Richard Norman Shaw

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Richard Norman Shaw

Richard Norman Shaw RA (7 May 1831 – 17 November 1912), sometimes known as Norman Shaw, was a Scottish architect who worked from the 1870s to the 1900s, known for his country houses and for commercial buildings.

Life[edit]

Shaw was born in Edinburgh,[1] and trained in the London office of William Burn with George Edmund Street. Shaw attended the Royal Academy classes and received a grounding in classicism. There, he met William Eden Nesfield, with whom he briefly partnered in some architectural designs; in 1854–1856 Shaw travelled with a Royal Academy scholarship, collecting sketches that were published as Architectural Sketches from the Continent, 1858. [2]

In 1863, after sixteen years of training, Shaw opened a practice for a short time with Nesfield; in 1872, he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy. [2]

Shaw worked, among others, for the artists John Callcott Horsley and George Henry Boughton, and the industrialist Lord Armstrong, he designed large houses such as Cragside, Grim's Dyke, and Chigwell Hall, as well as a series of commercial buildings using a wide range of styles.[2]

Shaw was elected to the Royal Academy in 1877,[2] and co-edited (with Sir Thomas Jackson RA) the 1892 collection of essays, Architecture, a profession or an Art?.[3] He firmly believed it was an art; in later years, Shaw moved to a heavier classical style which influenced the emerging Edwardian Classicism of the early 20th century. Shaw died in London, where he had designed residential buildings in areas such as Pont Street, and public buildings such as New Scotland Yard.

Shaw's early country houses avoided Neo-Gothic and the academic styles, reviving vernacular materials like half timber and hanging tiles, with projecting gables and tall massive chimneys with "inglenooks" for warm seating. Shaw's houses soon attracted the misnomer the "Queen Anne style", as his skills developed, he dropped some of the mannered detailing, his buildings gained in dignity, and acquired an air of serenity and a quiet homely charm which were less conspicuous in his earlier works; half timber construction was more sparingly used, and finally disappeared entirely. [2]

Built work[edit]

Place Location County Date Listed [hide]Notes
Greenham Lodge Berkshire
Holme Grange School Wokingham Berkshire 1883
Highdown School Emmer Green, Reading Berkshire 1878–80
Dawpool Cheshire demolished, 1927
All Saints’ Church, Youlgreave Youlgreave Derbyshire 1869 - 1870 restoration
St Giles' Church Longstone Derbyshire 1872-73 restoration
Flete House Devonshire
House of Bethany St. Clement's Road, Bournemouth Dorset 1874–75
Bryanston School Dorset 1898
Bannow Residential Care Home, St Leonards-on-Sea East Sussex 1877
Baldslow Place St Leonards-on-Sea East Sussex 1888 originally the Ebden family home, now Claremont School
Chigwell Hall Chigwell Essex 1876 The building is now owned by the Metropolitan Police
Flora Fountain Mumbai India 1864
Alcroft Grange Tyler Hill, Canterbury Kent 1880s[4] Now divided into 4 wings[5]
Swanscombe Church Kent
4 – 6 Page Heath Lane Bickley Kent 1864
The Corner House 114 Shortlands Road, Beckenham Kent 1869
Bailiff's Cottage Bromley Palace Estate, Bromley Kent 1864 demolished
Town Hall Market Square, Bromley Kent 1863 unexecuted
Albion House James Street Liverpool 1896–98
1–2 St. James Street London 1882–83[6]
Grim's Dyke Harrow London 1870 II[7]
New Zealand Chambers Leadenhall Street London 1871–73[6]
Lowther Lodge Kensington London 1873–75 headquarters of the Royal Geographical Society
6 Ellerdale Road Hampstead London built for himself
8 Melbury Road Kensington London 1872–73[8] built for painter Marcus Stone
Woodland House 31 Melbury Road, Kensington London 1876–77[8] built for painter Luke Fildes
Swan House 17 Chelsea Embankment London 1875–77
Ellern Mede 31 Totteridge Common, Barnet London 1877
Bedford Park London 1879–82 the first "garden city" suburban development: housing, including St. Michael and All Angels Church
Albert Hall Mansions Kensington Gore London 1879–86
Tabard Hotel Chiswick London
Norman Shaw Buildings Thames Embankment London 1887–1906 Originally built as the new headquarters of the Metropolitan Police, and the first location to be known as New Scotland Yard. The two buildings are now used as Parliamentary offices.
Kate Greenaway House Frognal London 1885
1 St. James's Street London 1904
Trevanion Totteridge Lane, Barnet London 1883–84
Piccadilly Hotel Piccadilly Circus London 1905–08 his last work
Gatehouse to Banqueting Hall Jesmond Dene Newcastle upon Tyne 1869-1870
Cragside Rothbury Northumberland 1869/1870–1885
Chesters Northumberland
Preen Manor Shropshire
Adcote Little Ness Shropshire 1876–81
Knight's Bank Farnham Surrey 1868 demolished 1932
Pierrepont and Merrist Wood Surrey
Pierrepont House Frensham Surrey 1876–78
Alderbrook Park Cranleigh Surrey 1881 demolished 1956 - house for Pandeli Ralli
Leyswood Withyham Sussex 1866–69
Bannow St. Leonard's Sussex 1877–79 private house, now nursing home
Withyham Sussex 1867
Gorehill Petworth West Sussex 1871
Old School House Hammerwood, Nr East Grinstead West Sussex 1872 formerly the village school
Wispers West Sussex 1874–76
White Lodge and White Lodge West Bingley West Yorkshire
Bradford City Hall extension Yorkshire 1909
Holy Trinity Church Bingley Yorkshire 1866–68 demolished 1974

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shaw, Richard Norman". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1591. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ Richard Norman Shaw, editor: Architecture: A profession or an art: thirteen short essays on the qualifications and training of architects, London, Murray, 1892. Contributors include: R. Norman Shaw, J. T. Micklethwaite, Reginald Blomfield, G.F. Bodley, Mervyn Macartney, Ernest Newton, Edward S. Prior, John R. Clayton, Basil Champneys, W.R. Lethaby, W.B. Richmond, Gerald Horsley and T.G. Jackson.
  4. ^ John Martin. "Y900003 / Youth Hostels Association (England and Wales) / Historical listing of all youth hostels and associated accommodation" (PDF). Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Check out this property for sale on Rightmove!". Rightmove.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b John Bold; Tanis Hinchcliffe; Scott Forrester (27 January 2009). Discovering London's Buildings: With Twelve Walks. frances lincoln ltd. pp. 105–. ISBN 978-0-7112-2918-1. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "GRIMSDYKE, Harrow - 1079676| Historic England". www.historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  8. ^ a b "Survey of London: volume 37: Northern Kensington". British History Online. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
Attribution

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]