New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
New York Daily News
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City. It is the fourth-most widely circulated newspaper in the United States. It was founded in 1919, and was the first U. S. daily printed in tabloid format and it is owned by Mortimer Zuckerman, and is headquartered at 4 New York Plaza in Lower Manhattan. The Daily News was founded by Joseph Medill Patterson in 1919, Patterson and his cousin, Robert R. McCormick were co-publishers of the Chicago Tribune and grandsons of Tribune founder Joseph Medill. On his way back, Patterson met with Alfred Harmsworth, who was the Viscount Northcliffe and publisher of the Daily Mirror, impressed with the advantages of a tabloid, Patterson launched the Daily News on June 26,1919. The Daily News was not a success, and by August 1919. Still, New Yorks many subway commuters found the tabloid format easier to handle, by the time of the papers first anniversary in June 1920, circulation was over 100,000 and by 1925, over a million.
Circulation reached its peak in 1947, at 2.4 million daily and 4.7 million on Sunday. The Daily News carried the slogan New Yorks Picture Newspaper from 1920 to 1991, for its emphasis on photographs, and a camera has been part of the newspapers logo from day one. The papers slogan, developed from a 1985 ad campaign, is New Yorks Hometown Newspaper, while another has been The Eyes, the Ears, the Honest Voice of New York. News-gathering operations were, for a time, organized using two-way radios, prominent sports cartoonists have included Bill Gallo, Bruce Stark and Ed Murawinski. Editorial cartoonists have included C. D. Batchelor, editions were published as extras in 1991 during the brief tenure of Robert Maxwell as publisher. In 1982, and again in the early 1990s during a newspaper strike, in the 1982 instance, the parent Tribune offered the tabloid up for sale. In 1991, millionaire Robert Maxwell offered financial assistance to The News to help it stay in business, when Maxwell died shortly thereafter, The News seceded from his publishing empire, which eventually splintered under questions about whether Maxwell had the financial backing to sustain it.
After Maxwells death in 1991, the paper was held together in bankruptcy by existing management, led by editor James Willse, mort Zuckerman bought the paper in 1993. From its founding until 1991, the Daily News was owned by the Tribune Company, in 1948 The News established WPIX, whose call letters were based on The News nickname of New Yorks Picture Newspaper, and bought what became WPIX-FM, which is now known as WFAN-FM. The News maintains local bureaux in the Bronx and Queens, at City Hall, within One Police Plaza, in January 2012, former News of the World and New York Post editor Colin Myler was appointed editor-in-chief of the Daily News. Myler was replaced by his deputy Jim Rich in September 2015, ather than portraying New York through the partisan divide between liberals and conservatives, The News has played up the more mythic rift between the city’s fiends and heroes
Franklin & Marshall College
Franklin & Marshall College is a private co-educational residential liberal arts college in the Northwest Corridor neighborhood of Lancaster, United States. It employs 175 full-time faculty members and has a student body of approximately 2,324 full-time students, F&M was ranked 37 on U. S. News & World Reports 2014 list of liberal arts colleges. The New York Times ranked F&M 26th in a ranking of The Most Economically Diverse Top Colleges in 2014, in 2011 F&M was ranked as the 4th Most Rigorous College/University on Newsweeks The Daily Beast. Forbes 2009 list of Americas Best Colleges ranked the school 36th overall and it was ranked #1 in the nation for Faculty accessibility by The Princeton Review in 2003. The college is a member of the Centennial Conference, for the Class of 2012 Admissions Cycle, the acceptance rate dropped to 35. 9%, making it F&Ms most selective class yet while increasing the admissions profile. The average SAT score is 1311, which combines the Critical Reading, the average class size is 19 students, and the student-faculty ratio is 9,1.
