Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby

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Richard Robinson

Lord Primate of All Ireland
Lord Archbishop of Armagh
Richard Lord Rokeby by Joshua Reynolds.jpg
Lord Rokeby by Sir Joshua Reynolds
ChurchChurch of Ireland
Appointed8 February 1765
In office1765-1794
PredecessorGeorge Stone
SuccessorWilliam Newcome
Consecration19 January 1752
by Charles Cobbe
Personal details
Bornbaptised (1708-07-13)13 July 1708
Died10 October 1794(1794-10-10) (aged 86)
Clifton, Bristol, England
BuriedSt Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh
Previous postBishop of Killala and Achonry (1751-1759)
Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin (1759-1761)
Bishop of Kildare (1761-1765)
EducationWestminster School
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford
Portrait de Richard Robinson, archevêque d'Armagh, futur baron de Rokeby et primat d'Irlande, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, PRA, in the Musée des Beaux-Arts-mairie de Bordeaux.

Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby (1708 – 10 October 1794), was an Anglo-Irish churchman.


He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford (BA 1730, MA 1733, BD & DD 1748).

Robinson came to Ireland as chaplain to the Duke of Dorset in 1751, he was translated from the See of Kildare to the Archbishopric of Armagh in 1765.

In 1777 he was created Baron Rokeby, of Armagh in the County of Armagh, in the Peerage of Ireland,[1] with special remainder to Matthew Robinson (1694–1778) of West Layton, in the North Riding of the county of Yorkshire, his second cousin, twice removed, who predeceased him.

In 1774 he founded the County Infirmary. In 1780 he donated land for the erection of a new prison and in 1771 he founded the Armagh Public Library.[2] In 1790 he founded the Armagh Observatory as part of his plan for a university in Armagh.

Archbishop Lord Rokeby died at Clifton in Bristol on 10 October 1794, and was buried in Armagh Cathedral, he was succeeded by Matthew Robinson, 2nd Baron Rokeby, the son of his second cousin Matthew Robinson, who inherited his titles, and was a noted eccentric.


Robert Walpole called Robinson 'a proud but superficial man'. John Wesley accused him of being more interested in buildings than in the care of souls.

Richard Cumberland described him as "splendid, liberal, lofty ... publicly ambitious of great deeds, and privately capable of good ones, ... he made no court to popularity by his manners but he benefited a whole nation by his public works."[3]

Architectural benefactor[edit]

The Canterbury Gate at Christ Church, Oxford, completed in 1873, is one monument to Archbishop Lord Rokeby's munificence; the gate is inscribed:

(By the munificence of alumni, especially of Richard Robinson, Archbishop of Armagh.)


  1. ^ "No. 11742". The London Gazette. 4 February 1777. p. 1.
  2. ^ Armagh Public Library
  3. ^ Memoirs, volume 2, pps. 353-54, quoted from The Complete Peerage.

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]

External links[edit]

Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by
Mordecai Cary
Bishop of Killala and Achonry
Succeeded by
Samuel Hutchinson
Preceded by
Thomas Salmon
Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin
Succeeded by
Charles Jackson
Preceded by
Thomas Fletcher
Bishop of Kildare
Succeeded by
Charles Jackson
Preceded by
George Stone
Archbishop of Armagh
Succeeded by
William Newcome
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Robinson
Robinson baronets
(of Rokeby Park)
Succeeded by
Matthew Robinson
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Rokeby
Succeeded by
Matthew Robinson