Florida State University
Florida State University is a public space-grant and sea-grant research university in Tallahassee, Florida. It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1851, it is located on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida; the university is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The university comprises 16 separate colleges and more than 110 centers, facilities and institutes that offer more than 360 programs of study, including professional school programs; the university has an annual budget of over $1.7 billion and an annual economic impact of over $10 billion. Florida State is home to Florida's only National Laboratory, the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, is the birthplace of the commercially viable anti-cancer drug Taxol. Florida State University operates The John & Mable Ringling Museum of Art, the State Art Museum of Florida and one of the largest museum/university complexes in the nation.
The university is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. For 2019, U. S. News & World Report ranked Florida State as the 26th best public university in the United States in the national university category. Florida State University is one of Florida's three state-designated "preeminent universities." FSU's intercollegiate sports teams known by their "Florida State Seminoles" nickname, compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and the Atlantic Coast Conference. In their 113-year history, Florida State's varsity sports teams have won 20 national athletic championships and Seminole athletes have won 78 individual NCAA national championships. In 1819 the Florida Territory was ceded to the United States by Spain as an element of the Adams–Onís Treaty; the Territory was conventionally split by the Appalachicola or the Suwannee rivers into East and West areas. Florida State University is traceable to a plan set by the 1823 U. S. Congress to create a system of higher education.
The 1838 Florida Constitution codified the basic system by providing for land allocated for the schools. In 1845 Florida became the 27th State of the United States, which permitted the resources and intent of the 1823 Congress regarding education in Florida to be implemented; the Legislature of the State of Florida, in a Legislative Act of January 24, 1851, provided for the establishment of the two institutions of learning on opposite sides of the Suwannee River. The Legislature declared the purpose of these institutions to be "the instruction of persons, both male and female, in the art of teaching all the various branches that pertain to a good common school education. By 1854 the City of Tallahassee had established a school for boys called the Florida Institute, with the hope that the State could be induced to take it over as one of the seminaries. In 1856, Tallahassee Mayor Francis W. Eppes again offered the Institute's land and building to the Legislature; the bill to locate the Seminary in Tallahassee passed both houses and was signed by the Governor on January 1, 1857.
On February 7, 1857, the first meeting of the Board of Education of the State Seminary West of the Suwannee River was held, the institution began offering post-secondary instruction to male students. Francis Eppes served as President of the Seminary's Board of Education for eight years. In 1858 the seminary absorbed the Tallahassee Female Academy, established in 1843, became coeducational; the West Florida Seminary was located on the former Florida Institute property, a hill where the historic Westcott Building now stands. The location is the oldest continuously used site of higher education in Florida; the area west of the state Capitol and ominously known as Gallows Hill, a place for public executions in early Tallahassee. In 1860–61 the legislature started formal military training at the school with a law amending the original 1851 statute. During the Civil War, the seminary became The Florida Collegiate Institute. Enrollment at the school increased to around 250 students with the school establishing itself as the largest and most respected educational institution in the state.
Cadets from the school defeated Union forces at the Battle of Natural Bridge in 1865, leaving Tallahassee as the only Confederate capital east of the Mississippi River not to fall to Union forces. The students were trained by Valentine Mason Johnson, a graduate of Virginia Military Institute, a professor of mathematics and the chief administrator of the college. After the fall of the Confederacy, campus buildings were occupied by Union military forces for four months and the West Florida Seminary reverted to its former academic purpose. In recognition of the cadets, their pivotal role in the battle, the Florida State University Army ROTC cadet corps displays a battle streamer bearing the words "NATURAL BRIDGE 1865" with its flag; the FSU Army ROTC is one of only four collegiate military units in the United States with permission to display such a pennant. In 1883 the institution, now long known as the West Florida Seminary, was organized by the Board of Education as The Literary College of the University of Florida.
