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Rigel, designated β Orionis, is a bright star in the constellation of Orion. Rigel is an intrinsic variable star with apparent magnitude ranging from 0.05 to 0.18. As such, Rigel is the seventh-brightest star in the night sky and the brightest star in Orion, though it is outshone by Betelgeuse, another star in Orion, itself a semi-regular variable star. Although Rigel appears as a single blue-white star to the naked eye, it is a multiple star system of at least four stars; the primary star is a massive blue supergiant of spectral type B8Ia, calculated to be anywhere from 61,500 to 363,000 times as luminous and 18 to 24 times as massive as the Sun, depending on the method used to calculate its properties and assumptions about its distance, estimated to be about 860 light-years. Its radius is over 70 times that of the Sun, its surface temperature is 12,100 K. Rigel A has a companion star 9.5″ away with an apparent magnitude of 6.7, 400 times fainter than Rigel A. The companion referred to as Rigel B or Rigel BC, is a triple star system.

Two stars, components B and C, can be resolved by large telescopes. The brighter of the two is the components designated Ba and Bb; these three stars are blue-white main sequence stars each around 3 to 4 times as massive as the Sun. Rigel A and Rigel BC—around 2,200 astronomical units distant from each other—are thought to orbit around a common centre of gravity every 24,000 years. Rigel B and C orbit around Rigel Ba and Bb every 10 days. A fainter star, separated from the others by nearly an arc minute, might be part of the same star system. Pulsations cause Rigel's small intrinsic brightness variations, it is classified as an Alpha Cygni variable. Rigel's mass-loss due to its stellar wind is estimated be around 10 million times more than that of the Sun. Estimated to be around 7 to 9 million years old, it has exhausted its core hydrogen fuel and cooled to become a supergiant, will end its life as a type II supernova. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union included the name "Rigel" in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.

According to the IAU, this proper name applies only to the supergiant primary component A of the Rigel system. In historical astronomical catalogs, the system is listed variously as H II 33, Σ 668, β 555, or ADS 3823. For simplicity, Rigel's companions can be referred to as Rigel B, C, D. In modern comprehensive catalogues, the whole multiple star system is known as WDS 05145-0812 or CCDM 05145–0812; the designation of Rigel as β Orionis was made by Johann Bayer in 1603. The "beta" designation is given to the second-brightest star in each constellation, but Rigel is always brighter than α Orionis. Astronomer James B. Kaler has speculated that Rigel was designated by Bayer during a rare period when it was outshone by the variable star Betelgeuse, resulting in the latter star being designated "alpha" and Rigel designated "beta". However, Bayer did not order the stars by brightness. Rigel and Betelgeuse were both considered to be of the first class, in Orion the stars of each class are thought to have been ordered north to south.

Rigel is included in the General Catalogue of Variable Stars, but since it has a Bayer designation it has no separate variable star designation. Rigel has many other stellar designations taken from various catalogues, including the Flamsteed designation 19 Orionis, the Bright Star Catalogue entry HR 1713, the Henry Draper Catalogue number HD 34085; these designations appear in the scientific literature, but in popular writing. Rigel is an intrinsic variable star with an apparent magnitude ranging from 0.05 to 0.18. It is the seventh-brightest star in the celestial sphere excluding the Sun, although fainter than Betelgeuse, it is fainter than Capella, which varies in brightness. Rigel appears blue-white and has a B-V color index of −0.06. It contrasts with reddish Betelgeuse. Culminating every year at midnight on 12 December, at 9 PM on 24 January, Rigel is visible on winter evenings in the northern hemisphere and on summer evenings in the southern hemisphere. In the southern hemisphere, Rigel is the first bright star of Orion visible as the constellation rises.

The star is a vertex of the "Winter Hexagon", an asterism that includes Aldebaran, Pollux and Sirius. Rigel is a prominent equatorial navigation star, being located and visible in all the world's oceans. Rigel's spectral type is a defining point of the classification sequence for supergiants; the overall spectrum is typical for a late B class star, with strong absorption lines of the hydrogen Balmer series together with neutral helium lines and some of heavier elements such as oxygen and magnesium. The luminosity class for B8 stars is estimated from the strength and narrowness of the hydrogen spectral lines, Rigel is assigned to the bright supergiant class Ia. Variations in the spectrum have resulted in the assignment of different classes to Rigel, such as B8 Ia, B8 Iab, B8 Iae; as early as 1888, the radial velocity of Rigel, as estimated from the Doppler shifts of its spectral lines, was seen to vary. This was confirmed and interpreted at the time as being due to a spectroscopic companion with a period of about 22 days.

