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River Nith

For the river in southwestern Ontario, see Nith River. The River Nith is a river in south-west Scotland; the Nith rises in the Carsphairn hills of East Ayrshire, more between Prickeny Hill and Enoch Hill, 4.4 miles east of Dalmellington. For the majority of its course it flows in a southerly direction through Dumfries and Galloway and into the Solway Firth at Airds point; the territory through which the river flows is called Nithsdale. For estuaries the principle followed; the measurement therefore follows the centre of the river at low tide and the mouth of the river is assumed to be at the coastal high tide mark. In Scotland this does not make a significant difference, except for rivers draining into shallow sloping sands of the Irish Sea and Solway Firth, notably the Nith. At low tide, the sea recedes to such an extent that the length of the Nith is extended by 13 km to 113.8 km, making it Scotland's seventh longest river. The estuary of the River Nith is an internationally important winter feeding site for waders and other wildfowl, is for this reason protected at an international level as part of the Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Ramsar site and Special Protection Area.

The SPA supports the entire Svalbard population of barnacle geese during winter. The area forms part of the Solway Firth Special Area of Conservation, protected due the presence of several priority habitats, as well as populations of sea lamprey and river lamprey. At a national level, the area is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and is within the Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve; the Nith Estuary National Scenic Area recognises the scenic value of the area. It is one of 40 such areas in Scotland, which are defined so as to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure its protection from inappropriate development by restricting certain forms of development; the Nith Estuary NSA covers 14,337 ha in total, consisting of 14,310 ha of land and intertidal sand and mudflats, as well as a further 28 ha, below low water. Management of the NSA is the responsibility of Dumfries and Galloway Council, who have produced a management strategy for the area. Upstream to Downstream: Connel Burn Afton Water Kello Water Crawick Water Euchan Water Mennock Water Carron Water Cample Water Scar Water Shinnel Water Cluden Water Cargen Pow New Abbey Pow Carronbridge New Cumnock Kirkconnel Sanquhar Mennock Thornhill Dumfries Glencaple Dalgarnock Village and Parish Nith Estuary National Scenic Area, South West Scotland Hill Walking Routes

Karl Lindau

Karl Lindau was an Austrian actor and writer. He excelled in comic roles at the Theater an der Wien, wrote several plays, librettos for operettas and songs. Karl Gemperle was born in the son of Anton Gemperle, a coffee substitute manufacturer, his grandfather, the Swiss Johann Baptist Gemperle, had founded the first Viennese surrogate coffee factory. After a technical school education Lindau turned to theatre and made his debut on 20 October 1870 in Graz in the title role of Schiller's Don Carlos. Engagements followed at the Deutsches Theater in Pest, in Frankfurt am Main and in Dresden, in 1879 again in Graz and in 1880 in Olmütz. During this time, Lindau turned from classical roles to comic roles. In 1880, he toured through the United States and Canada with Josefine Gallmeyer, Wilhelm Knaack and Franz Tewele. In 1881, he was engaged by director Franz Steiner as a comedian at the Theater an der Wien and was a member of the ensemble until 1901, his roles in operettes and Wiener Possen made him a darling of the audience.

He played Süffle in the premiere of Zeller's Der Vogelhändler on 10 January 1891. From 1876, Lindau was active as a writer for the stage. In total he wrote more than 100 full-length plays, including lustspiels and libretti for operettas, some of which became popular. Together with Leopold Krenn, he wrote farces such as Ein armes Mädel and Der Nazi. In their operettas and Lindau provided parade roles for Alexander Girardi, such as Korporal Kratz in Der Fremdenführer, with music by Carl Michael Ziehrer. Lindau translated French comedies into German. Lindau died in Vienna. Lindau wrote several librettos for operettas: 1899: Die Landstreicher, Operette in zwei Akten und einem Vorspiele. Libretto with Leopold Krenn. Music by Carl Michael Ziehrer. 1900: Der Schelm von Bergen. Komisch-romantische Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Konrad Loewe. Music by Alfred Oelschlegel. 1902: Der Fremdenführer. Operette in einem Vorspiel und drei Akten. Libretto with Leopold Krenn. Music by Carl Michael Ziehrer. 1903: Frühlingsluft.

