Il Messaggero is an Italian newspaper based in Rome, Italy. Il Messaggero was founded in December 1878, on 1 January 1879 the first issue of Il Messaggero was published under the management of Luigi Cesana. The paper aimed at being the newspapers of newspapers and at providing its readers with all opinions, the first four copies of the paper were delivered as free samples to the subscribers of the newspaper, Il Fanfulla. Since its inception Il Messaggero has been owned by different companies, one of the former owners is Montedison through the Ferruzzi Group. In 1996 the paper was acquired by Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone and he founded the Caltagirone Editore in 1999. The company is the majority owner of the paper which has its 90% and its leaders include Azzurra Caltagirone, the partner of the political leader Pierferdinando Casini, on its board. The company owns Corriere Adriatico and Il Mattino, the publisher of the daily is Il Messaggero S. p. A. Il Messaggero is published in format and is based in Rome.
In addition to its edition the paper has 12 local editions, including those for the regions of Lazio, Marche, Abruzzo. The daily has a left political leaning. The 1988 circulation of Il Messaggero was 370,000 copies and it was the sixth best-selling Italian newspaper in 1997 with a circulation of 256,400 copies. The paper had a circulation of 288,000 copies in 1999, in 2000 the circulation of the paper was 292,000 copies. Its circulation was 293,000 copies in 2001 and 258,538 copies in 2002, the circulation of the paper was 252,000 copies in 2003 and 240,778 copies in 2004. The paper had a circulation of 230,697 copies in 2005 and its circulation was 216,000 copies in 2007. In 2012 Il Messaggero sold 91,012,767 copies
Miklós Mickey Hargitay was a Hungarian-American actor and the 1955 Mr. Universe. Born in Budapest, Hargitay moved to the United States in 1947 and he was married to Jayne Mansfield, and is the father of actress Mariska Hargitay. During their marriage and Mansfield made four movies together, Hargitay was born in Budapest, one of four children. Raised by a father who was passionate about athletics, he, during his youth, Hargitay was part of an acrobatic act with his brothers. The act was so popular that they performed throughout all Hungary, after being introduced to the sport by his brother, Hargitay began competing in speed skating. In 1946, he won the Middle European championship at 500 and 1,500 meters and he was a proficient soccer player, and was an underground fighter during World War II. In 1947, Hargitay left Hungary to emigrate to the United States and he settled in Cleveland, where he met and married his first wife, fellow acrobat Mary Birge. Hargitay had one child with Birge, a daughter named Tina and he worked as a plumber and carpenter, and performed in an acrobatic act with Birge.
He was inspired to begin bodybuilding after seeing a magazine cover of Steve Reeves, Hargitay became NABBA Mr. Universe in 1955. After winning Mr. Universe and divorcing Birge, Hargitay joined Mae Wests muscleman revue at New Yorks Latin Quarter, where he met Jayne Mansfield and he is the first recipient of the Joe Weider Lifetime Achievement Award. Hargitays first film came when Jayne Mansfield demanded he be cast in her movie. The two had met the year before at The Mae West Show at the Latin Quarter, when Mansfield noticed Hargitay performing, she allegedly told the waiter, Ill have a steak and that tall man on the left. The two fell in love, and were described as inseparable, 20th Century Fox didnt want Hargitay in Rock Hunter, because they disliked Mansfields view of Hargitay being her only lover, Fox preferred their sex symbols to be single. In 1960, Hargitay and Mansfield played the roles in The Loves of Hercules. The film was shot in Italy, and has never released in movie theaters in the United States.
