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River Cam

The River Cam is the main river flowing through Cambridge in eastern England. After leaving Cambridge, it flows north and east into the Great Ouse to the south of Ely at Pope's Corner; the Great Ouse connects the Cam to the North Sea at King's Lynn: The total distance from Cambridge to the sea is about 40 mi and is navigable for punts, small boats, rowing craft. The Great Ouse connects to England's canal system via the Middle Level Navigations and the River Nene. In total, the Cam runs for around 69 kilometres from its furthest source to its confluence with the Great Ouse; the original name of the river was the Granta and its present name derives from the city of Cambridge rather than the other way around: After the city's present name developed in Middle English, the river's name was backformed to match. This was not universally applied and the upper stretch of the river continues to be informally known as the Granta, it has been said that the river is the "Granta" above the Silver Street Bridgemap 11 and the "Cam" below it.

The Rhee tributary is formally known as the Cam, the Granta has a tributary on its upper stretch known as the Granta. The Cam has no connection with the much smaller River Cam in Gloucestershire. An organisation called the Conservators of the River Cam was formed in 1702, charged with keeping the river navigable; the Conservators are responsible for the two locks in and north east of Cambridge: Jesus Lockmap 7 and Baits Bite Lock.map 3 The stretch north of Jesus Lock is sometimes called the lower river. The stretch between Jesus Lock and Baits Bite Lock is much used for rowing. There are many residential boats on this stretch, their occupants forming a community who call themselves the Camboaters. Navigation on the lowest section of the Cam and including Bottisham Lock,map 2 is the responsibility of the Environment Agency; the stretch above Jesus Lock is sometimes known as the middle river. Between Jesus Lock and the Mill Pond,map 12 it passes through the Backsmap 10 below the walls of many of the colleges.

This is the section of river most popular with tourists, with its picture-postcard views of elegant bridges, green lawns and graceful willows. This stretch has the unusual feature of the remains of a submerged towpath: the riverside colleges did not permit barge horses on the Backs, so the beasts waded up the Cam to the mill pulling their loads behind them. Access for mechanically powered boats is prohibited above'La Mimosa' Pub between 1 April and 30 September, when the middle and upper river are open only to manually propelled craft; the most common of these are the flat-bottomed punts. Between 1 October and 31 March powered boats are allowed as far as Mill Pool, but few people take advantage of this, as there are few public mooring places along the Backs, the river is too narrow and the bridges too low to afford easy passing or turning for many boats. Punts and canoes can be manhandled around the weir above the Mill Pool by means of the rollers, a slipway from lower to upper level. From the Mill Pool and its weir, the river can be followed upstream through Grantchester meadows to the village of Grantchestermap 14 and Byron's Pool,map 15 where it is fed by many streams.

The two principal tributaries of the Cam are the Granta and the Rhee, though both are known as the Cam. The Rhee begins just at Ashwell in Hertfordshire. Running north out of Ashwell, it forms the county boundary between Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire for around two kilometres the boundary between Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire for a further kilometre. At this point its course turns east and from here until it merges with the Granta it forms the parish boundary between a succession of villages, though until it reaches Barrington it remains at a distance of around a kilometre from any settlement of any size. Just after flowing under the Roman Ermine Street, it crosses the avenue of Wimpole Hall and a few kilometres it receives the waters of the minor River Mel that runs through Meldreth, it runs along the southern edge of the village of Barrington, where it still powers a water mill known as Bulbeck Mill. At Harston it passes Harston Mill, the site of a water mill from at least the 11th century until the need for mill died out in the mid-20th century, the parish church of All Saints.

It touches the eastern edge of the village of Haslingfield before joining the Granta at Hauxton Junction. From source to its confluence with the Granta it is 33.2 kilometres in length. The longer tributary, the Granta, starts in the parish of Debden to the east the village of Widdington in Essex. After running south west to descend from the hills of Uttlesford, it turns north just west of the village of Henham. From there until Great Shelford it follows the course of the West Anglia Main Line railway, its northward journey passes first through Newport, where it is joined by the streams known as Wicken Water and Debden Water. A couple of miles it forms a picturesque addition to views of the stately home as it flows past the front of Audley End House, is joined by the stream known as Fulfen Slade, it skirts the edges of a number of villages as it moves into Cambridgeshire, successively Littlebury, Little Chesterford, Great Chesterford, Hinxton and Whittlesford, powering a number of water mills along the way.

