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Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York

Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York named Richard Plantagenet, was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father, a great-great-great-grandson of the same king through his mother. He inherited vast estates and served in various offices of state in Ireland and England, a country he governed as Lord Protector during the madness of King Henry VI, his conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, other members of Henry's court, as well as his competing claim to the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard attempted to take the throne, but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become king on Henry's death, but within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle. Two of his sons, Edward IV and Richard III ascended the throne. Richard of York was born on 22 September 1411, the son of Richard, Earl of Cambridge, his wife Anne Mortimer. Both his parents were descended from King Edward III of England: his father was son of Edmund, 1st Duke of York, fourth surviving son of Edward III, whereas his mother Anne Mortimer was a great-granddaughter of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, Edward's second son.

After the death in 1425 of Anne's childless brother Edmund, Earl of March, this ancestry supplied her son Richard, of the House of York, with a claim to the English throne, arguably superior to that of the reigning House of Lancaster, descended from John of Gaunt, the third son of Edward III. Richard had Isabel. Richard's mother, Anne Mortimer, died in or shortly after his birth, his father the Earl of Cambridge was beheaded in 1415 for his part in the Southampton Plot against the Lancastrian King Henry V. Within a few months of his father's death, Richard's childless uncle, Edward, 2nd Duke of York, was slain at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, so Richard inherited Edward's title and lands, becoming 3rd Duke of York; the lesser title but greater estates of the Mortimer family, along with their claim to the throne descended to him on the death of his maternal uncle Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, in 1425. Richard of York held a strong claim to the English throne, being the heir general of Edward III while related to the same king in a direct male line of descent.

Once he inherited the vast Mortimer estates, he became the wealthiest and most powerful noble in England, second only to the king himself. An account shows that York's net income from Welsh and marcher lands alone was £3,430 in the year 1443–44. Upon the death of the Earl of Cambridge, Richard became a ward of the crown; as he was an orphan, his property was managed by royal officials. Despite his father's plot against the king, along with his provocative ancestry – one, used in the past as a rallying point by enemies of the House of Lancaster – Richard was allowed to inherit his family estates without any legal constraints, his considerable lands as duke of York meant that his wardship was a valuable gift of the crown, in December 1423 this was sold to Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland. Little is recorded of Richard's early life; as a royal ward, in 1416 he was placed under the guardianship of the Lancastrian retainer Sir Robert Waterton, under whose tutelage he remained until 1423, in a low public profile.

As ward of the Earl of Westmorland, York was brought up in the Neville family hearth, until his majority. The earl had fathered an enormous family and had many daughters needing husbands, and, as was his right, he betrothed the young Richard to his daughter Cecily Neville; the marriage, which took place by October 1429, made Richard related to much of the English upper aristocracy, many of whose members had themselves married into the Neville family. In October 1425, when Ralph Neville died, he bequeathed the wardship of York to his widow, Joan Beaufort. By now the wardship was more valuable, as Richard had inherited the vast Mortimer estates on the death of the Earl of March. Over the next few years York was drawn more into the circle around the young king. On 19 May 1426 he was knighted at Leicester by John, Duke of Bedford, the younger brother of King Henry V, he was present at the coronation of King Henry VI on 6 November 1429 in Westminster Abbey, on 20 January 1430 he acted as Constable of England for a duel in the presence of the king at Smithfield.

He followed Henry to France, being present at his coronation as king of France in Notre-Dame in 1431. On 12 May 1432, he came into his inheritance and was granted full control of his estates. On 22 April 1433, York was admitted to the knightly Order of the Garter; as York reached majority, events were unfolding in France which would tie him to the events of the ongoing Hundred Years' War. In the spring of 1434, York attended a great council meeting at Westminster which attempted to conciliate the king's uncles, the dukes of Bedford and Gloucester, over disagreements regarding the conduct of the war in France. Henry V's conquests in France could not be sustained forever, as England either needed to conquer more territory to ensure permanent French subordination, or to concede territory to gain a negotiated settlement. During Henry VI's minority, his Council took advantage of French weakness and the alliance with Burgundy to increase England's possessions, but following the Treaty of Arras of 1435, Burgundy ceased to recognise the English king's claim to the French throne.

