Tufton is a small village in Hampshire, England, on the River Test. St Mary Church dates from the 13th century and contains a large early 15th century painting of Saint Christopher on the north wall of nave, its nearest town is Whitchurch, which lies 1 mile north from the village. Hampshire Treasures Volume 2 Page 144 - Hurstbourne Priors Tufton, Hampshire - St Mary Church GENUKI: Tufton, Hampshire genealogy History of Tufton, in Basingstoke and Deane and Hampshire | Map and description
Wherwell is a village on the River Test in Hampshire, England. The name may derive from its bubbling springs resulting in the Middle Ages place name “Hwerwyl” noted in AD 955 meaning “kettle springs” or “cauldron springs.” Pronunciation of the name has ranged from “Hurrell” to “Wer-rel” to present-day “Wher-well.”Before the Dissolution, the parish of Wherwell was in the hands of an important abbey of Benedictine nuns, whose abbess was Lady of the Manor of an area much larger than the existing parish. The town is associated with the Cockatrice; the story is that the cockatrice terrorised the village until it was imprisoned in the dungeons below Wherwell Priory. A prize of land was offered to anyone. None were successful; the cockatrice battled against its own reflection until exhausted, at which point Green was able to kill it. Today there is an area of land near Wherwell called Green's Acres. For many years a weather vane in the shape of a cockatrice adorned the church of St. Peter and Holy Cross in Wherwell until it was removed to Andover Museum.
Chilbolton and Wherwell Community Website Wherwell photos and memories Publications featuring Wherwell ANY-village for Wherwell
The Test Way is a 49 miles long-distance footpath in England from Walbury Hill in West Berkshire to Eling in Hampshire. The northern end of the footpath starts in the car park on Walbury Hill, it passes through the towns of Romsey and Totton and the villages of Linkenholt, Hurstbourne Tarrant, St Mary Bourne, Forton, Chilbolton, Stockbridge and Mottisfont. The southern end of the footpath is at Eling Quay; the trail passes alongside Horsebridge railway station. Much of the route between Kimbridge and Chilbolton follows the route of the former Andover and Redbridge Railway; the entire route is waymarked by metal and plastic disks found attached to wooden and metal posts and street furniture. There are several wooden'finger' signs along the route that countdown the number of miles along the footpath in both directions; this route is shown as a series of green diamonds on Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps and as a series of red diamonds on Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 maps Walbury Hill is the start of the Wayfarers Walk.
The following places of interest and hills can be found along the length of the Test Way, listed from Walbury Hill: Combe Gibbet Ham Hill Hart Hill Down Wallop Hill Down Mottisfont Abbey Roke Manor Lower Test nature reserve These maps show the footpath in relation to nearby major roads. Maps are not on the same scale. Long-distance footpaths in the UK North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Test Way Tales Hampshire County Council Walking on the Web Ramblers Association
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Southampton Water is a tidal estuary north of the Solent and the Isle of Wight in England. The city of Southampton lies at its most northerly point. Along its salt marsh-fringed western shores lie the New Forest villages of Hythe and "the waterside", Dibden Bay, the Esso oil refinery at Fawley. On the steeper eastern shore are the Southampton suburb of Weston, the villages of Netley and Hamble-le-Rice, the Royal Victoria Country Park. Together with the Solent, Southampton Water is world-renowned for yachting, it served as one of the motorboating venues for the 1908 Summer Olympics. Geographically, Southampton Water is classified as drowned valley, of the English Channel, it was formed by the rivers Test and Hamble which flow into it, became an inlet of the sea at the end of the last ice age when sea levels rose, flooding many valleys in the south of England. In particular, it is that Southampton Water formed due to the submerging of the River Solent which flowed through the area, of which the River Test, River Itchen and River Medina are thought to be tributaries.
Southampton's emergence as a major port, as a port handling large vessels, depended on certain geographical features of Southampton Water. Its depth in its undeveloped state, was generous. An additional factor is the phenomenon of the "double tide", which results in unusually prolonged periods of high water; this facilitates the movements of large ships. Southampton Water is an estuary with major potential for land use conflicts. An area of urban development runs in the narrow band of land between Southampton Water and the New Forest National Park. Villages such as Marchwood, Dibden Purlieu and Fawley have all experienced significant growth. Between Hythe and Marchwood, an area of reclaimed land – Dibden Bay – was the site of a proposed port expansion by Associated British Ports; this was argued to be essential for the continued economic development of the Port of Southampton but the development was vigorously opposed by conservation groups. The intertidal marshlands of Dibden Bay have international significance.