The legislative act passed in 1885, bestowing upon the institution the title of the University of Florida, has never been repealed. Under the new university charter, the seminary became the institution's Literary College, was to contain several "schools" or departments in different disciplines. However, in the new university association the seminary'
Sea Hunt is an American action adventure television series that aired in syndication from 1958 to 1961 and was popular in syndication for decades afterwards. The series aired for four seasons, with 155 episodes produced, it stars Lloyd Bridges as former United States Navy frogman Mike Nelson, was produced by Ivan Tors. Series executive producer Ivan Tors conceived the idea for Sea Hunt while working on the 1958 film Underwater Warrior. Tors tried in vain to sell the series to all three major networks, but each network passed on the show because they felt a series set underwater could not be sustained. Tors decided to sell the series into the first-run syndication market. Tors teamed up with Ziv Television Programs and was able to sell the show to over 100 syndicated markets before the series debuted in January 1958. Lloyd Bridges was soon cast as lead character Mike Nelson. Sea Hunt was intended as a comeback vehicle for Bridges due to his brief blacklisting from acting. Bridges was blacklisted after admitting to the House Un-American Activities Committee that he had been a member of the Actors' Laboratory Theatre, a group, tied to the Communist Party.
After winning the role, Bridges was given a crash course in scuba diving by Zale Parry and Courtney Brown. Brown served. Bridges was educated in the art of scuba equipment by Brad Pinkernell on the beach in Southern California from 1956 to 1957, it was at a chance meeting. Over the course of the show's run, Bridges got more involved in the underwater stunt work, graduating from close-ups in the earliest episodes, to doing all but the most dangerous stunts by the end of the series' run. Mike Nelson is a free-lance scuba diver. Nelson, a former U. S. Navy frogman, is a well-known expert on diving, called on for difficult or dangerous projects. Traveling on his boat the Argonaut, Nelson outmaneuvers villains, salvages everything from a bicycle to a nuclear missile, rescues children trapped in a flooded cave, a dog. In the pilot episode, Mike rescues a downed Navy pilot from his sunken jet. Since no dialogue was possible during the underwater sequences, Bridges provided voice-over narration for all the installments.
Nelson educated non-diving characters in various aspects of diving and the underwater world. The series made frequent references to Marineland of the Pacific, which provided facilities and technical advice to the production company. At the end of each episode, Bridges would appear; these comments sometimes included a plea to viewers to understand and protect the marine environment, along with gems of wisdom from Bridges's own experiences. The series served as a stepping stone for some of Hollywood's most notable actors, including Leonard Nimoy, Bruce Dern, Robert Conrad, Ross Martin, Robert Clarke, Larry Hagman, Larry Pennell, Ken Curtis, Jack Nicholson, Bridges' own sons and Jeff; the Mexican character actor Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr. appeared five times playing different roles on this show. Underwater sequences were created during post-production from individual scenes shot at many different locations. Locations included studio tanks as well as various underwater sites located in California and the Bahamas.
Much stock footage was shot and mixed with episode-specific character footage. Filming locations included: Marineland of the Pacific the front side of Catalina Island Paradise Cove west of Malibu Silver Springs, Florida Cypress Gardens, Florida Tarpon Springs, Florida Nassau Grand Bahama IslandOn-land location shots were filmed throughout Los Angeles, in central Florida, Nassau, or on a sound stage. Famous divers such as Zale Parry and Albert Tillman were involved in production of the show, as was Jon Lindbergh, son of aviator Charles Lindbergh. Parry was joined in 1960 by 18-year-old Wende Wagner as female underwater stunt double. Pioneering underwater cinematographer Lamar Boren, who worked on other Ivan Tors productions (such as the motion picture and TV series versions of Flipper, three James Bond films—Thunderball, You Only Live Twice, The Spy Who Loved Me—shot nearly all of the underwater footage for the series. John Lamb, who went on to shoot the underwater sequences for both the movie and TV versions of Irwin Allen's Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea filmed some episodes.