Operette in drei Akten. Libretto with Julius Wilhelm. Music by Ernst Reiterer "after Josef Strauss motives". 1904: Die Eisjungfrau. Operette in 2 Akten. Libretto with Julius Wilhelm. Music by Josef Hellmesberger. 1904: Wien bei Nacht. Burleske in 1 Akt. Libretto with Julius Wilhelm. Music by Josef Hellmesberger. 1904: Jung Heidelberg. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Leopold Krenn. Music by Ernst Reiterer nach Motiven von Karl Millöcker. 1905: Frauenherz. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto. Music by Josef Strauss, arranged by Ernst Reiterer. 1905: Die Schützenliesel. Operette in 3 Acten. Libretto with Leo Stein. Music by Edmund Eysler. 1905: Der Schnurrbart. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Leo Stein. Music by Verő György. 1906: 1001 Nacht. Fantastische Operette in einem Vorspiel und zwei Akten. Libretto with Leo Stein. Music by Johann Strauss II, edited by Ernst Reiterer. 1906: Künstlerblut. Operette in 1 Vorspiel und 2 Akten. Libretto with Leo Stein. Music by Edmund Eysler. 1907: Monte Carlo. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with F. Antony.

Music by Ludwig Roman Chmel. 1911: Die romantische Frau. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Bela Jenbach. Music by Charles Weinberger. 1911: Vielliebchen. Operette in drei Akten. Libretto with Rudolf Österreicher and M. A. Weikone. Music by Ludwig Engländer. 1911: Das geborgte Schloß. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Verő György. Music by Hermann Dostal. 1911: Der Frauenfresser. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Leo Stein and Eugen Spero. Music by Edmund Eysler. 1915: Der Weltenbummler. Operette in einem Vorspiel und 2 Akten. Libretto with Fritz Löhner-Beda. Music by Richard Fall. Graf Sandor. Operette in 3 Akten. Libretto with Leopold Krenn. Music by Hermann Dostal; the Vagabonds, directed by Luise Fleck and Jacob Fleck Schützenliesel, directed by Rudolf Walther-Fein and Rudolf Dworsky The Vagabonds, directed by Karel Lamač Frühlingsluft, directed by Karel Lamač Schützenliesel, directed by Rudolf Schündler Die Landstreicher, directed by Peter Dörre Free scores by Karl Lindau at the International Music Score Library Project Literature by and about Karl Lindau in the German National Library catalogue Karl Lindau on IMDb Karl Lindau discography at Discogs

List of aircraft (Br–Bz)