Over the next four years and Mansfield would appear together in Promises, in 1965, Hargitay played the lead role in Bloody Pit of Horror without Mansfield. Hargitays acting career wasnt limited to the United States, he appeared in many Italian productions. In 2003, Hargitay made his final acting appearance on Law & Order, Special Victims Unit, in the episode, titled Control, Hargitay played a man who witnessed the aftermath of a brutal assault on a subway station escalator
William Oliver Stone is an American screenwriter, film director, and producer. Stone won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay as writer of Midnight Express and he wrote the acclaimed gangster movie Scarface. As a director, Stone achieved prominence as director/writer of the war drama Platoon, for which Stone won the Academy Award for Best Director, Platoon was the first in a trilogy of films based on the Vietnam War, in which Stone served as an infantry soldier. He continued the series with Born on the Fourth of July —for which Stone won his second Best Director Oscar—and Heaven & Earth. Many of Stones films focus on controversial American political issues during the late 20th century and they often combine different camera and film formats within a single scene, as evidenced in JFK, Natural Born Killers, and Nixon. Stone was born September 15,1946, in New York City, the son of Jacqueline and Louis Stone and he grew up in Manhattan and Stamford, Connecticut. His parents met during World War II, when his father was fighting as a part of the Allied force in France and his American-born father was a non-practicing Jew, and his French-born mother was a non-practicing Roman Catholic.
Stone was raised in the Episcopal Church, and now practices Buddhism, Stone attended Trinity School in New York City before his parents sent him away to The Hill School, a college-preparatory school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania. His parents were divorced abruptly while he was away at school, Stones mother was often absent and his father made a big impact on his life, father-son relationships were to feature heavily in Stones films. He often spent parts of his vacations with his maternal grandparents in France. Stone worked at 17 in the Paris mercantile exchange in sugar, Stone graduated from The Hill School in 1964. Stone was admitted into Yale University, but left in June 1965 at age 18 to teach school students English for six months in Saigon at the Free Pacific Institute in South Vietnam. Afterwards, he worked as a wiper on a United States Merchant Marine ship in 1966 and he returned to Yale, where he dropped out a second time. In April 1967, Stone enlisted in the United States Army, from September 16,1967 to April 1968, he served in Vietnam with 2nd Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, 25th Infantry Division and was twice wounded in action.
He was transferred to the First Cavalry Division participating in long range patrols before being transferred again to drive for an infantry unit of the division until November 1968. Stone graduated from New York University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in film in 1971, Stone made a short, well received 12-minute film Last Year in Viet Nam. In 1979, Stone won his first Academy Award, after adapting true-life prison story Midnight Express into a hit film for British director Alan Parker. Stones screenplay for Midnight Express was criticized by some for its inaccuracies in portraying the events described in the book, the original author, Billy Hayes, around whom the film is set, spoke out against the film, protesting that he had many Turkish friends while in jail
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format
A panorama is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, photography, seismic images or a three-dimensional model. The word was coined in the 18th century by the English painter Robert Barker to describe his panoramic paintings of Edinburgh. The motion-picture term panning is derived from panorama, a panoramic view is purposed for multi-media, cross-scale applications to an outline overview along and across repositories. This so-called cognitive panorama is a view over, and a combination of. The device of the panorama existed in painting, particularly in murals, as early as 20 A. D. in those found in Pompeii, cartographic experiments during the Enlightenment era preceded European panorama painting and contributed to a formative impulse toward panoramic vision and depiction. In the mid-19th century, panoramic paintings and models became a popular way to represent landscapes, topographic views. Audiences of Europe in this period were thrilled by the aspect of illusion, immersed in a winding 360 degree panorama, the panorama was a 360-degree visual medium patented under the title Apparatus for Exhibiting Pictures by the artist Robert Barker in 1787.
The earliest that the word appeared in print was on June 11,1791 in the British newspaper The Morning Chronicle. The inaugural exhibition, a View of Edinburgh, was first shown in that city in 1788, by 1793, Barker had built The Panorama rotunda at the center of Londons entertainment district in Leicester Square, where it remained until closed in 1863. Large scale installations enhance the illusion for an audience of being surrounded with a real landscape, the Bourbaki Panorama in Lucerne, Switzerland was created by Edouard Castres in 1881. The painting measures about 10 metres in height with a circumference of 112 meters, in the United States of America is the Atlanta Cyclorama, depicting the Civil War Battle of Atlanta. It was first displayed in 1887, and is 42 feet high by 358 feet circumference, on a gigantic scale, and still extant, is the Racławice Panorama located in Wrocław, which measures 15 x 120 metres. In addition to historical examples, there have been panoramas painted and installed in modern times, prominent among these is the Velaslavasay Panorama in Los Angeles.