In May 1436, a few months after Bedford's death, York was appointed to succeed him as commander of the English forces in Fran

Jason DeSantis

Jason DeSantis is an American professional ice hockey defenseman, playing with Nottingham Panthers of the British Elite Ice Hockey League. He most played under contract with EC VSV of the Austrian Hockey League. Prior to turning professional, DeSantis went undrafted playing collegiate hockey at Ohio State University of the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. After a breakout 2011–12 season in the AHL scoring 43 points in 66 games with the St. John's IceCaps, he was signed as a free agent to his first NHL contract on a one-year, two-way deal with the Florida Panthers on June 14, 2012. Assigned directly to the San Antonio Rampage due to the ongoing lockout, DeSantis appeared in 28 games to start the 2012–13 season with the Rampagage before he was reassigned by the Panthers in an AHL trade to the Hamilton Bulldogs in exchange for Brendon Nash on January 3, 2013. Upon the agreement of a new NHL CBA, the trade was formalized between the Panthers and Montreal Canadiens on January 14, 2013. On June 17, 2013, after three seasons in the AHL without NHL exposure, DeSantis left to sign a one-year contract with Finnish club, HIFK of the Liiga.

After one season with HIFK, DeSantis turned to the Austrian Hockey League agreeing to a two-year deal with EC KAC. In his two seasons in Klagenfurt, DeSantis in a top pairing role, contributed with 43 points in 84 games before opting to return to North America after three seasons abroad as a free agent. On September 27, 2016, DeSantis opted to continue his playing career in the ECHL, joining the Orlando Solar Bears on a one-year deal. Prior to training camp, DeSantis opted for a release from his contract with the Solar Bears and returned to the EBEL, signing a one-year deal with HC TWK Innsbruck on October 10, 2016. On 9 August 2019, DeSantis moved to UK EIHL side Nottingham Panthers. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Jean Cocteau Cinema

The Jean Cocteau Cinema is a historic movie theater located in Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States. It is owned by American author George R. R. Martin. In addition to films, the cinema hosts author talks and book-signings, along with a small display of signed books for sale. In 1976, four partners opened the first movie theater on The Collective Fantasy. In 1983 Brent Kliewer bought the theater, remodeled it, renamed it The Jean Cocteau; the theatre closed in 2006 before being renovated by Martin. "George R. R. Martin reopens Santa Fe art house theater - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-24. "'Game Of Thrones' Author George R. R. Martin Buys Movie Theater | The Huffington Post". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2016-11-24

The Early Years (David Coverdale album)

The Early Years is a double CD compilation album released in 2003 by David Coverdale of Deep Purple and Whitesnake, not to be confused with the Whitesnake compilation album The Early Years released in 2004. It contains his first two solo releases, White Snake, Northwinds, released in 1977 and 1978, respectively. Both albums retain the bonus tracks found on the Spitfire reissues from 2000. All songs written except where indicated. "Lady" - 3:48 "Blindman" - 6:01 "Goldies Place" - 5:03 "Whitesnake" - 4:22 "Time on My Side" - 4:26 "Peace Lovin' Man" - 4:53 "Sunny Days" - 3:31 "Hole in the Sky" - 3:23 "Celebration" - 4:11 "Peace Lovin' Man" – 5:04 "Sunny Days" – 3:21 "Keep on Giving Me Love" - 5:16 "Northwinds" - 6:13 "Give Me Kindness" - 4:34 "Time and Again" - 4:02 "Queen of Hearts" - 5:16 "Only My Soul" - 4:36 "Say You Love Me" - 4:21 "Breakdown" - 5:15 "Shame the Devil" - 3:35 "Sweet Mistreater" - 3:45 David Coverdale - lead vocals Micky Moody - guitars, backing vocals Simon Phillips - drums, percussion De Lisle Harper - bass Tim Hinkley - keyboards, backing vocals Ron Aspery - saxophone, flute Roger Glover - synthesizer, production Liza Strike - backing vocals Helen Chappelle - backing vocals Barry St. John - backing vocals David Coverdale - lead vocals Micky Moody - guitars, backing vocals Tony Newman - drums, percussion Alan Spenner - bass Tim Hinkley - keyboards, backing vocals Roger Glover - synthesizer, production Ronnie James Dio - backing vocals on "Give Me Kindness" Wendy Dio - backing vocals on "Give Me Kindness"

Legislative Council of Quebec

The Legislative Council of Quebec was the unelected upper house of the bicameral legislature in the Canadian province of Quebec from 1867 to 1968. The Legislative Assembly was the elected lower house; the Council was composed of 24 members, appointed by the Lieutenant Governor upon the recommendation of the Premier. Each councillor nominally represented; the boundaries of these divisions were identical to the ones used for Canada East by the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada and were identical to the boundaries still used today by the Senate of Canada for Quebec. The division boundaries were never changed to accommodate territorial expansions of Quebec in 1898 and 1912; the Legislative Council was abolished in 1968 and the Legislative Assembly was renamed the National Assembly of Quebec. Since the abolition, Quebec has a unicameral legislature; the Council had the right to introduce bills, except of a financial nature, to amend, or veto bills passed by the Legislative Assembly. Its speaker, known in French as orateur, was by right a member of the Cabinet, its members could serve as ministers or premier.