Stunt diver Ricou Browning is credited at the show's end credit runs with coordination of the underwater action sequences during the second season. Browning was the actor who performed in costume as The Creature from the Black Lagoon; the boat used in the series was named after the mythological Greek heroes who sailed with Jason on the quest of the Golden Fleece, the Argonaut. While several cabin cruisers were utilized in filming, one notable model was the Trojan Express custom built by Trojan Yachts in 1960 with mahogany planking and teak decks and trim, measuring 33 feet long and 12 feet wide. Diving equipment was supplied by Voit and Sportsways/Waterlung, wetsuits were made by a small Los Angeles shop, Dive N' Surf, the genesis for the company that became known as Body Glove. Although David Rose is credited with music, a number of the Sea Hunt stock cues are heard in "Buchanan Rides Alone", a 1958 Columbia western feature that used stock music from composers including Mischa Bakaleinikoff, George Duning, Heinz Roenheld, Paul Sawtell.
Sea Hunt proved to be popular
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Mr. No Legs
Mr. No Legs is a 1978 American action drama exploitation film directed by Ricou Browning and written by Jack Cowden; when Andy's sister's death is staged to look like an overdose and fellow policeman Chuck investigate the situation and link it to a drug importing ring involving Florida drug kingpin D'Angelo and his enforcer Mr. No Legs, who uses a wheelchair and is armed with two shotguns built into his chair armrests. Richard Jaeckel as Chuck Ron Slinker as Andy Lloyd Bochner as D'Angelo Ted Vollrath as Mr. No Legs Rance Howard as Mr. No Legs' sidekick Luke Halpin as Ken Wilson John Agar as Police Capt. Hathaway Director Ricou Browning and screenwriter Jack Cowden were co-creators of the 1960s TV series Flipper. Mr. No Legs on IMDb Mr. No Legs at Rotten Tomatoes
Never Say Never Again
Never Say Never Again is a 1983 American spy film starring Sean Connery and directed by Irvin Kershner. The film is based on the James Bond novel Thunderball, adapted in a 1965 film under that name. Unlike the majority of Bond films, Never Say Never Again was not produced by Eon Productions, but by an independent production company, one of whose members was Kevin McClory, one of the original writers of the Thunderball storyline with Ian Fleming and Jack Whittingham. McClory retained the filming rights of the novel following a long legal battle dating from the 1960s. Connery played the role of James Bond for the seventh and final time, marking his return to the character 12 years after Diamonds Are Forever; the film's title is a reference to Connery's reported declaration in 1971 that he would "never again" play that role. As Connery was 52 at the time of filming, the storyline features an aging Bond, brought back into action to investigate the theft of two nuclear weapons by SPECTRE. Filming locations included France, the Bahamas and Elstree Studios in England.
Never Say Never Again was released by Warner Bros. in October 1983, opened to positive reviews, with the acting of Connery and Klaus Maria Brandauer singled out for praise as more resonant than the typical Bond films of the day. The film was a commercial success, grossing $160 million at the box office, although less overall than the Eon-produced Octopussy released in the same year. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, to date, owns the distribution rights and distributes Eon's Bond films, the company has handled subsequent home video releases of the film. After MI6 agent James Bond, 007, fails a routine training exercise, his superior, M, orders Bond to a health clinic outside London to get back into shape. While there, Bond witnesses a mysterious nurse named Fatima Blush giving a sadomasochistic beating to a patient in a nearby room; the man's face is bandaged and after Blush finishes her beating, Bond sees the patient using a machine which scans his eye. Bond is seen by Blush, who sends an assassin, Lippe, to kill him in the clinic gym, but Bond manages to kill Lippe.
Blush and her charge, a United States Air Force pilot named Jack Petachi, are operatives of SPECTRE, a criminal organisation run by Ernst Stavro Blofeld. Petachi has undergone an operation on his right eye to make it match the retinal pattern of the US President, which he uses to circumvent iris recognition security at the fictitious RAF Station Swadley, an American military base in England. While doing so, he replaces the dummy warheads of two AGM-86B cruise missiles with live nuclear warheads. Blush murders Petachi, by causing his car to explode, to cover SPECTRE's tracks. Under orders from the Foreign Secretary, Lord Ambrose, M reluctantly reactivates the double-0 section and Bond is assigned the task of tracking down the missing weapons, he meets Domino Petachi, the pilot's sister, her wealthy lover, Maximillian Largo, SPECTRE's highest-ranking agent. Bond follows his yacht to the Bahamas, where he spars with Blush and Largo. Bond is informed by Nigel Small-Fawcett of the British High Commission that Largo's yacht is now heading for Nice, France.