The planning enquiry rejected the application from Associated British Ports recommending that the environmental value of the site could not be overruled when there were alternative sites for port expansion in southern England which had not yet been explored. The government accepted the recommendations of the planning inspector in April 2005. In July 2009, Associated British Ports launched a consultation on a 20-year masterplan for Southampton port, it sets out plans for future growth: "In identifying the Dibden reclaim as the only possible location for port expansion, ABP is aware of the nature conservation value of the site and the adjoining foreshore… Our demand forecasts indicate that expansion into the Dibden reclaim will become necessary between 2021 and 2027". In 1925 American hard-shelled clams were introduced into the River Test in an area warmed by cooling water discharge of Southampton Power Station in an attempt to breed them to allow them to be used as eel bait. Since their introduction the clams have spread through Southampton Water and into Portsmouth Harbour and Langstone Harbour
Basingstoke is the largest town in the modern county of Hampshire. It is situated in south central England, lies across a valley at the source of the River Loddon, it is located 30 miles northeast of Southampton, 48 miles southwest of London, 19 miles northeast of the county town and former capital Winchester. According to the 2016 population estimate the town had a population of 113,776, it is part of the borough of Basingstoke and Deane and part of the parliamentary constituency of Basingstoke. Basingstoke is nicknamed "Doughnut City" or "Roundabout City" because of the number of large roundabouts. Basingstoke is an old market town expanded in the mid 1960s as a result of an agreement between London County Council and Hampshire County Council, it was developed after World War II, along with various other towns in the United Kingdom, in order to accommodate part of the London'overspill' as perceived under the Greater London Plan in 1944. Basingstoke market was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, it remained a small market town until the early 1960s.
At the start of World War II the population was little more than 13,000. It still has a regular market, but is now larger than Hampshire County Council's definition of a market town. Basingstoke has become an important economic centre during the second half of the 20th century, houses the locations of the UK headquarters of De La Rue, Sun Life Financial, The Automobile Association, ST Ericsson, GAME, Barracuda Networks, Eli Lilly and Company, FCB Halesway part of FCB, BNP Paribas Leasing Solutions, the leasing arm of BNP Paribas in the UK, Sony Professional Solutions, it is the location of the European headquarters of the TaylorMade-Adidas Golf Company. Other industries include IT, telecommunications and electronics; the name Basingstoke is believed to have been derived from the town's position as the outlying, western settlement of Basa's people. The ending -stoke means outlying settlement or refers to a stockade that surrounded the settlement in early medieval times. Basing, now Old Basing, a village 2 miles to the east, is thought to have the same etymology, was the original Anglo-Saxon settlement of the people led by a tribal chief called "Basa".
It remained the main settlement until changes in the local church moved the religious base from St Marys Church, Basing, to the church in Basingstoke. A Neolithic campsite of around 3000 BC beside a spring on the west of the town is the earliest known human settlement here, but the Willis Museum has flint implements and axes from nearby fields that date back to Palæolithic times; the hillfort at Winklebury, known locally as Winklebury Camp or Winklebury Ring dates from the Iron age and there are remains of several other earthworks around Basingstoke, including a long barrow near Down Grange. The site of Winklebury camp was home to Fort Hill Community School this School is now closed. Nearby, to the west, Roman Road marks the course of a Roman road that ran from Winchester to Silchester. Further to the east, another Roman road ran from Chichester through the outlying villages of Upton Grey and Mapledurwell; the Harrow Way is an Iron-age ancient route. The first recorded historical event here was the victory gained by Æthelred of Wessex and Alfred the Great over the Danes in 871.
Again, in 904, Basingstoke saw a savage battle between Edward the Elder, Alfred's only son, his cousin Æthelwald. Basingstoke is recorded as a weekly market site in the Domesday Book, in 1086, has held a regular Wednesday market since 1214. During the Civil War, the siege of Basing House between 1643 and 1645, the town played host to large numbers of Parliamentarians. During this time, St. Michael's Church was damaged whilst being used as an explosive store and lead was stripped from the roof of the Chapel of the Holy Ghost, Basingstoke leading to its eventual ruin, it had been incorporated in 1524, but was out of use after the Civil War. The 17th century saw serious damage to much of the town and its churches, because of the great fires of 1601 and 1656. Cromwell is thought to have stayed here towards the end of the siege of Basing House, wrote a letter to the Speaker of the House of Commons addressed from Basingstoke; the cloth industry appears to have been important in the development of the town until the 17th century along with malting.
Brewing became important during the 18th and 19th centuries, the oldest and most successful brewery was May's Brewery, established by Thomas and William May in 1750 in Brook Street. The London and South Western Railway arrived in 1839 from London, within a year it was extended to Winchester and Southampton. In 1848 a rival company, sponsored by the Great Western Railway built a branch from Reading. In 1854 a line was built to Salisbury by the South Western. In the 19th century Basingstoke began to move into industrial manufacture and Haslam, began producing agricultural equipment including threshing machines in the 1850s, moving into the production of stationary steam engines in the 1860s and traction engines in the 1870s. Two traders who opened their first shops within a year of each other in the town, went on to become household names nationally: Thomas Burberry in 1856 and Alfred Milward in 1857. Burberry became famous after he invented Gabardine and Milward founded the Milwards chain of shoe shops, which could be found on every high street until the 1980s.
