financial source for Hollywood studio films, have made him a persona non grata within Hollywood.[16]

Gere embraced his apparent exile from Hollywood, appearing in independent features that garnered some of the best reviews of his career.[8] He was notably singled out for portraying businessman Robert Miller in Arbitrage (2012), earning his fourth Golden Globe Award nomination. Among many positive reviews,[17] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone cited Gere's performance as "too good to ignore" and "an implosive tour de force".[18] Lou Lumenick of the New York Post further wrote "Richard Gere gives the best performance of his career".[19][20] Also in 2012, Gere received the Golden Starfish Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Hamptons International Film Festival and the Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Awards.[21][22] He had earlier received an award from the 34th Cairo International Film Festival in December 2010.[23]

Gere made a notable departure from his traditional screen persona with Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer (2016). The political drama (written and directed by Academy Award-nominee Joseph Cedar) saw him portray Norman Oppenheimer, a "small time Jewish 'fixer'". Gere himself described the character as an embodiment of the "sides of us we know are annoying and needy".[24] His portrayal of Oppenheimer was called "consistently, completely fascinating" by RogerEbert.com[25] and was singled out as a worthy Academy Award contender by Variety.[26]

Personal life and activism[edit]

Gere presented with a Khata by the 14th Dalai Lama, October 17, 2007

Gere had a relationship with actress Penelope Milford from 1971 to 1978.[27] He had affairs with Priscilla Presley in 1983[28] and Kim Basinger in 1986.[29]

Gere was married to supermodel Cindy Crawford from 1991 to 1995. In November 2002, he married model and actress Carey Lowell.[30] They have a son, Homer James Jigme Gere, who was born in February 2000 and is named after Gere's and Lowell's fathers, as well as the Tibetan name Jigme.[2][31] In September 2013, the two separated after 11 years of marriage. The couple spent three years in highly contested divorce proceedings in Manhattan Supreme Court.[32][33] The case was settled in October 2016.[34]

Gere was raised attending a Methodist church.[35][36] His interest in Buddhism began when he was in his twenties.[37] He first studied Zen Buddhism[37] under Kyozan Joshu Sasaki.[37] After having studied Zen for five or six years,[37] in 1978 he traveled with the Brazilian painter Sylvia Martins[38] to Nepal, where he met many Tibetan monks and lamas.[38] He then met the 14th Dalai Lama in India[37] and became a practicing Tibetan Buddhist of the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism[37] and an active supporter of the Dalai Lama.[2] Gere regularly visits Dharamshala, the headquarters of the Tibetan government-in-exile.[39]

Gere is also an advocate for human rights in Tibet. He is a co-founder of the Tibet House, creator of The Gere Foundation and Chairman of the Board of Directors for the International Campaign for Tibet. Because he supports the Tibetan Independence Movement, he is permanently banned from entering the People's Republic of China.[40][41] In 1993, Gere was banned as an Academy Award presenter after he denounced the Chinese government in his capacity as presenter.[42][43] In September 2007, Gere called for the boycott of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games to put pressure on China to make Tibet independent. He starred in a Free Tibet-themed Lancia commercial featuring the Lancia Delta.[44] On June 27, 2011, Gere meditated in Borobudur Temple,[45] in Indonesia.

Gere visits USAID HIV/AIDS "Operation Lighthouse" Project in Mumbai.

Gere actively supports Survival International, an organization dedicated to protecting the rights and lands of tribal peoples throughout the world.[38] He contributed some of his writing for the book, We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, released in October 2009.[46] Gere discussed the persecution and loss of land of the Jummas as an example of a tragic story that repeats itself in different continents of the world, calling attention to the crime against their peaceful culture and how it reflects on humankind's own relationship with nature and capacity to survive.[47] The royalties from the sale of the book go to the indigenous rights organization, Survival International.