This is a list of aircraft in alphabetical order beginning with'Br' through'Bz'. Bradley BA-100 Aerobat Bradley BA-200 ATAC Bradley BA-300 Himat Bradley LRB-1 Bradley Imp Brædstrup Ultralet Fly BUF 1 Brain 1933 monoplane Braley B-1 Braley B2-K5 Braley B2-R5 Braley B2-J6 Braley B-2C6 see Hansa-Brandenburg Brändli BX-2 Cherry Brandt Kochab Brantly B-1 Brantly B-2 Brantly B-2A Brantly B-2B Brantly 305 Brantly HO-3 Brantly-Hynes H-5T Bratu 220 Bratukhin AK Bratukhin Omega Bratukhin Omega II Bratukhin 2MG Bratukhin VNP Bratukhin G-2 Bratukhin G-3 Bratukhin G-4 Bratukhin B-5 Bratukhin B-6 Bratukhin B-7 Bratukhin B-8 Bratukhin B-9 Bratukhin B-10 Bratukhin B-11 Bratukhin B-12 Braunschweig LF-1 Zaunkönig ((Lion Aircraft Co, Chicago, IL / Brazil Aircraft Corp. Brazil, IN]] Brazil Lion Safety Plane see HB-Flugtechnik Brditschka HB-3 Brditschka HB-21 Brditschka HB-23 Militky-Brditschka MB-E1 Bredelet-Gros BG-01 Gerfaut Breecher 1936 monoplane Breese-Dallas Model 1 - Breese-Wilde Model 5 - prototype Breese 5 Breese 5 Breese Junior Breese LP-2 Breese LT-1 Breese Penguin Breese R-6-3 Breese R-6-C Breese & Dallas X Michigan Model 1 Breese-Wild - prototype Breese 5 Breezer Breezer Breezy RLU-1 Bretthauer Lewann DD-1 Brewster 1936 biplane Brewster 33A Brewster B-139 Brewster B-239 Brewster B-339 Brewster B-439 Brewster B-340 Brewster A-32 Brewster A-34 Brewster Bermuda Brewster F2A Buffalo Brewster F3A Corsair Brewster SB2A Buccaneer Brewster SBA Brewster-Fleet B-1 Brewster R340 see also: Sailplane Corporation of America Briegleb BG-6 Briegleb BG-7 Briegleb BG-8 Briegleb BG 12 Briegleb TG-9 Briegleb TG-13 Briffaud GB.4 Briffaud GB.5 Briffaud GB.6 Briffaud GB.8 Briffaud GB.9 Briffaud GB.10 Pou-Push Briffaud GB.11 Briffaud GB.60 Briffaud GB.80 Briggs Briggster Briggs Special Briggs-Marion Brink Model B Aeronca conversion?

Brinn SA-3 Bristol BX-200 BAe 125 BAe 146 BAe 748 BAe ATP BAe C-29 BAe EAP BAe/McDonnell-Douglas Harrier BAe Hawk BAe Jetstream BAe Jetstream 41 BAe Nimrod BAe/McDonnell-Douglas T-45 Goshawk Avro RJ BAe CT-155 Hawk Canadian Armed Forces British Aerospace P.125 BAC Planette BAC Drone BAC Lightning BAC Jet Provost BAC VC-10 BAC One-Eleven BAC Strikemaster BAC TSR-2 BA Cupid BA Double Eagle BA Eagle BA Swallow British Depurdussin Seagull BGL Tyro Gyro Mk 2 British Klemm B. K. Swallow British Klemm B. K.1 Eagle British Klemm B. A.3 Cygnet Britten-Norman Finibee Britten-Norman Islander Britten-Norman Defender Britten-Norman Trislander Britten-Norman Nymph Project Fresson BRM Aero Bristell BRM Aero Bristell UL BRM Aero Bristell HD BRM Aero Bristell LSA BRM Aero Bristell RG BRM Argos BRM Citius BRM Land Africa BRM Okavango Brochet Beynes-CAU Brochet Brocheteau Brochet MB.20 Brochet MB.30 Brochet MB.40 Brochet MB.50 Pipistrelle Brochet MB.60 Barbastrelle Brochet MB.70 Brochet MB.71 Brochet MB.72 Brochet MB.73 Brochet MB.76 Brochet MB.80 Brochet MB.81 Brochet MB.83 Brochet MB.84 Brochet MB.100 Brochet MB.101 Brochet MB.110 Brochet MB.120 ( Brock-Stinson - Walter L. Brock, Chicago, IL]] Brock 1919 biplane Brock Exhibition Monoplane Brock-Stinson Brock Loop Tractor Brock Avion Brock KB-1 Brock KB-2 Freedom Machine Brock KB-3 Brodeau 7 Brodhead AS-1 Albee Sport Brokaw-Jones BJ-520 Bullet Bromon Br-2000 Brooklands Aerospace Firemaster 65 Broughton-Blaney Brawny Brown 1927 biplane Brown Metalark I Brown Metalark II Brown Metalark II Brown Silver Streak Brown SC Brown SC Diamond Wing Brown 1931 monoplane Brown 1935 monoplane Brown B Brown Special Brown 1931 monoplane Brown racer SC Diamond Wing Brown 1926 monoplane Brown 1927 monoplane Brown 1929 monoplane Brown B-1 Racer Brown B-2 Racer Brown B-3 Brown B-3 Super Sport Brown Special Brown L-20 Brownie Brown-Mercury C-2 Brown-Mercury C-3 Trimotor Brown-Young BY-1 Columbia BY-1 Browning C-1