Panoramic photography soon came to painting as the most common method for creating wide views. Not long after the introduction of the Daguerreotype in 1839, photographers began assembling multiple images of a view into a wide image. Pinhole cameras of a variety of constructions can be used to make panoramic images and this generates an egg-shaped image with more than 180° view. They could run autonomously with silent synchronization pulses to control projector advance and fades, precisely overlapping slides placed in slide mounts with soft-edge density masks would merge seamlessly on the screen to create the panorama. Cutting and dissolving between sequential images generated animation effects in the panorama format, digital photography of the late twentieth century greatly simplified this assembly process, which is now known as image stitching
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library, the National Library of France joined the project on October 5,2007. The project transitions to a service of the OCLC on April 4,2012, the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together, a VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary see and see records from the original records, and refers to the original authority records. The data are available online and are available for research and data exchange. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol, the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAFs clustering algorithm is run every month, as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper, known from 1821 until 1959 as the Manchester Guardian. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, the Scott Trust became a limited company in 2008, with a constitution to maintain the same protections for The Guardian. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than to the benefit of an owner or shareholders, the Guardian is edited by Katharine Viner, who succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. In 2016, The Guardians print edition had a daily circulation of roughly 162,000 copies in the country, behind The Daily Telegraph. The newspaper has an online UK edition as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US, the newspapers online edition was the fifth most widely read in the world in October 2014, with over 42.6 million readers. Its combined print and online editions reach nearly 9 million British readers, notable scoops include the 2011 News International phone hacking scandal, in particular the hacking of murdered English teenager Milly Dowlers phone.
The investigation led to the closure of the UKs biggest selling Sunday newspaper, and one of the highest circulation newspapers in the world, in 2016, it led the investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing the British Prime Minister David Camerons links to offshore bank accounts. The Guardian has been named Newspaper of the Year four times at the annual British Press Awards, the paper is still occasionally referred to by its nickname of The Grauniad, given originally for the purported frequency of its typographical errors. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle and they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. They do not toil, neither do they spin, but they better than those that do. When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, the prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty.
Warmly advocate the cause of Reform, endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and. Support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, in 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828. The working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called the Manchester Guardian the foul prostitute, the Manchester Guardian was generally hostile to labours claims. The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators –, if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone. CP Scott made the newspaper nationally recognised and he was editor for 57 years from 1872, and became its owner when he bought the paper from the estate of Taylors son in 1907. Under Scott, the moderate editorial line became more radical, supporting William Gladstone when the Liberals split in 1886
Bruno Vespa is an Italian television and newspaper journalist. Vespa was born in LAquila, Abruzzo and he is married to Augusta Iannini, who is a judge. Vespa began working with the press in his native Abruzzo at a relatively young age. In 1962 he became an announcer on RAI broadcasts and, after obtaining his LL. B. in 1968. In June 1984 he was named official commentator for the live, televised broadcast of the State funeral for Enrico Berlinguer, who had been the leader of the Italian Communist Party. In August 1990, when the Gulf War erupted, he supported the intervention in a much-criticised editorial that concluded that War has been brought forth by the international community. And if we want to be members of club, we must pay our dues. On April 3,2006 he moderated the second televised debate between then-Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi and the leader of the centre-left coalition Romano Prodi and this has led to some in the Italian media establishment calling Vespa a regime servant, most famously by now-deceased journalist Giorgio Bocca.