Gere campaigns for ecological causes and AIDS awareness. He currently serves on the board of directors for Healing the Divide, an organization that supports global initiatives to promote peace, justice and understanding.[48] He helped to establish the AIDS Care Home, a residential facility in India for women and children with AIDS, and also supports campaigns for AIDS awareness and education in that country. In 1999, he created the Gere Foundation India Trust to support a variety of humanitarian programs in India.[49]

On April 15, 2007, Gere appeared at an AIDS awareness rally in Jaipur, India. During a live news conference to promote condom use among truck drivers, he embraced Bollywood superstar Shilpa Shetty, dipped her, and kissed her several times on the cheek. As a result of that gesture, a local court ordered the arrest of Gere and Shetty, finding them in violation of public obscenity laws. Gere has said the controversy was "manufactured by a small hard-line political party." About a month later, a two-judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India, K. G. Balakrishnan, described the case as "frivolous" and believed that such complaints (against celebrities) were filed for "cheap publicity" and have brought a bad name to the country. They ruled that Gere would remain free to enter the country.[50]

In June 2008, Gere appeared in a Fiat commercial for the European market, driving a new Lancia Delta from Hollywood to Tibet. The commercial concluded with a tagline of "the power to be different". The commercial was reported in Chinese newspapers, and Fiat apologized to China.[citation needed]

Gere's name is on some lists of famous vegetarians.[51][52] However, he is not a vegetarian.[53]

In 2016, he endorsed Hillary Clinton for president and donated $2,700 to her campaign.[54]

Honors and awards[edit]

In 1995, he was the President of the Jury at the 19th Moscow International Film Festival.[55]

On May 17, 2012, Albanian President, Bamir Topi awarded the "Medal of Gratitude" to Richard Gere with the citation: "With gratitude and honor outstanding personality of the world art, great humanist and activist for the protection of human rights, which unmasked and the American public made known, and further, inhuman crimes, ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, in 1999, the Serbian military machine against the Albanian civilian population living in its land".[56] On February 16, 2012, the George Eastman Museum honored Gere with the George Eastman Award for distinguished contribution to the art of film.[57]

Political views[edit]

In 2010, Gere stated that the war in Iraq wasn't supported by the American people and that the George W. Bush administration "bullied" Americans into the decision. He called George W. Bush a very "poor president".[58]

"I'm very sorry about what the U.S. has done in Iraq. This war has been a tragedy for everyone. I hope that the people of Iraq can rebuild their country," Gere said in a press conference held on the sidelines of the 34th Cairo International Film Festival.[59]

Filmography[edit]

Gere in Venice, Italy in October 2007.
Year Title Role Notes
1975 Report to the Commissioner Billy
1975 Strike Force Walter C. Spencer (Police Officer)
1976 Baby Blue Marine Raider
1976 Kojak Geno Papas Episode 4.1: "Birthday Party"
1977 Looking for Mr. Goodbar Tony Lopanto
1978 Bloodbrothers Thomas Stony De Coco
1978 Days of Heaven Bill
1979 Yanks Matt Dyson
1980 American Gigolo Julian Kaye
1982 An Officer and a Gentleman Zack Mayo
1983 The Honorary Consul Dr. Eduardo Plarr a.k.a. Beyond the Limit
1983 Breathless Jesse Lujack
1984 The Cotton Club Dixie Dwyer
1985 King David David
1986 No Mercy Eddie Jillette
1986 Power Pete St. John
1988 Miles from Home Frank Roberts, Jr.
1990 Internal Affairs Dennis Peck
1990 Pretty Woman Edward Lewis
1991 Rhapsody in August Clark
1992 Final Analysis Dr. Isaac Barr
1993 Mr. Jones Mr. Jones
1993 Sommersby John Robert 'Jack' Sommersby
1993 And the Band Played On The Choreographer
1994 Intersection Vincent Eastman
1995 First Knight Lancelot
1996 Primal Fear Martin Vail
1997 The Jackal Declan Joseph Mulqueen
1997 Red Corner Jack Moore
1999 Runaway Bride Ike Graham
2000 Dr. T & the Women Dr. T
2000 Autumn in New York Will Keane
2002 The Mothman Prophecies John Klein
2002 Unfaithful Edward Sumner
2002 Chicago Billy Flynn
2004 Shall We Dance? John Clark
2005 Bee Season Saul Naumann
2007 The Hoax Clifford Irving
2007 The Hunting Party Simon
2007 I'm Not There Bob Dylan as Billy The Kid
2007 The Flock Agent Erroll Babbage
2008 Nights in Rodanthe Dr. Paul Flanner
2009 Amelia George Putnam
2009 Hachi: A Dog's Tale Parker Wilson
2010 Brooklyn's Finest Eddie Dugan
2011 The Double Paul Shepherdson
2012 Arbitrage Robert Miller
2013 Movie 43 Boss Segment "iBabe"
2014 Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey Clair Cameron Patterson (voice)[60] Episode "The Clean Room"
2014 Henry & Me Henry (voice)
2014 Time Out of Mind George Hammond
2015 The Second Best Exotic Marigold Hotel Guy Chambers
2015 The Benefactor Franny
2016 Norman: The Moderate Rise and Tragic Fall of a New York Fixer Norman Oppenheimer
2017 The Dinner Stan Lohman
2017 Three Christs Dr. Alan Stone

