Richard Roeper

Richard E. Roeper is an American columnist and film critic for The Chicago Sun-Times, he co-hosted the television series At the Movies with Roger Ebert from 2000 to 2008, as Gene Siskel's successor. From 2010 until 2014 he co-hosted The Roe and Roeper Show with Roe Conn on WLS-AM. On October 19, 2015, Roeper was selected as the new host for the FOX 32 morning show Good Day Chicago, he served as the host until October 2017. Roeper was born in Illinois, he grew up in south suburban Dolton and attended Thornridge High School, graduating from Illinois State University in 1982. Roeper began working as a columnist for the Chicago Sun-Times in 1987; the topics of his columns range from politics to media to entertainment. He has written seven books, on topics from movies to urban legends to conspiracy theories to the Chicago White Sox. In 2009 Roeper appeared on Howard Stern's show and said he had written a book on gambling, entitled Bet the House, released in the first quarter of 2010. Roeper was a radio host on WLS AM 890 in Chicago.

He hosted shows on WLUP-FM, WLS-FM and WMVP-AM in Chicago. He won three Emmy awards for his news commentaries on Fox in the 1990s, was the film critic for CBS in Chicago for three years in the early 2000s, he won the National Headliner Award as the top newspaper columnist in the country in 1992, has been voted best columnist in Illinois by the Associated Press on numerous occasions. His columns have been syndicated by The New York Times to publications around the world. Roeper has written for a number of magazines, including Esquire, Spy, TV Guide, Playboy and Entertainment Weekly, he was once named as one of People magazine's most eligible bachelors. Roeper has been a frequent guest on The Tonight Show, Live with Regis and Kelly, The O'Reilly Factor and countless other national programs, he is the host of Starz Inside, a monthly documentary series airing on the Starz network since the fall of 2007. Roeper appeared on the first episode of the fifth season of Entourage reviewing the fake movie Medellin starring fictional movie star Vincent Chase.

In April 2008, Roeper was the central figure on an episode of Top Chef, in which the contestants served up movie themed dishes to Roeper and his friends, including Aisha Tyler. In February 2009, Roeper launched his own web site, which features movie reviews, blog entries about politics and movies, photos and Twitter entries. For most of the year Roeper was blog entries. In December 2009, he launched a video section, with on-camera reviews of movies; the video segments are produced in partnership with the Starz premium cable channel. Roeper announced the reviews will appear first on his site on the Starz channel. In December 2009, it was reported that Roeper had signed with ReelzChannel to be a regular contributor, he co-hosted the Roe and Roeper show with Roe Conn from April 12, 2010 until October 7, 2014 on Chicago's WLS-AM 890 radio station from 2-6pm CST. Roeper stopped reviewing movies for ReelzChannel in February 2015. In October 2015, he joined the cast of the Fox Chicago morning TV show.

He continues to review movies for the Chicago Sun-Times, he publishes videos of his reviews to YouTube. Roeper signed off from Fox Chicago's morning TV on October 18, 2017. Roeper was suspended from the Sun-Times on January 29, 2018, pending an investigation into allegations that he had purchased Twitter followers. On February 2, the Sun-Times released a statement stating that their investigation did find that Roeper purchased over 25,000 fake followers, he was reinstated by the paper, though he was required to begin using a new account on which he was explicitly disallowed from buying followers. After Gene Siskel of Siskel & Ebert died on Saturday, February 20, 1999, Roger Ebert did the show with nearly 30 co-hosts. After 10 guest stints, Roeper was offered the opportunity to permanently co-host the popular film review show with Ebert; the series was renamed Ebert & Roeper and the Movies in 2000, shortened to Ebert & Roeper in 2002. Beginning in August 2006, while his co-host Roger Ebert was recovering from cancer surgery, Roeper was joined by guest critics, including Clerks director Kevin Smith and The Tonight Show host Jay Leno.

On Sunday, July 20, 2008, Roeper announced he was leaving the show in mid-August and would return with a new show in the year. He continues to write his general-interest column and contributes reviews to the Sun-Times and to newspapers across the country. 2010s: The Social Network He Rents, She Rents: The Ultimate Guide to the Best Women's Films and Guy Movies, with Laurie Viera Hollywood Urban Legends: The Truth Behind All Those Delightfully Persistent Myths of Films and Music Urban Legends: The Truth Behind All Those Deliciously Entertaining Myths That Are Absolutely, Positively, 100% Not True Ten Sure Signs a Movie Character is Doomed, Other Surprising Movie Lists Schlock Value: Hollywood At Its Worst Sox and the City: A Fan's Love Affair with the White Sox from the Heartbreak of'67 to the Wizards of Oz Debunked!: Conspiracy Theories, Urban Legends, Evil Plots of the 21st Century Bet the House: How I Gambled Over a Grand a Day for 30 Days on Sports and Games of Chance Official website Biography from TV Tome Richard Roeper on IMDb

Evans v. Eaton (1818)

Evans v. Eaton, 16 U. S. 454, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that a patent disclosing an improved method of manufacture by means of several different improved machines should be construed to claim both the method and the improvements to the machines, but not to include the machines apart from the inventor's improvements. It was the third published Supreme Court decision on patents, the first to deal with substantive patent law, it was the first Supreme Court case to deal with the question of when an invention is patentably distinct from the prior art. It was the second of four successive Supreme Court cases related to the Oliver Evans flour mill patent. In addition to its legal significance, the opinion is notable for containing in its appendix a transcript of the Evans patent and patent application, otherwise unavailable to the modern reader. In the 1780s, inventor Oliver Evans developed a system for an automated flour mill that would revolutionize milling technology.