Forming the boundary between Great Shelford and Little Shelford, it turns west to flow past Hauxton to merge with the Rhee a mile south of Grantchester at Hauxton Junction. From source to its confl

Us (Jennifer Lopez song)

"Us" is a song by American singer Jennifer Lopez. It was produced by Poo Bear and Skrillex; the song was released digitally on February 2018, by Nuyorican Productions and Epic Records. Upon release the song received little promotion other a post on Instagram and failed to make any impact on the US Billboard Charts. In March 2017, Lopez revealed through an Instagram post that she was in the studio with Skrillex and Poo Bear. In the video, she could be heard singing along to the hook "could it be us?" "Us" is Lopez's first English single since "Ain't Your Mama". The dance-pop song was produced by Skrillex and Poo Bear. Describing its composition, David Klemow of the website Dancing Astronaut observed its use of "playful vocal chops in the melody and comfortable percussion rhythms." Described as a "hopeful love song", it features lyrics about longing for more. Lopez revealed. "Us" is characterized by a "pulsing beat", with its chorus being followed by a "synth-and-drum-driven breakdown". It is performed in the key of G minor with a tempo of 124 beats per minute.

Mike Nied of Idolator praised the song's "strong vocals and a fiery production" and compared it to her 2011 single, "On the Floor", calling it "another massive pop moment". Billboard writer Kat Bein observed: "It sounds a lot like Skrillex and Poo Bear's previous work, using similar vocal pitch techniques to create counter melodies and a cartoonishly-joyous hook This tune has the island warmth you need to get through the rest of winter." Hugh McIntyre of Fuse described its production as "simultaneously odd and alluring", writing: "Unlike many of her other recent pop efforts, Lopez's vocals soar higher than the music, kept decidedly mid-tempo. Whether or not it ends up being one of her biggest hits,'Us' defines the superstar's career, while still feeling fresh and forward-thinking. It's pop, it's dance, it's Latin-influenced...it's J. Lo!" Lopez first performed the song during her set at Calibash 2018, which took place at the Staples Center. At the time, its title was not revealed. On February 3, 2018, Lopez headlined DirecTV's pre-Super Bowl Super Saturday Night concert, where she gave her first televised performance of "Us".

Credits adapted from Tidal. Jennifer Lopez - vocals Sonny John Moor - lyricist, producer Jason "Poo Bear" Boyd - lyricist, producer Josh Gudwin - mixing engineer Michelle Mancini - mastering engineer Trevor Muzzy - recording engineer

Antonio Gramsci Battalion

The Antonio Gramsci Battalion was formed on 9 November 1943 from captured Italian soldiers who wished to continue the war by resisting Nazi German forces in Albania. In the beginning its forces amounted to 137 men who chose their own leaders: Terzilio Cardinali, Alfredo d'Angelo, Giuseppe Monti and Dominico Bogatai. One Albanian partisan, Sami Kotherja, was appointed to battalion command; the battalion was composed of two companies. Their first battle against the Germans took place on 15 of November 1943 in Berat. After the capitulation of Italy the city of Berat was under the control of the Albanian partisans. Italian forces were not familiar with partisan tactics and while German forces attacked the city, the battalion forces remained static in their positions giving the Germans the opportunity to encircle them. After five hours of fierce fighting, they managed to break through German lines with great losses; the Germans executed the wounded and the prisoners they had captured from the battalion.

After this battle, the effectives were filled with other Italians who wanted to fight against Germans. During 1943-1944, the Antonio Gramsci Battalion remained an integral part of Partisan First Shock Brigade, considered a corps d'elite of the partisan army, it participated in all of the major battles. Its commander, Terzilio Cardinali, was killed in action on July 8, 1944, during fighting in the Diber region; the battalion took part in the operations for the liberation of Tirana in November 1944. After the liberation of Albania, the battalion was elevated to the rank of a brigade, composed from other Italian fighters who were dispersed in other partisan units. On it was elevated in the rank of the division with the same name. In May 1945, in mutual agreement with the Italian government, its forces were repatriated to Italy with a military honor ceremony