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Nominated work Award Result
1979 Days of Heaven David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign Actor Won
1983 An Officer and a Gentleman Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated
1984 The Honorary Consul Nastro d'Argento Award for Best Foreign Actor Nominated
1986 King David Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actor Nominated
1991 Pretty Woman Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated
1994 And the Band Played On Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie Nominated
1997 Red Corner National Board of Review Freedom of Expression Award Won
2000 Runaway Bride Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actor - Comedy/Romance Nominated
2001 Dr. T & the Women Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated
Autumn in New York Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screen Combo (shared with Winona Ryder) Nominated
2003 Chicago Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Won
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Won
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Nominated
Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Villain Nominated
2005 Shall We Dance Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie: Dance Scene (shared with Jennifer Lopez) Nominated
2007 The Hoax Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Nominated
2008 I'm Not There Independent Spirit Robert Altman Award Won
2013 Arbitrage Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Roberts, Gary Boyd. "#74 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: The New England Ancestry of Actor Richard [Tiffany] Gere". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Stated in interview on Inside the Actors Studio, 2002
  3. ^ "Richard Gere Biography", Carey Latimore, The Biography Channel. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "An Officer and a Gentleman". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ "THE 55TH ACADEMY AWARDS - 1983". Oscars.org. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Officer and a Gentleman, An". Goldenglobes.com. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Richard Gere". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Richard Gere". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Richard Gere". Goldenglobes.com. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "Top 5 worst Irish accents in films". Metro. Retrieved June 24, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Shall We Dance". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Bee Season". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Nights in Rodanthe (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Turkeys! The 100 Worst Movies of 2008". The Times. December 8, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Nights in Rodanthe". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 4, 2009. 
  16. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (April 18, 2017). "Richard Gere's Studio Exile: Why His Hollywood Career Took an Indie Turn". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Arbitrage (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  18. ^ Travers, Peter. "Arbitrage". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  19. ^ Rosen, Christopher (January 22, 2012). "Richard Gere in 'Arbitrage': Sundance Film Festival's First Oscar Contender?". moviefone. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  20. ^ Lumenick, Lou (January 21, 2012). "Sundance 2012 Oscar Watch: Gere soars in 'Arbitrage'". New York Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  21. ^ Barylski, Nicole. "Richard Gere Receiving Lifetime Achievement In Acting At Hamptons International Film Festival". Hamptons.com. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "Richard Gere will receive the "Hollywood Career Achievement Award" at the 2012 HFAs". Hollywood Film Awards. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "Gere, Binoche honored at CIFF opening". Daily News Egypt. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on December 10, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2010. 