Franklin College was chartered on June 6,1787, in Lancaster and it was named for Benjamin Franklin, who donated £200 to the new institution. Its first trustees included five signers of the Declaration of Independence, the schools first courses were taught on July 16,1787, with instruction taking place in both English and German, making it the first bilingual college in the United States. Franklin College was Americas first coeducational institution, with its first class of students composed of 78 men and 36 women, among the latter was Richea Gratz, the first Jewish female college student in the United States. However, the policy was soon abandoned and it would take 182 years before women were again permitted to enroll in the school. In July 1789, Franklin College ran into difficulty as its annual tuition of four pounds was not enough to cover operating costs. Enrollment began to dwindle to just a few students and eventually the college existed as nothing more than a meeting of the Board of Trustees.
In an effort to help the school, an academy was established in 1807. For the next three decades, Franklin College and Franklin Academy managed to limp along financially, with instructors supplementing their income with private tutoring, in 1835, the schools Debating Society was renamed Diagnothian Literary Society at the suggestion of seminary student Samuel Reed Fisher. In June of that year, Diagnothian was divided into two friendly rivals to encourage debate, Diagnothian retained its original name, while the new society was named Goethean, in honor of German philosopher and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The two organizations sponsored orations and debated politics and literature and they merged in 1955, but became separate entities again in 1989. The Diagnothian Society is the oldest student organization on campus, having grown from a Reformed Church academy, Marshall College opened in 1836 in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. The school was named for the fourth Chief Justice of the United States John Marshall and it was founded with the belief that harmony between knowledge and will was necessary to create a well-rounded person
True Blood is an American dark fantasy horror television series produced and created by Alan Ball and based on The Southern Vampire Mysteries series of novels by Charlaine Harris. Now they are struggling for equal rights and assimilation, while anti-vampire organizations begin to gain power, the show was broadcast on the premium cable network HBO, in the United States, and was produced by HBO in association with Balls production company, Your Face Goes Here Entertainment. The series premiered on September 7,2008 and concluded on August 24,2014, the first five seasons received highly positive reviews, and both nominations and wins for several awards, including a Golden Globe and an Emmy. Throughout the series, other creatures are introduced, among them shapeshifters, faeries, witches. The series revolves around Sookie Stackhouse, a telepathic human-faerie hybrid known as a halfling, Sookie is a waitress at Merlottes Bar and Grill, owned by Sam Merlotte in the small Louisiana town of Bon Temps.
Sam is a shapeshifter, though this secret is hidden from most of the town. Series creator Alan Ball had previously worked with the cable channel HBO on Six Feet Under, in October 2005, after Six Feet Under wrapped, Ball signed a two-year agreement with HBO to develop and produce original programming for the network. True Blood became the first project under the deal, after Ball became acquainted with Charlaine Harris Southern Vampire Mystery books. One day, while early for an appointment, Ball was browsing through a Barnes & Noble bookshop and came across Dead Until Dark. He read the entries that followed and became interested in bringing vision to television, Harris already had two other adaptation options for the books. She said she chose to work him, because really got me. Thats how he convinced me to go with him, I just felt that he understood what I was doing with the books. The projects hour-long pilot was ordered concurrently with the finalization of the development deal, and was written, directed.
Cast members Paquin and Trammell were announced in February 2007, the pilot was shot in the early summer of 2007 and was officially ordered to series in August, at which point Ball had already written several more episodes. Production on the series that fall, with Brook Kerr. Two more episodes of the series had been filmed before the 2007-08 Writers Guild of America strike shut down production of the 12-episode first season until 2008, ideas of redemption and forgiveness are explored, and thus the sequence progresses from morning to night and culminates in a baptism. The title sequence was created by the independent film company Digital Kitchen, the sequence features images and themes of death and rebirth, the circle of life. A Venus fly-trap can be seen engulfing a frog, while a rotting foxs head is sped up to reveal maggots feeding off the corpse
The Newsroom (U.S. TV series)
The series chronicles the behind-the-scenes events at the fictional Atlantis Cable News channel. Other cast members include Emily Mortimer, John Gallagher Jr. Alison Pill, Thomas Sadoski, Dev Patel, Olivia Munn, who created the Emmy Award–winning political drama The West Wing, had reportedly been developing a cable-news-centered TV drama since 2009. After months of negotiations, premium cable network HBO ordered a pilot in January 2011, Sorkin did his research for the series by observing several real-world cable news programs first-hand. He served as producer, along with Scott Rudin and Alan Poul. Jeff Daniels as Will McAvoy, the anchor and managing editor of News Night, a moderate Republican news anchor whose broadcast persona is characterized as unwilling to offend anyone. Known for being difficult to work with, his world is turned upside down when his ex-girlfriend MacKenzie re-enters his life with a plan to revamp his news broadcast, MacKenzie had an affair with her ex-boyfriend Brian Brenner during her relationship with Will.