The radial velocity has since been m

2017 Ta├ža de Portugal Final

The 2017 Taça de Portugal Final was the last match of the 2016–17 Taça de Portugal, which decided the winner of the 77th season of the Taça de Portugal. It was played on 28 May 2017 at the Estádio Nacional in Oeiras, between Benfica and Vitória de Guimarães. Benfica won the Portuguese Cup for a record 26th time and made its 11th double by winning the League. Vitória de Guimarães qualified for the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League by reaching the final, as Benfica had qualified for the UEFA Champions League via their league result; as Benfica won the 2016–17 Primeira Liga, Vitória de Guimarães will play against them in the 2017 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira as the Taça de Portugal representative. The final was broadcast in Portugal on television by RTP, who holds the rights for several Portuguese Football Federation properties, by SportTV who holds the rights to broadcast the whole Taça de Portugal. RTP broadcast the match worldwide, on RTP Internacional and on Portuguese-speaking Africa on RTP África

Rapperswil Rose Gardens

The Rapperswil Rose Gardens are established small rose gardens dating back to the early years of the former independent town of Rapperswil. They are located in the present city of Canton of St. Gallen, in Switzerland; the coat of arms of the House of Rapperswil shows three roses and present Rapperswil has two roses in its coats of arms, as well as the present municipality of Rapperswil-Jona, the former independent city and present locality of Jona. That is why we may assume that the first rose gardens date back to the early historical town, established at the Rapperswil Castle on the Lindenhof hill, the historical Rapperswil Castle#Hintergasse lane where the ministeriales of the Rapperswil family built their homes around 1220 AD; the first documented rose gardens date back to the 1820s, shown on the map as the area of the owned gardens that still exist, the present Duftrosengarten at the former moat, the present Obere Bahnhofstrasse road. In modern times, the rose; the Stadtverschönerungsverein adorned the harbour area by planting.

It was located opposite to the present Bahnhof Rapperswil building, at the southern terminus of the so-called Seedamm isthmus, where the present Fischmarktplatz plaza is situated. This was followed by the creation of other gardens by the town's administration at the Zürichsee harbour in the 1920s, on streets and squares on the initiative of the women of Rapperswil. Dietrich Wössener single-handedly selected the rose varieties and planted most of the roses of the present city rose gardens in 1959; the cornerstone for the present'official garden' was laid in 1965. The Curti family transferred ownership of some 500 square metres land in order to create a rose garden in return for a modest leasehold rent, it is located towards the Kapuzinerkloster Rapperswil, below the Lindenhof plateau, bordering the municipal vine yards. The garden comprises around 3,000 plants from 150 varieties; the costs of designing were found by the so-called Rosentaler Fonds, the roses were a gift from the women of Rapperswil.

Polyantha roses were planted in the northern part and bed roses towards the Endingerstrasse lane which separates this section from the opposite garden at the Einsiedlerhaus building. The fountain consists of an earlier memorial stone for the creator of the first rose gardens, an inscription was created by the local poet Pius Rickenmann; the bronze great crested grebe is a work by the Swiss sculptor Ernst Ghenzi, financed by the Knie family. The Einsiedlerhaus rose garden section dates back to 1974: the rose garden was extended at the location of the former orchard of the Capuchin monks – in return they received compensation for the loss of fruit; this smaller garden of about 350 square metres is divided into four beds by intersecting paths. It is bordered on all four sides by corner flower beds. Thed old tiered fountain in the middle of the garden was a gift on occasion of the 750th century of the town of Rapperswil, it was planted with older bed roses and a few standard rose bushes. A unique site is the fragrant rose garden for the visually impaired and the disabled people, Duftrosengarten by its native name.