  24. ^ Riley, Jenelle. "Richard Gere on the Desperate but Optimistic 'Norman' and 'Pretty Woman' Original Ending". Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  25. ^ Lemire, Christy. "Norman". Rogerebert.com. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  26. ^ Tapley, Kristopher; Riley, Jenelle. "Oscars: 13 Deserving Contenders From 2017 So Far". Variety.com. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  27. ^ http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20129747,00.html
  28. ^ Edwards, Michael (1988). Priscilla, Elvis, and Me. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312022689. 
  29. ^ Britton, Ron (1998). Kim Basinger: Longer Than Forever. Blake Publishing. ISBN 1857823257. 
  30. ^ Silverman, Stephen (November 15, 2002). "Passages: Gere, Lowell Get Married". People. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  31. ^ Jewel, Dan (February 21, 2000). "Role Change". People. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  32. ^ Strang, Fay (September 25, 2013). "Richard Gere and wife Carey Lowell set for divorce as they split after 11 years of marriage due to lifestyle differences". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  33. ^ Ross, Barbara (May 1, 2015). "Richard Gere, Carey Lowell still fighting over money in divorce case". New York Daily News. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  34. ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/richard-gere-carey-lowell-expected-reach-divorce-settlement-article-1.2835137
  35. ^ Jones, Chris (December 27, 2002). "Richard Gere: On guard". BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Richard Gere Interview for Bee Season". The Cinema Source. 
  37. ^ a b c d e f "Richard Gere: My Journey as a Buddhist". Shambhala Sun. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  38. ^ a b c "Richard Gere Biography". The Biography Channel. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2007. 
  39. ^ "Richard Gere in Bodh Gaya to attend Dalai Lama's discourse". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  40. ^ Yahlin Chang, 'Red Corner,' Newsweek (New York) November 10, 1997:Gere has already been banned from entering China for his pro-Tibet activities.'
  41. ^ Laurence Caracalla, Harrison Ford, Silverback Books, 2007 p.93
  42. ^ "Richard Gere profile". Hello. 
  43. ^ "Richard Gere: Man of masks". The Independent. London. December 1, 2007. 
  44. ^ "Lancia Delta "Richard Gere" TV Commercial". paultan.org. 
  45. ^ Richard Gere Ingin Kembali ke Candi Borobudur Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  46. ^ "We Are One". survivalinternational.org. 
  47. ^ Eede, Joanna (2009). We are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples. Quadrille Publishing. ISBN 1-84400-729-4. 
  48. ^ Healing The Divide
  49. ^ The Gere Foundation. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
  50. ^ "Richard Gere cleared of obscenity". BBC News. March 14, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Famous Vegans". Vegans Have Superpowers. Retrieved 2017-10-12. 
  52. ^ "Famous Vegetarians and Famous vegans". Veganwolf.com. Retrieved 2017-10-12. 
  53. ^ Parsons, Rhea (2011-03-24). "Breaking Up With Richard Gere". The 'V' Word. Retrieved 2017-10-12. Richard Gere is all of these things but there is one thing he’s not: a Vegan. He’s not even vegetarian. 
  54. ^ "Celebs endorsing presidential candidates". CBS News. October 18, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016. 
  55. ^ "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  56. ^ President Topi dekoron zotin Riçard Gir me “Medaljen e Mirënjohjes”, President of Albania, May 17, 2012 (in Albanian)
  57. ^ "Richard Gere to receive George Eastman Award". Yahoo News. December 23, 2011. 
  58. ^ "Juliette Binoche and Richard Gere greet the press". Al-Masry Al-Youm. December 1, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Seeing the stars in Cairo". Egyptian Gazette. December 27, 2010. 
  60. ^ Davis, Lauren. "This Week's TV: A Disturbingly Sexy French Comic Book Comes To TV!". io9. 

External links[edit]