John Gallagher Jr. as James Jim Harper, Senior Producer who follows MacKenzie to News Night, at his new job, he develops feelings for Maggie. Alison Pill as Margaret Maggie Jordan, an eager, young associate producer of News Night, formerly Wills somewhat inept personal assistant, she is appointed an assistant producer by MacKenzie. She has complicated personal relationships with Don and Jim, plain-speaking and straightforward, but quite insecure, Don begins to doubt his feelings for Maggie Jordan. Ultimately, he breaks up with her, encouraging her to go after Jim and he subsequently goes on to date Sloan. Dev Patel as Neal Sampat, writer of Wills blog and electronic media expert who covered the London Underground bombings with a camera phone, Neal works with the team to develop the use of electronic media as part of the new format. Olivia Munn as Sloan Sabbith, an economist with two Ph. D. s, she presents a news segment on Wills show. Sloan is good at her job, but socially inept and prone to creating uncomfortable situations for herself.
Sam Waterston as Charlie Skinner, Atlantis Cable News president and retired US Marine, charlies role is to joust with Atlantis World Media owner Leona Lansing and her son, AWM president Reese Lansing while defending the new News Night format. Jane Fonda as Leona Lansing, CEO of Atlantis World Media, adina Porter as Kendra James, a booker for News Night. Chris Chalk as Gary Cooper, a producer for News Night. Chris Messina as Reese Lansing, president of AWM, and Leonas son, Terry Crews as Lonny Church, Wills bodyguard assigned to him after Will receives death threats. Kelen Coleman as Lisa Lambert, Maggies roommate who dates Jim, david Harbour as Elliot Hirsch, the anchor of Right Now, Dons new program on the network
American Jews, known as Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, either by religion, ethnicity, or nationality. The Jewish community in the United States is composed predominantly of Ashkenazi Jews and their US-born descendants, Minority Jewish ethnic divisions are represented, including Sephardic Jews, Mizrahi Jews, and a smaller percentage of converts to Judaism. The American Jewish community manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions, depending on religious definitions and varying population data, the United States is home to the largest or second largest Jewish community in the world. In 2012, the American Jewish population was estimated at between 5.5 and 8 million, depending on the definition of the term and this constitutes between 1. 7% and 2. 6% of the total U. S. population. Jews have been present in what is today the United States of America since the mid-17th century, they were small in number, with at most 200 to 300 having arrived by 1700. The majority were Sephardic Jewish immigrants of Spanish and Portuguese ancestry, until after 1720 when Ashkenazi Jews from Central, after passage of the Plantation Act of 1740, Jews were specifically permitted to become British citizens and immigrate to the colonies.
Until about 1830, South Carolina had more Jews than anywhere else in North America and they primarily became merchants and shop-owners. Jewish migration to the United States increased dramatically in the early 1880s, as a result of persecution, many Jews emigrated from Romania. Over 2,000,000 Jews landed between the late 19th century and 1924, when the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration, most settled in the New York metropolitan area, establishing the worlds major concentrations of Jewish population. In 1915 the circulation of the daily Yiddish newspapers was half a million in New York City alone, in addition thousands more subscribed to the numerous weekly papers and the many magazines. American Jewish writers of the time urged assimilation and integration into the wider American culture,500,000 American Jews fought in World War II, and after the war younger families joined the new trend of suburbanization. There, Jews became increasingly assimilated and demonstrated rising intermarriage, more recent waves of Jewish emigration from Russia and other regions have largely joined the mainstream American Jewish community.