There, Bond joins forces with his French contact Nicole, his CIA counterpart and friend, Felix Leiter. Bond goes to a health and beauty centre where he poses as an employee and, while giving Domino a massage, is informed by her that Largo is hosting an event at a casino that evening. At the charity event and Bond play a 3-D video game called Domination. After losing a few games, Bond wins. While dancing with Domino, Bond informs her. Bond returns to his villa to find Blush has killed Nicole by drowning her in a water bed. After a vehicle chase on his Q-branch motorbike, Blush captures Bond, she admits that she is impressed with him, forces Bond to declare in writing that she is his "Number One" sexual partner. Bond distracts her with promises uses his Q-branch-issue fountain pen to kill Blush with an explosive dart. Bond and Leiter attempt to board Largo's motor yacht, the Flying Saucer, in search of the missing nuclear warheads. Bond finds Domino, he attempts to make Largo jealous by kissing Domino in front of a two-way mirror.
Largo becomes enraged, traps Bond and takes him and Domino to Palmyra, Largo's base of operations in North Africa. Largo coldly punishes Domino for her betrayal by selling her to some passing Arabs. Bond subsequently rescues her. Domino and Bond reunite with Leiter on a United States Navy submarine and track Largo to a location known as the Tears of Allah, below a desert oasis on the Ethiopian Coast. Bond and Leiter infiltrate the underground facility and a gun battle erupts between Leiter's team and Largo's men in the temple. In the confusion, Largo makes a getaway with the second of the warheads, the first defused in Washington DC. Bond fights Largo underwater. Just as Largo tries to use a spear gun to shoot Bond, he is shot with a spear gun by Domino, taking revenge for her brother's death. Bond retires from duty and returns to the Bahamas with Domino, vowing never again to be a secret agent. Sean Connery as James Bond, MI6 agent 007. Klaus Maria Brandauer as Maximillian Largo, based on the character Emilio Largo.
Billionaire businessman and SPECTRE Number 1, SPECTRE's senior-most agent. Barbara Carrera as Fatima Blush, based on Fiona Volpe. Kim Basinger as Domino Petachi, sister of Jack Petachi and girlfriend/mistress o
Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia; the channel's programming consisted of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. However, TCM licenses films from other studios, shows more recent films; the channel is available in the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, Latin America, Italy, Cyprus, the Nordic countries, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, Ted Turner acquired the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio for $1.5 billion. Concerns over Turner Entertainment's corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before.
As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGM's library of films released up to May 9, 1986. Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies; the film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the base form of programming for TCM upon the network's launch. Before the creation of Turner Classic Movies, films from Turner's library of movies aired on the Turner Broadcasting System's advertiser-supported cable network TNT – along with colorized versions of black-and-white classics such as The Maltese Falcon. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14, 1994, at 6 p.m. Eastern Time, with Ted Turner launching the channel at a ceremony in New York City's Times Square district; the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as "the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City". The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, the same film that served as the debut broadcast of its sister channel TNT six years earlier in October 1988.
At the time of its launch, TCM was available to one million cable television subscribers. The network served as a competitor to AMC—which at the time was known as "American Movie Classics" and maintained a identical format to TCM, as both networks focused on films released prior to 1970 and aired them in an uncut and commercial-free format. AMC had broadened its film content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner which, besides placing Turner Classic Movies and Warner Bros. Entertainment under the same corporate umbrella gave TCM access to Warner Bros.' Library of films released after 1950. In the early 2000s, AMC abandoned its commercial-free format, which led to TCM being the only movie-oriented basic cable channel to devote its programming to classic films without commercial interruption or content editing. On March 4, 2019, Time Warner's new owner AT&T announced a planned reorganization that would dissolve Turner Broadcasting.