Established in October 1984, it was created on the roof of the subterranean municipal parking facility Schanz, set aside for a special purpose. It's still the only rose garden for the blind people in Switzerland, created on three private plots at Obere Bahnhofstrasse, it consists of 1,522 plants from 75 fragrant varieties. On the rectangular area of about 600 square metres 75 volunteers planted 33 types of rose bush, 20 types of climbing roses and six shrub roses with strong fragrances; the Swiss artist Hans Erni designed a decorative fountain, financed by Circus Knie. Thanks to the heated underground facility, there is never any frost in the garden. That's why these fragrant roses blossom earlier than at most other roses in Switzerland as early as May, in the other gardens this takes place in June, but the first roses in Rapperswil blossom at the Stadtpfarrkirche St. Johann and Liebfrauenkapelle churches, the present Stadtmuseum Rapperswil at the Herrenberg area next to the Schloss Rapperswil because their medieval sandstone walls are exposed to the sun all through the year.

Over the centuries, the Altstadt below the hill has been completely overbuilt, but the Rapperswil women have samples to choose from in their own tiny rose gardens for centuries. Maybe just a handful of cities and towns in Europe keenly promote their fragrant roses as in Rapperswil-Jona; this fact received public confirmation at the large commemorative rose festival in Nöggenschwiel in Southern Germany. In July 1999 leading European experts recorded and acknowledged Rapperswil to be the international Centre of fragrant roses. Peter Röllin: Kulturbaukasten Rapperswil-Jona: 36 Museen ohne Dach. Rapperswil-Jona 2005, ISBN 3-033-00478-4. Martha Burkhardt: Rapperswil die Rosenstadt erzählt aus ihrer ereignisvollen Vergangenheit sowie von ihrem tätigen und vergnüglichen Leben der Gegenwart zu hundert Zeichnungen. Erlenbach-Zürich und Leipzig 1921. Website of Rapperswil-Jona tourism

What the World Needs Now: The Music of Burt Bacharach

What the World Needs Now: The Music of Burt Bacharach is an album by McCoy Tyner released on the Impulse! Label in 1997, it was recorded in March 1996 and features performances of Burt Bacharach's compositions by Tyner with Christian McBride, Lewis Nash a string section and orchestra. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states that "The pianist treats each melody as if it were precious, the overall results are rather schlocky". " Close to You" - 7:51 "What the World Needs Now Is Love" - 6:09 "You'll Never Get to Heaven" - 5:04 "The Windows of the World" - 5:30 "One Less Bell to Answer" - 5:39 "A House is Not a Home" - 5:36 " Always Something There to Remind Me" - 4:43 "Alfie" - 4:26 "The Look of Love - 7:10All compositions by Burt Bacharach Recorded at The Hit Factory, NYC, March 5 & 6, 1996 McCoy Tyner: piano Christian McBride: bass Lewis Nash: drums John Clayton: arranger, conductor

John Carling

Sir John Carling, of the Carling brewery was a prominent politician and businessman from London, Canada. The Carling family and its descendants resided in Ottawa, Halifax, London and Windsor, in Canada, as well as Guernsey in the Channel Islands, he was the son of farmer Thomas Carling, who emigrated from Etton in Yorkshire, England to Canada in 1818. The family moved to London in 1839, where Thomas founded the Carling brewery in 1843 using a recipe from his native Yorkshire. In 1849, the brewery was turned over to his brother William. John’s political career began in municipal government, in 1858, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada. After Confederation in 1867, he represented London in both provincial and federal governments until such a practice was made illegal in 1872. In the 1871 provincial election, he defeated former London mayor Francis Evans Cornish. From 1872 to 1891, he served in the House of Commons as a Conservative Member of Parliament, holding the position as the 7th Postmaster General from 1882 to 1885, Minister of Agriculture from 1885 to 1891.