Americans of Jewish descent have been successful in many fields. Scholars debate whether the historical experience for Jews in the United States has been such a unique experience as to validate American exceptionalism. Korelitz shows how American Jews during the late 19th and early 20th centuries abandoned a racial definition of Jewishness in favor of one that embraced ethnicity. The key to understanding this transition from a racial self-definition to a cultural or ethnic one can be found in the ‘’Menorah Journal’’ between 1915 and 1925, siporin uses the family folklore of ethnic Jews to their collective history and its transformation into an historical art form. They tell us how Jews have survived being uprooted and transformed, many immigrant narratives bear a theme of the arbitrary nature of fate and the reduced state of immigrants in a new culture. By contrast, ethnic family narratives tend to show the more in charge of his life
Home Box Office is an American premium cable and satellite television network that is owned by Time Warner through its respective flagship company Home Box Office, Inc. HBO is the oldest and longest continuously operating pay television service in the United States, in 2014, HBO had an adjusted operating income of US$1.79 billion, compared to the US$1.68 billion it accrued in 2013. HBO has 49 million subscribers in the United States and 130 million worldwide as of 2016, the network provides seven 24-hour multiplex channels, including HBO Comedy, HBO Latino, HBO Signature and HBO Family. It launched the streaming service HBO Now in April 2015, and has over 2 million subscribers in the United States as of February 2017. In addition to its U. S. subscriber base, HBO distributes content in at least 151 countries, HBO subscribers generally pay for an extra tier of service that includes other cable- and satellite-exclusive channels even before paying for the channel itself. Cable providers can require the use of a converter box – usually digital – in order to receive HBO, many HBO programs have been syndicated to other networks and broadcast television stations, and a number of HBO-produced series and films have been released on DVD.
The new system, which Dolan named Sterling Information Services, became the first urban underground cable system in the United States. In that same year, Time-Life, Inc. purchased a 20% stake in Dolans company, in the summer of 1971, while on a family vacation in France, Charles Dolan began to think of ideas to make Sterling Manhattan profitable. He came up with the concept for a television service. Dolan presented his idea to Time-Life management, though satellite distribution seemed only a distant possibility at the time, he persuaded Time-Life to back him on the project. To gauge whether consumers would be interested in subscribing to a pay television service, in a meeting of Dolan and some Time-Life executives who were working on the project, various other names were discussed for the new service. Home Box Office launched on November 8,1972, however, HBOs launch came without fanfare in the press, as it was not covered by any local or national media outlets. Home Box Office distributed its first sports event immediately after the film, Four months in February 1973, Home Box Office aired its first television special, the Pennsylvania Polka Festival.
Home Box Office would use a network of relay towers to distribute its programming to cable systems throughout its service area. Sterling Manhattan Cable continued to lose money because the company had only a small base of 20,000 customers in Manhattan. Time-Life dropped the Sterling name and the company was renamed Manhattan Cable Television under Time-Lifes control in March 1973, Gerald Levin, who had been with Home Box Office since it began operations as its vice president of programming, replaced Dolan as the companys president and chief executive officer. In September 1973, Time-Life, Inc. completed its acquisition of the pay service. HBO would eventually increase its fortunes within two years, by April 1975, the service had around 100,000 subscribers in Pennsylvania and New York state, in 1974, they settled on using a geostationary communications satellite to transmit HBO to cable providers throughout the United States
Gregory Dyke is a British media executive and broadcaster. He is the chairman of The Football Association. Dyke is a panellist on Sky News The Pledge, since the 1960s, Dyke has had a long career in the UK in print and broadcast journalism. He is credited with introducing tabloid television to British broadcasting, in the 1990s, he held chief executive positions at LWT Group, Pearson Television and Channel 5. He is the chairman of childrens television company HiT Entertainment, and was the Chancellor of the University of York from 2004 to 2015, Dyke was born in 1947, in Hayes, the youngest of three sons in a stable, lower middle class family. His father was an insurance salesman, the family lived at 17 Cerne Close until he was 9, moved to Cedars Drive, Hillingdon. He was educated at Yeading Primary School and Hayes Grammar School, after school he was briefly a trainee manager at Marks & Spencer before leaving to work as a trainee reporter for the Hillingdon Mirror, becoming chief reporter in eight months.