In February 2012 a photo of Italian troops who were killing Slovene civilians was shown by the host Vespa on TV as if being the way round. When historian Alessandra Kersevan, who was a guest, pointed it out to Vespa that it is Slovenes on the photo who were killed and not vice versa, Vespa is credited of having a position of strong allegiance towards Silvio Berlusconi. Uno stadio per Tommaso Fattori Abruzzo aperto A sessantanni dalla rivoluzione dottobre, speciale TG1. E anche Leone votò Pertini. Storia di una spedizione di pace attraverso le testimonianze di corrispondenti giornalistici Ping pong Marsica 1915 Abruzzo Abruzzi Friuli-Venezia Giulia, da un secolo allaltro Paesi del Gran Sasso Veneto. Da Valpreda a Di Pietro,25 anni di storia italiana nei retroscena del Telegiornale Il cambio, uomini e retroscena della nuova repubblica Il duello. Chi vincerà nello scontro finale Il duello, Storia dello scontro finale La svolta. Il pendolo del potere da destra a sinistra Il Papa eremita, celestino V e la perdonanza allAquila La sfida.
Dal patto alla crisi e oltre La corsa, dopo DAlema a palazzo Chigi chi salirà al Quirinale. La lunga strada del presidente Ciampi Dieci anni che hanno sconvolto lItalia, che cosa cambia in Italia con Ciampi al Quirinale Scontro finale. Chi vincerà lultimo duello Scontro finale, chi vincera lultimo duello Verdi e lArena La scossa
Paparazzi are independent photographers who take pictures of athletes, entertainers and other celebrities, typically while going about their usual life routines. Some public figures and celebrities have expressed concern at the extent to which paparazzi go to invade their personal space, the filing and receiving of judicial support for restraining orders against paparazzi has increased, as have lawsuits with judgments against them. A news photographer named Paparazzo is the eponym of the word paparazzi, in his book Word and Phrase, Robert Hendrickson writes that Fellini took the name from an Italian dialect word that describes a particularly annoying noise, that of a buzzing mosquito. As Fellini said in his interview to Time magazine, suggests to me a buzzing insect, darting, stinging. Those versions of the origin are confirmed by Treccani, the most authoritative Italian encyclopaedia. He further states that either Fellini or Flaiano opened the book at random, saw the name of a restaurant owner, Coriolano Paparazzo, and decided to use it for the photographer.
This story is documented by a variety of Gissing scholars and in the book A Sweet and Glorious Land, Revisiting the Ionian Sea by John Keahey. By the late 1960s, the word, usually in the Italian plural form paparazzi, had entered English as a term for intrusive photographers. A person who has been photographed by the paparazzi is said to have been papped, a transliteration of paparazzi is used in several languages that do not use the Latin alphabet, including Japanese, Russian and Hebrew. Chinese uses 狗仔隊, meaning puppy squad, in the United States, celebrity news organizations are protected by the First Amendment. To protect the children of celebrities, California passed a new bill in September 2013, the purpose of the new bill is to stop paparazzi from taking pictures of children in a harassing manner, regardless of who their parents are. This new law increased the penalty on harassment and the penalty for harassment of children, the trial lasted three weeks and became a groundbreaking case regarding photojournalism and the role of paparazzi.
In Galella v. Onassis, Kennedy obtained an order to keep Galella 150 feet away from her and her children. The restriction was dropped to 25 feet, the trial is a focal point in Smash His Camera, a 2010 documentary film by director Leon Gast. In 1997, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed were killed in a crash as their driver was speeding, trying to get away from paparazzi. An inquest jury investigated the involvement of paparazzi in the incident, the paper had arranged for a dog team to track a judge for 72 hours, to provide the judge with first-hand experience with what paparazzi do. If I get a picture of Britney and her baby, Bouzad claimed, Paparazzi author Peter Howe told Time that celebrities need a higher level of exposure than the rest of us so it is a two-way street. In 2006, Daniella Cicarelli went through a scandal when a paparazzo caught video footage of her having sex with her boyfriend on a beach in Spain, after fighting in the court, it was decided in her favor, causing YouTube to be blocked in Brazil