Shattered World

Shattered World is a long-running MUD founded in August 1990, is the first Australian LPMud. Shattered World is set in a medieval fantasy world with economy. "Guilds" are found as an alternative to character classes. Player characters may choose from eight races: humans, archons, galandrians, grmkels and tritons. Shattered World has drawn attention for the success of its "Loans Standard" economic model. In this design, all businesses are player-owned, players may set prices to any level desired, with the only central control imposed being on the amounts banks may loan, yet the system has produced reasonably stable prices since the 1990s. In the wake of Ultima Online's economic crash, this stands out as a remarkable accomplishment; the necessity that the system lack "faucets" that produce money ex nihilo means that newbies must start the game destitute and this raises concerns as to whether this model could be made to scale to larger player-bases. Shattered World developed and operates using the SWLPC programming language, an LPC derivative forked from LPMud 2.4.5.

SWLPC was distributed but was made publicly available. Its primary maintainer is Geoff "Dredd" Wong. Official website SWLPC project distribution on SourceForge

Galice, Oregon

Galice is an unincorporated community in Josephine County in southern Oregon, United States. It is at the eastern end of the treacherous Bear Camp Road. Galice was settled in 1852 as a mining community, deriving its name from one of its founders, Louis Galice, it was at first called Galiceburg, located on Galice Creek upstream from the Rogue River. Today it sits on the Rogue, downstream from the junction with Galice Creek; the creek was a hot spot for gold prospecting in the 1850s. The community received a post office in 1876, by 1905 had a school, as well. By 1922, the Post Office was moved down the river, it closed in 1927; the school, closed in the late 1940s. Logging replaced mining as the town's principal industry in the mid 20th century, before giving way in turn to the tourist trade. Hellgate Canyon, located nearby, was the site of filming for parts of John Wayne's 1975 film Rooster Cogburn. Today the site holds a small number of tourist businesses

Timur Ravilich Ishmurat

Timur Ishmuratov is a Russian citizen, held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Ishmuratov was one of eight Russians held by the United States in extrajudicial detention in the Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba, he was repatriated to Russian custody, cleared and subsequently rearrested for suspicion of an act of sabotage in Russia. Ishmuratov and six of the Russian captives were repatriated in February 2004. Ishmuratov, Ravil Gumarov and Fanis Shaikhutdinov were arrested in 2005 for a role in a January 8, 2005, bombing of a natural gas pipeline; the three men were acquitted in October 2005. The three men described being tortured by Russian police; the Prosecution filed an appeal, the three men were convicted in 2006, following their retrial. Human rights workers claimed the trials were "riddled with irregularities". In 2007, a human rights report that criticized the Bush administration for repatriating Guantanamo captives to Russia on the grounds US law proscribed returning individuals to countries where they were to face torture.

The Defense Intelligence Agency asserted Timur Ravilich Ishmurat had "returned to terrorism". The DIA reported: Ravil Shafeyavich Gumarov and Timur Ravilich Ishmurat were transferred to Russia in March 2004 and released. Russian authorities arrested them in January 2005 for involvement in a gas line bombing. In May 2006 a Russian court convicted both, sentencing Gumarov to 13 years in prison and Ishmurat to 11 years. On March 16, 2007, the Department of Defense published records of the captives' height and weights