He left the Mirror after attempting to stage a union-backed protest against poor pay conditions by the staff of the work on the paper. He got a job at the Slough Evening Mail, amongst his colleagues was future music journalist Colin Irwin. He went on to study for a degree at the University of York as a mature student, during his time at York, Dyke was active in student politics, and was part of a collective that produced a psychedelic underground student magazine called Nouse. He met and married his first wife Christine Taylor whilst at the university, as he was a mature student with work experience, his politics were more of a traditional Labour supporter than some of the more radical far left students. His contemporaries and friends at York included future journalists Linda Grant and Peter Hitchens, Dyke was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University in 1999 and was Chancellor from 2004 to 2015. After university, Dyke followed his first wife to Newcastle and he had become disillusioned with newspaper journalism, and tried for a job as a junior reporter at BBC Radio Teesside.
He was unsuccessful, apparently because the interviewers felt no-one would understand his accent, Dyke instead found work covering rural affairs for the Newcastle Journal. He moved back to London with Christine in 1974 to become campaign officer for the Wandsworth Community Relations Council and he hated the job and left to campaign to be elected GLC councillor for Putney. He was given assistance getting a job at London Weekend Television by fellow ex-Newcastle journalist Nicholas Evans, Dyke got a junior position on LWTs local politics programme, in the current affairs department. His bosses there were John Birt and Peter Jay and he attracted attention for trying to give the programmes he worked on a more populist edge. This led to him being given the chance to launch a new evening current affairs topical news programme
Manchester is a town in Hartford County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 58,241. The urban center of the town is the Manchester census-designated place, Manchester was settled by colonists around 1672 as a farming community, although at the time it was known just as Orford Parish. The many rivers and brooks provided power for paper and textile industries, the town of Hartford once included the land now occupied by the towns of Manchester, East Hartford, and West Hartford. In 1783, East Hartford became a town, which included Manchester in its city limits until 1823. The Pitkin Glassworks operated from 1783-1830 as the first successful glassworks in Connecticut, the Pitkin Glassworks Ruin have been preserved by a historical society. In 1838, the Cheney family started what became the worlds largest silk mill, Manchester became an ideal industrial community. The mills, houses of the owners, and homes of the workers are now part of the Cheney Brothers Historic District, of note are the E. E.
Hilliard Company Woolen Mills. Founded ca.1780 by Aaron Buckland and sold to the Hilliard family, The Hilliard Mills are the oldest woolen mill site in the country. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 27.7 square miles, of which 27.4 square miles is land and 0.27 square miles. The Manchester census-designated place consists of the center of the town and has a total area of 6.5 square miles. 6.4 square miles of the CDP is land, and 0.039 square miles, as of the census of 2000, there were 54,740 people,23,197 households, and 14,010 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,008.2 people per square mile, there were 24,256 housing units at an average density of 889.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 82. 77% White,8. 42% African American,0. 20% Native American,3. 15% Asian,0. 03% Pacific Islander,3. 12% from other races, and 2. 31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6. 54% of the population, of all households,31. 1% were made up of individuals and 10. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.32 and the family size was 2.93. In the town, the population was out with 22. 8% under the age of 18,8. 0% from 18 to 24,33. 0% from 25 to 44,22. 1% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 91.2 males