TCM, along with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, over-the-top video company Otter Media, will be moved directly under Warner Bros.. Speaking about the move, then-Warner Bros. CEO Kevin Tsujihara explained that TCM was "a natural fit with Warner Bros." due the company's massive film library. In 2000, TCM started the annual Young Composers Film Competition, inviting aspiring composers to participate in a judged competition that offers the winner of each year's competition the opportunity to score a restored, feature-length silent film as a grand prize, mentored by a well-known composer, with the new work subsequently premiering on the network; as of 2006, films that have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film Camille, two Lon Chaney films: 1921's The Ace of Hearts and 1928's Laugh, Clown and Greta Garbo's 1926 film The Temptress. In April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event—now held annually—at the Grauman's Chinese Theater and the Grauman's Egyptian Theater in Hollywood.
Hosted by Robert Osborne, the four-day long annual festival celebrates Hollywood and its movies, featured celebrity appearances, special events, screenings of around 50 classic movies including several newly restored by The Film Foundation, an organization devoted to preserving Hollywood's classic film legacy. Turner Classic Movies operates as a commercial-free service, with the only advertisements on the network being shown between features – which advertise TCM products, network promotions for upcoming special programs and the original trailers for films that are scheduled to be broadcast on TCM, featurettes about classic film actors and actresses. In addition to this, extended breaks between features are filled with theatrically released movie trailers and classic short subjects – from series such as The Passing Parade, Crime Does Not Pay, Pete Smith Specialties, Robert Benchley – under the banner name TCM Extras (formerly On
Weeki Wachee Springs
Weeki Wachee Springs is a natural tourist attraction located in Weeki Wachee, where underwater performances by "mermaids", women wearing fish tails as well as other fanciful outfits, can be viewed in an aquarium-like setting in the spring of the Weeki Wachee River. A waterpark, Buccaneer Bay, river boat rides and paddleboard rental are some of the other activities offered at Weeki Wachee Springs; the spring was named "Weeki Wachee" by Seminole Indians, which means "Little Spring" or "Winding River" in their language. The attraction was created in 1947 by stunt swimmer and attraction promoter Newt Perry, who based the show on underwater air hose breathing techniques. First an 18-seat theater later a newer theater with a capacity of 50, were embedded in the lime rock of the spring with viewing windows below the surface of the water, to allow visitors to watch the mermaids perform in the spring. In 1982, Buccaneer Bay was opened with water slides, a lazy river, a white sand beach for visitors to enjoy alongside the theater with the mermaid shows.
Guests to the park have included Elvis Presley, Don Knotts, Esther Williams, Arthur Godfrey, Kevin Smith, Larry the Cable Guy. Hollywood has used the attraction and its mermaids in the filming of movies such as Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid, Neptune's Daughter, many television shows like Bobcat Goldthwait's Misfits & Monsters. At one point, the attraction was owned by broadcast network ABC, this led to an increase in publicity for the attraction; the park is owned by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, is a member of the Florida State Park System. In 2005, English rock band Supergrass filmed their video for their song "Low C" at the Springs, they filmed a short documentary about the spring, as well as playing at a local bar and swimming with the mermaids. In summer of 2006, stand up comedian Thomas J. Kelly became the park's first male mermaid, his adventures were chronicled in a Web television series called "The Little Merman". On November 1, 2008, the state of Florida took over Weeki Wachee Springs as a state park.
From May 22 until August 30, 2007, the discharge level at Weeki Wachee spring dropped to a level that allowed for cave divers to gain effective entry into the cave system at the spring. The Karst Underwater Research team executed exploration dives and the necessary in-water decompression to explore 6,700 feet in multiple passages at an average depth of 265 Feet Fresh Water with a maximum depth of 407 ffw; the 407 ffw depth makes the cave system under Weeki Wachee springs the deepest known freshwater cave system in the United States. Scenes from Kelly Clarkson's video "Stronger" include the mermaids of Weeki Wachee Springs. Key scenes from Amy Seimetz's directorial debut Sun Don't Shine take place at the Springs and include the mermaids; the 2017 documentary Mermaids featured the attraction as well as a number of former and serving mermaids. Cave diving Glass-bottom boat Pelland, Maryan & Dan. Weeki Wachee Springs. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-4247-8. Official website Weeki Wachee Cave System National Geographic: "Mermaids" Fight to Save Florida Roadside Attraction The Mermaids of Weeki Wachee Springs