Ordinary citizens were said to be shocked by the emotive, evangelical tactics of the Salvation Army when they arr
River Itchen, Hampshire
The River Itchen is a river in Hampshire, England. It flows from mid-Hampshire to join with Southampton Water below the Itchen Bridge in the city of Southampton; the river has a total length of 28 miles, is noted as one of the world's premier chalk streams for fly fishing using dry fly or nymphing techniques. The local chalk aquifer provides excellent storage and filtration and the river has long been used for public water supply. Watercress thrives all along the Itchen valley in its once pristine, crystal clear waters, now affected by some farming practices, it is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest and is noted for its high-quality habitats, supporting a range of protected species including water crowfoot, brown trout, the endangered water vole, brook lamprey and white-clawed crayfish. The river is managed by riparian owners with the use of water regulated by the Environment Agency, whilst the Port of Southampton is the navigation authority for the tidal section below Swaythling.
During Roman Britain, the river may have been associated with the Celtic goddess Ancasta. The origin of the name is thought to be pre-Celtic; the settlement of Itchen Abbas on the river is given as Icene in the Domesday Book of 1086. The source of the Itchen is situated just south of the village of Cheriton; the river flows north, through the villages of Cheriton and Tichborne, before joining up with its tributaries the River Alre and the Candover Brook, just below the town of New Alresford. The river flows west down the upper Itchen Valley passing the villages of Avington, Itchen Stoke, Itchen Abbas, Martyr Worthy and Abbots Worthy. Before entering the historic city of Winchester it crosses Winnall Moors; the river flows in several different channels through the city of Winchester, some of which come close enough to Winchester Cathedral to have caused serious problems to the building's foundations in earlier years. The main channel flows through Winchester City Mill and to the east of the city's Roman walls, along a promenaded reach known as "The Weirs".
The river heads south, through a series of water meadows, passing the Hospital of St Cross, the villages of Twyford and Shawford, between the town of Eastleigh and the village of Bishopstoke and through Itchen Valley Country Park before reaching the northern suburbs of Southampton at Mansbridge. Between Winchester and Mansbridge, sections of the river were once deepened or widened as part of the long disused Itchen Navigation, the former towpath forms part of the Itchen Way. Monks Brook flows into the Itchen at Swaythling, the river passes under Woodmill Bridge and becomes tidal. Four further bridges cross the river before its confluence with the River Test estuary in Southampton Water: Cobden Bridge, a road bridge connecting Bitterne Park and St Denys. Cobden railway bridge carrying the Southampton – Portsmouth railway line. Northam Bridge, a road bridge carrying the A3024 road from Bitterne Manor to Northam, opened in 1799; the Itchen Bridge, a high-level toll road bridge connecting the docks area with Woolston.
This replaced the Woolston Floating Bridge which had crossed the river at this point. Between the latter two bridges, the river passes St Mary's Stadium, the home of Southampton F. C; as the river joins onto Southampton Water it passes the major mixed-development on the eastern side of the river in Woolston, called Centenary Quay. The lower part of the river is an important yachting centre and contains several marinas, sailing centres and boatyards. From seaward they are: Ocean Village Marina, on the western shore just below the Itchen Bridge and close to the city centre Southampton Water Activities Centre underneath the bridge on the western shore Itchen Marine, just above the bridge, principally a towage business but with some berths for yachts and the only fuel berth in the river Merlin Boatyard, opposite Itchen Marine, on the eastern shore Lauren Marine Services, a small marina on the eastern side Ocean Quay and Solent Breeze Yacht Charter on the west side Shamrock Quay, the biggest marina in the river on the west Saxon Wharf is adjacent to Shamrock Quay, containing the biggest boat lift in Britain Kemps Quay Marina on the eastern shore, a drying marina and boatyard Quayside Marina, a single long pontoon next to Kemps Drivers Wharf, another single long pontoon, parallel to the shore, with a crane and boatyardAbove Northam Bridge, the limit of navigation for masted craft, are the Vespasian Road boatyard and numerous small establishments.
In recent years there have been attempts to reduce possible phosphate pollution from commercial watercress businesses such as Vitacress Salads and the Watercress company. There is an ambition for compliance by 2016. In 2018 a campaign was launched over pollution allegations aimed at Alresford-based business Bakkavor. Rivers of the United Kingdom Map source for the source and mouth River Itchen Archaeology Project Home Page Pictures from around the river itchen from source to its mouth