Two Quebec premiers, Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville and John Jones Ross were members of the Legislative Council. Members were appointed for life. In 1963, the rule was changed to force members to retire at age 75, but that did not apply to members, appointed. In the event, the change remained theoretical since the Council was abolished before it could be applied to anyone. Effective December 31, 1968 the Legislative Council was abolished, the Legislative Assembly of Quebec was renamed the National Assembly; as a consequence, Quebec now has a unicameral legislature. The establishment of the original system dates back to the Constitutional Act of 1791; the Union Nationale government of Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand passed the legislation, known as "Bill 90", to implement the change. Previous governments had made unsuccessful attempts to eliminate the upper chamber. In fact, the first attempt dated all the way back to Félix-Gabriel Marchand, in the late 19th century. Quebec was the last Canadian province to abolish its upper house.

When it was dissolved, it had 15 members of 9 Liberal Party members. The large chamber that housed the Legislative Council is known in French as le salon rouge and in English as "the Red Room" because of the predominance of the colour on the walls, it is now used for committee meetings and for important state functions that require a large, impressive hall, such as inductions into the National Order of Quebec. The Speaker of the Legislative Council was appointed by the government. Most Speakers sat in the Cabinet; the Speaker could vote like other members. In the event of a tie, the Speaker did not have a casting vote; the motion failed. The twenty-four members of the Legislative Council were each appointed to represent a division of Quebec; the divisions were defined by statute for the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada in 1856, when elected members were included in the Legislative Council. The statutory descriptions of the divisions were incorporated into the Consolidated Statutes of Canada, 1859.

In 1867, the British North America Act, 1867 adopted the existing twenty-four divisions for the new Legislative Council of Quebec, although the new Council was appointed, rather than elected. Although the boundaries of Quebec were extended northwards twice, in 1898 and again in 1912, the boundaries of the Legislative Council divisions were never altered; the Alma division was defined as: "The Parishes of Long Point, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Rivière des Prairies, Sault aux Récollets, in the county of Hochelaga, that part of the Parish of Montreal which lies to the East of the prolongation of St. Denis Street; the Bedford division was defined as: "The Counties of Missisquoi and Shefford." The De la Durantaye division was defined as "The remainder of the County of L'Islet, the countie of Montmagny and Bellechasse and the Parishes of St. Joseph, St. Henri and Notre Dame de la Victoire, in the County of Lévi." The De la Vallière division was defined as: "The Counties of Nicolet and Yamaska, the Townships of Wendover and the part of Upton which lies in the County of Drummond."

The De Lanaudière division was defined as "The remainder of the County of Maskinongé, the Counties of Berthier and Joliette, with the exception of the Parish of St. Paul, the Township of Kildare and its augmentation, the Township of Cathcart"; the De Lorimier division was defined as: "The Counties of St. Napierville; the De Salaberry division was defined as: "The remainder of the County of Chateauguay, the remainder of the County of Huntingdon, the County of Beauharnois." The Grandville division was defined as: "The Counties of Temiscouata and Kamouraska, the Parishes of St. Roch des Aulnets and St. Jean Port Joli, the prolongation thereof in a straight line to the Province Line in the County of L'Islet

William Harper Twelvetrees

William Harper Twelvetrees was an English geologist, important for the characterisation of the geology of Tasmania. Twelvetrees was born in Bedfordshire, England, in 1848, educated in London and in Germany. From 1871 to 1880 he was employed at copper mines in eastern Russia, from 1882 to 1890 at the Lidjessi silver-lead mines in Asia Minor of which he was general manager from 1884, he went to Tasmania in 1890 and followed various occupations until August 1899, when he was appointed Tasmanian government geologist and chief inspector of mines. He was a joint author of a number of articles and books about western Tasmanian geology, including with William Frederick Petterd In 1914 the office of chief inspector of mines was made a separate one, but Twelvetrees continued to act as government geologist and director of the geological survey of Tasmania until his death, he worked with energy and enthusiasm and his department grew in size and importance. He interested himself in the Launceston Museum, extended so that the excellent geological survey collection of specimens could be housed.

He died at Launceston after a short illness on 7 November 1919 He was married twice, to Mary Adelaide Austen, to Sarah Elvin Genders, who survived him. He was awarded the Clarke Medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales in 1912, his writing in the bulletins of the Tasmanian geological survey and other publications, occurred at a busy time in the West Coast, Tasmania region's mining history, which has not been repeated since. Twelvetrees, W. H; the Progress of the Mineral Industry of Tasmania for the Quarter Ending 31 December 1902. Twelvetrees, W. H; the Progress of the Mineral Industry of Tasmania for the Quarter Ending 31 December 1904. Serle, Percival. "Twelvetrees, William Harper". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Blainey, Geoffrey; the Peaks of Lyell. Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing. ISBN 0-7246-2265-9