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Duke Buchan

Richard Duke Buchan III is the United States Ambassador to Spain and Andorra. On November 2, 2017 Buchan was confirmed by the United States Senate by voice vote, he was sworn in by Vice President Mike Pence on December 11, 2017. Buchan is an American entrepreneur, financier and philanthropist, he is the CEO of Hunter Global Investors, a private investment management firm. Buchan grew up near North Carolina on his family's tobacco and cattle farms, he received a BA in economics and Spanish from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1985, an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1991. At UNC-CH, Buchan was enrolled in the university’s study abroad program at the University of Seville, from 1983 to 1984 and studied at the University of Valencia in 1980. Buchan commented on his studies in Spain: "The study of the Spanish language and cultures provided me a passport to a world outside the U. S. and instilled in me a global perspective." In the early 1990s, Buchan started his investment banking career.

From 1992 to 1997, he was a Vice President at Merrill Lynch. There he specialized in corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions in the financial services sector in Latin America, the United States and Europe. After working at several financial firms, Buchan in 2001 founded Hunter Global Investors in New York City. In 2007, Hunter had US$1.5 billion assets under management. After beating U. S. stocks by 46 percent between 2001 and March 2011, Buchan closed one of his funds in December 2011 due to losses stemming from the European debt crisis, returned money to investors. He converted Hunter Global Investors into a family office to manage his family's assets, continues to manage two funds, which invest in a range of asset classes globally, including real estate, he has traveled, and/or done business in more than 50 countries for four decades. In 2011, Buchan established The Buchan Excellence Fund in UNC-CH's Department of Romance Languages and Literature, "the largest single endowment at Carolina dedicated to support faculty, graduate students and undergraduates in Spanish languages and culture."

The fund has helped students and professors further their research on topics in Spanish culture and linguistics, enabled them to travel to Spain as well as other Spanish-speaking countries. In 2012, The Buchan Excellence Fund supported the UNC-CH Department of Romance Languages and Literature’s project 21st Century Pen Pals, a video exchange program between American and Spanish schoolchildren. In December 2016, Buchan House, the new Arts and Sciences Foundation building at UNC-CH, opened after Buchan donated the money to purchase and renovate the old Chapel Hill Public Library to serve as the foundation’s new headquarters. Buchan is Vice Chair of the UNC-CH Arts and Sciences Foundation Board of Trustees, a member of the Chancellor's Philanthropic Council, served on the University’s Campaign Planning Cabinet, he has supported Harvard Business School fundraising. After first supporting former Governor Jeb Bush’s 2016 presidential campaign, serving on the executive committee of Bush's Right to Rise PAC, Buchan and his wife Hannah became early financial supporters of Donald Trump’s presidential campaign.

Buchan accompanied Trump to rallies, the Republican National Convention, all three presidential debates. On the day of his inauguration, the Buchans went to church with Trump and his family, sat near Trump as he was sworn-in as president. Buchan is a Republican National Committee Presidential Trustee and served as a RNC State Victory Chair for both New York and Florida. In 2015 and 2016, Buchan contributed to Paul Ryan, John McCain and Marco Rubio, among others. Buchan and his wife Hannah have three children; the family owns and manages farms that grow over 100 varieties of heirloom tomatoes and vegetables and raise horses. The Buchans run a farm stand, develop new varieties of tomatoes, donate their produce to charities, he owns a horse farm in Dutchess County, a home in Palm Beach, an apartment on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan. In addition to English, Buchan speaks Spanish, has a working knowledge of Catalan. Media related to Duke Buchan at Wikimedia Commons

Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference

The Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference called Cline Mennonites or Cline-Showalter group, is an Old Order Mennonite group to use horse-drawn carriages for transportation. It separated from the Virginia Mennonite Conference in 1901; the members of the group speak English only, unlike all other horse and buggy Old Order Mennonite groups, who speak Pennsylvania German as their first language. In recent years the group sometimes uses the name "Riverdale Old Order Mennonite Church". In the 1880s and 1890s change became stronger among the Mennonites in Virginia; the English language and Sunday Schools had been introduced, but now the influence of John F. Funk and John Coffman, whose sister was married to Virginia bishop Lewis J. Heatwole, grew; the real trouble started when liberal bishop Lewis Heatwole became the sole bishop of the Middle District in 1894. The conservatives started to accumulate a number of charges against bishop Lewis Heatwole. Conservative bishop Samuel Heatwole and two other men were expelled in 1898.

The conflict became more and more severe and on March 31, 1901 a conservative group of 71 members, organized around bishop Samuel Heatwole, was disowned. In 1902 bishops from Indiana and Pennsylvania came to Virginia to perform communion and baptism among the expelled group. John Dan Wenger was ordained as minister for this new Old Order Mennonite group in the same year. In the history of Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference there was no split over the question if automobiles should be introduced, like in most of the other Old Order Mennonite groups in the early decades of the 20th century, but there was a division in 1952/3, "primarily because of personality differences between Bishop John Dan Wenger and Preacher Russel Cline". One third of members of the Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference left with bishop John Dan Wenger and formed the John Dan Wenger Mennonites. Another divisions occurred in 2006/7 with the help of bishops from Lancaster County and Ontario; the new group under bishop Lloyd Wenger had 99 members.

In 2007 the new group ordained two preachers and in 2010 a deacon, all by lot. Around the year 2010 the main group founded a new settlement in Greenfield, with about 35 to 40 person attending service there; the families there are farming and dairying. Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference is in most aspects similar to the Groffdale Conference except for the use of language; the members use rubber tires on their tractors for field work. Many members of the Old Order Mennonite Conference hold farm-related jobs; the adult membership of the Virginia Old Order Mennonite Conference in 1957 was 200. In 1990 there was an estimated adult membership of 400 in this group. In 2008/9 membership was 500 in 4 congregations, three of them in Virginia around Dayton and one in Ohio. In 2012 the average Sunday morning adult attendance of the group was in the 450-475 range