After keeping his invention a secret while he reduced it to practice, he obtained protection for it through individual state statutes, for example in Maryland and New Hampshire, because the patent system did not yet exist. When the Patent Act of 1790 took effect, Evans obtained the third United States patent issued. No copies of this original patent are extant; as all patents at the time had 14-year terms, his patent lapsed in 1804, the invention entered the public domain. Upon the expiration of his patent, he sought a private bill that would allow him to renew it, the first such request made, he was unsuccessful until 1808, when the Tenth Congress passed a law authorizing the Secretary of State to grant him a new patent on the same terms as the original one. Evans obtained his new patent the day. Under the Patent Act of 1793, in effect at the time of the 1808 grant, patents were not required to have claims. In the case of complex patent such as Evans', which included both a general improved method of manufacturing flour and specific improved machines for achieving that method, this created confusion as to the actual scope of grant.

By the same token, it created confusion as to the kind of prior art that would suffice to invalidate the patent on the basis of anticipation. In the district court for Pennsylvania, the defendant Eaton did not dispute having used Evans' improved hopperboy, but sought to show either that the patent only covered the improved method as a whole, or alternatively that the patent had been anticipated by earlier machines. In particular, the defendant introduced evidence of a crude kind of hopperboy, in use at some mills in Pennsylvania in the 1760s. Persuaded that the patent could only cover the improved method as a whole, rather than any of the improved machines, the court instructed the jury in such a way that the jurors had no choice but to return a verdict for the defendant, as they did; the court declined to admit the plaintiff's proffered evidence that the defendant had offered to pay a license fee to Evans. The case was appealed to the Supreme Court on a writ of error, with Evans alleging the following errors: That the district court should have admitted the plaintiff's evidence that the defendant's witnesses had paid the license fee, thus implicitly conceding the validity of the patent.

The Court unanimously rejected the district court's judgment, remanded the case for a new trial under a venire facias de novo. The opinion was authored by Chief Justice Marshall; the Court accepted the first ground of error and rejected the second, in both cases preferring to put the evidence before the jury. The Court noted however that the evidence of witnesses having paid the license fee was entitled to "very little weight."On the main issue, regarding the district court's instructions to the jury, the Court agreed that the district court had erred in two respects: first, in opining that the patent covered only the improvement in manufacture "produced by the general combination of all his machinery", not the individual machines used. Fatefully, the Court observed that In all cases where his claim is for an improvement on a machine, it will be encumbent on him to show the extent of his improvement, so that a person understanding the subject may comprehend distinctly in what it consists; the case was retried in the district court of Pennsylvania, with the jury once again returning a verdict for the defendant.

The verdict turned on the judge's instruction that the jury should not find for the plaintiff unless there was clear evidence within the patent as to the exact nature of Evans' improvements on the prior art. Since the patent had not been drafted with such a requirement in mind, described his invention without distinguishing it from the prior art, there was no question left for the jury to decide; the next year, Evans published a pamphlet arguing his side of the case, with particular attention to the court rejecting his evidence on novel grounds. He once again appealed to the Supreme Court on a writ of error, but his appeal was rejected by a divided Court in Evans v. Eaton -- although by that time, he was dead and the p

The Monster (Adventureland)

The Monster is a Gerstlauer steel roller coaster at Adventureland in Altoona, Iowa. It opened to the public on June 2016 as the first Infinity Coaster in the United States; the Monster was announced on Adventureland's Facebook page on July 8, 2015. It replaced the River Rapids Log Ride, a log flume which had to be removed due to its constant maintenance and the lack of extra parts due to the fact that the manufacturer only made two log flume attractions; the park was looking for a suitable replacement for the ride. The ride, located in the center of the park, can be distinguished by its bright green track; the Monster features a first drop at a 101 degree angle. At the bottom of the hill the riders reach a top speed of 65 miles per hour; the next element is a large overbanked turn where riders are redirected into a hill and navigate the twisted drop that goes directly into a Finnish loop, after which riders go into a dive loop that will take riders into an air time hill an Immelmann loop. The car goes into its last curve, another dive loop, its final inversion, a corkscrew.

The ride in total has 2,500 feet of track, five inversions and takes 2 minutes to complete. It cost $9 million, it joins Adventureland's other coasters – the Tornado, Outlaw and the Underground – and is the second steel roller coaster at the park, the other one being the Dragon. The Monster and the Dragon are the only two roller coasters in Iowa with inversions; the Monster features a unique nighttime LED light display made up of 137 track mounted fixtures - that are synchronized to each of the ride vehicles - and 46 ground lights. Video of The Monster at night on YouTube