In this position, he established the Ontario Agricultural College and the Central Experimental Farm near Ottawa. In 1888, he simultaneously held the title of Postmaster General for a second time. After losing the 1891 election to Charles Hyman, he was appointed to the Senate by Prime Minister John A. Macdonald. However, the election was disputed and declared void, Carling resigned from the Senate in order to run in a by-election in 1892, which he won, he served in the House of Commons until just before the 1896 election, when he resigned and was re-appointed to the Senate. Meanwhile, Carling remained active in London affairs, using his positions in the federal government to influence politics and business. In 1875, John and his brother William built a new Carling Brewery, an larger one was built after the first burned down in 1879; the brewery was one of the largest in Canada and rivalled the production of fellow London brewery Labatt. He ensured that the Great Western Railway, the London and Port Stanley Railway, the London and Bruce Railway passed through the city.

Due to his influence, the Grand Trunk Railway began to manufacture their cars in London. In 1878, he established a water commission to provide a water supply to the city, he established the Ontario Hospital for the Insane in London, in 1885 he provided the land on which Wolseley Barracks was established, now the Home Station of The Royal Canadian Regiment and the garrison of the Regiment's 4th Battalion. Carling facilitated the establishment of Victoria Park, he was knighted in 1893 and served in the Senate until his death in 1911. In 1927, Carling Brewery sponsored a trans-Atlantic flight from London to London; the plane was named the Sir John Carling, but both it and its pilots, Terence Tully and James Medcalf, disappeared over the Atlantic Ocean. Today there is an arena in London named for him; the town of Port Carling, Ontario is named in his honor as well as the agricultural buildings in Ottawa, Ontario. Carling Avenue in Ottawa is named for Sir John Carling as well, as are the neighbourhoods of Carlington and Carlingwood.

"John Carling". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016. Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history Thomas Carling commemorative plaque recorded on

Black Cat (Zucchero album)

Black Cat is the thirteenth studio album by the Italian blues rock singer-songwriter Zucchero Fornaciari, released on 29 April 2016. It's his first full-length studio album in six years, after Chocabeck in 2010, given that La Sesión Cubana was a mix of unreleased released and cover songs; the album is marked by a music which goes back to soul & blues roots and sound of the famous Oro Incenso & Birra. According to Zucchero, the album does not have the meaning of Western prejudice of Black cat, yet Afro-American for "figure of speech, a greeting, a symbol of auspice"; as well there's a component of anarchism toward the "market rules". It is his "darkest album and rough in terms of sonority". On CNN it was announced that the album would have included a new song Streets of Surrender which lyrics are written by Bono, dedicated to the victims of November 2015 Paris attacks. Mark Knopfler from Dire Straits is a special guitarist on the song, as well Ci Si Arrende; the single Voci is sampled by Ignorant Boy, Beautiful Girl by Loney, while Ten More Days is a cover by Avicii.

The album's English version includes collaboration with Elvis Costello on Love Again, Spanish version collaboration with Alejandro Sanz on Fatti Di Sogni, while on Japanese version guitarist Tomoyasu Hotei played on Ti Voglio Sposare. The album was presented at the record breaking 11 consecutive concerts at the Arena in Verona in September 2016, following Black Cat World Tour; the Arena concerts, held between 16–28 September, were the only concerts in Italy in that year, were special events with vast and diverse repertoire of old and new songs, diverse special guests. With 11 more concerts at the Arena in 2017, Zucchero broke his own record, ending with three residencies and 22 concerts in one year in that location. Zucchero recounts, he played in cities like New Orleans, Nashville and immersed himself in their blues sounds, with guitars played with bottlenecks cut. He wanted to reproduce sounds from films like 12 Years a Django Unchained, he wrote the songs like in the early days when everything was simpler as didn't have nothing to lose, didn't care about the logic of the market.

He intended to have different "dress" for each song, thus entrusted seven different songs to each of album producers T Bone Burnett, Brendan O'Brien, Don Was, of which twelve were chosen. The songs show "social obligation", few gospel songs lyrics talk about "new slaves": the migrants. In the single Partigiano Reggiano a verse sings Bella ciao. Although the Reggio Emilia province was "red", his uncle during World War II was deported to Germany, he "speak not of right or left, but someone who has ideals and, ready to make wall against what does not work"; the album was released on 29 April 2016 by Universal, in CD, standard vinyl and limited edition red vinyl. It was released in three different versions; the song "Partigiano Reggiano" is album's first single in Italy, released 24 March, while "Voci" the album's first single internationally, released 25 March. All tracks are written by Zucchero Fornaciari, except where noted